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Was Andrew Carnegie a Hero?

Andrew Carnegie, the ambitious and skilled king of steel during the late 1800s, was the most famous man in business of his time. He certainly had his many flaws and as the most famous American of those days, his faults were highly talked about. Carnegie was not perfect and made his share of choices that many people saw as misdeeds, but that is like how everyone in the world is. Carnegie was a hero of his day because he showed…...

Andrew Carnegie vs. Henry George

How did Andrew Carnegie’s views of the obligations of wealthy people compare with those of Henry George? In the gilded ages dating back to the nineteenth century both Andrew Carnegie and Henry George were known as very influential men of their time both striving towards the common goal of deflating poverty in hopes to diminish it as a whole. Though both Andrew and Henry shared a similar feat they had very different approaches and ideas of methodizing the overall goal.…...

Stroop Effect

Abstract Automaticity, both reading and reaction, action competition, translation models, and the imbalance/uncertainty design of the Stroop impact were investigated. Two participants received 4 weeks of key press practice using basic Stroop stimuli. Tests of RT to standard Stroop, Single colored letter, and Stroop dilution stimuli were performed before and after weekly of practice using both crucial press and vocal responding. After the final practice they also were evaluated on reverse Stroop stimuli. The outcomes support reaction competition and partly…...

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Ethical Principles of Psychologists & Code of Conduct

What is it about each of these studies that makes them unethical? The Milgram experiment In the Milgram experiment the people who played the role known as the teachers, were intentionally tricked. Based on the Code of Conduct 2 where pretext may be ethically admissible. It was the way that Milgram did so that was not ethical by today’s standards. For human participants the codes cover topics such as deception, consent, withdrawal of data, confidentiality etc. The Little Albert experiment…...

Was Andrew Carnegie a True Hero DBQ

Was Andrew Carnegie a Hero What's a hero to you; Superman, Batman, Spiderman? Apart from their supernatural powers, a similarity that they share is the great beneficial change they had brought amongst their societies, which led to them becoming "heroes". Andrew Carnegie, a man you could use as the definition of "multi-millionaire", was indeed a hero . He became one of the most successful businessmen not only by renovating the American steel industry through a process called vertical integration or…...

The Theory of Operant Conditioning

Introduction The study of human behavior by psychologists such as B.F. Skinner, Edward Thorndike, Ivan Pavlov, and Watson is fascinating. These five psychologists each have different theories on human behavior. There are similarities and differences in each of the theories. Ivan Pavlov’s classical conditioning theory, studied animals and formed the basis for behavioral psychology (Cherry, 2013). Edward Thorndike’s theory of connectionism consisted of studying the learning process of behavior in animals. His studies also included problem solving, administering and evaluating…...

Positive Regard

Unconditional Positive Regard is a central idea in the theories of Carl R. Rogers, both for psychotherapy and for interpersonal relations. A universal requirement for favorable regard by others appears at about the exact same time an individual starts to experience awareness of self (Rogers, 1959). In therapy, UPR is a quality of the therapist's experience toward the client (p. 239). Rogers' writing sheds light on different elements of this construct: Unconditional One experiencing UPR holds 'no conditions of acceptance…...

The Myers-Briggs Type Indication

The Myers-Briggs type indication is a psychological test that is based upon the theories of Swiss Psychiatrist Carl Jung. The test divides people into 16 distinguishable personality types, based on high and low scores on 4 "scales" (Zemke, 1992). On the basis of their responses on the test, people are classified as extraverted or introverted, picking up or intuitive, thinking or feeling and evaluating or perceiving (Langton, Robbins and Judge, 2013). The MBTI has actually been utilized by many companies…...

A Historical Criticism of Andrew Carnegie

Andrew Carnegie is a legend in industry. He was He was born in Scotland in 1835. He came to America and started his working career in a cotton mill as a bobbin boy. He was a hard worker, and quickly was promoted through the ranks of Western Union and the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. In 1865, he quit and started his own business, the famous and notorious Carnegie Steel Company. His company was responsible for starting the steel industry in Pittsburgh,…...

Essay about American Industrialization

Industrialization between 1865 and 1920 had many different effects on American life. In some ways, industrialization improved American life. However it also created problems in American society. There are several advantages and disadvantages to industrialization. In the decades following the Civil War the amount of factory jobs and city jobs increased. Rural populations decreased as urbanization increased. (See Document 1) Education rates and steel production rates also increased during this time period. The growth of railroads made transportation easier and…...

Industrial Growth in the United States for 1860-1900

Many important factors helped to promote America's huge industrial growth during the period from 1860 to 1900. Before the blossom of this industrialization, the United States consisted of mostly farms and small towns. The development of factories and urban cities soon changed all of this. The railroad system expanded and eventually turned into a goldmine for commerce in the United States. Machinery started to decrease the amount of animal labor used, which allowed the consistency and production of goods to…...

Psychological Egoism and Ethical Egoism

Human beings put so much value on other people's interests. They find that if they satisfy their hunger for helping others, they (in turn) will have satisfaction for themselves. This was shown in Mother Teresa's giving to others without taking anything back. However, as with everything else, there are exceptions. I know many people (i.e. car salesman ha-ha) that have only their interests in mind when they are taking action. This brings us to the discussion of the difference between…...

19th Century industrial leaders

Many have debated that the industrial leaders following the 19th Century were "Robber Barron's". However, in this very competitive time period, many new businesses were being formed. It took talented businessmen such as Vanderbilt, Carnegie, and Rockefeller to get ahead and keep the companies running, building America into what it is today, the most powerful nation in the world. Cornelius Vanderbilt (1794-1877) was a classic Market Entrepreneur, succeeding by creating and marketing a superior product at a low cost. He…...

Captain of Industry or Robber Baron

The period of invention after the Civil War set the stage for immense industrial growth (Cayton 237). This period of time in the late 1800's is known as the Industrial Revolution. Two prominent names in big business were John D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie. There is no doubt that these people left their mark on business and on history. However, there is some dispute over how these individuals should be portrayed. Some people say that they were robber barons, while…...

John D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie

Despite the fact that many had viewed John D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie as "Tycoons of Industry" or "Robber Barons", these two industrial giants begged to differ. "Robber Baron" was a name given to industrial giants in the late 19th century who were believed to have become wealthy through unethical means, such as questionable stock-market operations. Rockefeller once stated "...and only through such successive steps and by a great aggregation of capital is America today enabled to utilize the bounty…...

Venn Diagram Paper

The Venn Diagrams was invented by Jon Venn as a way of visualizing the relationship between different groups (Purplemath, 2014). Venn Diagrams are an important learning tactic that helps students to learn how to graphically establish and compare concepts. They are often used in English lessons, and its effect is often undermined in the mathematics classroom. They are extremely valuable for problem-solving and finding probability of events. Hence, once students are able to properly locate correct information, they will become…...

Self centered

In Society, Many people conduct themselves unsympathetic towards one another. A great example of how someone would treat one another in society is in Willa Cather’s short story “Paul’s Case". Where the Protagonist, Paul, displays a lack of sympathy in the way he conducts himself when he confronts himself with people and stressful situations. For Instance when Paul was “questioned by the Principal as to why he was there, Paul stated, politely enough, that he wanted to come back to…...

John B Watson's Behavioral Parenting

John B. Watson is an American Psychologist and an important contributor of behaviorism. He established the Psychological School of Behaviorism. Watson was born January 9, 1878 in South Carolina to Pickens Butler and Emma Watson. His father was an alcoholic. He left the family when Watson was 13 years old, a transgression that Watson would never get over. Watson’s mother tried to provide him with a better opportunity to be successful in life. Watson attended Furman University at the age…...

Operant Conditioning

The term operant conditioning is heard all over the psychology world. It is one of the first theories that one is introduced to during their psychology learning years. So, what exactly is this theory? While learning about operant conditioning we must pay attention to two necessities, positive and negative reinforcements. These two play a key role in operant conditioning and behaviors. But which reinforcement method works better? Positive or negative? There are a few aspects to look into when determining…...

Andrew Carnegie and Monopoly

A monopoly can be defined in many ways. According to the research that I have done, a monopoly in my own words is a company or a group that owns all or almost all of the market for only a given type of product or service. Absence of competition is what typically leads to the formation of a monopoly which results in high prices and subordinate products. The history of monopolies itself goes way back to the colonial times. Monopolies…...

The Hippie Movement

The 1960’s were, in my opinion the most influential decade in the history of the world. Some people went from being preppy, well-kept human beings to turning into long-haired, earth- loving and careless people. When the citizens of today look back at the ‘60s, they think of one of the happiest decades their generation has ever seen if not the happiest they’ve ever went through. The “hippies” stressed that everybody be happy, calm and find peace through love and tolerance.…...

Jahari Window

The Johari Window, named after the first names of its inventors, Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham, is one of the most useful models describing the process of human interaction. A four paned "window" divides personal awareness into four different types, as represented by its four quadrants: open, hidden, blind, and unknown. The lines dividing the four panes are like window shades, which can move as an interaction progresses (Daft, 2011 pg. 273-276). The Johari Window concept would be particularly helpful…...

Imagination or Knowledge?

The sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered or learned is what every dictionary or scientist would answer when one would ask them to define knowledge. Imagination, is what these scientists and dictionaries would answer when they were given the question to state one word on the following: ‘The faculty of imagining, or of forming mental images or concepts of what is not actually present to the senses. ’ In 1929, Albert Einstein was brave enough to compare…...

Sigmund Frued

Legendary and groundbreaking psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud changed the way scholars and doctors alike thought about the nature of the brain. Freud’s insight created a new paradigm that focused future inquiries onto the functional aspects of the mind, rather than cerebral and somatic physicality. With this essay, I will begin by describing and defining the id, ego and superego while also discussing how they interact. I will conclude by examining the essential differences of the ego and superego and the implications…...

Stanford Prison Experiment

Headed by Phillip Zimbardo, the Stanford Prison Experiment was designed with the aim of investigating how readily people would behave and react to the roles given to them within a simulated prison. The experiment showed that the social expectations that people have of specific social situations can direct and strongly influence behaviour. The concepts evident in the Stanford Prison Experiment include social influence, and within that, conformity. The experiment also greatly showed how external attribution can overpower internal attribution of…...

Bertha Pappenheim

Bertha Pappenheim, better known as Anna O, in the world of psychology, was 21 years old when she first became a patient of Dr. Josef Breuer. She was said to be a gifted girl, with a high intellect. Sadly, however, she had a series of psychological and physical disturbances that rendered her almost incapable of functioning. “She suffered from a rigid paralysis, accompanied by loss of sensation, of both extremities on the right side of her body; and the same…...

Lee’s Function in East of Eden

1. Introduction As Shimomura(1982) points out, Steinbeck’s non-teleological thinking and the Taoism, which was put forward by the ancient Chinese philosopher named Lao Tzu, share a great deal of similarity, in that both of them view human beings from a detached and holistic standpoint. It is not clearly known how Steinbeck, who is certainly a product of his time and his American milieu, came to be acquainted with and interested in Lao Tzu's philosophy, but in Journal of A Novel,…...

Epistemology And Empiricism

Principles like those Parmenides assumed are said in contemporary jargon to be a priori principles, or principles of reason, which just means that they are known prior to experience. It is not that we learn these principles first chronologically but rather that our knowledge of them does not depend on our senses. For example, consider the principle “You can’t make something out of nothing. ” If you wished to defend this principle, would you proceed by conducting an experiment in…...

The Egg by Sherwood Anderson

Sherwood Anderson's "The Egg" is a work that, seen through the eyes of Freud, would have the theory of the tripartite psyche. The main character's view of his dad and mother inter play perfectly with Oedipal references. The character's view of life in basic is impacted by his early youth recollections and experiences, and Freud would have a heyday if this client were on his sofa. Paradoxically, the egg in the story relates to failures and damage rather than the…...

Benefits of Tennis

I.Introduction Attention Getter: “Tennis is a perfect combination of violent action taking place in an atmosphere of total tranquility,” a famous quote by Billie Jean King. Credentials: I have played tennis competitively for over six years now and have had many lessons from tennis pros from all over. Thesis Statement: Yes, tennis has been my life and sport for most of my teenage life, but I have learned much more. Preview of Main Points: Tennis has been more than just…...

Famous Psychologist

Throughout psychology's relatively brief history, there have been many famous psychologists who have left their mark both on psychology and on the world at large. While some of these individuals do not necessarily fit today's definition of a 'psychologist', a term which indicates a doctoral-level degree in psychology, their influence on psychology is without question. Learn more about psychologists by browsing through this list of some of the most famous thinkers in psychology history. Alfred Adler Public Domain Alfred Adler…...

Modern Psychoanalysis

“Modern psychoanalysis" is a term coined by Hyman Spotnitz. “Influenced by the works of Sigmund Freud, Dr. Spotnitz believed that the principles of psychoanalysis could be extended to cure the severe narcissistic disorders that Freud had deemed untreatable. ” (Sara Sheftel, 1991) Dr. Spotnitz and his colleagues described it as a “body of theoretical and clinical approaches” that could be used to envelop the full spectrum of emotional disorders and broaden the potential for treatment to pathologies thought to be…...

"Strange Situation" Study

During the 1970's, psychologist Mary Ainsworth further expanded upon Bowlby's groundbreaking work in her now-famous "Strange Situation" study. The study involved observing children between the ages of 12 to 18 months responding to a situation in which they were briefly left alone and then reunited with their mother (Ainsworth, 1978). Based on these observations, Ainsworth concluded that there were three major styles of attachment: secure attachment, ambivalent-insecure attachment, and avoidant-insecure attachment. Researchers Main and Solomon (1986) added a fourth attachment…...

Social Acceptance

Felipe Landa Jocano is a Teacher Emeritus at the Asian Center of the University of the Philippines and Executive Director of PUNLAD Research Study Home, Inc. He has authored various books on various elements of Filipino Society and Culture. Frank Lynch is an anthropologist who concerned the Philippines and study Filipino worths and the acceptance of this in the society, creator of Frank Lynch university. Robert Hennig- B. S. Psychology, 1974, University of Wisconsin-Madison initiated the so called Social Psychophysiology…...

A Paradigm Shift

A Paradigm it is what all of us view as a world view. Paradigm shift is specified as being a radical change in underlying beliefs of theory (Kuhn, 1922). What this implies is we believe and count on something our whole life, but then new science discoveries test our beliefs. A great example of this is the paradigm that separated the exposed reality of the Bible from clinical truth. In today's world science has been our just means to figuring…...

Andrew Carnegie - Villain or Hero?

Andrew Carnegie once said, "No man can become rich without enriching others." The U.S. was between wars, inventions, technology, and also successful movements with one another. As business offered the best chances, certain people became well known, due to what they created. For example, Thomas Edison; who invented the light bulb had become “famous” along with other well known people. The "king of steel," Andrew Carnegie; was a true hero known to mankind. Andrew Carnegie was born in November 1835,…...

The Theory of Person Centred

In counselling and psychotherapy, it is fundamental aspect for practitioners to use theory as a way of informing the way the work with a client. (McLeod). The goal of this essay is to explore the humanistic personality theory of Carl Rogers. The essay will begin by giving a summary of key theoretical construct which includes Rogers’s view of self, his view of human condition and his rational for improvement of these conditions and then give examples to how such instances…...

Think and Grow Rich by Napoleon Hill

According to Napoleon Hill, the author of Think and Grow Rich, "Anything the mind can conceive and believe, the mind can achieve" (Hill 1). The book was written in 1937 at the request of Andrew Carnegie, after Hill spent 25 years researching the secret to success in life and business. Since then more than seven million copies of the book have been sold, and those who apply the "secret" inside, regardless of their background, education, social status, handicaps, or circumstances…...

The Principal Psychological Perspectives on Personality Traits

The behaviourist perspective is an idea that we can understand any type of behaviour by looking at what the person has learner. This includes personality traits such as shyness, confidence, optimism or pessimism. Behaviourist psychologists explain all human behaviour as resulting from experience. Two key psychologists are Pavlov and Skinner, although these two theorists believed that different processes were involved, they both explained all types of behaviour as being the result of learning. This is everything from shyness to aggression…...

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