Abnormal Psychology Essay Examples

Essays on Abnormal Psychology

History of Abnormal Psychology
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Abnormal psychology is a scientific investigation of abnormal behavior in order to help analyze, anticipate, interpret, and modify abnormal patterns of functioning (Damour & Hansell, 2008). It examines the nature of psychopathology as well as its reasons and treatments. Certainly, the definition of what concludes abnormal has evolved with time and across cultures. People also differ in what they consider normal or abnormal behavior. For instance, what is considered abnormal by some people can be normal by others. Generally, abnormal…...
Drugs: Addiction and Quitting
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Everyone knows they should get or stay healthy. For most people getting healthy means eating a little less, exercising a little more, or abstaining from smoking and drinking. However, for those who have a problem with drugs—as well as alcohol—getting healthy is literally a matter of life and death. The problem with drugs and alcohol is that there are more factors than just a nice feeling. There are, in more cases than not, addiction issues that are related to a…...
Autism Spectrum Disorder – ASD
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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a condition related to brain development that impacts how a person perceives and socializes with others, causing problems in social interaction and communication. The disorder also includes limited and repetitive patterns of behavior. In 2020 the CDC determined that approximately 1 in 54 children is diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder. Boys are more likely to be diagnosed with autism spectrum than girls. ASD can be diagnosed by the age of two, but can still…...
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Maggie Dean “The Skeleton Twins”
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Comprehensive Assessment Report Maggie Dean "The Skeleton Twins" Identifying Information: Maggie is a 31-year old white, female who lives in upstate New York and is estranged from her husband. Reason for Referral: Maggie presented for therapy after a brief psychiatric hospital stay for a failed suicide attempt. Background Information: Maggie's husband recently left the marriage, after he found out Maggie had been unfaithful, and lying to him about taking birth control. Maggie can't sleep, thinks about death often, is unhappy…...
Behaviorial Therapy
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Behavior Therapy Based on Classical ConditioningClassical conditioning is one way to alter behavior, and a number of techniques exist that can produce such change. Originally known as behavior modification, this type of therapy is often referred to today as applied behavior analysis.Some of the techniques and strategies used in this approach to therapy include:Flooding: This process involves exposing people to fear-invoking objects or situations intensely and rapidly. It is often used to treat phobias, anxiety and other stress-related disorders. During…...
The cause of stress to college students
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Many people experience stress as they combine busy lives and the demands of study and or work while trying to also save time for friends and family.. For some people,, stress becomes almost a way of life.. We all experience episodic stress – getting ready for a major exam,, completing an important paper,, perhaps getting ready for an important interview.. However,, a continuous ““state”” of stress should not become a way of life.. We know that stress – over a…...
Abnormal Psychology and Therapy
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Teresa Neal Abnormal Psychology and Therapy Paper In a world where nothing seems to be considered normal anymore, psychology tries to draw the line between what it is and what is not. The different schools of thought have their own perspective on the definition, origin, and treatment of abnormal behavior and this paper will cover a few, trying to make it possible to have a clear difference between normal and abnormal psychology. Normal and Abnormal Psychology Specifically defining behavior as…...
Abnormal Psychology History
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Abnormal psychology in clinical psychology studies the nature of psychopathology, its causes, and its treatments. Of course, the definition of what constitutes 'abnormal' has varied across time and across cultures. Individuals also vary in what they regard as normal or abnormal behavior. In general, abnormal psychology can be described as an area of psychology that studies people who are consistently unable to adapt and function effectively in a variety of conditions. The four main contributing factors to how well an individual is…...
Bill Proposal
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A severe mental illness (SMI) is an assembly of mainly psychotic conditions that are, by description, extensive and related to compromised societal functioning. As stated by the surgeon general’s report of 2010, one out of five adults, or nearly 40 million Americans, suffer from some type of psychological disorder annually. In addition, about five percent of the U. S population suffers from chronic mental disorder for instance, bipolar, major depressive disorders, schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders, (Surgeon General Report, 2010). Most…...
Outline and Evaluate Biological Treatments for Schizophrenia
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Outline and Evaluate Biological Treatments for Schizophrenia. The meaning of Schizophrenia is the loss of contact with reality also known as split-mind. It shouldn’t be thought of as one disorder as there are several sub-types such as; paranoia, catatonic, disorganised, and undifferentiated; they all have different symptoms. It is a disorder which is estimated at 1% of the population and is more common in males, lower social classes and African-Caribbean’s living in the U.K. Schizophrenia is characterised by a profound…...
Childhood and Adolescent Depression and the Risks of Suicide
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Introduction Problem and its Background             One of the most common reasons for referral of children and adolescents to mental health professionals is suspected depression. There are continues debate as to whether childhood and adolescent depression are a reflection of normal variation in mood. It is reasonable for the primary care physician to view childhood depression as a constellation of factors that forms a syndrome. This constellation consists of a persistent mood disorder and dysfunctional behavior that intrudes and distorts…...
Psychology Diagnostic Film Goodwill Hunting
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Diagnosis The client is a male in his early 20’s. He presents with a number of symptoms associated with antisocial personality disorder. The client has a history of breaking the law. He has been arrested a number of times for charges ranging from assault to grand theft auto. The client’s most recent arrest was the result of a street fight which led to the client punching the arresting officer. After getting out of jail on bail the client started picking…...
Treatment for Attention Deficit Disorder
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Treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has two important components — psychotherapy interventions (for both the child and the parents; or the adult with ADHD) and medications. There is a significant amount of research demonstrating that medication alone won’t really help address so many of the core issues a child or adult with ADHD has. So while medication may help with some immediate relief from some of the symptoms, the person with attention deficit disorder still often needs to…...
Case Study Abnormal Psychology
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Unusual habits connects to the impact of psychological elements, biological elements in addition to the social factors referring to inadequate relationships. In the face of varied meaning, unusual behavior describes the deviating from norm, which norm is the normal behavior or attribute of the population. As such, Jim habits is unusual because it violates ethical and conventional mores of the society (Breaches societal standards), as such causing social discomfort to others. For instance, Jim fails to acknowledge the social hints…...
The Psychological Causes of Homicide
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On December 14, 2012, Adam Lanza, who was only 20, shot his mother then shot twenty children and six adult staff members in a mass killing at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut. This mass murder is on record in American history for the as being the second most deadliest mass shooting by a single person , and the second deadliest mass murder in a elementary school. Although this incident is the most fatal public school shooting in the…...
Bertha Pappenheim
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Bertha Pappenheim, better known as Anna O, in the world of psychology, was 21 years old when she first became a patient of Dr. Josef Breuer. She was said to be a gifted girl, with a high intellect. Sadly, however, she had a series of psychological and physical disturbances that rendered her almost incapable of functioning. “She suffered from a rigid paralysis, accompanied by loss of sensation, of both extremities on the right side of her body; and the same…...
Psychology – A Beautiful Mind
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A Beautiful Mind was a film released in 2001 directed by Ron Howard and largely based on the life of the Nobel Prize – winning mathematician, John Forbes Nash. It was a film adaptation of the book of Sylvia Nasar of the same title. The screen adaptation was written by Akiva Goldsman. The film explored the life of John Nash as he developed paranoid schizophrenia and suffered delusional episodes starting when he studied at Princeton University. The movie showed how…...
Study about Abnormal Psychology
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The authors of this study were Sarra Hayes, Colette Hirsche, and Andrew Mathews. It was published in the August 2008 issue of the Journal of Abnormal Psychology. These researchers administered a questionnaire to measure the degree one worries to several students at staff at King’s College London in the United Kingdom. Among these participants, 32 people were selected for the study. This group was divided between those who worried often (high worriers) and those who rarely fretted (low worriers). The…...
Essay on Psychopathology and Abnormal Psychology
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One of the most controversial aspects of society throughout history can be seen in the way society views people with illnesses. Often times, people persecute their fellowmen just because they do not seem “normal” or they seem to “not belong” with the current society. These problems have led to the development of a branch of psychology which aimed to look at the causes and other related information that formed these mental illnesses. This branch of psychology came to be known…...
Outline and Evaluate One or More Biological Explanations of Schizophrenia
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Outline and evaluate one or more biological explanations of schizophrenia. In your evaluation you should refer to research evidence. 24 marks According to the genetic hypothesis, the more closely related the family member to the schizophrenic the greater their chance of developing the disorder. Evidence from twin, family and adoption studies has tended to indicate schizophrenia to have a genetic component although a major problem is separating out environmental influences. Recently gene mapping studies have been performed that compare genetic…...
Stockholm Syndrome
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Stockholm syndrome describes a group of mental symptoms that happen in some individuals in a hostage or captive situation. It has actually received significant media publicity over the last few years because it has actually been utilized to describe the behavior of such popular kidnapping victims as Patty Hearst (1974) and Elizabeth Smart (2002 ). The term takes its name from a bank burglary in Stockholm, Sweden, in August 1973. The burglar took four staff members of the bank (3…...
A Review of a Beautiful mind and Its Depictions of Schizophrenia
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A Review of a Beautiful Mind and Its Depictions of Schizophrenia Introduction: In the year 2001 the movie A Beautiful Mind was released as a biography of the life of John Nash. As the movie flows, we can easily see how his condition, schizophrenia, interferes with his personal life as well as with his home life and social life. The movie does a good job in describing Nash’s experiences and some of the help that put him back on his…...
The Biological and Psychodynamic Models of Abnormality
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Though at one point in time clinical scientists believed in only one model of abnormality, we now have six very different models. The original model of abnormality was, unfortunately, the product of cultural beliefs. But because no one model can be deemed complete on its own, competing models have since developed to strive for the comprehensive means for treatment. For example, the biological model and the psychodynamic model take very different approaches on understanding thoughts and emotions. All models are…...
Case Study in Abnormal Psychology
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The study of any case in Abnormal Psychology views multiple aspects of self-concept and various behaviors and is the foundation of defining normal and abnormal behaviors. In the complex process of defining and exploring the vast concepts of behavior multi faceted information must be incorporated. Individual behaviors, perspectives, attitudes, and personal identity reveal the internal workings of how specific aspects of life coincide to determine ones concept of normal and abnormal behavior. Throughout history individuals have sought to find out…...
Abnormal Psychology Reflection
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The objective of the course was for a better understanding of mental disorders. This course has given me the ability to apply information learned about human experience, and relate it to psychopathology. During the semester I have learned various types of psychological perspectives and diverse treatment plans; and by taking this class I have been given the tools, and skills to think critically about mental disorders. The course of abnormal psychology is a branch that deals with the description, causes,…...
Analysis of Abnormal Psychology in The Rain Man
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"Of course I don't have my underwear. I'm definitely not wearing my underwear.... These are not boxer shorts. Mine are boxer shorts. These are Hanes 32... My boxer shorts have my name and it says Raymond...I get my boxer shorts at K-Mart in Cincinnati". (Rain Man, 1988) This quote from the popular movie Rain Man perfectly captures the disorder that plagues Raymond Bobbitt, one of the main characters. He is a very particular man who must always do everything on…...
Abnormal Psychology of Lindsay Lohan
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For one to be classified as psychologically abnormal, he or she must display the four mannerisms of abnormality, known as "the four D's: dysfunction, distress, deviance, and dangerousness. I am certain that the Hollywood star, Lindsay Lohan, meets the qualifications of abnormality. Lindsay's behavior prevents her functioning normally in life. Lindsay Lohan's addiction to alcohol and her drug abuse has landed her in and out of jail and as well as rehabilitation centers numerous times. According to CNN, "Lindsay Lohan…...
Drugs -Tolerance, Dependence, Addiction and Treatment
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There can be a great deal of confusion surrounding the words addiction, physical dependence, and tolerance. People will use these words as if they are referring to the exact thing, but there is a significant difference between them . Misunderstandings about these terms can not only be confusing for the general public but also many in the medical profession. One of the main culprits blamed for this confusion is the fact that the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders…...
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