The Salem Witch Trials was the largest and most lethal outbreak of witchcraft in American history. Salem Village was extremely claustrophobic, isolated, and filled with emotional instability, resentment, and gluttony. These affected girls fell ill after playing a fortune-telling game and later began to act strangely (Brooks). The symptoms of the affected girls included hiding under furniture, contorting in pain, and experiencing a fever (Brooks). The first two affected girls were Elizabeth Parris and Abigail Williams, they began to name the three women whom they believed were bewitching them. These individuals included Sarah Good, Sarah Osbourn, and Tituba who was a slave at the time. Tituba’s owner at the time was Samual Parris, the affected girl’s father and uncle. All three of these women were considered social outcasts and were easy targets for this suspected crime. However, many individuals believed that the young girls were accusing many of these individuals as an act of revenge, they simply didn’t like the people whom they accused. Fear and hysteria in Salem MA, created a culture that led to the mistreatment of women.
Exploration of Social Injustice in Arthur Miller’s The Crucible
Throughout the ages, humans have proven themselves countless times to be disloyal, selfish, and underhanded. It is with a degree of smugness and superiority that we often regard events such as the cruel, corrupt governmental systems of the past, abuses of the church, and mass murders in the name of religion. We tend to believe that we have made improvements in areas such the definition and protection of personal freedoms and we have faith that our journalists will uncover and…...
InjusticePolitical CorruptionSalem Witch TrialsThe CrucibleThe Crucible About John Proctor
Fear and paranoia created in the crucible
The Crucible is full of heat, suspense, extramarital sex, public lies and ruthless prosecution, All of which add up to produce a book in which the theme of fear and paranoia is unquestionably a part in these small-town people's lives. During the crucible, Miller tries to project a lot of fear and paranoia into his work, enabling the reader to physically and emotionally feel their part in Salem's history. Salem is taken from the Hebrew Shalom meaning peace however from…...
FearSalem Witch TrialsThe Crucible
The Salem Witch Trials and Anti-NMDAR Encephalitis
The year is 1692 and Bridget Bishop is arrested for what the townspeople of Salem, Massachusetts believes is witchcraft. She is found guilty on June 2nd and is hanged publicly on June 10th, making her the first victim of The Salem Witch Trials executions. Throughout the next year, 19 more people will be convicted and executed making that a total of 20 people executed for witchcraft in one year alone and in a little over 2 years more than 200…...
ResearchSalem Witch Trials
Salem Witch Trials Paper
All the false accusations from people caused the court to execute the accused witches without any strong evidence of practicing witchcraft. “She introduced a full, malevolent cast, their animal accomplices and various superpowers. A sort of satanic Scheherazade, she was masterful and gloriously persuasive” (Schiff). After Tituba had confessed to seeing the devil and blame others the hysteria and blaming had started. After 15 months in prison, Tituba went on trial for contacting with the devil. (Schiff). Over 150 people…...
EssaySalem Witch Trials
John Proctor and the Salem Witch Trials in The Crucible
The writing happens in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1692 during the Salem witch trials. The play is a fictionalized version of the trials and tells the story of a group of young Salem ladies, Who were desperate enough to try “Dark Magic” and get caught to get out of trouble they start to accuse other villagers of witchcraft. The accusations and succeeding trials push the village into a hysteria, which ends up with the arrest of two hundred villagers and the…...
Salem Witch TrialsThe CrucibleThe Crucible About John Proctor
English Settlements in America
While both New England and Chesapeake colonies both came from England they are drastically different in a number of ways. A sense of community is crucial in colonies trying to run in a healthy and balanced manner. The New England colonies had a good understanding of this so it would come as no surprise to learn that they thrived as a colony. New England was founded by Puritans searching for religious freedom. The Chesapeake Colonies, however, had one sole purpose…...
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The Crucible – Who Is To Blame
The Crucible is a play created by American playwright Arthur Miller in 1953. Throughout the play, we understand the characters’ past relationship. On the one hand, the narrator described the specific dissatisfaction and differences between the characters and deepened our understanding of why they were eager to blame each other. On the other hand, in infidelity and controversy, we also feel the beauty and tolerance of human nature. As the story continues to develop, the theme of the article becomes…...
Salem Witch TrialsThe Crucible
Justice and Injustice Within “The Crucible”
Justice and injustice. Two concepts that have been important to our society for centuries. America was founded on the injustices the colonists were facing by the British government. Even now, justice and injustice have become important points of contention in contemporary history. Many groups have differing opinions on what justice is and isn’t. This also applies to injustice. When dissecting and deconstructing “The Crucible” by Arthur Miller, the question arises. As an allegory for how Miller was mistreated by HUAC,…...
JusticeSalem Witch TrialsThe Crucible
Exploring the Politics of Fear: The Crucible
Arthur Miller compares John Proctor (a character in the crucible) to himself, which allows the reader to be able to relate and understand the similar experiences they had both faced. “The Crucible” shows how hard it was against corruption involving the court, which ended up leading to the death of very many individuals that should’ve been and were innocent in Salem. In “The Crucible” the play creates an allegory for Miller’s struggles with McCarthyism because of the similar experience he…...
PoliticsSalem Witch TrialsThe Crucible
The playwright Arthur Miller
In the early 1950's the playwright Arthur Miller penned the highly successful play: The Crucible. First produced in 1953 at the height of McCarthyism era, Millers Crucible was thought of as a strong political parable; a reflection of the communist witch hunts: The Crucible is one of the most famous historical and political allegories of all time. Set in the 17th century New England, the play is based around the Salem Witch trials. The Crucible includes many social and historical…...
Arthur MillerSalem Witch TrialsThe Crucible
“The Crucible” by Artur Miller
Cheever goes out to fetch Abigail The audience is left in suspense through the short, ascending in volume conversation while Cheever goes out to fetch Abigail. As the audience know how much power Abigail has they are waiting to see whether Mary Warren will still stick to what she is saying or cower under her power. Tension is increased when Hathorne asks Mary to faint, if it were only pretence. Mary Warren is obviously not able to faint as she is…...
Salem Witch TrialsThe Crucible
Discuss the appeal of ‘The Crucible’ to its audience
The use of archaic lexis by characters in their dialogue is another manner in which Miller endeavours to create a 17th century environment. As Act One terminates, Betty (the young girl who fell ill as the play commenced) immediately accuses neighbourhood citizens of dancing with the Devil after she has woken from her slumber: I saw George Jacobs with the Devil! I saw Goody Howe with the Devil! (Act One p39) The word 'Goody' used in her speech translates to…...
Salem Witch TrialsThe Crucible
Critical Essay – Arthur Miller’s
Arthur Miller's "The Crucible", a powerful and compelling play, is one which explores the theme of power. "The Crucible", set in Salem, Massachusetts in the late 1600s, explores morality and a rigid society's desperate need for preservation during the infamous Salem Witch Trials. Through the successful use of setting, theme and characterisation, Miller enhances the audience's understanding of the play's themes and purposes. Miller employs various techniques to introduce the theme of power. The stage directions in Act 1 give…...
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Arthur Miller builds
Arthur Miller builds up tension for the audience by skilful use of dialogue, entrances and actions. By discussing one or two examples of each, from Act Two, say how he does this. Though 'The Crucible' is set against the background of the Salem witch trials in 1629, it reflects the McCarthy anti-communism trials of 1950s America. The citizens of Salem (Massachusetts) had Puritan beliefs and were very religious. Due to their strong Christian beliefs, there was a great fear that people…...
Arthur MillerSalem Witch Trials
A review of “The Crucible”
Throughout The Crucible we are introduced to and follow four or five important characters that Arthur Miller elaborated upon. One of those characters is Reverend Samuel Parris, a bitter minister who came to Salem for unclear reasons. That reason may have been he was looking for a small town to control, maybe he was trying to escape something or someone, or he may have just wanted a fresh, clean start; whatever that reason was it is for sure he had…...
Salem Witch TrialsThe Crucible
Salem and America
This shows that the court will believe what their heart believes and will not listen to what the person on trial has to say. Even though Mary was denying Proctor threatening her, Danforth seemed convinced that he had and kept asking her the same question over and over again hoping that she would give in and say that Proctor had threatened her. Much like Communism, when you are accused of being a witch, there is no hard proof; it is…...
Abigail WilliamsAmericaSalem Witch TrialsThe Crucible
Miller Uses Dramatic Techniques
Arthur Millers Drama is based on the Salem witch trials of 1692. He wrote the play much later than 1953 as an indictment of the anti-Communist tactics of Joseph McCarthy. Miller recognised there was parralel between the hysteria which swept Salem in 1692 and the anti-Communist witch hunt which raged though America during the 1950's 'Red Scare'. During reasearch I found that Miller chose this subject as it contained mass hysteria and he wanted to show what its social and…...
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The Crucible by Arthur Miller Analysis
The juxtaposition between tension and relief is present throughout most of Act 3 e.g. as questions may raise awareness and the answers may release relief: A roaring goes up from the people HATHORNE'S VOICE Arrest him, Excellency! GILES' VOICE I have evidence. Why will you not hear my evidence? Since this roaring has become more of a silence to hear what Giles may have to say about his evidence shows the comparison of the courtroom being aggressive (tension) to a calmer yet concentrated atmosphere…...
MccarthyismSalem Witch TrialsThe Crucible
Danforth Character in a Play The Crucible
It was such acts of frivolity which led to the mass hysteria and innocent killings in "The Crucible": A group of girls, consisting of Abigail who goes on to become a key player in the eventual witch trials, Mary Warren who plays a pivotal role in the fate of John Proctor and Betty Parris the daughter of Reverend Samuel Parris amongst other girls, were caught dancing in the woods, with West Indian slave Tituba. After being caught by Reverend Parris,…...
CharacterMass HysteriaSalem Witch TrialsThe Crucible
The Crucible was written in 1952 by Arthur Miller
The Crucible was written in 1952 by Arthur Miller. It was written to expel his fury at the McCarthyist trials of 50s America, The play is set in Salem, USA in 1692 during the time of the famous witch trials, which he used as an allegory for the courtroom trials of McCarthyist America. The essay title 'Moral Crusade or Personal Vendetta' draws parallels to the McCarthyism of the 1950's where whole lives were destroyed merely on the strength of accusations.…...
Arthur MillerMccarthyismSalem Witch TrialsThe Crucible
Conflict: Salem Witch Trials and John Proctor
Conflict is inevitable and is something everyone encounters. Individual’s responses are dependent upon their moral conscience, their ideologies or their strengths and weaknesses. An individual’s public persona may differ drastically and oppose their true qualities. In confrontation with conflict ones true identity can be revealed. Although under the pressure of conflict individuals can be provoked to act unwillingly to preserve themselves. The novel ‘The Secret River’ by Kate Grenville portrays the protagonist William Thornhill as a moral individual yet under…...
ConflictSalem Witch TrialsThe CrucibleThe Crucible About John Proctor
Care and politeness
Abigail tries to become the victim here, by telling Reverend Parris that she is struck with a needle by the witchery of Elizabeth, and so they accuse Elizabeth of witchcraft. This affects the audience by showing that Abigail can be a guilt-free assassin, even eliminating people to get her desire. Miller probably did this to show she makes an impact, even when not in the scene. It would become apparent to the reader that Abigail has a gift of manipulating…...
CareSalem Witch TrialsThe Crucible
John Proctor Character in Arthur Miller’s The Crucible
Arthur Miller's "The Crucible" illustrates a powerful drama based on the Salem witch trials in 1692. However Miller used his play as an analogy, representing the period of "McCarthyism" that lasted from the end of the Second World War to the late 1950s. Derived by the war against Stalin's Soviet Union, McCarthyism was a term describing the intense anti-communist suspicion in the United States. Lead by Senator Joseph McCarthy, many Americans who were believed to cast communist influences to American…...
Abigail WilliamsCharacterMccarthyismSalem Witch TrialsThe CrucibleThe Crucible About John Proctor
An Individual’s Achievement of Self-Knowledge
A study of the theme of achievement of self-knowledge in the play "The Crucible" by Arthur Miller.An Individual's Achievement of Self-Knowledge An important theme is an individual's achievement of self-knowledge as a result of undergoing an ordeal. As Rev. Hale sits through the proceedings of the court in the play The Crucible by Arthur Miller, his views change drastically. When Rev. Hale first arrives in Salem, he is very objective about the whole situation of witchery. He questions Tituba and…...
AchievementFrogMass HysteriaSalem Witch TrialsThe Crucible
Danforth in his rage again turns his attention to Mary Warren and again Proctor is Mary's spokesman and Hale sticks up for the innocent and tells Danforth to stop the hearing and let John come back with a lawyer. Danforth then goes into a long speech to try and justify what he is doing and to prove it is all in the name of God. Danforth reads Mary Warrens deposition and orders Cheever to bring the other girls to the…...
PlaySalem Witch Trials
Abigail in “The Crucible” by Arthur Miller
Arthur Miller’s play "The Crucible", which happens during the Salem Witch Trials of 1962, is the most ideal approach to demonstrate a correlation with the "Red Scare." In the Crucible, Miller has a recognized measure of characters that depicted genuine individuals and occasions of the Salem Witch Trials that occurred. All through the play, we see the vast majority of the characters whose names are Elizabeth Proctor and Abigail Williams. They’re both a differentiation of one another’s character as the…...
Abigail WilliamsSalem Witch TrialsThe Crucible
Greed is an important theme found in most books plays poems etc
Greed is an important theme found in most books, plays, poems, etc. Greed is the intense selfish desire for something, especially wealth, power, or food. This is also a phenomenon one may experience from childhood to adulthood. In the play The Crucible, written by Arthur Miller, there are multiple different types of greed encountered throughout the play; greed (in its regular form), and greed in vengeance. The play took place during the Salem witch trials in Massachusetts during the year…...
GreedPlaysPoemsSalem Witch Trials
Would you say that people can act irrationally and often this
Would you say that people can act irrationally, and often this behavior leads to questionable happenings? Many times in American history, egregious events have taken place. From the Salem Witch Trials in the 16th century, to the McCarthy hearings and internment of Japanese-Americans in the mid-20th century, these times often involved fear, unsubstantiated accusations, and punishment of innocent people. Similar to the Salem Witch Trials hundreds of years ago, the McCarthy hearings and the internment of Japanese-Americans violated the rights…...
JusticeMccarthyismPeopleSalem Witch Trials
The Salem Witch Trials History
The Salem witch trials of 1692 took place in Salem, Massachusetts. Overall, 141 people were arrested as 19 were hanged and one person crushed to death. Researchers describe the Salem witch trials as a series of court trials that were aimed at prosecuting persons who had been accused of witchcraft. The trials took place between 1692 and 1693  .Prior hearings of the Salem witch trials were carried out in several different towns. The major trial was conducted by the…...
HistorySalem Witch Trials
An Exploration of the Fear of Losing Reputation
An exploration of the fear of losing reputation within the Salem Society. Good afternoon, today I will be presenting my IOP. I have chosen to base it upon Arthur Millers’ novel ‘The Crucible’, which references back to the Salem Witch trials in 1692. There are many themes in Arthur Miller's 'The Crucible', like intolerance, empowerment, honor, hysteria and paranoia, legal affairs, such as accusations and confessions as well as several references to McCarthyism. However the theme of reputation was only…...
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Satire in Monty Python
When one thinks of the Salem Witch trials, they think of a dark time during the 1600’s, when the Puritans in Salem Massachusetts, executed over 20 people for the belief that they had been using witchcraft. Another thing that might come to mind when thinking of the Salem Witch trials is the horrible deaths that the accused had to endure, under the false circumstances. Many people view the Salem Witch trials, as we view 9-11 today. They think of the…...
Salem Witch TrialsSatire
Struggle Between the Rights of Freeman and the Mass Efforts to Destroy
Richard Watts Jr. describes the striking similarity between the Salem witch trials and the McCarthy Era as a "struggle between the rights of freeman and the mass efforts to destroy them under the guise of defending decency. " All good writing conveys a strong message for the reader to take away, and effectively apply to his everyday life. In the novel The Crucible, author Arthur Miller uses 17th Puritan society, and the Salem witch trials as a vehicle to make…...
PhilosophyRightsSalem Witch Trials
Analyse Reverend Parris Play
Analyse Reverend Parris and his inspirations in supporting the witch trials. The crucible play is set in 17th century Puritan Massachusetts in America. This would have indicated the location would be relatively recently lived in by immigrants and there still may be issues from Native Americans. The society probably would have been rather close-knit and any allegations of witchcraft would quickly have actually resulted in hysteria in a method that was only possible in modern days because of the media.…...
PlaySalem Witch Trials
Hysteria Comparison of the Salem Witch Trials and the Holocaust
During both the devastating Holocaust in the Germany and the tragic Salem Witch Trials in the small town of Salem, innocent people were brutally killed, causing hysteria among the people. Both groups of people endured hardships because of the hysteria that occurred among them. This hysteria caused people to react in ways that they would not usually act. Both of these events are very historical and help The United States of America be a unified and prosperous country that it…...
ComparisonMass HysteriaSalem Witch TrialsThe Holocaust
Salem Witch Trials and Vengeance
In Arthur Miller's play, The Crucible, vengeance plays a major role in the actions of the characters through the witchcraft trials in the Puritan village of Salem, Massachusetts in 1692. Anger, jealousy, rejection, and betrayal all occur throughout the play and are all things that could provoke someone to seek vengeance on someone else. Abigail Williams, niece of Reverend Parris, is one of the main characters who is very guilty of wanting vengeance on others throughout The Crucible. In Act…...
Salem Witch Trials
The Times of Chaos
In the past, certain individuals have been able to gain complete control over society and have a negative impact on it. The late 1600’s and mid 1900’s were times of chaos and political hysteria in America which were caused by rumors started by very powerful people, resulting in the deaths and imprisonment of several innocent citizens. Starting in 1692 in Salem, Massachusetts, a series of witch hunts and trials for those accused of witchcraft took place which became known as…...
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Crucible: Grudges vs the Salem Witch Trials
Have you and your friends ever done something you were no permitted to do and then wanted to keep it a secret? So you all did whatever yo had to do to keep from letting that secret from getting exposed, even if you ended up lying and it spiral out of control? A great example of this is in The Crucible,several people know the entire truth but chose to keep it a secret. The people of Salem, the puritans display…...
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In the Devil’s Snare
There have actually been a number of interpretations of the Salem Witchcraft Crisis of 1692. Like every issue that has actually come up, everybody has their own take on it. Mary Beth Norton selected to set out her variation of the witchcraft trials in her book, In the Devil's Snare. It is an enormously enthusiastic book. Throughout the book, Norton is trying to set out connections between the experiences of settlers in Maine, the allegations of the affected in Salem,…...
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The Salem Witch Trials: Martha Carrier
In Cotton Mather’s account of the trial of Martha Carrier, the witnesses use confessions of other witches incriminating the accused, physical evidence, anger resulting in mischief done to the person, and spectral evidence. Increase Mather would not have convicted Martha Carrier, he would have judged the presented evidence as unreliable because the majority of it was based heavily on witnesses’ testimonies, which Increase Mather did not consider as a valid source, as well as the anger and mischief between Martha…...
Salem Witch Trials
Speech About Belonging
Belonging? What does it mean to you? And what are you willing to sacrifice in order to achieve it? As the human need to belong often overtakes us and disregards morals and values in order to do what we crave so badly and connect with those around us. In Arthur Miller’s The Crucible the desire to belong has over-ridden every other thought the human mind could possibly have. As Miller examines the results when individuals neglect their beliefs and are…...
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on Salem Witch Trials
Witchcraft Accusations in 1692-1693
The Salem witch trials, a cover up for other deeper issues or simply a religious matter? Before the trials began to take place, the puritans had left England due to religious persecution (Brooks, and →). These individuals also feared their religion was under attack again and worried they were losing control of their colony. The idea of a threat to their religion created a feeling of uneasiness and discontent, this idea brought in more intense thoughts of the Devil’s innerworkings. This thought process created a greater “fear of the devil” and led historians to believe that religious feuds and property disputes played a big part in the witch trials (‘Salem Witch Trials Facts – Witchcraft Accusations from 1692-1693’). The Puritans strongly believed and felt that the Devil was as real as the all holy God whom himself, they loved and worshipped.
Trouble with Correct Values and Morals
The puritans felt that if members of society were weak or considered the weakest at upholding the correct values and morals, specifically women and children, they would then be selected to carry out the Devil’s dirty work. Witches were considered to be followers of Satan or the Devil and felt as if the accused individuals traded their souls for his assistance. It was believed that they employed demons to accomplish deeds, the act of doing this changed the souls from human to animal form. Many individuals of this religion believed that this is where witches were to come into play or action and therefore were deemed punishable under Puritan Law. The puritans considered one topic or subject higher than the rest and it was to “purify the church of England” if this factor could not be done the puritans wished to create their own church, many sources will say that the result was a cult. Puritans believed that in order for sins to be forgiven one had to withhold a solemn vow or relationship with God. If one was not to maintain the practice of preaching then they were considered sinful. Predestination was the idea that God had chosen you and granted you a certain role. The idea or use of predestination gave the puritans the excuse or power to live “godly lives” and abuse power.
Sarah Osborne, Sarah Good and Tituba’s Confessions
During cross-examinations Sarah Osborne claimed innocence as did Sarah Good but Tituba confessed and stated that the devil appeared to her and bid her to serve him (Brooks, and →). Many individuals felt as Tituba taught the young girls how to use the fortune-telling cards, which caused them to experience the “fits.” As the trials reached an ending point a series of misfortunate events began to take place including droughts which resulted in crop failures, the outbreak of smallpox, and Native American attacks. Town folks began to think that this was the work of God, providing them with a form of punishment due to the innocent lives being lost (‘Salem Witch Trials Facts – Witchcraft Accusations From 1692-1693’). On December 17th, 1697 William Stoughton, who was in charge of the trials conducted or issued a proclamation in the hopes of establishing amends with God himself. On the date of January 15th 1697, a day of prayer and fasting took place to honor the lives that have been lost due to the trials, this date would become to be known as the Day of Official Humiliation (‘Salem Witch Trials Facts – Witchcraft Accusations From 1692-1693’).
Reasoning behind the Salem Witch Trials
So, what was the reasoning behind the Salem Witch Trials? Was it the work of the Devil, influencing women and children to act on behalf of him or was it a serious illness caused by their environment? Were these trials an act of revenge among social outcasts or all individuals? Many forms of reasoning have been brought to the table of why this event happened, was it epilepsy, boredom, child abuse, mental illness, or even a disease brought on by eating rye infected with fungus?
Innocent until proven guilty. A basic right granted to all United States citizens by The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, article 11, it states that you have the “right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial.” (‘Why Were The Salem Witch Trials So Significant? | Oupblog’). In May, as the number of cases grew, Governor William Phips set up a special court for the presented cases, this court would become known as the Court of Oyer and Terminer and would hear cases that are extraordinary and serious in nature. During these trials this right of innocence till proven guilty was not given, all suspects were considered guilty. Bridget Bishops was the first woman to be tried and later cleared from the suspected crimes many years into the future, Bishop stated that “I am innocent, I know nothing of it, I have done no witchcraft …. I am as innocent as the child unborn…” Bishop was then hanged on June 10, 1692 at Proctor’s Ledge (Brooks, and →). Later on, in the trials there was a man known as Giles Corey, who brought his trial to a screeching halt by refusing to enter a plea deal (‘Salem Witch Trials Facts – Witchcraft Accusations From 1692-1693’).
Torturing of Giles Corey
Corey was put on trial due to his wife’s cross-examination. Any individual who did not voluntarily enter a plea deal was or could be tortured in the attempt to force the agreement and/ or statement out of them. This “legal” method was known as “peine forte et dure” or hard and forceful punishment. This method consisted of placing the prisoner or the accused on the ground, naked as the day they were born with a heavy board on top of them. After this step was done heavy stones were added to the weight every time a plea was refused (‘Salem Witch Trials Facts – Witchcraft Accusations From 1692-1693’). On September 19th Corey was pronounced dead at the scene (‘Salem Witch Trials’). Soon after this unfortunate event took place the locals began to worry that incidents were killing or harming innocent individuals and tried to convince the local lawmen to dismiss the trials (‘Salem Witch Trials Facts – Witchcraft Accusations From 1692-1693’).
Ann Putnam’s and Official Apologies
On July 23rd a man by the name of John Proctor composed a letter addressed to the clergy in Boston, this letter told the horrific tails of torture that was inflicted on the accused (‘Salem Witch Trials Facts – Witchcraft Accusations From 1692-1693’). Proctor felt as these accused as well as himself have and will not receive a fair trial and wished to have the trials moved to Boston. By the end of September, the use of supernatural and/or spiritual evidence was declared unacceptable and irrelevant, this small but mighty factor marked the end of the Salem witch trials due to the evidence being easily faked. In the year of 1706, one of the afflicted girls Ann Putnam, Jr., issued a public apology for her role in the Salem Witch Trials, particularly in the case against her neighbor Rebecca Nurse (‘Salem Witch Trials Facts – Witchcraft Accusations From 1692-1693’). Nurse was a well-respected individual who helped spark the question of if trials were the right course of action. In 1711, the colony of Salem, M passed a bill restoring some of the names of the convicted witches (‘Salem Witch Trials Facts – Witchcraft Accusations From 1692-1693’).
In 1957, the state of Massachusetts officially apologized for the Salem Witch Trials (‘Salem Witch Trials Facts – Witchcraft Accusations From 1692-1693’). It was this same year that the state of Massachusetts cleared the name of some of the remaining victims that were not listed in the 1711 law. The creation of the 1711 bill, restoring the names of the victims of the trials opened a window to possibilities (‘Salem Witch Trials Facts – Witchcraft Accusations From 1692-1693’). These possibilities include the people having a voice, a say of their environment and surroundings. For instance, our nation has a history of great tragedies but we continue to educate ourselves on history in the hopes of prevention, the result of these trials is yes, the death of many individuals but these deaths were ultimately for the greater good due to it resulting in the verdict of spiritual evidence and dreams being deemed unacceptable.
What We Can Learn from This Tragedy
As you continue to review history you will notice that all events good or bad, better or aid our nation. Such as the history of women and children being easy targets for hardships like abuse and mistreatment lead to the creation of the 19th amendment which states that equal protection and rights are granted to any gender and race of a United State citizen.
Mistreatment is the act of treating an individual unfairly or badly such as the culture Salem MA created against women. The course of events during the Salem witch trials included the factor of religion, many reasonings to the explanation of the fits, and finally the creation of hope, leading to new laws and justice. Cruel and unusual punishment was a huge factor that led to the disband of the use of spiritual evidence such as dreams and helped influence the creation of the equal protection act, amendment 19th. The heaviest influencer of the trials was false blame of the witchcraft haze trend and the clash of regions. Toxicologists in modern times have educated themselves with a more accurate reasoning of the fits the young girls experienced and that was due to the consumption of a fungus called ergot. Ergot is found in the hallucinate drug LSD. In modern times this event would have not taken place due to the inhumane acts that individuals had to endure or experience such as the separation of families and physical forms of torture.
Social and Legal Changes
Our society today has grown to be more sensitive than around 100 years ago, every day new rights are being either created or demanded. All members of society today would be considered sinners or sinful if the same thought process was followed in the 1600s into today’s society. All children in present times were produced breaking at least one of the ten commandments, one shall honor your father and your mother. You shall not murder. You shall not commit adultery. You shall not steal. These sinful acts would have led to the deaths of many individuals. In today’s culture no individual would have bought the idea of these accused victims being witches; today you can never really trust anything anyone says. For example, many individuals or people have claimed to be the returning messiah or son of God, but no one truly ever believes them wholeheartedly. Overall Salem experienced the most lethal and harmful outbreak of witch trials in American history. Every known part of these trials would be deemed unacceptable by today’s standards, these trials were cruel and unnecessary.