Essays on Night By Elie Wiesel

Night By Elie Wiesel
Original title Night By Elie Wiesel
Author Elie Wiesel
Genre Novel , Psychological Fiction
Language English
Characters Elie Wiesel, his father Shlomo, his mother and sister, many other Jewish people who are imprisoned in the concentration camps
Published 1956 : Un di Velt Hot Geshvign ( Yiddish ). Buenos Aires: Central Union of Polish Jews in Argentina, 245 pages.
ISBN 0-375-70173-5
Book Summary
Essay Examples

Table of Contents

About Night By Elie Wiesel Book

The Night By Elie Wiesel was written as a memoir by the author Elie Wiesel. He described the terrifying events and recorded his memories of when he and his family were taken from their home to Auschwitz concentration camps in 1944.

The book was published in 1960; it portrays the writer’s experience as a young kid in concentration camps in Auschwitz and Buchenwald in Nazi Germany. The writer shares his memories in a scattered and sparse narrative; it shows how brutal, horrifying and torturous it is for him even to recall those memories and present them in the form of a book.

The book was translated into other languages. It ranks as one of the bases for Holocaust literature. It was first published in Yiddish in Argentina; later, it was translated into French, and finally, in 1960, published in New York. It is unclear how long the original Yiddish manuscript was, but its translation from Yiddish to French transformed an angry historical interpretation into a work of art. The night by Elie Wiesel essay explains all the aspects of the book and how it transformed the narrative.

Book Summary:

Night by Elie Wiesel theme essay starts with the narrator, a Jewish teenager, portraying his memories. He with his family lives in Sighet, Hungarian Transylvania; he studies the Torah and Cabbala. His teacher Moishe the beadle, got deported; on his return, he told them about the horrifying tale of the Gestapo (German secret police force), how they took charge of the train and started butchering the passengers by taking them into the woods.

No one believed Moshie in the first place, but when the Nazis occupied Germany, all the Jews of the writer’s town were taken to ghettos, from where they were taken to Birkenau, the gateway to Auschwitz. Upon their arrival, the writer and his father are separated from his mother and sisters. Then after passing the criteria of their evaluation, whether they are fit for work or should be killed, they are brought to Auschwitz.

They are stripped, disinfected, shaved, and treated with unbearable cruelty upon their arrival. The writer is put to work in an electrical fitting factory under severe slave-labor conditions; they are malnourished and decimated after frequent selection. This brutality and cruelty make Jews take solace in each other’s company, where they dream of a separate Jewish state, religion, and caring for each other.

The prisoners in concentration camps are forced to watch the hanging of those who rebel or disobey; even children are hanged brutally. A strong fear of death prevails in the camps where sons are turned against their fathers for survival; these conditions make Elizier, the writer, lose Faith in humanity and God. He undergoes foot surgery in the camps when he hears about the advancement of the Russian forces. Eliezer and other prisoners are forced to run in extreme weather conditions to reach the Gleiwitz concentration camp. More than half of the prisoners die due to harsh weather conditions.

After a torturous journey on cattle carts, the writer and his father survive due to mutual support when they reach Buchenwald, another concentration camp. However, later in Buchenwald writer’s father dies due to dysentery and physical abuse, and Eliezer survives the camps with an empty soul when American Army liberates the camp on 11th April 1945.

Night By Elie Wiesel’s characters

The characters in the books are a great example of resilience and courage; they are perfect to mention in the Night by Elie Wiesel literary analysis essay. Their strength and determination are other things to learn.

  • Eliezer “Elie” Wiesel: The author of the book and first-person narrator, a teenage boy who narrates the unforgettable, brutal, and cruel events that took place while he was in Auschwitz and how these concentration camps transformed him from an introspective teenager to a caring, generous man, who gives his gold teeth crown to spare his father from beating, but the camps, their environment, and constant torture and always in the state of survival made him a hollow, empty soul man when was rescued by the American Army.
  • Shlomo: He was Elie’s father, a kind, respected man in the Jewish community; he remained with Elie till his last breath and looked after him in the camps
  • Moishe the Beadle: He was Elie’s teacher who taught him about Judaism and Jewish mysticism; he’s the one who told the villagers about Gestapo crimes and cruelty after he escaped from Poland, but no one believed him and called him a lunatic.
  • Juliek: He was a musician; he played the violin after the death march to Gleiwitz. Also, he wore spectacles, belonged to Poland, and was found dead after giving his final performance at the Beethoven concert.
  • Tibi and Yosi: The two brothers from Czech who Elie becomes friends; their parents were killed. They dream of immigrating to Palestine. They also accompany Elie while he avoids Dr. Mengele’s selection at block 36.
  • Dr. Joseph Mengele: He was a notorious Nazi doctor. The doctor conducted experiments on the prisoners and those who lived or died at Auschwitz. He was also known as the angel of death. Joseph was responsible for innumerable deaths of children, women, and men at the gas chambers.

Night By Elie Wiesel quotes:

The quotes are a good way to start the night by Elie Wiesel essay introduction; they provide the best hook statement and engage the reader’s attention. Here are some famous quotes from Night by Elie Wiesel.

  • In the beginning, there was Faith – which is childish; trust – which is vain; and illusion – which is dangerous.
  • Human suffering anywhere concerns men and women everywhere.
  • I pray to the God within me that He will give me the strength to ask Him the right questions.
  • It is all about memory, its sources, magnitude, and consequences.
  • There’s a long road of suffering ahead of you. But don’t lose courage.
  • Those who kept silent yesterday will remain silent tomorrow.

Essay Structure on Night by Elie Wiesel

The essay structure on Night by Elie Wiesel is the same as other essays, but there are various things that one must consider and follow while writing an essay. Before you start working on a book essay, read it properly and create an outline for efficient execution; Night by Elie Wiesel essay questions is also one good way to support your argument.


The introduction of the essay provides an overview of the essay and the writer’s perspective to the readers. Therefore it must be well written and includes engaging, relevant statements, a short brief on the topic, and a thesis statement. One can read example essays on night by Elie Wiesel if they want more clarification.


The essay’s body paragraphs have detailed information, facts, quotes, research references, and the writer’s explanation to support and strengthen their argument. Keep the paragraph connected by using transitioning sentences at the end of each paragraph.


The conclusion gives you the final verdict and findings of a writer concisely. The conclusion starts with the thesis statement or writer’s argument, then explains their finding and gives his final opinion in an open statement.

6 Tips to Consider While Writing An essay about Night By Elie Wiesel

If you are writing an essay on Night by Elie Wiesel, the following tips will help you craft a well-structured and balanced piece of writing, read them, and follow them properly; your essay writing process will be easy.

Read the Book Thoroughly:

The first and foremost important requisite for writing a good essay about Night by Elie Wiesel is to read the book properly and completely. Reading it gives you an edge in adding relevant information to cover every aspect of your topic. Therefore while writing an essay on a book, the first step is to read it properly.

Find a Compelling Topic:

After reading the whole book and knowing all aspects of it, having all the information makes it easier for you to decide or find a compelling topic for your essay. If you still don’t know how to do it, follow the following techniques or ways.

  • Start writing after reading the book properly and finishing it. Now proofread it again and assess which topics best suit the explanation you presented in the essay. Whatever comes to your mind can be a good, compelling topic for your essay.
  • Your essay’s thesis statement can also be a good, compelling topic, extract its main theme and make it your essay topic.

Create the Outline:

Creating an outline for your essay brings a toll on you. Before you start writing your essay, outline all the possible information or facts you want to put in your writing, prioritize the information, and make an order in which they are required. After then, start writing; it helps you with your focus and topic relevance and saves time. Do brainstorming and put effort into collecting all the information.

Write the Thesis Statement:

The thesis statement explains the theme or main argument of your essay. In the case of this book, multiple themes or arguments comprise a thesis statement, and it varies due to the thought process and perceptions of different people. Hope, courage, and resilience can make a person stronger and pushes it through any circumstances.

Include a Lesson or Moral:

A good writer or a good piece of academic writing always contains a lesson or moral for its readers or audience. While writing an essay, you should also take care of this fact and add a lesson or moral that justifies and goes with the theme of your essay.

In this book, there are multiple lessons that one can include in their essay; from the start of the memoir, Elie emphasizes the importance of freedom, a place where anyone can live in harmony. He lifts the curtains from the dark realities of human behavior, how power and authority change one human behavior to another. Hope, courage, Faith, and resilience can make you pass through any harsh reality.

Conclusion Proofread your Work:

Proofreading after completing your essay allows you to view your essay from the readers’ perspective and helps remove any grammatical mistakes and errors in your essay. Make it your priority to proofread your writing once you have done it.

The conclusion starts with your essay theme or topic or thesis statement; it can be different according to one thought process. After that comes your findings, and in the end, your verdict about the topic in the light of your findings; make it short, relevant, and avoid using any new information.


What Is The Theme Of Night By Elie Wiesel?

The book unfolds different aspects and explores different themes, from the struggle to maintain Faith, Silence, connection with God, the Inhumanity of humans, and the importance of relationships in one’s life, especially during hard times.

What Is The Setting Of Night By Elie Wiesel?

The memoir sets during the Second World War, the starting section begins with Sighet, Transylvania, and the last part sets in different parts where the train led deportees towards Auschwitz.

Who Is The Narrator Of Night By Elie Wiesel?

The narrator is the author himself, who explains his memoir about all hardships and their effects on his physical and mental health during his stay in Auschwitz and how they transformed him.

What Does Night By Elie Wiesel Teach Us?

The Night teaches us many lessons; it demonstrates how bravery, faith, hope, and courage impact human life; everyone has these traits, but only a few know how to use them.

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