The concept of ethics has deep philosophical and humanistic roots, which lay bare important principles in different fields such as sociology, humanity, economics, culture, and politics among other areas. Different philosophers have had their fair share of influence in contributing to the field of ethics and how it affects routine human life today (Solomon, 2009). Noteworthy, however, is the fact that different philosophers differ in terms of their expression of ethical perspectives. On the same note, they also share similar principles regarding ethics and are thus rich instruments from which humanity can draw chunks of ethical principles to guide their routine life.
Analyzing the Problem of Evil in Religion and Philosophy
A mass shooting in California shocked the country last week, a little girl received a cancer diagnoses today, and over 100 people will die from suicide in the United States tomorrow. This is the cycle of a never ending thing called evil. Countless theologians and scholars have battled with this issue from the very beginning. “Why do bad things happen to good people?" is the question that individuals face every day. To the atheist, evil is possibly their best evidence…...
The Importance of Good Will in The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals by Immanuel Kant
Problem and Statement Kant was probably the philosopher who helped the argument from morality for the existence of God get to its strongest and most influential state. In Immanuel Kant's paper The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals Kant attempts to show that the only thing good is a good will; and no matter how good one person may be there is something that is better until you have the perfect being (i.e. God) who is the source of good.C.S.…...
A Comparison of the “Freemium” and Advertising Business Models
Mackenzie et al. would describe business models “...by content industries in order to provide us, as content creators, a better understanding of our role in the supply chain, and to enable us to make informed decisions on how we choose to distribute our content.," (Mackenzie et al., 2020, para. 4). This essay will be discussing will contrast and compare two business models. The business models that would be explained are the freemium model and the advertising model. It will describe…...
Business EthicsBusiness Management
How Manifest Destiny Affected Native American Culture?
What is no one spoke English anymore? What if it was illegal to celebrate Christmas? What if a new race of people decided to invade America and force Americans out of their homes? This was what happened to Native Americans during America’s Westward Expansion. Native American culture disappeared because America’s westward expansion forced them out of their homeland, disease and violence killed millions of them, and new laws gave them no rights. Life in the Western Hemisphere was much different…...
CultureManifest DestinyNative Americans
About Kindness’ Role
Kindness is an act of compassion, humanity, love, concern and sympathy. Kindness is worship, kindness is religion. Kindness is a behaviour that spreads joy, joy that has no borders, joy that is universal. And its relevance in modern day and every day can’t be discounted. Acts of simple kindness make us the humans we are. Kindness of varying degree separates us from any other species. Its kindness and love that people seek and that people give. DEFINING KINDNESS: “Kindness is…...
Customer Service Is Telephone Etiquette
When a customer or prospect uses the phone to contact our business, they are looking for answers. Whoever answers the phone might be the first and only point of human contact that they have had with our bank. When a prospect calls with a question about our products and services, that first impression is going to define their experience with our bank. How you answer the phone can be the difference between gaining a loyal customer and turning a prospect…...
Politeness and Business Manners Training
Japan, unlike the United States of America, has a very formal and polite social framework inside and outside of business. Conducting business with Japanese companies requires one to understand their strict and unique form of business etiquette as well as their culture. It is important for any kind of business done with and in Japan to understand their culture and etiquette. Business etiquette for Japan consists of Politeness training, Manner training, Japanese perspective of foreigners, and basic Japanese business interactions.…...
Shortlist of Etiquette Rules
Hey, Bright Siders! I bet everybody of you is a well-bred person. But do you always follow the rules of etiquette in the right way? You would be wrong thinking that only members of the Royal family have to watch themselves in public. Here’s a shortlist of etiquette rules that you break every day not even noticing it. “Bless You!” It’s quite a common mistake to wish good health to a person who is sneezing. If it happens in a…...
Manifest Destiny and Foreign Policy
The term "Manifest Destiny," which American writer John L. O'Sullivan first used in the New York Democratic Review in 1845. , describes what most 19th-Century Americans believed was their God-given mission to expand westward, occupy a continental nation, and extend U. S. constitutional government to unenlightened peoples. The idea was the driving force behind the rapid expansion of America into the West from the East, and it was heavily promoted in newspapers, posters, and through other mediums. While the Manifest…...
Foreign PolicyManifest Destiny
The Law on Physician Assisted Suicide
Introduction Since the implementation of The Suicide Act 1961, it has been a subject of controversy and debate, as to whether physician-assisted suicide (PAS) should be permitted in the UK. The National Health Service (NHS} website states - ‘Assisted suicide is the act of deliberately assisting or encouraging another person to kill themselves’ and according to Section 2 of the Suicide Act 1961, Doctors will be liable for conviction if they encourage or intend to encourage the suicide of another…...
Assisted SuicideEuthanasiaFree WillHealthLawMedicine
Manifest Destiny: Was It Really Imperialism?
Imperialism is, by definition, the extension of rule or influence by one government, nation or society over another; manifest destiny is the belief held by many Americans in the 1840s that the United States was "destined" to expand across the continent. This belief of "destined expansion" was nothing new to America's leaders for their vision of the United States when they first established it was that of a nation that stretched from the Atlantic to the Pacific. The American people…...
DestinyImperialismManifest DestinyOregon TrailTexas
The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Declaration of Independence
The Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson and four other writers. It was written in June 1776. The Second Continental Congress appointed these men to make a document declaring the colonies independent from Britain. They were first called the Articles of Confederation and after the Revolution, the document was questioned. With the questioning the Constitutional Congress made some major changes. These changes although meant to strengthen, in fact, weakened the government further. The value of The Declaration of…...
Strengths And WeaknessesThe Declaration Of IndependenceThomas Jefferson
Transcendendalist theories and beliefs, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Thoreau, transcendentalism today
In the world of Ralph Waldo Emerson, "nothing is more simple than greatness, to be simple is to be great". Emerson believed in simplifying life, he believed that the less possessions a person had the less they had to worry about. He developed a new and creative way of philosophy titled transcendentalism. Transcendentalism dealt with finding joy in nature, simplicity, and individualism. Simplicity is the state of being simple, uncomplicated, or uncompounded. Simplifying life cuts back on stress and worries.…...
BeliefMetaphysicsRalph Waldo EmersonTheoriesTranscendentalism
John Locke and the Declaration of Independence
In 1689, John Locke published, what proved to be, a valuable document for the American Revolution as well as life in present day America, known as the Second Treatise of Government. In his document he creates a model of his ideal civil government, which is created by the people to ensure their “natural rights” of life, liberty, and property. This government may also be dissolved upon the decision of the people, when it is believed that the sovereignty has ceased…...
EthicsGovernmentJohn LockeLawSocial ContractThe Declaration Of Independence
Why Physicians are Reluctant to Remove Patient’s Life Support Systems?
Physician-assisted Suicide (PSD) or others call it euthanasia has been an issue of considerable debates for many years. It puts into question the rights of physicians and medical professionals to perform assisted deaths to patients whose conditions are in grave pain. Many medical professionals differentiate euthanasia from physician-assisted suicide because of some practices that would distinguish it from euthanasia. Some argued that the practice of physician-assisted suicide is ethical, justified by informed consent and informed refusal on the part of…...
Assisted SuicideLifeMedical ethics
Max Weber’s Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
Max Weber's Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism provides for an interesting insight into the origins of capitalism and its relationship with Protestantism in Europe. Weber observes that business leaders and personnel, as well as skilled labourers and owners of capital are overwhelmingly Protestant. He acknowledges that some of the causing factors may be embedded in historical facts including different upbringings and environments in Protestant groups compared to those that are Catholic. However, Weber realizes that Protestantism has a…...
What are the key indicators of successful democratization and how do these relate to the core values of democracy?
Democracy is a form of government where leadership of the country, state or organization is placed in the hands of the majority. The way democracy is defined is not unanimously agreed but though this is the case, there are two important attributes that any democracy must consist of that is; all citizens must enjoy their liberties and freedoms and that all citizens must be equal and able to access power without limitations. Democratization of leadership is the transformation of other…...
Generalist Practice in Social Work Essay
As Renaissance man. societal workers operate from a base of diverse accomplishments which enable them to assist persons with personal jobs. while at the same time facing the larger issues which are debatable for communities or organisations. Based upon the Generalist Intervention Model. today’s societal worker must be equipped with a accomplishment set that is able to turn to micro. mezzo and macro systems in order to consequence alteration and reference issues at each of these degrees. Micro systems are…...
American Values of Freedom
America has always been as much an idea as a geographic place. The exact nature of that idea has varied from person to person and group to group, but the central tenant has been freedom. Freedom from the constraints of the old world, bound up in religious, political, social and economic repression, versus the apparent lack of boundaries, the initial absence of all these constraints, and the opportunity to be born again - to be anything you wanted to be…...
AmericaCivilizationFreedomManifest DestinyThomas Jefferson
Business Ethics, Corruption and Integrity
Introduction. Corruption is one of the biggest problems faced by many countries today. Both developing and developed countries are concerned with the issue of corruption (Ogus, 2004). This concern, which can be traced in several disciplines, may be attributed to the fact that corruption can lead to detrimental effects on a country’s economy and bureaucracy (De Asis, 2000). Indeed, international organizations like the World Bank have focused on the eradication of corruption in developing countries because it is one of…...
Business EthicsCorruptionIntegrityLawPolitical Corruption
Chinese Religions and Beliefs: Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism
Religion Three Major Religions or philosophies shaped many of the ideas and history of Ancient China. They include: Taoism Confucianism Buddhism Taoism Was founded during the Zhou Dynasty in the 6th century by Lao-Tzu. Tao Te Ching is a book that has his beliefs and philosophies. At that time under this religion, one of the beliefs was that people should be with one nature and that all living things have a universal force flowing through them (Yin and Yang). These…...
George Orwell’s Shooting an Elephant: Insights on Imperialism, Ethical Conflicts and Fear of Judgment
George Orwell's essay "Shooting an Elephant," introduces an intriguing insight on imperialism, ethical disputes and fear of judgement through the inner functions of a European law enforcement officer provided the intense task of handling an elephant in musk within Moulmein, in lower Burma. Imperialism, as defined in the Oxford English Dictionary, reads that Imperialism is "a policy of extending a nation's power and influence through colonization, usage of military force, or other methods." Interestingly, Orwell shows imperialism in his work…...
ConflictEthicsFearImperialismPhilosophyShooting An Elephant
Professionalism in Grooming and Etiquette Scope
Introduction Grooming and Etiquette is very important and is the main as well foremost important quality for those who is working or plan to work in the Hospitality Industry. Extract of grooming and etiquettes that can be easily understood are ready smile, confidence, eye contact, good posture and body language, excellent grooming, pleasant personality, good hygiene, ability to mingle with everyone, extrovert character, good communication skills and readiness in any situation. These are the aspects that a student of Hospitality Courses and adults planning to involve in hospitality world needs to consider. One needs all…...
Human papillomavirus and Vaccination: Knowledge, Beliefs, and Perception of Future registered Nurses
Acquiring knowledge and necessary skills to teach the community about health-related behavior, screening, and early detection methods as well as preventive measures. Is the responsibility of nurses for a dominant role in cancer prevention. The majority of the respondents in this study knew of HPV is the sexual transmission, as the main cause of cervical cancer; this determination is consistent with results that are obtained by Ursa et al in his written report which was conducted among nurses in Tanzania…...
Similarities and Difference between Humanism and Existentialism
In the 20th century, psychology began to boom with different methods of therapy for individuals from many backgrounds. Along with these different approaches, many of them differed on specific viewpoints such as understanding one’s purpose in life. Two approaches that circle around this viewpoint are humanism and existentialism. These two approaches emerged before the 20th century, but modern day psychotherapy from these two approaches have influenced society to think about their purpose and role in the world. Humanistic psychology emerged…...
During the Renaissance period, the church/ religion was a big part of everyday life being a guide for how life should be lived. There was protocol and how life was meant to be lived and women and men had standards to uphold such as women being dainty and beautiful, men had to have a sort of strength and masculine leader type quality being the head of the household. Classical Humanism gave mankind a realization of their own worth and dignity…...
Manifest Destiny in the Westward Expansion
Prior to moving West, Northern America had gone through various wars and battles, one being the Seven Years War, also known as the French and Indian War. The French and Indian war had been fought between England and Britain for control over North America. The two fought each other along with their Indian and colonist allies in a war that lasted seven years. When the Treaty of Paris was signed in 1763 it put an end to the fighting between…...
Manifest DestinyWestward Expansion
Ethical Issues in Physical Therapy
When going to a store, customer service is able to dictate anybody's experience, which usually dictates if the consumer will plan on going back or not. This has the same concept of physical therapy. Physical therapy, such as all healthcare, has “ever-changing” rules and regulations that need to be followed. Many ethical issues are introduced in physical therapy, as well as any other profession. Avoiding regulatory fraud and abuse, practicing relevant dilemma’s and being logical with alternative payments (Medicare) are…...
Ethical Issues In HealthcareEthicsMedical Profession
Ethical Issues in Services
Defining what services are can be a challenge because many products we see today are a combination of goods and services. Pearson’s Operations Management textbook defines services as, “including repair and maintenance, government, food and lodging, transportation, insurance, trade, financial, real estate, education, legal, medical and entertainment” (Heizer, Render, & Munson, 2016). Services are intangible products, therefore the healthcare that we receive is a service. There are many ethical challenges that medical executives, patients and medical staff face in healthcare.…...
Ethical Issues In HealthcareEthical Issues In The WorkplaceEthicsService
Ethical Dilemma in School
On January 12, 2018 author Alex Kingsbury wrote an article based on the ethical dilemma of students being recorded during school. In Boston, the parents of Ben Pollack, a disabled teenager, wanted him to carry an audio recorder during school to confirm that he was not being bullied or maltreated. On a Monday, a federal appeals court heard arguments on the topic which was brought up by his southern Maine school district. The school cited the privacy rights of other…...
Ethical Dilemma You Have FacedEthicsMoral dilemmaSchool
Ethical Dilemma in Health Care
Owing to scientific and technical advances, the structure of the health care industry is constantly changing. Issues in the delivery of health care services are of considerable concern to healthcare establishments, both legal and ethical. Healthcare practitioners work for their patients' well-being and health while upholding legal and ethical principles. Health dilemmas are inevitable. Living wills and instructions in healthcare are commonly blurred. Living wills are the patient's wishes expressed in the judgment of the patient if they could determine…...
Health CareMedical ethicsMoral dilemma
Moral Issues with Immortality
Throughout history, anytime an invention or technology has been presented to public, there has been criticism of some sort. Inventions such as the printing press, light bulb, television, alternating current, flight, vaccines, personal computer, phones and internet in received severe criticism due to their perceived effect on humanity. We all realize the importance of these technologies and how they can be utilized to make our life easier and more efficient. But it must be accepted that new inventions come with…...
History of Business Ethics
Introduction This paper is intended to review the history of business ethics, look at what it means, review some current ethics issues and what the future holds for business ethics. History The phrase “business ethics” has been used in a number of different ways. And therefore, the history can differ depending on what information you are looking for. The most modern concept dates back to the rise of anti-big business protest groups in the United States in the 1970’s. A…...
Business Ethic and Conflict of an Insurance Broker
In the case “Conflict of an Insurance Broker,” Yes I think A&A would ethically responsible in its role as a broker by permitting the museum to make the poorer choice. A&A should present the low bid from Reliable. In fact, A&A should present all the bids to client and tell pros and cons about each to its client. As a broker, the work is not making decision but give advice. If it doesn't present all option, it can be considered…...
The Amish Beliefs as an Alternative to Mainstream America
America is universally known as the land of diversity. So, it is only natural that besides racial diversity, there is a diversity in communities that live on its ground. One of the most famous religious groups that exists in America is the Amish community. The utter seclusion they live in makes them either invisible to the people around them, or they view them as an attraction. Their way of life was not so different from their neighbors when they arrived…...
Reflection of fixation of beliefs
Not all the news sources are trustworthy nor all the scientific journals (Munafò & Flint, 2010). As a researcher, a future doctor, a student or even a normal citizen, it is crucial to expand critical thinking in order to distinguish between valid information and propaganda (Maudsley & Strivens, 2000). Maudsley & Strivens, (2000) have claimed that thinking is a “teachable skill “; and is not an inherited attribute like human intelligence which has been distributed among human beings unevenly. Therefore,…...
Two Corporate Social Responsibility Perform
The theory of social responsibility is based on a system of ethics, in which decision and actions must be ethically approved before continuing. If the action or choice causes harm society or the environment, then it is thought to be socially untrustworthy (Pachamama Alliance , 2017). There two examples of a social responsibility activity perform by business organizations. PETRONAS is the short for Petroliam National Berhad. As an incorporated company, it was founded on the 17th of August 1974. It…...
BusinessCorporate Social Responsibility And Ethics
Importance of Business Ethics vs. Social Responsibility
Majority of the businesses have their aims and goals set which act as a guideline. They aim at having maximum profits for both their owners and the shareholders. However, this cannot be achieved without ethics. It means that business ethics are significant in ensuring that a company ca ton make profits, (Joyner & Payne, 2002). The importance of social responsibility, in this case, is that the values, norms, and policies of the company must be followed and adhered. Business ethics…...
Business EthicsCorporate Social Responsibility And Ethics
Irrational Beliefs and Life Satisfaction
Life Satisfaction Life Satisfaction is the methods by which individuals demonstrate their feelings and conclusions (states of mind) and how they feel about their introduction and choices for what's to come. It is a measure of progress and might be evaluated like way, satisfaction with relations with others and with accomplished goals, self-considerations, and self-saw capacity to acclimate to customary everyday presence. It is having an ideal viewpoint of one's life as opposed to an appraisal of current estimations. Life…...
No Pain, No Gain: Myth or True
Does anyone else have this hateful saying? Or bad. Well, I must admit that I do not like to sweat. I hate oozing and oozing bodies, where your clothes stick and where everything is wet. One moment you are hot, the other you are wet and cold. I realize that this discomfort prevents me from exercising and that my body moves in a healthy way. I understand. And I have to remember that I live in a modern house, with…...
BeliefNo Gain Without PainSayings
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Plato, Aristotle, Buddha, and Augustine
The context of application and judgement of ethical principles differs from culture to culture, place to place and context to context and therefore, philosophers such as Plato, Aristotle, Buddha, and Augustine have fascinating and insightful ideas about ethics that are worth considering based on specific contexts (Lockwood, 2005). This paper compares and contrasts different ethical perspectives discoverable in Plato, Aristotle, Buddha, and Augustine that identifies perspectives which could establish social ethics.
Virtues and Ethical Perspectives
Plato, Aristotle, Buddha, and Augustine’s ethical perspectives share significant similarities. According to these philosophers, ethics is based on virtuous living. Virtues are components of life, which lead to happiness and greater good than harm to humanity. Accordingly, practices that result in greater good to humanity, entities, and the environment are ethically upright and vice versa (Fasching & Lantigua, 2011). The highest good, according to these philosophers is the purpose of an ethical life and any individual who thinks to live right should create an environment for himself/herself, and others, that is satisfying in that it makes life better and leads to happiness and freedom. Love is emphasized as a virtue that prominently features in the ethics postulated by the four philosophers (Laungani, 2002). There is a trend that alludes to the four agreeing that love is foundational in establishing a virtuous society that is full of positivity. It is seen as an ingredient for good ethics, which are the desire of every man, entity, and the environment.
The philosophers also point out that morals are essential aspects that can be used to evaluate ethics. Morality, as insinuated by the four philosophers entails the distinction between right and wrong. Essentially, ethics results from choices and decisions that human beings make (Solomon, 2009). Wrong decisions that have adverse effects negates the idea of positive ethics. Right decisions which improve the condition of life promote ethical relationships and living within societies and communities, and among entities, individuals and groups (Lockwood, 2005). According to the four, living right is a consequence of the choice of undertakings with due consideration of the outcomes of the choices that one makes.
Similarities and Differences of Philosophers’ Views
Plato, Aristotle, Buddha, and Augustine ethics display an ethical life that is selfless and devoid of greed that in most cases results in unquenchable bodily appetites and the desire to serve self-interests without due consideration of the effects that such choices have on others and the environment (Fasching & Lantigua, 2011). The independence to be incorruptible by the external or internal forces that make suggestions and influence thoughts and actions can create environments and atmospheres that promote goodness and demean evil. Every entity and the environment would always call for moral living and absolute good so that there is zero harm to anything in the surrounding. Essentially, living a selfless life and extending the same to others would amount to a greater good and higher benefits to humanity and the environment (Laungani, 2002). Hence, the philosophers seem to agree on the issue of selflessness and highest good for humanity and disregard greed and serving self-interests. This forms the concepts of ethics as far as they are concerned.
Although there are inherent similarities in ethical perspectives by the four philosophers, there are also considerable differences which though not very prominent, are worth noting. While Plato vehemently emphasizes the idea of virtue-based conception of ethics, Aristotle is hellbent in championing ethics based on habits and behaviors which lead to good life (Fasching & Lantigua, 2011). According to Aristotle, the supreme good should be the primary aim of human crafts, investigations, and actions. His ethics can be described as a common-sense ethics which are built on self-realization and naturalism. Essentially, self-interests do not feature in Aristotelian ethics. This differs somewhat from Platonic ethics. Virtues are necessary for personal development and out of personal growth and development, then happiness can be dispensed to others (Solomon, 2009). Therefore, there is a significant element of self-interest in Plato ethics, which inherently misses in Aristotelian ethics.
Considering Buddha, there is a greater gap in the point of view that emphasizes ethics based on enlightenment. Essentially, the focus of Buddha ethics is walking the path towards liberation. People are bound by different things which confine them in distinct ways (Keown, 2005). As such, seeking the freedom to break free from these confines so that one lives freely forms the basis of Buddhist ethics. Honoring the precepts of Buddhist ethics culminates to security, respect, and trust. This seems to differ from what Plato thinks. The purpose of ethical living is to achieve happiness through virtuous living and not necessarily to gain trust, security or respect. Similarly, it somewhat differs from Aristotelian ethics in that their foundations are different. Aristotle focuses on grand observance of morality as a way of determining right and wrong, and good and bad and not necessarily the pursuit of liberation (Solomon, 2009). Additionally, Buddhist ethics have a religious characteristic which is not prominently presented in the Aristotelian and Plato’s ethics.
A close examination of ethics according to Augustine reveals that the basic principles of ethics should be grounded on Christian beliefs and faith. According to Augustine, anything that violates consistency with good acts amounts to sin and hence, is unethical and not worth following, adopting, or emulating (Kent, 2001). The essence of ethics in as far as Augustine is concerned does not necessarily concern right living as the other three philosophers seem to emphasize although with different intensity and at different levels of emphasis. However, according to him, ethics involves right loving which involves primarily loving God and secondarily, and derivatively loving the neighbor. In other words, unlike the others, he thinks that the essence of good life does not revolve on accomplishments during life on earth but offering the right inner emotional allegiance to the only true dimension, the true God (Fasching & Lantigua, 2011). What counts is the inner state and not necessarily the outer actions because they are only significant insofar as they reveal one’s inner state.
Virtuous Life and Social Ethics
The Aristotelian and Plato perspective of ethics can monumentally establish social ethics. These perspectives seem to share much in common with regard to how ethics should be viewed and regarded. They promote significant aspects of social living which greatly exemplifies social ethics. Plato extols the importance of moral good based on virtues, something that Aristotle echoes by providing an extensive array of greater considerations in improving social life by developing morally upright habits. A virtuous life is worth pursuing because it improves relationships among individuals, entities and elements in the environment. Aristotle, similarly, observes the necessity of morality in a bid to understand the right and wrong, good and bad, in order to be in a position to make relevant choices and decisions which improve life and broaden the elements of social ethics.
Essentially, the perspectives to ethics as offered by Plato and Aristotle offer a broad spectrum of values which are the necessary building blocks of social ethics (Lockwood, 2005). They place significant responsibilities on the social entities and also illuminate the essence of accountability in championing good social relationships based on virtues and which results in happiness and good life for all elements of the society. A close scrutiny of the Plato and Aristotelian perspective of ethics reveal the existence and application of such elements as truth, honesty, loyalty, peace and love.
These are important concepts that should prevail in any social set up. The society is composed of different components which interact in a manner that there should be sharing of benefits and value addition by and to each (Solomon, 2009). Accordingly, considering the application of ethical principles that are emphasized by these perspectives will result in creating a wholesome lot of fruitful relationships which yield greater good and happiness among the elements of the society. These elements are responsible for bringing fundamental goodness to humanity and by extension, to the society at large. Therefore, they are suitable applicants that can fruitfully contribute to the establishment of social ethics.