Cause And Effect Essay


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What is a Cause-and-Effect Essay?

The cause-and-effect essay definition is best clarified using these simple and popular examples:

Example 1:

Cause: A genetically modified spider bit Peter Parker when he and his classmates visited Oscorp Technologies.

Effect: Peter developed extraordinary abilities and became the Spiderman to combat crime in New York City.

Example 2:

Cause: A group of rebel soldiers attacked the order at Krypton.

Effect: The parents of Karl-el sent him to earth to keep him safe.

Considering the cause-and-effect essay examples above, you can see that cause and effect implies that an event caused another to happen. The “cause” is the event that causes something else to happen, while the “effect” is what happens due to the cause.

A cause-and-effect essay is an article written primarily to establish a connection between two related events. This essay type looks at why a particular thing happens and what happens as a result. Cause always comes before effects — obviously.

Cause-and-effect essays are important to master because they are commonly assigned to students in basic schools, colleges, and universities. They contribute to your academic performance.

In addition, a cause-and-effect essay is an effective strategy for organizing and clarifying ideas. It is crucial in day-to-day life. As an instance, analysts often use cause-and-effect to show the reasons behind a company’s current status and what results may be obtained.

How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay

A cause-and-effect essay is easy to write, provided you understand the event you’re looking at. One cannot possibly identify effects without a cause. Thus, research and logical thinking are crucial parts of a cause-and-effect.

Below is how to write a cause-and-effect essay step by step:

Choose a Topic For a Cause and Effect Essay

Cause-and-effect essay topics are not the same as every ordinary essay type. The topic has to be one that will allow you to examine causes and effects.

An example of a cause-an-essay topic is “What are the effects of bullying on school kids?”

Brainstorm on the Topic

Brainstorming is the first step in a cause-and-effect if you have a given topic, else you’ll have to find a suitable topic first. Brainstorming helps to generate ideas that are relevant to your essay. Gathering your thoughts apprises you with points to work with and how to use these points fluidly.

Figure Out Relevant Causes-and-Effects

You need to create a list of crucial causes and effects before going further. This requires you to examine the ideas you’ve gained from brainstorming and work out answers to the questions below:

  1. What is the reason behind the catalyst event? — for the definition of cause (s);
  2. What did this event lead to? — for the definition of effect (s).

Let us use bullying as an example.

Cause and Effect of Bullying Essay:

  • What are the causes of bullying? That is, why does a child bully others?

The need to get noticed, frustration at home, a bullying role model, aggressive personality, the need for vengeance, problems at school, and many more.

  • What does bullying lead to for the child and others?

Stress, abnormal fear, poor self-esteem, self-destruction, substance abuse, psychological disorders, and even depression.

When you’ve defined these factors, analyze each and arrange them according to the order of priority to the event.

Construct an Outline

The outline is a framework to follow. You can describe it as the skeletal system of your cause-and-effect essay. It organizes and provides coherence to your essay.

The outline comprises three major parts: introduction, body, and conclusion.

For example, the outline for a cause-and-effect bullying essay would be similar to this:

  • Introduction: Bullying is a prevalent case among students of schools, colleges, and universities. It is a universal challenge that leaves lasting effects on society.
  • Body: Cause and Effects
    • Cause 1: Kids who don’t get the attention of their parents turn bullies.
    • Effect 1: They start to bully other kids with the intention of getting noticed.
    • Cause 2: Some bullies are the products of continuous bullying at the hands of others.
  • Effect 2: These bullies bully other kids until another set of bullies is created — a vicious cycle.
  • Conclusion: Bullying is a virus that must be wiped from our society.

Formulate a Thesis Statement

The thesis statement introduces the central idea of an essay. A mere glance at it should inform what the essay discusses. You have to mention if you’re focusing on the causes, effects, or both.


Bullying is predominant among students across the world. The National Center for Educational Stats reports that 1 out of every five gets bullied. This essay examines the causes and effects of this anomaly that’s seized the modern world.

Arguable thesis means that it can be argued. It must either state or refute an argument about your topic. To be debateable, a thesis must have some possibility of being true. However, the thesis should not be universally accepted as true. Instead, it should be something that people can disagree with. A thesis can be both an observation or an opinion.

observation + opinion (the "why") = thesis

Seeing if your thesis creates a powerful antithesis is an excellent approach to determine how strong it is.

Common thesis pitfalls:

  • A thesis in the form of a fragment.
  • A thesis that is overly broad.
  • A thesis that is phrased as a question. (The thesis is usually derived from the solution to the question.)
  • Extraneous information is included in a thesis.
  • A thesis that begins with the words "I believe" or "In my opinion."

Gather More Facts

This is not always required, but it can solidify your essay. Collecting more relevant data about the concept you’re going to write about will help form valid arguments for the components of your essay.

For instance, if the causes and effects of bullying make the basis for your essay, you should get more facts like bullying stats, real-life cases, and the opinions of expert psychologists.

Write Your Essay

When you’ve reached this step, it is time to start your essay. Keep a cause-and-effect essay simple and clear. Use simple but appropriate language. Stay in line with the structure you were instructed to use and transition smoothly throughout your paper.

Cause And Effect Essay Examples

  • Cause and Effects of Lying

Cause and Effects of Lying

  • Cause and effect essay- 3 negative impacts of technology

Cause and effect essay- 3 negative impacts of technology

  • Cause and Effect: Unprotected sex

Cause and Effect: Unprotected sex

What Is Cause and Effect Essay Structure?

A cause-and-effect essay has two major structures: the block and chain. The structure is mostly concerned with the main body of an essay. The cause-and-effect essay structure depends on the given instructions. In the absence of a template to follow, the decision is yours.

The Block Structure

The block structure requires that you list all the causes of an event first, followed by the effects.

A cause-and-effect bullying essay written in the block structure would have a body that looks like this:

Cause 1: Bullying is often associated with problems at home.

Cause 2: Bullies are often driven by the desire to be noticed.

Transition: Bullying is a universal problem that affects society.

Effect 1: Bullying may lead to a poor state of mental health.

Effect 2: Bully victims become unnaturally scared of their bullies.

The Chain Structure

The chain structure demands that you add the effect of a cause to it before another cause and its effect too. This means one cause, one effect before one more cause and its effect.

For example:

Cause 1: Some kids become bullies due to a lack of care at home.

Effect 1: These kids bully other kids to get noticed by others.

Cause 2: Bullies can be the product of bullying by a close person.

Effect 2: Bullying can lead to self-destructive behavior.

Outline and Format of Cause and Effect Essay

The cause-and-effect essay outline, as previously mentioned, helps to organize collected ideas, so you have a clear blueprint to follow when writing the essay.

There are three parts of a cause-and-effect essay format: the introduction, the main part, and the conclusion.

  • The introduction of your essay has to be captivating and appealing. The appeal of your introduction goes a long way in influencing the number of people who get to the second part of your essay. It is a definition of the concept and a listing of the causes and effects of the concept.
  • The body is the most educative part of your cause-and-effect. It speaks extensively (or not — depending on instructions) on the concept, explains the causes and effects, and establishes the connection between both.
  • The conclusion is your parting shot. You should attempt to leave an impression on the readers such that what they’ve finished reading will remain on their minds for a while. The conclusion prompts readers to act.

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Also, Check Out The Cause and Effect Essay Topics

When choosing a topic for a cause-and-effect essay, you have to select a situation in which a specific event, fact, or action causes another — like a catalyst and a reaction. With this in mind, you can draw up an unlimited cause-and-effect essay topic list.

However, to make a good choice, your topic has to be relevant, clear, accurate, significant, and interesting. Check out the cause and effect essay topics below to have a better idea:

  1. What are the Effects of Recurrent Wildfires on the Australian Wildlife?
  2. The Impacts of Water Contamination on Marine Life Cycle
  3. The effects of Junks on an Individual’s Energy Levels
  4. The Influence of Social Media on the Prevalent Eating Disorders Among Teenagers
  5. How Does Learning Mandarin Improve Cognitive Function?
  6. The Influence of Movies on Teenage Behavior
  7. The Consequences of Cheating in Exams
  8. What are the Impacts of the First Teacher on the Student’s Future Academics?
  9. However, if you would rather write on fun cause-and-effect essay topics, here you go...
  10. How to go Viral With a Single YouTube Video
  11. What are the Impacts of Having a Pet on Wellbeing?
  12. The Effects of Bicycling on Traffic Jams
  13. Causes and Effects of the Popularity of Fast Food Restaurants
  14. Internet Influence on kids
  15. Popularity of Sports in US
  16. Effects of professional sport on children
  17. Alcohol and nervous system
  18. Domestic violence
  19. Growing up with a single parent
  20. Effect of school bullying on children
  21. Putin politics against the neighboring countries
  22. Music effects on human body
  23. Dating at young age
  24. What causes some women to repeatedly get involved in destructive relationships
  25. Earthquakes and potential dangers they bring
  26. Social media effect on young people
  27. Growing up in poverty
  28. What is causing the rise of non-drug treatment for pain?
  29. What is causing the growing demand for sports psychologists?
  30. Does the microbiome cause changes in our mental health or depression?
  31. What is causing college students to feel greater anxiety?
  32. What causes someone to feel depressed?
  33. What is the effect on our mental health of spending time in nature?
  34. Explain the behavioral phenomena of society.
  35. Prove that history goes in cycles.
  36. What caused racism? What outcome do we have now?
  37. Why is globalization occurring? What impact may it have?
  38. Reasons for break-ups between couples. What are the effects?
  39. How do low-income levels impact drug use?
  40. Causes of homelessness?
  41. Effects on people for not having shoes to wear?
  42. Effects of inadequate sanitation on a community?
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FAQ about Cause And Effect Essay

Investigation to find out how light intensity effects the rate of photosynthesis
...Like all experiments there is always room for improvement and this one is no exception. My main limitation was time. If there had been enough time I could have carried out the same experiments but in various different ways, another problem that occur...
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