If you are not fond of formality in essays, a persuasive essay is something you are going to like. This writing assignment will make your reader take your position into account. A persuasive essay presupposes that you use different techniques to prove your arguments. There is no place for cold facts or statistics in this essay type.
Persuasive essays are somehow similar to argumentative essays. In both, you need to protect and prove your point by presenting some piece of supporting material. Yet, an argumentative essay is more academic, full of numbers and facts. As for the persuasive essay, you must convince the readers using your personal beliefs. Your words substitute the facts when you are preparing the paper.
Persuasive writing types
There are three persuasive writing types. These are the appeals to reason, emotion, and also character. You may better know these as Logos, Pathos, and Ethos. See below what every appeal means:
Logos — an appeal to reason
The part where you introduce an appeal to logos presents cold facts and weighty proof to make a reader take your side. All the arguments you are presenting in this part should have a strong backup. You may use various means here, starting from graphics and substantial numbers and up to charts. People believe statistical data as these are the results of some research you should do.
Pathos — an appeal to emotion
Pathos is about sharing your personal beliefs and positions based on how you perceive the subject matter. Considering that it is easier for most readers to sentimentalize, pathos is the most accessible type of persuasive essay. Often, students use pathos for such topics that presuppose human morals.
To better understand how it works, think about the following examples:
donation for homeless people and animals;
bureaucratism at the workplace;
death punishment ambiguousness, etc.
Ethos — appeal to character
The appeal to character presupposes some elements of personal and argumentative essays. For such an article, you should show a specific personality as a character who has certain traits and virtues to reach readers’ attention. The idea is to describe the character using available information so that your readers can judge if he or she is worth believing or not.
Writing techniques to master your essay
Students can choose among several writing techniques while working on their persuasive essay. Following a specific model, it is easier to maintain the structure of your work. The following methods will come in handy for diverse writing tasks as well. Here are some of these:
Stories are more effective when you want to communicate a specific message. The thing is that stories are exciting, and you can hold the readers’ attention longer by telling something coherent and compelling. A short story within the text can entertain readers and relax them. The idea is to find the right place where you can settle a piece of a story.
Repetition is powerful. When you have a central point, you would like to remind about it from time to time — this is what people call repetition. Think about the way commercials work: you see some annoying commercial every day several times. Eventually, you will likely want that new peanut butter chocolate bar, even though you are not into sweet stuff that much. By repeating some points, you have more chances to convince the reader of what you believe.
A call to action
As you can, there are two parallels with advertising already. A call to action is a technique that you may notice on the TV or in magazines. Talking about a written assignment, a call to action is placed in the final sentences of the text. Writers use it to ask a reader to take measures, do something regarding the subject matter. For instance, you write about waste sorting, then the call to action will invite readers to separate their garbage starting from this moment.
Dealing with dissent
It is easy to ignore whatever does not correspond to your position and world perception. In your essay, however, you should take into consideration every opinion. Moreover, the paper must be honest regarding the existing arguments even if you cannot stand these. Your task is to make sure that you have enough evidence to blind any opposing view.
The art of convincing can help you to gain over any reader. Knowing your audience, it is easier to decide what technique to use and what appeal can be the most effective.
Persuasive Essay Examples
Persuasive Essay on Positive Thinking
Persuasive essay against smoking for teens
Writing steps for your persuasive essay
While there are more than five steps, for sure, the following points you will see are generalized and comprise the most critical moments you need to cover. These are the steps with hints to make the writing process less challenging:
Prewriting tips and tricks for your essay
First of all, these are not the magical tips that will give you a definitive text. However, if used wisely, these will make the whole process much more manageable. Note that the start is essential: if you do it right, you will see how easy it can be to complete your persuasive writing. Here are some points to consider:
Decide on your position. Define several aspects you care about. Now filter them based on their current importance. Also, decide on your stand that you will defend in the paper.
Who are your readers? Think about your audience and whether you and your reader have the same views on the subject matter.
Carry out your research. As you understand, persuasive essays rely greatly on facts and solid evidence. For that reason, you cannot underrate the stage when you need to find some reliable material. There should be several reputable sources. If needed and you have an opportunity, you can even consult with specialists. Additionally, do not forget about the counterargument, as you must be aware of different angles of the issue.
Pick the most compelling evidence. You will need several undeniable pieces of evidence.
Organize your essay using the outline
The structural correctness will ensure the cohesiveness of your text. You may try to work without the outline; however, it is a failure, apriori. Thus, save your time and create a plan. Using a structure, you will highlight the texts’ parts, note the arguments, and attach the proof to every claim you make.
There should be no less than six paragraphs in your essay. Here is an approximate outline for you to get the idea:
The introduction. Use a hook to captivate the readers’ attention from the beginning; present a short overview of your issue, and close the paragraph with a solid thesis statement. Your thesis will explain your position.
Main body. The body paragraphs have a similar structure: there must be a claim per each paragraph, explanation, and sufficient proof from a reliable source.
A paragraph with an opposing view. The section with a counterargument is a part of the main body. Here, you should describe the major points of the opposite view and refute these.
Conclusion. The final paragraph will sum up everything you mention in the body part and correlate the arguments with a paraphrased thesis statement.
Think about Statement
Arguable thesis means that it can be argued. It must either state or refute an argument about your topic.To be debateable, a thesis must have some possibility of being true.However, the thesis should not be universally accepted as true. Instead, it should be something that people can disagree with.A thesis can be both an observation or an opinion.
observation + opinion (the "why") = thesis
Seeing if your thesis creates a powerful antithesis is an excellent approach to determine how strong it is.
Common thesis pitfalls:
A thesis in the form of a fragment.
A thesis that is overly broad.
A thesis that is phrased as a question. (The thesis is usually derived from the solution to the question.)
Extraneous information is included in a thesis.
A thesis that begins with the words "I believe" or "In my opinion."
Your draft is a raw version of the essay. Here are some moments to consider while writing it:
The hook should fit into the topic. You can ask a rhetorical question, provide a famous quote of a respected figure, etc.
The thesis statement should give a clear understanding of your position.
One paragraph of the main body cannot have two claims — only one argument per paragraph. As for evidence, there must be convincing facts; you can add some personal experiences here as well.
Consider mixing the techniques if it seems to be appropriate for the topic.
If there are some terms in your work, explain these. You cannot know whether your audience is aware of their meaning. You have been working for a while with the sources and understand them, but your readers may not.
Note that revisions are essential at the stage of a draft. Here are the things to do when revising your draft:
Do you use the words and facts that present your firm position? Do you have enough trustworthy evidence?
What about your hook? Can it make a reader want to go on reading?
Are the body paragraphs following the structural requirements?
Do you refute the opposing claims effectively?
Does the conclusion include all your arguments and restate the thesis statement.
If you see that something is missing or some parts require changes, it is high time to fix your draft.
Editing the essay
After you have fixed your essay’s structural moments and revised the content, you can proceed with the revision. The spelling, sentence construction, grammar, and punctuation — are the things to check by default. You should pay attention to the author’s voice and style in general, see whether vocabulary corresponds to the subject matter.
The final version of your essay
The most enjoyable part of the entire journey is when you, finally, can write the variant of your essay that will reach the reader. At this point, you can reread the work to experience how it sounds. Do not forget to keep the notes you used within the process and ask for extended feedback if it was the first time when you wrote this type of essay.
List of Persuasive Essay Topics
Should soda be offered in school cafeterias?
Should schools teach abstinence-only education?
Why should schools teach financial literacy?
Do all students need to go to college?
Should students take a gap year after high school?
Do all students need to learn a foreign language?
Is online or homeschool an effective way to learn?
Should standardized tests determine whether or not you go on to another grade level?
Should all students be required to participate in the arts?
Should a college education be free?
Is it better to have year-round school with shorter breaks throughout the year?
Should class rank be abolished in schools?
Should students be taught sex education in school?
Should students be able to attend public universities for free?
What’s the most effective way to change the behavior of school bullies?
Are the SAT and ACT accurate ways to measure intelligence?
Should students be able to learn sign language instead of a foreign language?
Do the benefits of Greek life at colleges outweigh the negatives?
Should students be allowed to have phones at school?
What’s the most interesting subject to learn?
Should homework be required?
Does your school handle bullying well?
Are dress codes a good idea for schools?
Is the school day too long?
Should students get to choose what they study?
What school rule would you change?
Is it a good idea for friends to sit together in class?
Euthanasia should be illegal
Exotic pets are a significant danger to their owners
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