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Intro to Theatre

Categories: Theatre
Wilson states that theatre has a “special nature” that helps it survive in today’s world of film and television. While there are many factors that contribute to theatre’s survival, the most important is, perhaps, the fact that theatre is…
Live

While in the theatre, the audience is always in the presence of the performers. Film allows the audience to be in the presence of…
An Image

Which of the following does Wilson state is at the “heart of the theatre experience?”
The performer-audience relationship

Which of the following can affect the theatre experience?
The audience’s makeup and relationships to one another

Which of the following art forms provides group experiences?
Theatre

The term for the separation between an audience and a work of art is…
Aesthetic distance

Theatre in which the audience is simply a spectator participating empathetically on the action of the play is known as…
Observed Theatre

Theatre in which the audience gets involved directly is known as…
Participatory theatre

One of the most important tools that audience members bring to a theatrical experience is their…
Imagination

Which of the following best defines the theatrical device known as a flashback?
A scene in which there are abrupt movements from the present to the past and back again

The device that involves placing a character or event outside of the proper time sequence is known as…
Anachronism

According to the text, what are two important tools of the imagination?
Symbol and metaphor

A realistic element of theatre is best described as…
One that resembles observable reality

A nonrealistic element of theatre is best described as…
Everything that does not conform to observations of surface reality

The nonrealistic device in which a character speaks to the audience, expressing in words a hidden thought, is known as…
Soliloquy

Pantomime in theatre is best described as…
Performers pretending to use objects that are not actually present

Which of the following is NOT a nonrealistic element or technique of theatre?
Recognizable human beings

Which of the following is NOT a realistic element or technique of theatre?
Pantomime

True or false? In order to be complete, the performing arts—theatre, ballet, symphony, opera, etc.

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—require an audience.

True

Theatre is unique among the arts in that it focuses on…
Human beings

Of the following types of theatre, which does NOT fall into the category of multiethnic, multicultural, and gender theatres?
None of these answers is correct; all belong in this category.

True or false? Theatre is transitory, a quality it shares with literature and the visual arts but not with the other performing arts.
False

According to your text, which of the following is NOT an important factor that shapes the theatrical experience for the audience?
The length of the play being performed

Art of one age that has so defined the characteristics of human beings that it can speak eloquently to another age is called…
Universal art

Which of the following was NOT a convention of ancient Greek theatre?
Violence and bloodshed took place onstage

Which of the following was NOT a convention of Elizabethan theatre?
The use of women actors

Which of the following events had an important influence on the development of the modern theatre?
The discoveries of Charles Darwin, the revolutionary ideas of Karl Marx, and the theories of Albert Einstein

Which of the following playwrights wanted to provoke his audiences by interrupting the story onstage?
Bertolt Brecht

The theatre that is performed in large theatres in the district near Times Square in New York City is known as…
Broadway

A show that is a copy of the Broadway production and that travels from city to city is known as a…
Touring production

Which definition best describes an off-Broadway theatre?
One of the smaller theatres in NYC neighborhoods that provides less expensive alternatives for theatre professionals

Of the following, which is NOT an appropriate space for an off-off-Broadway production?
All are appropriate spaces for such productions

The type of theatre that not only presents plays but also educates its performers, designers, and directors to become professionals is known as…
College and university theatre

Children’s theatre, or theatre for youth, provides a theatrical experience for young people by…
Both giving young people experience in creating and presenting theatre, and offering children opportunities to see plays dealing with subjects of interest to them

Of the following, which best describes a theatre critic?
Someone who observes theatre and then analyzes and comments on it

Which of the following items should a good theatre critic possess?
Full knowledge of theatre history, knowledge of acting, directing, and design, and familiarity with plays of various styles and modes

Which of the following is NOT one of Wilson’s criteria for assessing a play’s quality?
Will you get your money’s worth?

In reading the commentary of critics, it is important to distinguish between…
Fact and opinion

Of the following, which best describes a reviewer?
Someone who usually works for a newspaper or for a radio or TV program, has limited theatre knowledge, and describes whether or not a production is worth seeing

Of the following, which best describes a critic?
Someone who usually works for a magazine or journal and attempts to give detailed descriptions and analyses of theatre productions based on an extensive knowledge of theatre

Even though a critic makes an unequivocal judgment about a production, the audience may not agree. Wilson describes this phenomenon as the…
Audience’s independent judgment

What production by the Performance Group in New York, described by Wilson, controlled the audience’s introduction to the play by making them wait in line outside the theatre before the performance?
Dionysus in 69

Which of the following is NOT a type of theatre space?
Epic stage

The theatre space, also known as a picture-frame stage, in which the audience is separated from the stage by a framing arch is known as a(n)…
Proscenium stage

The theatre space, also known as a circle stage, in which the audience completely surrounds the stage on all four sides is known as a(n)…
Arena stage

The theatre space in which the audience sits on three sides of the stage is known as a(n)…
Arena stage

The type of theatre space that is adaptable and could be in any type of environment, such as a barn, warehouse, or basement, is known as a(n)…
Created or found stage

Which of the following stages was made most popular by Broadway theatres?
Proscenium stage

Which of the following stages is most effective for big budget musicals?
Proscenium stage

Which of the following stages helps to create an intimate, unconscious communion between the audience and performers?
Arena stage

Which of the following stages is the most widely used of all the stage spaces?
Thrust stage

Which of the following stages were influenced by the ideas of Jerzy Grotowski and Antonin Artaud?
Created or found stage

Which of the following types of performances were NOT always performed in an arena theatre arrangement?
Productions designed by Giacomo Torelli to easily move scenery on and off stage

Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre is an example of what kind of theatre space?
Arena

Guerrilla theatre is usually performed in what kind of theatre space?
Street

The practice of using the space to fit the play rather than making the play fit the space is indicative of what type of theatrical space?
Adapted

Which of the following does a multifocus theatre have?
Both more than one playing area and something going on in several playing areas at the same time

A black box theatre is most commonly referred to as what type of theatre space?
All-purpose

Wilson describes the notion of “human scale” as…
The idea that the performer is the scale by which everything is measured in theatre

True or false? The feeling is different when one enters a formal setting complete with chandeliers and ornate carvings, versus when one enters a warehouse or a church basement.
True

Which of the following is not an example of a popular performance space…
A Broadway theatre

Who revolutionized the process of realistic acting as well as the training of actors?
Konstantin Stanislavsky

In the Stanislavsky system, what is referred to as the extent or range of an actor’s concentration?
The circle of attention

In the Stanislavsky system, what is referred to as the internal or subjective world of characters?
The inner truth

In the Stanislavsky system, what is referred to as the way in which a performer can transform her thoughts and imagine herself in virtually any situation?
The magic “if”

In the Stanislavsky system, what is referred to as the situation in which a character exists?
The given circumstances

Which of the following best describes the “superobjective”?
What the character wants above all else in the play

The playing together of all of the performers onstage is called…
Ensemble

Of the following, which is NOT an important name in actor training in the United States?
Charles Marowitz

To be heard in a large theatre, a performer must learn what voice technique?
Projection

The way of bringing everything together and allowing the performer to eliminate any blocks that impede the body or voice is known as…
Centering

Which of the following disciplines have modern acting teachers used to help train actors?
Acrobatics, tai chi, and meditation

According to Wilson, what is the overall goal of internal and external actor training?
The overall goal is to create an instrument that is flexible, resourceful, and disciplined

When an actor gets a part, what is the first task in the acting process?
To read and analyze the script

Which of the following is another term for the synthesis of the outer and inner aspects of a character?
Integration

According to Wilson, who or what serves as the direct, immediate contact that the audience has with the theatre?
The performers

What are two common forms of acting in daily life?
Imitation and role playing

According to Wilson, children are particularly effective at which type of daily life acting?
Imitation

What are the two categories of roles used in role playing?
Social and personal

What play does Wilson use to illustrate role playing in drama?
Death of a Salesman

Of the following, which is an important aspect of acting on the stage that is different from acting in everyday life?
Playing roles one does not play in real life

In which of the following periods of theatre history were women prohibited from performing onstage?
Both ancient Greece and Elizabethan England

During which historical theatrical period were actors not considered as socially unacceptable?
Ancient Greece

These puppets are often made of leather and highlighted on a screen that is lit from behind.
Shadow puppets

Roughly two-thirds life-size, this puppet requires three performers to operate it.
Bunraku

Which of the following best describes the role of the theatre director?
A person who works most closely with the actors, collaborates with designers, and serves to unify a production

The first person to be officially called a director in 1874 was…
George II, duke of Saxe-Meiningen

Which of the following filled the role of the modern director in England from the seventeenth to the nineteenth century?
Actor-managers

Which of the following is NOT an aspect of a director’s preparation?
Raising money

Which of the following best defines the idea of the “director’s concept”?
The controlling or central vision that unifies a production

A director who significantly alters and transforms the scripted material in order to shape every aspect of a production and who believes that the text should serve his or her purposes is known as a(n)…
Auteur director

Which of the following is considered an auteur director?
Julie Taymor, Robert Wilson, and Anne Bogart

The term “casting” refers to which of the following?
The choosing of actors

When the director deliberately puts someone who does not appear to be right for the part in a role, it is known as…
Casting against type

Of the following, which best defines the term “blocking”?
The director’s vision of where the actors will move

As it relates to directing, what is “visual composition”?
The physical arrangement of the performers onstage

The director needs to make sure which of the following is appropriate when putting on a production?
Movement, pace, and rhythm

When all of the design elements and props come together with the actors for the first time, it is known as…
Technical tehearsal

When all of the elements of a production come together to simulate an actual performance, it is known as…
Dress rehearsal

Of the following, which are responsibilities of the commercial producer?
Raising money to finance the production, securing script rights, and renting the theatre space

In a nonprofit theatre, the role of producer is performed by…
Both the executive and the managing director

True or false? Allegory is a representation of an abstract theme or subject through symbolic characters, actions, or other elements of a production.
True

True or false? Put simply, the term “expressionism” means to give outward expression to inner feelings.
True

True or false? Naturalism attempts to put onstage as exact a copy of life as possible.
True

A _____ director uses the text for his/her own artistic purposes rather than interpret the work of the playwright.
Auteur

The ______ director is interested in the taking apart of the text or what may be called deconstruction.
Postmodern

Multicultural casting is a hallmark of this kind of director.
Postmodern

What is the primary subject matter of theatre?
Human beings

What is the subject and verb of drama?
People and action

The final and most significant crisis is referred to as the…
Climax

Which two historical periods glorified humanity while exposing the cruelty of life simultaneously, creating the ideal situation for writing tragedy?
The Greek golden age and the Renaissance

Of the following, which is NOT part of the playwright’s job description?
Securing a performance space

Which of the following does Wilson describe as “the arrangement of events or the selection and order of scenes in a play”?
Plot

Which of the following does Wilson describe as “a full account of an event, or series of events, usually told in chronological order”?
Story

The “crucible of drama” is…
Conflict

Which of the following is NOT a convention of theatre?
Unbalanced forces

Which of the following is an element of dramatic structure?
Obstacles and complications

True or false? One of the things determined by point of view is whether a subject is going to be viewed seriously or with humor.
True

True or false? Point of view is important to the arts but in a different way than in advertising and politics. Whereas advertisers and politicians try to disguise the fact that they are trying to influence our point of view, artists are very open and direct about attempting to impose a point of view.
True

True or false? There is a close relationship between theatre and society. It is a relationship that is manifest in what point of view artists take toward their subject matter.
True

“To present events as heroic” is a…
Viewpoint

The word drama is derived from a Greek root, the verb dran, which means…
To do or to act

Which of the following structures was used in fifth-century Greece, reemerging in France in the seventeenth century, and then in Norway in the nineteenth century?
Climactic

Which of the following structures is best illustrated by the plays of William Shakespeare?
Episodic

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of climactic structure?
There may be several parallel plots and numerous subplots

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of episodic structure?
Construction is tight

Which of the following is considered a significant period of episodic structure?
England, late sixteenth and early seventeenth century

Which of the following is “a repetition or reenactment of a proceeding or transaction which has acquired special meaning”?
Ritual

What does Wilson describe as “a repeated sequence of events containing its own order and logic”?
Pattern

Coronations, weddings, and funerals are examples of what sort of structure?
Ritual

Which of the following does NOT represent a characteristic of the cumulative effect?
A single event, or piece of information

“A static scene onstage featuring performers in costume” is known as a…
Tableau

According to Wilson, musical theatre structure involves which two techniques?
Alternation and juxtaposition

Of the following character types, which is described as being “larger than life”?
Extraordinary

Of the following character types, which is described as “typical or ordinary”?
Quintessential or representative

Of the following character types, which is described as exemplifying “one characteristic to the exclusion of virtually everything else”?
Stock

Of the following character types, which is described as representing one “humor”?
Characters with a dominant trait

Of the following, which best describes the role of minor characters?
Characters who play a small part in the overall action

Of the following character types, which is written specifically to speak directly to the audience?
Narrator

The main character in a play and his or her chief opponent are known as…
Protagonist and antagonist

Playwrights sometimes introduce a secondary character who may serve as a foil or counterpart to the main character. This best describes which of the following character types?
Contrasting character

It is from this work that the term “robot” was first used.
R.U.R

True or false? Menander was known for creating nonhuman characters in ancient Greek drama.
False—it was Aristophanes

True or false? In the Italian form commedia dell’arte, actors were given a scenario for the play, which they performed by improvising or inventing words and actions.
True

True or false? Nonhuman characters are not restricted to animals; they can also be ideas.
True

True or false? Climactic and episodic structure cannot be combined within a play.
False

Developed by radical or avant-garde theatre, which of the following represents a significant departure from traditional practice?
Emphasis on nonverbal theatre, reliance on improvisation rather than text, interest in ritual and ceremony, and importance of the spatial relationship between the performers to the audience

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Intro to Theatre. (2018, Jan 05). Retrieved from http://studymoose.com/intro-to-theatre-essay

Intro to Theatre
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