This should not be limited because it has the need to assess psychological damage in the victims affected and depending of the present case can influence at the time of determine psychological damages as in sentences, traffic accidents, child abuse, divorces, passion crimes or any other crimes that affect more than one person. The contribution of forensic psychology to the justifier can redefine the contribution of new methods or evidence for psychic damage investigations or to define the percentage of damage being analyzed.
In Price Waterhouse v Hopkins, (1989), prohibits the system based on gender stereotypes as a modality of discrimination based on sex. Equally according to interpretations of equal employment opportunities and discrimination against a transgender person are also prohibited. The United States Supreme Court considered that the decision of Price Waterhouse of not promoting Ann Hopkins to the position of partner had been motivated by a non-permissible stereotyping under the law, in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 196458.
The Magistrate Brennan, rapporteur for the decision, said that in the specific context of sexual stereotyping, an employer that acts under the belief of that a woman cannot be aggressive, In other words, the Supreme Court determined that it was illegal for an employer to deny a benefit to an employee in this case, his rise, because he did not adhere to the rules Femininity (or masculinity). Psychologists play an important role in this case teaching us to understand gender stereotypes, and their participation had the desire effect because we have overcome the time when an employer could evaluate your staff assuming that it is appropriate or insisting that you do so, to a stereotype associated with your group and this case was part of this great change in society.
The mitigating and aggravating factors are the judge’s way of determining the responsibility of the crime and being able to issue a conviction. Mitigating factors are the circumstance that reduces or decreases criminal liability. Only extenuating circumstances of the criminal liability of natural or legal persons may have been considered, after carrying out the commission of the crime, one or more of the following activities:
- Confess the infraction to the authorities.
- Repair or lessen the damage caused by the –crime.
- Have collaborated in the investigation of the fact.
Aggravating is the modifying circumstance that increases the degree of responsibility of those who commit the crime. For criminal purposes, it implies the application of harsher penalties for the offender because their degree of guilt or intentionality is considered greater.
- Execute the fact with abuse of superiority or taking advantage of the circumstances.
- Execute the fact through price, reward or promise.
- Committing the crime for racist, discriminatory anti-Semitic reasons
- Deliberately and inhumanly increase the suffering of the victim.