History WW2

Tuskegee Airmen
332 Fighter Group famous for shooting down over 200 enemy planes. African American pilots who trained at the Tuskegee flying school.

E Bonds
Savings bonds that Americans bought during WWII

Leyte Gulf
Pacific battle fought for control of the Philippines; largest naval battle in history.

442 regimental combat team
All Japanese military unit who became the most decorated military unit in U.S. history.

Selective Service
the requirement that all men between 21 and 30 must register for the military draft

Omaha
Beach where the Americans met the most resistance on D-Day

Kasserine Pass
two-mile (3 km) wide gap in the Grand Dorsal chain of the Atlas Mountains in west central Tunisia.

Enola gay
the name of the American B-29 bomber, piloted by Col. Paul Tibbets, Jr., that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, on Aug. 6, 1945.

Ration
to limit the amount of goods people can buy

D-Day
allied forces land in normandy, france to begin massive offensive agaist germans in occupied territories of europe (June 6, 1944)

Automobile Industry
made tanks, planes and boats during WW2

Double V Campaign
African Americans pledged to fight for "Double Victory" – victory over Hitler in Europe, but also against racism at home.

Bataan Death March
Japanese marched more than 70,000 Americans + Filipinos 65 miles across the Bataan Peninsula to prison camps

Midway
World War II Pacific battle; decisive U.S. victory over powerful Japanese carrier force.

Key to success at Midway
Admiral Chester W. Nimitz’s speed of preparation and the Yorktown’s launch of bombers.

Capture of Stalingrad
Turning Point of war for Eastern Front led by the Soviets

Bracero Program
importation of temporary contract laborers from Mexico to the United States.

Korematsu v the United States
landmark United States Supreme Court case concerning the constitutionality of Executive Order 9066, which ordered Japanese Americans into internment camps during World War II.

Result of allied attack on Sicily
result in the rapid capture of key Axis airfields which posed a threat to the beachheads and the invasion fleet lying off them.

Tarawa
the first island the Allies captured in their attempt at “island-hopping”, the bloodiest amphibious attack up to that time, 1943

Mount Suribachi
after successfully capturing the islands of Iwo Jima and Okinawa, American troops planted US flag here

Iwo Jima
a bloody and prolonged operation on the island of Iwo Jima in which American marines landed and defeated Japanese defenders (February and March 1945), bloodiest marine battle in history

V-E day
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered

V-J day
“Victory over Japan day” is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945

A. Philip Randolph
leader of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters

Benjamin o Davis
highest-ranking African American officer in t he US army.

Chester Nimitz
Nimitz served as an Admiral in the Battle of Midway in 1942. He commanded the American fleet in the Pacific Ocean and learned the Japanese plans through “magic” decoding of their radio messages. With this intercepted information, Nimitz headed the Japanese off and defeated them.

Robert Oppenheimer
an American theoretical physicist, best known for his role as the director of the Manhattan Project, the World War II effort to develop the first nuclear weapons, at the secret Los Alamos laboratory in New Mexico. Known as “the father of the atomic bomb,” at the Trinity test, he said, quoting from the Bhagavad Gita, “If the radiance of a thousand suns were to burst at once into the sky, that would be like the splendor of the mighty one. Now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds.”

George Patton
Known as “Old Blood and Guts,” George S. Patton, Jr. was one of the most colorful generals of World War II. During World War II he served in North Africa and Sicily before becoming the commander of the Third Army.

Harry S. Truman
The 33rd U.S. president, who succeeded Franklin D. Roosevelt upon Roosevelt’s death in April 1945. Truman, who led the country through the last few months of World War II, is best known for making the controversial decision to use two atomic bombs against Japan in August 1945. After the war, Truman was crucial in the implementation of the Marshall Plan, which greatly accelerated Western Europe’s economic recovery.

Oveta Culp Hobby
Director of the Women’s Army Corps during World War II; she held the rank of colonel and later became the second woman cabinet member, serving as secretary of health, education, and welfare.

Albert Einstein
German-born physicist whose work undermines Newtonian physics, Theory of special relativity postulated that time and space are relative to the viewpoint of the observer and only the speed of light is constant. States that matter and energy are interchangeable and particle of matter contains enormous energy.

Douglas Mcarthur
commander in chief of US forces in the Pacific Theater of operations, Trumam fired during Korean War for insubordination Left the Philipines vowing “I shall return”

Dwight d Eisenhower
leader of the Allied forces in Europe during WW2–leader of troops in Africa and commander in DDay invasion-elected president during integration of Little Rock Central High School

Cost Plus
This is a pricing strategy whereby you add a fixed dollar amount to the wholesale price of the good.

Liberty Ships
cargo ships built in the United States during World War II. They were cheap and quick to build and came to symbolize U.S. wartime industrial output. Based on vessels ordered by Britain to replace ships torpedoed by German U-boats, they were purchased for the U.S. fleet and for lend-lease provision to Britain. Eighteen American shipyards built 2,751 Libertys between 1941 and 1945, easily the largest number of ships produced to a single design.

Japans goal in attacking Midway
Japans goals in the invasion were to 1) destroy the American carriers that were not at Pearl Harbor, and 2) destroy the Airfield so that American bombers could not refuel.

Fair Employment Practices Commission
FDR issued this committee in 1941 to enforce the policy of prohibiting employment-related discrimination practices by federal agencies, unions, and companies involved in war-related work It guaranteed the employment of 2 million black workers in the war factories.

Blue Points Red Points
Blue coupons, called blue points, controlled processed foods. Red coupons, or red points, controlled meats, fats, and oils. Other coupons controlled items such as coffee and sugar.

Massive Bombs US dropped on Tokyo were filled with…
Napalm

Doolittle Raids
Doolittle led 16 B-25 bombers on raid of Tokyo and other Japanese cities. HUGE physiological victory.