Biology

Disadvantages of Human Cloning
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Nowadays, Clone is a word that is heard throughout the world, especially the United States. Scientists have discovered a way to bring back extinct animals. Many people dream to extend a life time for their loves one and to be able to express their hidden feelings in their mind after their loved one has disappeared from their life. The idea that humans might someday be cloned in the future, but there is some scientific concern about cloning that may change…...
The Ethical Implications of Human Cloning
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The cloning of animals has been occurring from many years now in the advancement of time, the concept of human reproductive cloning has become a reality as with the breakthrough of biotechnology. Human reproductive cloning is a creation of an individual by nuclear transfer from existing human being to unnucleated ovum of another mammal that give rise to identical individual naturally or artificially. The child has born by this process that comes under new category of human being that is…...
Ethical and Policy Issues of Human Cloning
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Human cloning refers to creating an exact genetic copy of a person. Cloning is first discovered by many people in 1996 when Dolly the sheep is cloned by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). And that’s when exchange of views behind the idea of human cloning became an issue that causes many controversies including the positive effect of cloning but as well as the possible danger behind it and the moral problems it may cause, which resulted in human cloning to…...
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Why Trees Are So Important in Our New Smart Cities
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Trees are very important in Buhara sub-county in the Kabale district for reasons like income generation, soil erosion control, biodiversity conservation, wood, and charcoal production among others. Eucalyptus species and Pinus species remain part of the dominant tree species planted in Buhara sub-county. Although these tree spp. are widely planted, the environmental effects of plantations comprised of exotic trees such as Eucalyptus spp. and Pinus spp. have been vigorously debated and reports such as drying up of watercourses, affecting the…...
The Effects on Depression and Working Memory
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Depression is an illness that can affect all aspects of daily life because of its negative impact on thoughts, emotions, energy levels, and the focus of this paper, working memory. Depression can have many causes, including the stress generated by a demanding job and other common life activities, challenging family situations and events, hormones, genetics, drug and alcohol use, and personal loss and the resulting grief. Working memory briefly stores information that may be of immediate use during our waking…...
Memory Systems of the Brain
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When thinking about memories many people group them into only two groups, which are short-term and long-term. Most people don’t know that when it comes to long-term memory you can categorize them into two groups, one being Explicit memory (declarative) and the second one would be Implicit memory (non-declarative). Within both of these categories, there are two more subdivisions. Knowing this people can learn how their memory works and what makes it a long-term memory. I know a few people…...
The Big Five Model of Personality Traits and the Neuroscience Behind It
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The Big Five model of personality traits was established by researchers following decades of studies that utilized factor analysis to outline and define human behaviors. To understand the role played by neuroscience in the formation or manifestation of these traits, it is important to understand them individually and in relation to one another. Here are the Big Five traits usually used to describe the human personality and psyche, as well as a peek into the neuroscience that operates behind them: Neuroticism Neuroticism…...
How to Create a Personal Development Plan
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Introduction The personal educational or developmental plan is defined by the online medical dictionary as a personalized and formal self-administered program of education, knowledge maintenance, and professional self-improvement undertaken by a Doctor to ensure the quality of clinical care. This process involves tools that identify areas for further development and encourages the continuous improvement of one’s skills and competence. Doctors in the United Kingdom (U.K) are expected to keep their knowledge and skills up to date throughout their working life…...
The Wild Evolution of Vampires
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Bram Stoker’s “Dracula” is the story of Count Dracula who moves from Transylvania to England because the people of his country have learned that he is a vampire. In order to continue his reign over a new population, he must start anew. However, a few men discover his plan and in order to stop him, they must learn about his powers and weakness and why they are what they are. To Dracula, everything seems to be going exactly as planned…...
The Role of Fear in The Handmaid’s Tale
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Fear is ever-present in Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale. The republic of Gilead uses fear to force the citizens of Gilead to be obedient. Each citizen gets a label that specifies what their role is, the rules they must follow, and what they have to do in order to remain a part of their society. If they fail to follow these rules or fulfill these roles, the result can be alienation from society or being brutally murdered or tortured. All the women in…...
The Evolutionary World of Comics
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A global phenomenon with a timeline that stretches as far back as the 1930s has become such a huge part of our life. No one can deny the impact comics have had on society, from the days where comics were featured on daily newspapers to the Hollywood studios in which they are now filmed. Taking shape during the great depression, the early pioneers who were so never imagined that later in the future they would be accountable for a billion-dollar…...
The Evolution of Psychology
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Introductions Psychology evolved from philosophy, science, medicine, and theology. Psychology evolved out of a coalescence of natural science and the branch of philosophy known as epistemology or the theory of knowledge. In the beginning, psychology was a 3-way synthesis of physics, physiology and mental philosophy. The roots of psychology go back to Egypt and the Egyptian mystery system. Early psychology focused on measuring and understanding the mind. Later psychology focused on measuring and understanding behavior. Observation interpretations of data were…...
Football and Brain Injuries: What You Need to Know
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Why is the football one of the most beloved sports in the United States? That is because Football is one of the most exciting sports due to all the violence that happens during every game. Everyone loves and lives for those vicious hits between players but this of course has its consequences of leaving some of the players very badly injured permanently or even dead in some major cases. Even though the football players are aware of the dangers and…...
Teen Pregnancy in Minnesota
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According to the 2018 Minnesota adolescent sexual health report, teen pregnancies and birth rates in the state are at an impressive historic lows (Farris, Austin & Brown, 2018). The teen pregnancy rate among 15 to 19 year olds has declined by 71% from 1990 to 2016 (Farris, 2018). In addition, the teen birth rate has declined by 65% during the same period. Communities of color have had the highest decrease (Farris, 2018). However, despite the great milestones, there are still…...
The Role of microRNAs in the Regulation of Apoptosis
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miRNA in cancer: apoptosis which is also known as programmed cell death is very important in animal’s development and disease. However, any dysregulation in apoptosis can lead to various neoplastic processes (NEOPLASIA is the abnormal growth and proliferation of abnormal cells or abnormal amount of cells due to a benign or malignant process). ApoptomiRs is the miRNA that regulates the apoptosis and this can be proapoptotic (that leads to apoptosis) or antiapoptotic. Drosophila gene banatam are the first miRNA that…...
The Role of Modern Education: Its Evolution
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Abstract The purpose of this research paper is to focus on how the education system has evolved over the years. From the time of Britishers to now, there have been various changes that can be seen in the present-day scenario. The paper talks about how education system has modernized and its effects on the present-day scenario in education. This paper also intends to focus on the impact of modern variations and its impact on the minds of the youth. The…...
Pill Testing Won’t Save People, Common Sense Will
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The article “Pill testing won’t save people. Common sense will,” was written by Louise Roberts. It was published on January 5, 2017, in the “The Daily Telegraphy”. This article talks about the illegal drugs that most teenagers tend to consume which have not been tested, and where there were few casualties. Louise Robert uses very common language features that should be avoided such as rhetorical questions, biases, and subjective that makes the article non-academic writing. In the text “Pill testing…...
Why Endangered Species Matter
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Since 1970 the world has lost 60 percent of its vertebrate species, but there might still be time to save the rest. Scientists estimated that we’re losing species at 1,000 to 10,000 times the normal rate daily. Due to changing environments, habitat destruction, and predators animals are at risk of becoming extinct in the near future. Animal populations are placed below tremendous pressure because of the results of these changes and, in some cases, the populations are decreasing to considerably…...
The Evolution of Policing in America
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The evolution of policing in America has changed dramatically throughout history. Police in America protect citizens and property, and also have several departments in order to address any issue which might arise. The job of police should not be overlooked but there several issues which still need to be addressed. For several decades prior to 2000, police jobs in America were mostly white males, while neither women or minority groups were “suitable” for the job. Women especially were looked down…...
The elodea specimen
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Ribulose Bisphosphate It is this light independent stage which is affected by the temperature because it involves an enzyme, Ribulose Bisphosphate Carboxylase (rubisco), which catalyses the reaction between carbon dioxide and a five-carbon sugar known as Ribulose Bisphosphate (RuBp). Enzymes are catalyst made of protein. They convert substrate molecules into products by possessing an active site where the reactions occur. The optimum temperature of rubisco is 45o C. Exceeding this temperature causes the bonds that hold the polypeptides in specific…...
Cultural hybridisation
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Globalisation produces cultural homogeneity Critically assess the claim that globalisation produces cultural homogeneity on a global scale. Do American/Western cultural forms destroy 'local' cultures? Is the mass media simply a conduit for western cultural products and meanings? What is a cultural hybridisation? Globalisation has been blamed for many of society's ills. Yet there is little consensus on what globalisation is or whether there is an alternative to it. It is conceived of in economic, political and sociological terms and cultural…...
Replication cells
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More frequently cancer would arise from cells that replicate, grow or divide faster, as errors during replication could simple occur more often. Also failure to segregate chromosomes properly during the process of mitosis can occur more often in faster dividing cells that in cells that dive slowly. For this reason cancers are more common in skin cells that in nerve cells. The most form of any cancer is skin cancer. Some of the most common types of skin cancers are…...
Reason to adopt the hybrid approach
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As discussed in the sections above, the research objective is to study the supply chain implications on the global sourcing in the apparel industry. Though the literature review of the study shows different concerns on supply chain implications of the global sourcing gin apparel industry, the study was not able to find the actual reasons for the adoption of the global sourcing irrespective of perceived risks. And this reveals that there are some unidentified factors underlining the adoption of sourcing…...
Glycobiology
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Glycobiology is the study of the structure, function and biology of carbohydrates, also called glycans, which are widely distributed in nature. It is a small but rapidly growing field, with relevance to biomedicine, biotechnology and basic research. Proteomics, the systematic study of proteins in biological systems, has expanded the knowledge of protein expression, modification, interaction and function. However, in eukaryotic cells the majority of proteins are post-translationally modified. A common post-translational modification essential for cell viability is the attachment of…...
Enzyme concentration
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If the temperature is too high then the enzyme will denature. This means that the active site will be damaged, and will no longer fit with the substrate. This means that no reaction will occur. pH Independent - If the pH is very different to an enzymes optimum pH then the enzyme can be denatured as the hydrogen ions (of which pH is a measure) can interact with the amino acid R groups and affect the way they bond with…...
Biotechnology Company “Genentech”
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Genentech is a biotechnology company specializing in developing and manufacturing drugs by using human genetic information. Over the years the success of Genentech is attributed to its research based new evolutionary products and the company’s ability to employ and hold the best brain in the industry. In 2007 it is ranked as the 31st best company to work for by the Fortune Magazine (Genentech, 2007). The company focuses on four main categories – Oncology, Immunology, Vascular medicine and Specialty therapeutics.…...
The Bluest eye – Toni Morrison
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In the autumn section of the bluest eye, by Toni Morrison, the most intriguing passage that I have read occurs in the pages 33-34, beginning with; "Letting herself breathe easily now... " and ending with; "those pretty eyes. " This passage is particularly unique in the sense that it exposes a lot about Pecola's situation at that time, her character, her feelings and emotions as well as her desires. The writer uses a number of different literary devices to convey…...
Evolution of Primates
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Since the beginning of the primate evolution, Anthropologist has been seeking to answer various questions and the causes of this evolution. Primates developed in size and physically in the million years ago. Primates are differentiated into two groups, prosimians and anthropoid. Monkey is one of the examples of primates and humans are also regarded as primates. Climate condition and plate shift are factors that contribute to primate evolution. This essay will firstly discuss the emergence of primates. secondly, the emergence…...
What Is Voice Recognition Technology Computer Science Essay
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Voice acknowledgment is the procedures of change overing an acoustic signal to a set of words that can be understand by computing machine. The capturing procedure can be done by utilizing a mike or even a telephone. This procedure has evolved into an progress engineering that allows user to command the computing machine by talking. This engineering will hold to work closely with speech acknowledgment package in order to execute its map. Speech acknowledgment software/ voice acknowledgment package will capture…...
Vermicomposting methods
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Introduction The most widely used vermicomposting system, worldwide, is the 'bed' method, which involves applying thin layers of sanitised and partially matured compost, to the surface of beds containing high densities of earthworms. New layers of waste are applied to beds on a regular basis and the earthworms move upwards into the fresh waste to feed and to process the material. Earthworm numbers increase as more waste is applied until a limiting density is reached. Harvesting earthworms by hand The…...
Variables affecting the rate of Photosynthesis
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The variables that could change the rate of photosynthesis are: Temperature, light intensity, Co2 concentration and amount and type of weed. The variable I will change is Co2 concentration. The variable that we have changed, Co2 concentration will change the variable we measure in that the higher the concentration of Co2 is the higher the rate of photosynthesis. But at a certain point the rate of photosynthesis will level out and no longer increase. Explanation: It slows due to the…...
Utilise different carbon sources as substrates for cellular respiration
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The purpose of this investigation is to compare the ability of two different strains of yeast to respire, when using different sugars as respiration substrates. Considering the lengths that have been reached to develop varieties of yeast with greater suitability and effectiveness for very particular fermentation purposes, it seems reasonable to suppose that two different strains of the same species of yeast, selected for their different fermentation properties, have developed requirements that are not uniform. As a result of the…...
Tutin and McGinnis
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The resulting social bonds from these relationships facilitate other needs as well. These include the need for a sense of belonging, the desire to love and be loved and the desire for sexual fulfillment. From the satisfaction of these needs, man derives a sense of completeness and in the process, his survival is ensured. Human beings are different form each other and consequently, are unique in their tastes and preferences for a suitable mate. This is especially true of the…...
The Brain
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The central core of the human brain, often referred to as the “old brain”, is the most primitive part of the brain and can be found in all vertebrates dating back more than 500 million years. The central core is designed to help the human body with basic survival functions such as breathing, heartbeat, movement, balance, and sleep. Without the central core, the brain would not be able to do major task like telling our hearts to beat and how…...
Sunburns: Skin and Medical Attention
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Suntans and Sunburns A Case Study in the Integumentary System By WH Cliff and AW Wright A Painful Winter Break On the first day after arriving in Australia for Christmas vacation, a University of Niagara student plays out in the sun for six hours. Later that night he notices that the skin on his trunk, legs and arms becomes red, swollen and extremely painful. By morning all of the afflicted areas have developed numerous blisters. These areas cover about 30%…...
Structural and Physical adaptations of cereals
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"Cereals form an important part of the human diet. Different species of cereal show structural and physiological adaptations which enable them to grow in different parts of the world." Cereals crops Cereals crops are members of the grass family that are cultivated and harvested for their grain. These crops provide more energy than any other crop, forming the basis of traditional diets around the world. Cereal crops are high in carbohydrates and in some third-world countries, their grains make up…...
Spinal Cord Injury
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Each year thousands in the U. S. experience damage to the nerve bundles that carry messages from the brain to the rest of the body. Studies show about 12,000 spinal cords injuries occur in the United States each year. About 262. 000 Americans live with spinal cord injury. The average age used to be age 29, statistic now show age 40. There are several causes of spinal cord injury between 1990 -2003. The vast majority are caused by trauma to…...
Selfless act
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The aim of this composition is to investigate and present supporting evidence surrounding the term of helping behaviour and to what extent this action of helping stems from an individuals wish to promote a genuine feeling of happiness to an other individual without wishing anything in return, or the help that is freely distributed, is done so, but at the moral or physique cost of the actor and thirdly, that perhaps no act is really 'selfless', as each and every…...
Respiratory System of a fish
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The respiratory system is an intricate structure existing in most forms of life, which allows for these organisms to take air into their bodies for cellular respiration to take place inside cells, as the name suggests. Cellular respiration is the oxidation of organic compounds that occurs within cells, producing energy for cellular processes. In humans, glucose is the 'fuel' molecule, which is oxidised by oxygen, producing carbon dioxide, water and energy. The formula is this: C6H12O6 (aq) + 6O2 (g)…...
Pulse Oximetry For Anaesthesia In Veterinary Practices Biology Essay
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Pulse oximetry is one of the most normally used pieces of monitoring equipment for anesthesia in veterinary clinics today. Using a pulse oximeter allows us to supervise the per centum of hemoglobin ( Hb ) which is saturated with O in a non-invasive manner, leting us to observe hypoxia before the patient is visibly cyanotic. The pulse oximeter consists of a investigation attached to the patient ( normally tongue, ear, or prepuce/vulva ) which is linked to a computerised unit.…...
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FAQ about Biology

Why Trees Are So Important in Our New Smart Cities

...Eucalyptus spp. and Pinus spp. are part of the dominant tree species planted in Buhara sub-county, Kabale district. Although these tree species are planted in various spatial patterns in the area to meet the demand for soil erosion control, timber, f...

How to Create a Personal Development Plan

...A personal development plan is a career guide for all doctors, irrespective of their grade, specialty, or working setting. By carrying out this plan, I hope it improves my knowledge and skills to be able to provide the care and treatment my patients ...

Football and Brain Injuries: What You Need to Know

...When you play sports you should always be careful because you’re never safe from injury especially in a high contact sport like football. The athletes who play football should not only be better protected but should be educated about the effects a ...

Why Endangered Species Matter

...There is so much that people can do to save these animals and threatened species from extinction, but humans must make those improvements now. So, as individuals think about the gray whale, the wood wolf, the black rhino, it's not just that people sh...

What Is Voice Recognition Technology Computer Science Essay

...The quality of a mike will impact the quality of sound produced. At the same clip, the audio quality will hold a important consequence on the address engine acknowledgment procedure. A bad quality of audio moving ridges might convey the incorrect mes...
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