The fabric of any society is held together by the standards of morality that we maintain and practice. Values are our personal set of beliefs about what is important, unimportant, right, wrong, good and bad. When we are confronted by choices, options, or moral dilemmas, the decisions we make will indicate what values we hold. Human values give worthiness and respect to life. The foundation of human values are based on · Dignity of human life · Respect and consideration for the “other” · The importance of integrity and service · An attitude of non-violence · The individual and collective quest for peace and happiness. In other words, values are a kind of a map in our minds of how things are or should be. Values are only our perception of the principles of nature that govern our lives or the universe, and not these principles themselves. People think that there should be a specific set of principles protecting and governing all human beings. However, others believe that values can be accepted in one culture and rejected in another culture. This idea is based on the belief that moral principles differ across cultures.
Hart and Debate on Law and Morality
H.L.A Hart, a British legal philosopher argued that a German woman who vindictively yet truthfully reported her husband’s seditious statements to the Nazi’s ought to be legally punished for her betrayal. Being set in 1944 Germany, the woman only followed the statutes put in place by the Third Reich, making it illegal to make statements detrimental to the government or impairing the military defense of the German people. In handing the German woman a legal punishment, a moral dilemma presents…...
Juvenile JusticeLaw And MoralityMorality
A Structural Approach to Ethical Reasoning
Abstract This reflection paper will discuss the six ethical systems learned in this accounting ethics course. The systems include egoism, enlightened egoism, utilitarianism, deontology, justice, and virtue ethics. We will define and evaluate the various ethical systems and discuss the beliefs supporting them. For this reflection paper, we will discuss in further lengths one specific ethical system, enlightened egoism. We will also analyze enlightened egoism from a Christian worldview. The purpose of this reflection paper is to understand the six…...
The Morality Of Antigone As A Tragic Hero
I believe that a tragic hero is a character who makes an error of judgment or has a deadly flaw, which combined with fate, outcomes in a tragedy. The tragic hero should fall from appropriate success and have misfortune. The tragic hero causes a sense of pity and the tragic downfall that weakens the/a person. In Antigone by Sophocles, Antigone follows her own ideals by way of giving her brother the right burial, even though she has to break the…...
Back in the 1800's, people trusted in their innersoul. it was called transcendentalism. People like Emerson and Thoreau were transcendentalism. They didn't think with their heads. They do things like in their first impression. If they sees that a tree is violet, they will paint it violet. During that era, Romanticism was party of it too. Ideas of Romanticism with transcendentalism. In our everyday life, we use transcendentalism. We use our head to think and our hart to feel love…...
Revenge, the concept of an eye for an eye, is the undeniable motto of war. But even in war, a man is only a man, and his conscience is still present. Frank O’Connor’s “Guests of a Nation,” is a test to the motto of war, and the model of what it stands for. However, with this test comes another, the test of companionship. Willing to listen and understand another man’s perspective, but not allowing it to alter a friendship. Overall…...
Self-Preservation and Moral Duty
When faced with the convoluted plethora of moral conflicts and human relationships that exist in all societies, there is little comfort for the sociologist in extricating herself from the mass of humanity and observing it with the objective eye of the scientist. Rather, when discussing social dynamics and power structures, one should start with the implicit assumption that the author, as a human, is influenced by the biases and internal set of beliefs with which we all must struggle. This…...
Lady Windermere’s Fan is a moral play about immoral people
Oscar Wilde wrote Lady Windermere's Fan, it was first performed in 1892 for a Victorian audience. As it is a comedy of manners, his portrayal of different characters is satirical. When he wrote this play, his ideals were to criticize the attitudes that the upper social class attached to morality through the presentation of different characters within the play. Members of Victorian society could relate to at least one of the characters, which would allow them to self-reflect and maybe…...
Analyse how ‘Brave New World’ uses the themes of control, morality and individuality to change the way we think about society
Brave New world is Aldous Huxley's fourth novel. It is a science fiction novel based in "this year of stability" AF632 (632 years after the Ford Model T was first put into mass production). It is about one mans attempt to try to fit into society which has a very strict but widely accepted way of conducting oneself. By trying to fit in, Bernard Marx brings back a savage (John), from a North American Savage Reservation a place where people…...
Brave New WorldChangeIndividualityMorality
Ambition Overrides Morality in Macbeth
A good leader is ambitious, levelheaded, and morally sound. A good leader keeps his own wants at bay for the good of the people he is leading, while allowing his ambition to garner the ultimate good rather than selfish, immoral aims. A good leader is able to maintain both his ambition and morality so that they work together rather than against each other. Shakespeare’s Macbeth illustrates what happens when a leader’s ambitions are at odds with his morality, leading to…...
Ethical Considerations of Gene Therapy
Introduction Parents are now able to test their children for diseases and life threatening conditions through genetic testing. According to Vaughn, gene intervention is defined as, "...the manipulation of someone's genetic material to prevent or treat a disease" (2014, p.547). The technology, preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is used to check the sex of the baby and other genetic information regarding the child (Kincaid, 2015). Modifications can be applied through genetic interventions arise in ethical dilemmas, because it is not the…...
PHI 208 Week 1 Assignment
Are We Morally Obligated to Help Strangers in Need?Barbara T. MontgomeryPHI 208: Ethics and Moral ReasoningProfessor David SmithNovember 4, 2019Part 1: Ethical DiscussionDo we have a moral obligation to help a stranger in need?Part 2: Introduction"When a stranger sojourns with you in your land, you shall not do him wrong. You shall treat the stranger who sojourns with you as the native among you, and you shall love him as yourself." These are the words of Leviticus 19, which instructs…...
The Idea of an ‘Outsider’
The idea of an 'outsider' is a rather common concept within literature, and such a strong opposition from other characters, dooms Othello to be a permanent outsider, consequently making him a tragic figure. Iago maliciously uses zoomorphism in order to describe Othello as a 'black ram' and paradoxically compares him to a 'white ew', not only expressing his distaste by demoting Othello to a beast, but introduces the racial connotation of black versus white, therefore presenting a Jacobean audience (of…...
Jean-Baptiste Clamence and Morality
In Albert Camus' r?cit, The Fall, main protagonist, Jean-Baptiste Clamence is a former Parisian lawyer turned judge-penitent presently living in Amsterdam who confesses to an unnamed bar patron about his past. Clamence's journey from being a prominent lawyer to a now lesser known judge-penitent who provides his services in a bar is confounding. Given Clamence's past profession and prominence in law, it brings into question as to why Clamence is at such a low point of his life where he…...
The Good Person of Szechwan
Bertolt Brecht's The Good Person of Szechwan deals with the fluidity and duality of gender in a world dominated by males. The yin yang philosophy which is employed to delve into Shen Te's character, a prostitute and the title character of the play will be an area of my study. Circumstances and her own overly kind nature compel Shen Te to disguise herself as a male counterpart, that is, her cousin, Shui Ta. In my essay, I will explore how…...
Philosophers About Ethics and Morality
Today in a wood, we heard a voice. We haunted for it but could not find it. Adam said he had heard it before, but had never seen it - it was Lord of the Garden, he said, and it had said we must not eat of the fruit of a certain tree and that if we ate of it we would surely die. . . Adam said it was the tree of good and evil. "Good and evil?" "Yes."…...
Ethics And MoralsMoralityPhilosophy
The Doctrine of Double Effect (DDE) and the Doctrine of Doing and Allowing (DDA)
The Doctrine of Double Effect (DDE) and the Doctrine of Doing and Allowing (DDA) both identify an agent's method of contribution to a harmful consequence as being relevant in assessing the permissibility of the individual's actions. In this paper, I shall first outline the DDE and DDA. I will then apply these doctrines to explain the permissibility of one's actions in Thomson's case of the 'violinist', and subsequently to a variant case of the 'violinist'. Next, I shall reconstruct two…...
Nurses’ Professional and Personal Values
Personal Values PaperYeEun (Grace) OhAzusa Pacific University Personal Values Many nursing scholars emphasize the significance of understanding a nurse's moral development and the study of ethics as they provide a framework for a nurse to deal with challenges and dilemmas in clinical settings (Burkhardt & Nathaniel, 2013; Fowler, 2015). The purpose of this paper is to understand how diverse cultural experiences and Christianity influence my personal and moral development by exploring personal characteristics, faith beliefs, cultural values, individual experience, and…...
Law and morality cannot mix
One can argued that law and morality are closely interconnected, their main similarity is the purpose of regulating their common relations is to do justice in relations between individuals, which ensures the normal progressive improvement of every individual in particular and of society as a whole. Firstly we will be discussing what mean by law and morality. So, moral is a set of requirements, regulations, norms and values concerning human actions in relation to the public, social institutions, subjects, to…...
Central Value System of the Society
Nietzsche sought to provide context for what he saw as the central value system of the society in which he lived: slave-morality. Nietzsche saw morality as reflective of the conditions in which its proponents were brought up. He saw the roots of slave morality in oppression and slavery, and posits that it grew as a reaction to the morality of the masters of the time. What follows is a simplified account of Nietzsche's master-slave dichotomy, and what he saw as…...
How the Juvenile Delinquency Impact on Society?
Jessie ZhongSteve ColvinEnglish 1217 May 2019Juvenile delinquency is one of the serious social problem which persistently bother most countries. Back in the early stages of the legal system, the government did not build any laws to restrain the behavior of teenagers. In most countries, juvenile crimes are initially treated as adult crimes. However, people gradually began to realize that teenagers and children differ from adults, because they can be greatly influenced by others to change. More and more states, provinces,…...
Should Juvenile Offenders Be Tried As Adults Criminology
In today’s society, there are many crimes going on. Adults are not the only ones that commit crimes. One issue today is that juvenile offenses and whether juvenile offenders should be tried as adults in criminal court. A common phrase that is often used in this case of young juveniles committing crimes is “Old enough to do the crime, old enough to do the time.” This phrase should be cleared to people that juveniles are not adults, and with this…...
CrimeCriminology TheoriesJuvenile DelinquencyLawMorality
The Concept Of Morality Philosophy
Morality is the differentiation of decisions, actions, and intentions between the ones that are right or good and the ones that are wrong or bad. Morality is also defined as conformity to the right conduct rules. Ethics is the philosophy of morality. Therefore, morality means rightness or goodness. A moral code refers to a particular system of morality in a certain religion, philosophy, culture among others. A moral on the other hand is any teaching or practice within a particular…...
Characteristic Of A Moral Person Philosophy
Moral are defines in many ways by the understanding of an individual. Generally, moral is defined as the principles of right and wrong in behavior. That is, the capability of an individual to differentiate the right and wrong action. Morality is taken to be significant, moral actions are frequently taken to merit praise and rewards, and immoral actions are often taken to merit blame and punishment.Moral principles are an important part of what makes a good person. Therefore, what are…...
The End Justify The Means: How True Is This Statement?
Niccolo Machiavelli is one of the significant political and philosophical thinkers known by many of us. Machiavelli is primarily known for the phrase “the end justifies the means” which has been continuously a subject of contention with regards to discussions and discourses today (Robertson, 2012). With this doctrine, individuals are now faced with several issues whether the desired end can be justified by the means adopted in achieving them. Nevertheless, most people deny that there is no any problematic or…...
Introduction To Religion And Ethics Philosophy
Religion represents the worship of God. Human beings were born to believe in god through the religion of his family or ideology of the state is drive upon him from the very beginning of his existence in the world. Moreover, Religion is the principle or beliefs’ system held to with ardour and faith toward god. Archaeological research explained that religious beliefs have been existent since the first human societies. God gave every individual all intellects to make the right decision…...
Restorative Justice for Young Female Offenders: a critical evaluation
The criminal justice system has traditionally concentrated on detaining and committing offenders rather than examining the roots of their problems and providing community-based services that effectively addressed them. Crime rates continue to soar under the present system and the search is ever stronger for a solution to deal with a rising prison population, high costs, overcrowding and poor conditions, coupled with an increasingly alarming disproportionate rise in the female jail population linked to “one-size-fits-all” harsh sentencing.This essay examines the concept…...
CrimeJusticeJuvenile DelinquencyMoralityRestorative Justice
Analysis of Durkheim’s “The Elementary Forms of Religious”
As described in Durkheim’s The Elementary Forms of Religious Life, a totem is apparent in every society. A totem is a symbolic figure of some creature, being, or thing that represents the sanctity and principle of god. Essentially, a totem is a profane, ordinary object that has been deemed by society to have some holy, sacred characteristics. With this being said, the object itself does not have any holy or sacred qualities; rather it is merely the representation of the…...
Analysis of the Marks of an Educated Person
In an analysis of “The Marks of an Educated Person” the author writes about three different individuals and shows whether or not they qualify as educated people. He also writes about the purpose of education and what it means to be an educated Christian. The author refers to three individuals in his writing: Mary, Tom, and Pat. He talks about their personalities and their concentrations towards education. Mary is a narrowly focused individual that focusses on her major, her electives,…...
Are People Inherently Honest?
There are numerous theories that attempt to explain the motivation behind people acting in certain ways. This paper will address three of these theories, apply these theories to how people choose to behave honestly or dishonestly, and will attempt to determine whether or not people are inherently honest. Before looking into the motivation behind people’s decision to be honest, it is important to define some key terms in order to fully understand and explore what it means to be inherently…...
The first attempt for the new chief executive officer of Stratton Oil Company is to address some of the issues and complaints received for different difficulties with Stratton’s offshore oil drilling rigs. On his first excursion, he visited a rig off the coast of Africa, dubbed the Voyager 7, and what he discovered is the oil rig is really a small society, separate and distinct from the rest of the world. There are many facts for us to apply in…...
Constitutional rights of prisoners
They would use whippings and hangings, to public humiliation . Multiple prisoner where kept in crowded cells. One of the first correctional institutes in America was known as the Walnut Street jail. It was started in Philadelphia in the 1790. Prisons were meant to punish people who committed crimes. It was thought that by taking away ones freedom for committing crimes it would make them think twice about committing another crime when they were released. However by restricting them of…...
Contributions of Religion
Explain the ways in which religion contributes to the lives of individuals and society. Religion is a set of beliefs that govern an adherents morality, ethics, values, and as a whole their daily behaviours and attitudes. Offering the cause, nature and purpose of the universe; religion provides an individual with an identity and a sense of belonging to the world and their community. Devoid of such an understanding, people wouldn’t know how to treat themselves, others and the environment; taking…...
“Cosi” by Louis Nowra
Moreover, Nowra displays black comedy through the character’s uncouth and crude dialogue. The approach of a play within a play is used to mirror the life of Lewis within the play itself. It is only through the use of these structural techniques. It is only through the utilisation of such structural techniques that Nowra is able to accentuate the intensity and dramatic impact of Cosi The initial and most dominant structural technique used by Nowra to vividly and visually depict…...
Essay about Crimes and Misdemeanors
For the past fifty years, director and actor Woody Allen has evoked much laughter from his neurotic-style comedies. Less recognized, however, is his fascinating ability in utilizing both his stunning, humorous wit along with several philosophical concepts. Such a combination creates an engaged and thoroughly entertained audience, as well as a mentally-stimulated one. In his movie “Crimes and Misdemeanors,” the philosophical concepts Allen touches upon deal with ethical and moral issues. What does 'do the right thing' really entail; why…...
Crimes and Misdemeanors
"Crimes and Misdemeanors" Woody Allen's, "Crimes and Misdemeanors", film paints a realistic picture of the real world in which we all live. His film brilliantly portrays the lives of how a large amount of people across this globe live their own life and does not attempt to "sugarcoat" any event that occurs in the movie; he merely tells it how it is and provides information for what people should expect in todays world. Allen takes on the issue of the…...
Hundert and Sedgewick Bell
English question 5 "It is not living that is important, but living rightly and honestly. " The definition of success varies depending on who is defining it. By the end of the novel, Hundert and Sedgewick Bell each believe that they have reached success in their own lives. Sedgewick, following in his Dad’s footsteps of using and manipulating every situation and opportunity in order to advance his selfish goals, feels successful as a wealthy and powerful businessman. Sedgewick by the…...
Ethics, Moral Character and Authentic
The four components of authentic transformational leadership (idealized influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, and individualized consideration) are constrasted with their counterfeits in the dissembling pseudotransformational leadership on the basis of 1) the moral character of the leaders and their concerns for self and others; 2) the ethical values embedded in the leaders’ vision, articulation, and program, which followers can embrace or reject; and 3) the morality of the processes of social ethical choices and action in which the leaders and…...
CharacterEthicsEthics And MoralsLeadershipMorality
Famine, Affluence, and Morality
By "drowning," I mean those who are suffering help people. A few of the counter-arguments that Singer addresses are: One, that he government will be less likely to take responsibility because private organizations are organizing relief funds. Giving privately allows the government to escape their responsibilities of supplying aid. Singer does not believe that this assumption is plausible. He states: I do not, of course, want to dispute the contention that governments of affluent nations should be giving many times…...
Victorian Era Morality in a Film Heat and Dust
The era of the Victorian women spanned 64 years and concluded several changes in attitudes. The common thinking about women in the Victorian era was that a woman? s position was limited to domestic work and the care for her children. The stereotype of the distribution of roles was women staying by the hearth with their needles whilst men wielded their swords. Women had to bear a large family and to maintain a smooth family atmosphere whereby men did not…...
How Effective Are Various Methods in Reducing Recidivism
Prison, non-custodial sentences and rehabilitation seem all failed in reducing recidivism; however, there is little and limited evidence to support non-custodial sentences, as well as some people think if rehabilitation could be implemented effectively, it would work. Although the advantage of prison is keeping our society from dangerous people, when it comes to reducing recidivism rate, the effect of prison is disappointing. The public usually think that imprisonment is safer for communities; however, it appears powerless to deter inmates from…...
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Our moral values are our beliefs about what is important in life. Some values refer to how one should act (be honest, altruistic, self-disciplined) while other values refer to what one wants to accomplish or obtain in life (a lot of money, fame, a family, friendships, world peace). Because a person cannot “have it all” or “be all things,” priorities must be set and choices made. Setting your priorities often leads to value conflicts. We may want to be successful in your career, but we may also want a more relaxing lifestyle and more time to spend with friends and family. Here, the value of success may come into conflict with the value of family. Some examples of moral values are: integrity, respect, caring, justice, civic virtue, and openness.
Anyway I am worried about the fact that our society is in moral decline. Morality is a very broad and complicated topic due to the fact that it is based primarily on individual opinions. Moral values constantly change with the generations. However, most people would agree that today’s moral values are more tolerant of behaviour that, a generation ago, would have been considered obscene and immoral. For example, sex on television is accepted by today’s public as normal, but until the 1980s one could hardly say the word “sex” on television without being condemned. Yes, our society is currently in a rapid decline of moral values. Judging by current statistics, all that once was immoral is now considered moral. It seems as though people have lost their conscience and are now controlled by their surroundings.
The majority of youth all over the world know very little about Moral Values. Very often the behaviour of children in society proves that moral values are hardly even a subject of importance. Today, the violence and crimes often occur when a troubled teen or a fragile child cannot handle the pressure and stress of reality. The influential factor of violence spreads so easily; a child finds this influence simply by turning the television set on. In fact, any news channel unfortunately shows the actions of teenagers committing the violent act of murder without any remorse. All of this animosity and chaos within children begin with not knowing the difference between the right and the wrong. But something should be done.
The positive influence of religion, education, and peers greatly effect a child’s manner and behaviour. Traditional values and important lessons from these sources certainly help a child to understand the distinction between right and wrong choices in life. An important value for children to be aware of is the benefit of religion. The church teaches children to accept the existence of a being higher than man and gives a child the possibility to learn the moral values the way the Bible presents them. By understanding the responsibility of choice making, young people learn to think about the consequences or aftermath of their decision. Religion serves as a foundation for knowing the difference between the right and the wrong. The involvement of religion better prepares children for certain difficulties in life.
The value of education is an important tool that induces the growth of young people to a more sophisticated level. Education builds knowledge and integrity into the minds of children. School also guides children away from trouble; with essays and math problems, a child has no time for trouble. Parents must emphasize the importance of education to their children. Education strengthens the capabilities of the youth. A child becomes a better individual when he experiences the goodness of church, education, and friendship; that is the relevancy of values and lessons. In order for the nation to minimize crime, the children of this generation must reevaluate their choices and responsibilities in life.
They also need the assistance of parents and teachers for guidance through the tough reality of today’s decision making. The aim should be to produce morally viable, responsible individuals and not scholars. Sadly today the virtues like honesty, integrity and respect are considered old fashioned. There has been gradual erosion in these values. The growing crime rate among the children in the developed nations is a good instance of lack of moral values.
Whenever and wherever preference is given to materialism over moral values, it leads to total chaos. No one can be at peace, be it an individual, a community, a nation, or the whole world. Moral education is not something that can be imposed on someone from outside; rather it is a way of life.
Fast changing society has its special problem — old social structures go away and replaced by new ones. Hence the old moral values get into the clash with the new ones, and this is not a clash of different social groups, this is a clash inside one person. Market based society, which by its nature breaks boundaries between individuals, creating more opportunities, creates moral problems. As a result — there are two sets of contradicting moral values in the person’s mind and there is no balance. These are the examples — changing relationship between sexes, between employer and employee leading to the internal conflict of moral values.
It is matter of great concern and regret that today upbringing means providing good food, clothes and luxuries of life only. Moral values are no longer an integral part of a child’s rearing up. Some years back, grand parents provided moral education to grand children in the form of bedtime stories.
But with the advent of nuclear families, moral education has become the responsibility of the educational institutions. But it should be the responsibility of the parents to bring out the best and divine in their child.
There is no more powerful creature for a child than parents. The system of learning and adaptation to the life and society in particular is based on hungry absorption by kids of behavioural patterns and ideas from parents. Parents share subconsciously and freely with their kids all they know up to the point, when kids get problems. Actually it is very hard to limit voluntarily parental control, even harder to find the right balance. At least subconsciously, adults perceive their kids as a continuation of themselves. This perception produces protective and controlling behaviour, which kids need to survive and learn. However there is an important kid’s need which adults do not perceive — the need to learn how to make decisions and the need to make them. I mean real decisions, which carry serious consequences, decisions which adults make all the time, which no adult can avoid, and which adults do not want to avoid, because they are the essence of the life.
Drugs and crime endanger the survival potential of youth and parents as well as educators. They endanger children’s future and threaten the very fabric of society. Drugs inevitably lead to ruined lives. Harmful actions and criminal behaviour bring unhappiness, and not just for the victim but the perpetrator as well.
In today’s world, teaching youth the difference between right and wrong is not just a good idea, it is a vital action that directly relates to the survival potential and happiness of children and society. As an educator and one who truly cares about the well-being and future of our children parents really have an opportunity to help young people steer away and stay away from lives of drugs and crime.
A little reflection will show that most of great men were great because they were more humane than the rest of us. With total chaos and dwindling moral values, and a mad rush for material comforts, it has become clear that it is only moral education that can bring solace to the otherwise tormented soul.