Hiv Essay Examples

HIV essay samples

The main cause of death in women of reproductive age is HIV. The highest maternal mortality rate globally is in Sub-Saharan Africa. Analysis shows us that mortality during pregnancy and the six-week postpartum period with HIV women was eight times more. Globally, between 6% and 18% of maternal deaths are attributable to HIV, and women living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa are six to eight times more likely to die than their HIV negative counterparts (Hogan, Foreman et al. 2010, Calvert and Ronsmans 2013b, Zaba, Calvert et al. 2013). Mainly women die postpartum due to puerperal sepsis and obstetric hemorrhage. Also, HIV-infected women are immunocompromised and are more easily infected by diseases like Tuberculosis, malaria, and pneumonia. In 1990 maternal mortality decreased from 543,000 to around 287,000 but in 2010 eight countries in Sub-Saharan Africa experienced a high maternal mortality rate (WHO and UNICEF 2013). In Sub-Saharan Africa, maternal mortality is very high because of low education levels and low SES.

The Facts About HIV/AIDS Within the African American Community
Words • 1599
Pages • 6
According to the Kaiser Family Foundation, "African Americans account for more than half of the 40,000 new HIV infections estimated to occur in the United States per year. Moreover, AIDS is the number one killer among Blacks between the ages of 25 and 44." This frightens me because my Uncle is HIV positive. Nevertheless, I believe that the reason why political figures, such as President Bush are not taking the HIV/AIDS epidemic seriously is because the disease is not prominent…...
AidsHivHiv Virus
The Genetic Diversity of HIV Infection
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Pages • 4
Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) displays a high degree of genetic variability and is grouped into two major types, namely type 1 and type 2, both of which are further divided into subtypes based on gene sequence data. Genetic variability, as well as rapid genetic mutations causing morphological changes, poses a major challenge in developing an AIDS vaccine. The viral genetic material is enclosed inside a membrane known as the envelope, which harbors molecules including proteins and glycoproteins that are essential…...
GeneticsHivHiv Virus
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and AIDS Treatment & Prevention
Words • 352
Pages • 2
What is HIV? Human Immunodeficiency Virus also known as HIV is a virus that has been shown as the cause of AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). AIDS is the last stage of a HIV infection. HIV falls into a group of viruses know as retroviruses. Prevention Methods Preventing HIV can be quite an easy task if you know the right steps to take and how to do it. Some Prevention Methods for stopping someone/yourself from transmitting…...
DiseaseHivHiv Virus
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HIV/AIDS and its nature as a social problem
Words • 1994
Pages • 8
HIV/AIDS are a collection of symptoms which affect the immune system. AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is the result of HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus). This disease is one that affects people on a global scale and a disease that needs to be addressed and acted upon immediately. But is HIV/AIDS a social problem? One understanding of a social problem is an issue that has been created which affects society in one way or another. A more justified definition is that…...
AidsHivHiv VirusNatureSocial Inequality
Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type I HIV1
Words • 480
Pages • 2
The human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV-1) has developed several strategies to condition the host environment to promote viral replication and spread. Viral proteins have evolved to perform multiple functions, aiding in the replication of the viral genome and modulating the cellular response to the infection (1). MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small, non-coding RNAs, 19-24 nucleotides in length that bind to host mRNAs and regulate protein expression by mostly by binding through complementary binding sites located primarily at…...
AnatomyBiologyHivHiv VirusHuman
The first genetically modified humans a set of twin baby girls who
Words • 853
Pages • 4
The first genetically modified humans, a set of twin baby girls, who underwent gene surgery to become HIV resistant. A new breakthrough in scientific advancement brought along a controversial debate to the table. This distinctive accomplishment by He Jiankui, a researcher who proclaims he was the first to successfully modify a human baby.How exactly does it work?In a series of YouTube videos, He Jiankui explained his reasoning and use of technology. He clarified that his intention was not to be…...
BiologyGenetic EngineeringGeneticsGirlHivHuman
Code of Morals in a Company
Words • 1968
Pages • 8
Ethical Conduct Hierarchical work on in regard to moral conduct in an organization. "A business saw to need trustworthiness or to work in a dishonest, improper, or reckless way before long loses the help of clients, providers and the network on the loose." (Tozer, 2012, p.476) The business should offer authority strategies, so the representatives can discuss moral quandaries and report shameless conduct in the workplace without dread of being impugned. This may incorporate the production of moral guides or…...
CompanyHealthHivMoral
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Life of Women in Sub-Saharan Africa

Mainly people living in Sub-Saharan Africa lack education because more than 2/3 children of the whole population are out of school because they live in rural areas or they are from the poorest families and can’t afford schools. Statistically, a child whose mother has no education is twice as likely to be out of school. Nearly 61% of adults can read and write. It is one of the lowest adult literacy rates in the world. More illiterate women are living in Sub-Saharan Africa than men so it is characterized by great gender inequality. Women have less access to education because of their gender and they mainly are getting married at age 14 so they don’t get proper education and that’s why they later have higher maternal mortality rates. These women don’t have proper healthcare knowledge and because of this they don’t know about contraceptives and condoms which help to avoid unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. In 2012 was evaluated in Sub-Saharan Africa 53000 women who wanted to avoid pregnancy were not using contraceptives.

Educating Women on HIV

As our goal is to increase the education level among women who live in Sub-Saharan Africa first, we should start educating them from an early age because girls are getting married in their teenage times. Also, if they will study how to use contraceptives, women living with HIV will prevent unwanted pregnancies and it will also promote women’s health and prevent new pediatric HIV infections. Some studies show that there is no difference of reproductive desires between people with HIV and the general population, there is evidence that 20% to 50% of people with HIV desire more children after the diagnosis. (Matthews, Crankshaw et al. 2013), because they don’t know that vertical transmission happens and they think that after giving birth they will get rid of HIV. They are so uneducated regarding HIV that they think after being diagnosed with HIV they will die immediately. Also, there are some facts that girls who already have HIV think that after losing their virginity they will get rid of the infection. Women who have HIV infection are immunocompromised and they can be easily affected by some other diseases such: tuberculosis, malaria, anemia etc. HIV increases the reactivation of TB and increases TB mortality, and TB disease can cause a decrease in CD4 count and an increase in viral replication. HIV-infected women have three-fold higher risk of anemia. Daily cotrimoxazole preventive therapy should be offered to all pregnant women living with HIV with immunosuppression (WHO clinical stage 2, 3, or 4 or CD4).

FAQ about Hiv

The first genetically modified humans a set of twin baby girls who
...Since the technology arose, people worry about what gene therapy and modification can imply to the disparities present in the world. Marcy Darnovsky, an executive director for Center for Genetics and Society, a nonprofit social justice organization, ...

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