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Was Andrew Carnegie a Hero?

Andrew Carnegie, the ambitious and skilled king of steel during the late 1800s, was the most famous man in business of his time. He certainly had his many flaws and as the most famous American of those days, his faults were highly talked about. Carnegie was not perfect and made his share of choices that many people saw as misdeeds, but that is like how everyone in the world is. Carnegie was a hero of his day because he showed…...

Biopsychosocial Perspective

Psychologists past, present, and future desire the answer to one basic question; “what factors influence a person’s physical and mental health are they related if a relationship exists”; thus Health Psychology emerged. In pursuit of the answer several models or perspectives came about. Over time psychologist realized that focusing on one causal factor results in partial information for analysis of health and illness. Thus, the biopsychosocial model became the primary perspective used and is the focus of this paper. “This…...

Andrew Carnegie vs. Henry George

How did Andrew Carnegie’s views of the obligations of wealthy people compare with those of Henry George? In the gilded ages dating back to the nineteenth century both Andrew Carnegie and Henry George were known as very influential men of their time both striving towards the common goal of deflating poverty in hopes to diminish it as a whole. Though both Andrew and Henry shared a similar feat they had very different approaches and ideas of methodizing the overall goal.…...

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Stroop Effect

Abstract Automaticity, both reading and reaction, action competition, translation models, and the imbalance/uncertainty design of the Stroop impact were investigated. Two participants received 4 weeks of key press practice using basic Stroop stimuli. Tests of RT to standard Stroop, Single colored letter, and Stroop dilution stimuli were performed before and after weekly of practice using both crucial press and vocal responding. After the final practice they also were evaluated on reverse Stroop stimuli. The outcomes support reaction competition and partly…...

The Autistic Spectrum

Introduction It is important to recognise that each person on the autistic spectrum has their own individual abilities, needs, strengths, gifts and interests because no two individuals are the same. People on the autistic spectrum have their own set of unique characteristics and vary from one to another in terms of their abilities. Some clients may have similar needs, for example, assistance with money. However no two individuals on the autistic spectrum are the same so it is important not…...

Trait Theory

As I started the procedure of preparing for this week's projects and I discovered that a great offer of focus was being put on personality trait screening, I need to state I was a little bit worried as I have never truly put much stock into those particular types of tests being very precise. But after reading chapters 7 and 8 in our text Personality: Theory and Research, the post on Gordon Allport, and most particularly taking the self tracking…...

Biography of Psychologist Erik Erikson

A few years after Erik’s birth, her mother took him to a local jewish pediatrician, Dr. Theodor Homburger for a treatment of minor illness. His mother and the pediatrician eventually fell in love. He quickly developed a sense that something was wrong his mother and father were Jewish his own physical appearance was clearly Scandinavian. later on he found the truth about his heritage, his identity crisis was worsened. Rejecting his stepfather’s plea to become physician. He went to Europe…...

Ethical Principles of Psychologists & Code of Conduct

What is it about each of these studies that makes them unethical? The Milgram experiment In the Milgram experiment the people who played the role known as the teachers, were intentionally tricked. Based on the Code of Conduct 2 where pretext may be ethically admissible. It was the way that Milgram did so that was not ethical by today’s standards. For human participants the codes cover topics such as deception, consent, withdrawal of data, confidentiality etc. The Little Albert experiment…...

Was Andrew Carnegie a True Hero DBQ

Was Andrew Carnegie a Hero What's a hero to you; Superman, Batman, Spiderman? Apart from their supernatural powers, a similarity that they share is the great beneficial change they had brought amongst their societies, which led to them becoming "heroes". Andrew Carnegie, a man you could use as the definition of "multi-millionaire", was indeed a hero . He became one of the most successful businessmen not only by renovating the American steel industry through a process called vertical integration or…...

The Theory of Operant Conditioning

Introduction The study of human behavior by psychologists such as B.F. Skinner, Edward Thorndike, Ivan Pavlov, and Watson is fascinating. These five psychologists each have different theories on human behavior. There are similarities and differences in each of the theories. Ivan Pavlov’s classical conditioning theory, studied animals and formed the basis for behavioral psychology (Cherry, 2013). Edward Thorndike’s theory of connectionism consisted of studying the learning process of behavior in animals. His studies also included problem solving, administering and evaluating…...

Early Years Foundation Stage

1. What are the four stages of the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) framework? The EYFS is a frame work setting standards that cover the care, development, learning of children from birth to the age of five. It was first established under the Childcare Act 2006. The new framework will come into force 1st Sept 1014, until then the current EYFS 2012 is statutory. There are four specific areas of the EYFS which are: A unique child, positive relationships, enabling…...

Positive Regard

Unconditional Positive Regard is a central idea in the theories of Carl R. Rogers, both for psychotherapy and for interpersonal relations. A universal requirement for favorable regard by others appears at about the exact same time an individual starts to experience awareness of self (Rogers, 1959). In therapy, UPR is a quality of the therapist's experience toward the client (p. 239). Rogers' writing sheds light on different elements of this construct: Unconditional One experiencing UPR holds 'no conditions of acceptance…...

The Myers-Briggs Type Indication

The Myers-Briggs type indication is a psychological test that is based upon the theories of Swiss Psychiatrist Carl Jung. The test divides people into 16 distinguishable personality types, based on high and low scores on 4 "scales" (Zemke, 1992). On the basis of their responses on the test, people are classified as extraverted or introverted, picking up or intuitive, thinking or feeling and evaluating or perceiving (Langton, Robbins and Judge, 2013). The MBTI has actually been utilized by many companies…...

Louis Pojman

Louis Pojman argues for objectivism rather of relativism in morality although we are drawn in to the idea of relativism. Ethical relativism is comprised of a variety thesis and a dependence thesis. The diversity thesis is also understood as cultural relativism and essentially states that morality is various between different societies. The reliance thesis is similar to the diversity thesis, but mentions that morality depends on the context of the society. There are 2 views on the dependency thesis. In…...

Geert Hofstede on Cultural Dimensions in Society

Geert Hofstede is a social psycologist, originally from the Netherlands. Hofstede is well known globally for his revolutionary research of multicultural organisations and groups. Perhaps his most important work was developing the theory of cultural dimensions. There are 5 dimensions that Hofstede explains in his framework- these are; Power distance index (PDI), Individualism versus Collectivism (IDV), Masculinity versus Femininity (MAS), Uncertainty Avoidance Index (UAI), and Long term Orientation versus Short term normative orientation (LTO). Power distance index is the dimension…...

A Historical Criticism of Andrew Carnegie

Andrew Carnegie is a legend in industry. He was He was born in Scotland in 1835. He came to America and started his working career in a cotton mill as a bobbin boy. He was a hard worker, and quickly was promoted through the ranks of Western Union and the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. In 1865, he quit and started his own business, the famous and notorious Carnegie Steel Company. His company was responsible for starting the steel industry in Pittsburgh,…...

Essay about American Industrialization

Industrialization between 1865 and 1920 had many different effects on American life. In some ways, industrialization improved American life. However it also created problems in American society. There are several advantages and disadvantages to industrialization. In the decades following the Civil War the amount of factory jobs and city jobs increased. Rural populations decreased as urbanization increased. (See Document 1) Education rates and steel production rates also increased during this time period. The growth of railroads made transportation easier and…...

Industrial Growth in the United States for 1860-1900

Many important factors helped to promote America's huge industrial growth during the period from 1860 to 1900. Before the blossom of this industrialization, the United States consisted of mostly farms and small towns. The development of factories and urban cities soon changed all of this. The railroad system expanded and eventually turned into a goldmine for commerce in the United States. Machinery started to decrease the amount of animal labor used, which allowed the consistency and production of goods to…...

Psychological Egoism and Ethical Egoism

Human beings put so much value on other people's interests. They find that if they satisfy their hunger for helping others, they (in turn) will have satisfaction for themselves. This was shown in Mother Teresa's giving to others without taking anything back. However, as with everything else, there are exceptions. I know many people (i.e. car salesman ha-ha) that have only their interests in mind when they are taking action. This brings us to the discussion of the difference between…...

19th Century industrial leaders

Many have debated that the industrial leaders following the 19th Century were "Robber Barron's". However, in this very competitive time period, many new businesses were being formed. It took talented businessmen such as Vanderbilt, Carnegie, and Rockefeller to get ahead and keep the companies running, building America into what it is today, the most powerful nation in the world. Cornelius Vanderbilt (1794-1877) was a classic Market Entrepreneur, succeeding by creating and marketing a superior product at a low cost. He…...

Captain of Industry or Robber Baron

The period of invention after the Civil War set the stage for immense industrial growth (Cayton 237). This period of time in the late 1800's is known as the Industrial Revolution. Two prominent names in big business were John D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie. There is no doubt that these people left their mark on business and on history. However, there is some dispute over how these individuals should be portrayed. Some people say that they were robber barons, while…...

John D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie

Despite the fact that many had viewed John D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie as "Tycoons of Industry" or "Robber Barons", these two industrial giants begged to differ. "Robber Baron" was a name given to industrial giants in the late 19th century who were believed to have become wealthy through unethical means, such as questionable stock-market operations. Rockefeller once stated "...and only through such successive steps and by a great aggregation of capital is America today enabled to utilize the bounty…...

Venn Diagram Paper

The Venn Diagrams was invented by Jon Venn as a way of visualizing the relationship between different groups (Purplemath, 2014). Venn Diagrams are an important learning tactic that helps students to learn how to graphically establish and compare concepts. They are often used in English lessons, and its effect is often undermined in the mathematics classroom. They are extremely valuable for problem-solving and finding probability of events. Hence, once students are able to properly locate correct information, they will become…...

Biography of Psychologist Melanie Klein

Melanie Klein is considered as one of the greatest psychoanalyst of her time even though she remains little known to American psychologists. Other women psychoanalysts including Anna Freud, Karen Horney, and Helene Deutsch are well known irrespective of the fact that the contribution of Melanie Klein to the field of psychology was by far greater than theirs (Donaldson, 2010). Melanie Klein major contribution to psychology was her distinct model which led to the development of a new school of psychoanalysis…...

Self centered

In Society, Many people conduct themselves unsympathetic towards one another. A great example of how someone would treat one another in society is in Willa Cather’s short story “Paul’s Case". Where the Protagonist, Paul, displays a lack of sympathy in the way he conducts himself when he confronts himself with people and stressful situations. For Instance when Paul was “questioned by the Principal as to why he was there, Paul stated, politely enough, that he wanted to come back to…...

John B Watson's Behavioral Parenting

John B. Watson is an American Psychologist and an important contributor of behaviorism. He established the Psychological School of Behaviorism. Watson was born January 9, 1878 in South Carolina to Pickens Butler and Emma Watson. His father was an alcoholic. He left the family when Watson was 13 years old, a transgression that Watson would never get over. Watson’s mother tried to provide him with a better opportunity to be successful in life. Watson attended Furman University at the age…...

Operant Conditioning

The term operant conditioning is heard all over the psychology world. It is one of the first theories that one is introduced to during their psychology learning years. So, what exactly is this theory? While learning about operant conditioning we must pay attention to two necessities, positive and negative reinforcements. These two play a key role in operant conditioning and behaviors. But which reinforcement method works better? Positive or negative? There are a few aspects to look into when determining…...

Andrew Carnegie and Monopoly

A monopoly can be defined in many ways. According to the research that I have done, a monopoly in my own words is a company or a group that owns all or almost all of the market for only a given type of product or service. Absence of competition is what typically leads to the formation of a monopoly which results in high prices and subordinate products. The history of monopolies itself goes way back to the colonial times. Monopolies…...

Counselling Theory

Critically evaluate the practical use of person-Centred theory and its limitations as suggested by its critics. How does Person-Centred theory and practice differ from two other models and what ways if any is it similar? Carl Roger’s, the founder of the Person Centered theory came to his vision through his own life journey and relationship with clients as a psychologist. He believed in the potential being realised in all of us under the right core conditions (congruence, unconditional positive regard…...

The Hippie Movement

The 1960’s were, in my opinion the most influential decade in the history of the world. Some people went from being preppy, well-kept human beings to turning into long-haired, earth- loving and careless people. When the citizens of today look back at the ‘60s, they think of one of the happiest decades their generation has ever seen if not the happiest they’ve ever went through. The “hippies” stressed that everybody be happy, calm and find peace through love and tolerance.…...

Albert Bandura and Julian Rotter

Albert Bandura argues that personality is shaped not only by environmental influences on the person, but also by the person’s ability to influence the environment. Social learning states that thinking is an important determinant of behavior. The inclusion of cpgnitive viewpoints within a behavioral framework has been a relatively recent trend, especially apparent in the work of personality learning theorist J. B. Rotter. Rotter believes that tge most important variables in determining personality are the person’s expectations concerning future outocmes…...

Jahari Window

The Johari Window, named after the first names of its inventors, Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham, is one of the most useful models describing the process of human interaction. A four paned "window" divides personal awareness into four different types, as represented by its four quadrants: open, hidden, blind, and unknown. The lines dividing the four panes are like window shades, which can move as an interaction progresses (Daft, 2011 pg. 273-276). The Johari Window concept would be particularly helpful…...

Imagination or Knowledge?

The sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered or learned is what every dictionary or scientist would answer when one would ask them to define knowledge. Imagination, is what these scientists and dictionaries would answer when they were given the question to state one word on the following: ‘The faculty of imagining, or of forming mental images or concepts of what is not actually present to the senses. ’ In 1929, Albert Einstein was brave enough to compare…...

Sigmund Frued

Legendary and groundbreaking psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud changed the way scholars and doctors alike thought about the nature of the brain. Freud’s insight created a new paradigm that focused future inquiries onto the functional aspects of the mind, rather than cerebral and somatic physicality. With this essay, I will begin by describing and defining the id, ego and superego while also discussing how they interact. I will conclude by examining the essential differences of the ego and superego and the implications…...

Stanford Prison Experiment

Headed by Phillip Zimbardo, the Stanford Prison Experiment was designed with the aim of investigating how readily people would behave and react to the roles given to them within a simulated prison. The experiment showed that the social expectations that people have of specific social situations can direct and strongly influence behaviour. The concepts evident in the Stanford Prison Experiment include social influence, and within that, conformity. The experiment also greatly showed how external attribution can overpower internal attribution of…...

Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung

Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung: similarities and differences in dream analysis Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung are two renowned psychoanalysts who contributed great work to the interpretation of dreams. Carl Jung began as a student of Sigmund Freud, but upon their first interactions he had doubts about the basis of Freud’s work stemming from a purely sexual nature and leading to his sexual (McGowan, 1994). Jung was greatly influenced by Freud’s dream work involving the resistance of interpretation of dreams,…...

Bertha Pappenheim

Bertha Pappenheim, better known as Anna O, in the world of psychology, was 21 years old when she first became a patient of Dr. Josef Breuer. She was said to be a gifted girl, with a high intellect. Sadly, however, she had a series of psychological and physical disturbances that rendered her almost incapable of functioning. “She suffered from a rigid paralysis, accompanied by loss of sensation, of both extremities on the right side of her body; and the same…...

Lee’s Function in East of Eden

1. Introduction As Shimomura(1982) points out, Steinbeck’s non-teleological thinking and the Taoism, which was put forward by the ancient Chinese philosopher named Lao Tzu, share a great deal of similarity, in that both of them view human beings from a detached and holistic standpoint. It is not clearly known how Steinbeck, who is certainly a product of his time and his American milieu, came to be acquainted with and interested in Lao Tzu's philosophy, but in Journal of A Novel,…...

Epistemology And Empiricism

Principles like those Parmenides assumed are said in contemporary jargon to be a priori principles, or principles of reason, which just means that they are known prior to experience. It is not that we learn these principles first chronologically but rather that our knowledge of them does not depend on our senses. For example, consider the principle “You can’t make something out of nothing. ” If you wished to defend this principle, would you proceed by conducting an experiment in…...

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