A Paradigm it is what all of us view as a world view. Paradigm shift is specified as being a radical change in underlying beliefs of theory (Kuhn, 1922). What this implies is we believe and count on something our whole life, but then new science discoveries test our beliefs. A great example of this is the paradigm that separated the exposed reality of the Bible from clinical truth. In today’s world science has been our just means to figuring out truth.
In the 16th Century Galileo Galilei, an Italian pioneer, was a very celebrity in time that attempted many theories we had actually believed about our very own planet Earth.
Although, prior to Galileo made his discoveries about the universe there were numerous other beliefs. These are some of the pioneers and theories that made an impressive paradigm shift through time. Aristotle, a Greek philosopher, had actually accepted the concept that there were 4 standard aspects– earth, air, water, fire. Aristotle believed that paradise was best and it was unvarying.
He put the Earth in the center of deep space and stated that all these components were under the moon, which was the closest heavenly body.
Aristotle envisioned the earth as the true center of all the circles or ‘orbs’ bring the celestial bodies around it and all motion as ‘uniform,’ that is, changeless (Nicolaus Copernicus: Minor Functions, 1985). Copernicus was the source of Galileo’s difficulties. Nicolaus Copernicus, a mathematician and astronomer, proposed that the sun was fixed in the center of the universe and the earth focused on it.
This went against all beliefs individuals had about Earth being the center of deep space.
Galileo discovered his discoveries to be all incorrect. After lots of scientific observations of the moon he had proved Copernicus theories to be proper and supported his theory. To prove his theories he took the leaders to the tower of San Marcos. He used his telescope to reveal the discoveries he made in the night sky that validated that Earth focused on the Sun (Joel Barker, 1990). Cardinal Ballarmine, the defender or Catholic Dogma, was not encouraged of Galileo’s arguments and discovered him to be harmful to Catholicism.
He was not allowed advocate nor teach Copernican astronomy anymore because it was contrary to the accepted understanding of the Holy Scriptures. He then was sentenced to life in prison, but because of his poor health he served his sentence in house arrest. Galileo had made many interesting discoveries like the discovery of Jupiter’s moon. Because of his theories and his courage he had, he was going to make a revolutionary change. Galileo then went blind, because of so much use of his telescope. He then died in his house at the age of 78, from the cause of natural death.
This point in history is a perfect example of a paradigm shift. People at that time believed one thing for so long that it made Galileo’s findings pushed off to be taken as a mere hypothesis. Everyone was afraid of accepting and adapting to a new way of perceiving the earth and the universe. Even now people still resist change, no matter for what reason, whether it’s for science, social, personal ideas or no matter what it is. We have to learn to make paradigm shifts to have a better future and to have courage to come up with new ideas that can change the way everyone in the world thinks.