Essays on Liberalism

An Analysis of Article: Neo-Liberalism
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Neo-liberalism has been one of the most influential ideologies over the last two decades that has had significant influence in the change of power and politics, at both global and national levels. Neoliberalism theories are based on ideas and values that stem from the social tenets of classical liberalism that promote the free market, individualism, the pursuit of self-interest and the proposition that these will lead to the social good. Acceptance of the values and ideas of classical liberalism does…...
Are liberalism and democracy compatible?
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  The individual, its rights and freedom are the essence of liberalism. John Stuart Mill once wrote "Over himself, over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign". Liberalism is the belief that we are free to make our own mistakes, decide our own lifestyle, choose our own way of living, pursue our own thoughts and philosophies, provided we don't infringe on other people's freedom. It tolerates and respects differing views, and appreciates diversity as essential to social and…...
DemocracyLiberalismPhilosophySociological Theories
Evaluating the Effectiveness of the New Deal
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The extent to which the New Deal was effective for African Americans has been a topic of dispute among historians. The New Deal was a series of emergency programs put in place by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, aiming to establish relief and recovery in America, following the Great Depression. The New Deal marks a significant shift in American history: It changed the role of the federal government, the power of the presidency, and the relationship of the American people with…...
LiberalismNew DealPolicySocial IssuesThe New Deal
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7 In this essay I will be looking at 2 schools of thought Positivist (Realism/neoliberalism) and the post positivist (social constructivism) the latter emerging from the rejection of the former. As one can imagine with multiple theories there is room for debate, which makes analysing situations in international relations sometimes rather complex. Positivist theories aim to imitate the methods of the natural sciences by analysing the impact of material forces. Positivists mostly focus on characteristics of international relations such as…...
International RelationsLiberalismPhilosophical TheoriesPhilosophyRealismScience
Bureaucracy for modern government
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What are the implications for liberal democracy? Why is this the case and what are the implications for liberal democracy? The rise of bureaucracy in Western States over the last century has been somewhat dramatic, for instance since the early nineteenth century the level of bureaucrats in Britain has risen from 20,000 to an estimated 500,000 today (Meny and Knapp 1998, p. 246). There have been many criticisms of state administration or bureaucracy the most important of them being that…...
DemocracyGovernmentLiberalismPhilosophical TheoriesPhilosophy
Globalization and Ethnic Hatred & Backlash against Market-Dominant Minorities
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In her book, Amy Chua lays the claim that the globalization prescribed by western nations like the U. S. and its NGO counterparts like the WTO, promote market capitalism and democracy to the rest of the (3rd) world in a very universal and dangerous manner. She says that in many cases these two forces have benefitted different ethnic groups leading to ethnic hatred and violence. Market capitalism usually benefits ethnic minorities. The ‘laissez faire’ form of government regulation allows for…...
GlobalizationLiberalismPolicySocial Issues
William Lyon Mackenzie King
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Introduction William Lyon Mackenzie King served as Canada’s prime minister three times between 1921 and 1948, holding office for a total of 21 years during that period. He worked to improve Canadian cooperation with Britain and the United States. King was the leader of Canada's Liberal Party from 1919 to 1948. On his retirement he had held office longer than any other prime minister in the British Commonwealth, and under his leadership, Canada became a participant in world affairs. King…...
CanadaCareerFamous PersonGovernmentLiberalismPolicy
The Tsarist Regime Since 1825
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Introduction By 1917 Russia was a vast empire made of many countries and people, ruled by an autocrat. The collapse of the Romanov dynasty and the Tsarist regime was all in time to be expected due to the incompetence and ignorance of the Tsars since 1825. Generally to succeed a political leader must have the support of the majority of the people or have a military force that must be able to overwhelm the populace. The last Romanov, Nicholas II…...
Book ReviewBooks And ReadingGovernmentHistoryInternational RelationsLiberalism
The Conscience of a Liberal Summary
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Introduction In Conscience of a Liberal, Krugman describes how America transitioned from a phase of economical inequality before the World War II to a phase of economical equality after it. It transitioned from a “Gilded Age” where the “wealthy Elite” as he describes dominated the economy and politics of the country to a Great Depression around 1930. Krugman discusses how Roosevelt’s new policy, by taking away much from the “wealthy Elite” threw taxes, created the middle class and destroyed the…...
Economic InequalityLiberalismScienceSocial Class
With what success did New Liberalism use state intervention to improve living conditions between 1906 and 1914?
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Before the large Liberal gains that were made in the 1906 elections and subsequent large majority in government the Liberals had maintained a lassiez fraire approach to government which extends all the way back to its implementation with Gladstone, therefore fittingly it was named Gladstonian liberalism. However with the landslide election victory of 1906 the liberals had a working majority to implement social reform. This emphasis on social reform came about in no small part thanks to the tireless work…...
LiberalismPovertyStateSuccessUnemploymentWinston Churchill
What are the main themes of classical liberalism?
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In order to ascertain the main themes of classical liberalism, one must look at the themes of liberalism as a whole, as they are integral to its make up as the classical form was the first to come about. Influenced by the enlightenment and formed between the change from feudalism to capitalism, it formed the basis of liberal thinking, focussing on the primacy of the individual ' liberalism strives to establish the conditions in which people and groups can pursue…...
To what extent did Sir Robert Peel reshape the modern British state, 1841-46? 
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Robert Peel introduced many radical reforms in his second term which changed the general attitudes within Britain and helped to push Britain towards a more modern state. He reshaped politics by ending the clear Whig, Tory divide and introducing a liberal attitude. His series of economic and social reforms metamorphosed Britain towards a more liberal modern state which encompassed the growing middle classes. Peel’s conservative politic position has been critically analysed by many historians. Historian Norman Gash promotes peel as…...
BankFree TradeLiberalismPeelState
To what extent did the aims and ideals of the French Revolution affect the following century?
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The French Revolution occurred from the 20th June 1789 with the Tennis Court Oath and lasted until 1799 when Napoleon became the first console. It all resulted in the outworking of a new, democratically political philosophy and this had a huge influence on other parts of the world as they realized that they to could have this liberty. A new school of thought was developing amongst the Bourgeoisie. This was further aided by the transmission of Revolutionary thoughts from America…...
AimFranceFrench RevolutionItalyLiberalism
Political Parties in USA
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There are currently two major political parties in the United States, the Democratic and Republican party. There are many third political parties in the United States but, the Libertarian, Constitutional, and Green party are some of the most currently active. Each party has their different views on how the government should be ran and goals that they would like to achieve if ever elected. Despite their differences, their main interest is to bring forth a form of government that they…...
Democratic PartyGovernmentJusticeLiberalismPolicyPolitical Parties
Compare and contrast liberalism and conservatism
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Compare and contrast liberalism and conservatism as traditions of political thought. Which, in your view provides a better explanation of Britain's problems and how they might be solved. Liberalism and Conservatism are seen as the two major political ideologies. Both set out trying to answer the questions; what is human nature? How should we organise the economy? There are similarities and differences to the two traditions of political thought and both offer explanations to Britain's problems and offer suggestions to…...
Compare And ContrastLiberalismPhilosophical TheoriesPhilosophy
American Politics and American Foreign Policy
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It is difficult to determine the location of power in a society as complex as the Unite States but I will try to do it through the simple analysis through which we can see that the United States is an elitist society run by the rich. The idea that rich run America has been encompassed in the elite theory of society. Prior to the 1960's, many people accepted the elite theory as model for American politics. However, after the Vietnam…...
AmericaForeign PolicyLiberalismPolicyPoliticsSocial Class
Tendency to Individuals are Motivations of Stories
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Since the beginning of mankind, we have a tendency to individuals are motivations of stories that characterize our societies our belief systems doctrines and management of living. before the eighteenth century, every state had its own account and conviction yet in the mid-eighteenth century humanity produced three stories of communism liberalism fascism. once war 2 fascism unheeded and two stories endure communism liberalism. after world war 2 it isolated the globe into two belief systems the communist story from the…...
Cold WarCommunismLiberalismMotivationWar
Neoliberalism and Regional Development
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The neoliberalisation, and it varying forms (Peck 2001), is particularly interesting in regions that are dependent on manufacturing and that were subject to neoliberal adjustment of their path. Birch und Mykhnenko (2008) found that "neoliberal adjustment has resulted in a striking disparity of long-term restructuring outcomes amongst the European LIDRs. (Birch und Mykhnenko 2008)". In these regions "regional restructuring and economic growth trajectories have followed national trends fairly closely (") that regional restructuring in these LIDRs seem to have followed…...
How to Present the Past to Prevent the Future?
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The United States of America's Economic Backstory is not one that has favored diversity. Even during pre-revolution America, the economic elite from England wished to keep hold of their power through any means. This was done through unfair taxing and exploitation of workers; a theme we see even in today's society. The world is full of cycles. There are months dictated by the movement of the moon and the sun's position in the sky relative to constellations. Human history follows…...
FutureHistoryLiberalismSlaverySocial Class
10275723In this essay I argue that to a large extent Neoliberalism is
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10275723In this essay, I argue that to a large extent, Neoliberalism is the fundamental destruction to the dynamics of climate change. The contemporary climate governance is being described as " International neoliberal environmentalism", of which climate policies are driven by the principles of neoliberalism (Ciplet and Timmons, 2017). Building on the ecological unequal exchange theory which entails that ecologically unequal exchange is structured in commodities, drewing cheap resources and labors of the rich countries from the poor countries to achieve…...
Climate ChangeEconomyLiberalism
Economic Philosophies The philosophy of economics is concerned with the ethical conceptual
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Economic Philosophies The philosophy of economics is concerned with the ethical, conceptual, and methodological issues that are found within the discipline of economics. The primary focus of this field is to justify and explain the economic knowledge that goes behind different philosophies. A few of many economic philosophies are conservatism, liberalism, and socialism.In today's society, fiscal conservatism can be closely related to Reaganomics which involved cutting income taxes and deregulating the economy. The main goal of fiscal conservatism is to…...
Individual Freedom And Rights
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“Is it most important to value one’s own life, happiness and interest or to obey the higher authority of the state?” This statement raises the question of the individual’s freedom and rights in comparison to the state’s control over individual’s life. In this paper I will be arguing against Socrates and Confucius view of placing the state ahead of the individual. This paper is constructed along my line of defense which looks at the issues and arguments around the individual…...
Conservatism And Liberalism A Review Of Two Ideologies Politics
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Edmund Burke is a philosopher who lived between the years 1729 and 1797. He defended Ireland society when they had been resisting of British domination, criticized British East India Company for demolishing Indian traditions and their historical privileges, also supported to American independence against Britannia. As taking into consideration, it seemed that Edmund Burke’s thoughts are close to liberalism. However, he is known as a conservative thinker because of his opposite attitude to French Revolution. The reason of that attitude…...
Capital PunishmentLiberalismLibertyMarriagePhilosophyPolitics
Classical And Modern Liberalism Politics
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Liberalism is a political ideology portrayed as the ideology of the industrialized West. Although liberals of all time never waver in their faith in protecting the “liberty” of individuals, the meaning of the word keeps changing over time.The main purpose of this essay is to examine the differences of classical liberalism and modern liberalism. The first part will provide the definition of “liberalism” in general, focusing on the shared elements in all forms of liberalism. The second part will introduce…...
EthicsLiberalismModern PoliticsPhilosophical TheoriesPhilosophyPolicy
The Age Of Neoliberalism Politics
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Neoliberalism is in the first instance, a theory of political economic practices that proposes that human well-being can best be advanced by liberating individual entrepreneurial freedoms and skills within an institutional framework characterized by strong private property rights, free markets and free trade. The role of the state is to create and preserve an institutional framework appropriate to such practices. The state has to guarantee, for example, the quality and integrity of money. It must also set up those military,…...
Analysing The Compatibility Of Islam And Democracy Politics
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This chapter presents the arguments for and against the compatibility of Islam and democracy, not to Islamic states specifically per se but more to Muslim-majority states as a whole. By doing so, it encompasses the wide range of arguments that scholars have made on the issue and shows clearly what makes it possible for Islam and democracy to be compatible and what does not. Taking these arguments into consideration, this chapter then puts it into context for Islamic states and…...
Corruption and Neoliberalism in the Philippines
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Despite this year's onslaught of devastating earthquakes, factional rebel sieges, and most recently, record breaking typhoons, the Philippines is doing surprisingly well for itself. In fact, The Economist Intelligence Unit reports that though the wreckage caused by last weeks Supertyphoon Haiyan will likely slow GDP somewhat, economic damage will not be significant, the Eastern Visayas region accounting for only two per cent of the countrys GDP. Economically, at least, the Philippines has had good year: the first half of 2013…...
Chapter 29, Civil Rights, Vietnam, and the Ordeal of Liberalism
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One of the chief obstacles in John Kennedy's presidential bid in 1960 was his religion In the 1960 presidential election results none of these answers are correct In 1961, President John Kennedy saw most of his legislative success in he area of tariff reductions Regarding the assassination of President John Kennedy Lee Harvey Oswald was shot and killed while still in custody The Warren commission investigation of the assassination of President John Kennedy concluded Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone Lyndon…...
Civil RightsCivil Rights MovementLiberalismVietnam War
Concept of interdependence
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By the early 1970s the concept of interdependence was rising as an unique analytical outlook on international relations, however effectively specifying it continued to be prevented by its vulnerability and sensitivity symptoms, in addition to by wider disputes concerning the status of the discipline (Viotti and Kauppi 1987, 209). However, it was now important to distinguish connection in its common use from its usage in a "new" method to global relations. The primary authors and expositors of "complicated interdependence," Keohane…...
The context of Church-State Relations
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This section sets the context for testing the hypotheses. Historically, church-state relationships have been a recurring and significant source of political controversy in European states. The outcomes of these controversies may be viewed in terms of the following taxonomy: the Erastian model, in which the state has assumed responsibility for the direction of the church; the liberal model, in which the state is secular and neutral in its relationships with the church(es) found in its society; the theocratic model, in…...
ChurchEuropean UnionLiberalismPoliticsState
Analysis of Thomas Banington Macaulay`s Speech Presentation
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As one of Britain's greatest orators, historians and famous Whig politicians, Lord Thomas Banington Macaulay's speech to Parliament on March 2, 1831 stands as one of the most important political documents of the early 19th century.  "It was the time of the Tory dominance and the Whigs’ identification with the middle classes[...] Macaulay voiced the opinion of his generation and [...] it was because of his pen the Whigs got recognition." ("Lord Macaulay", 2) As the minority party, the Whigs…...
BeliefHistoryLiberalismLibertyRhetoricSpeech Presentation
Drawing the Line on Political Correctness
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Introduction             It is funny how over the years, humor had changed tremendously. Television networks do not intend to offend anybody, except for the ego-driven celebrities and politicians as well as constant draws which satirize church people and family driven values.             It is not because some things are now regarded revered. The viewers have also changed. They cannot express amusement at themselves to any further extent. One concrete example is the old sitcom, titled Murphy Brown, which over ten…...
LiberalismPolitical CorrectnessPolitics
Key Factors of German Unification
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Germany became a unified country in 1871 under the leadership of Otto Von Bismarck. The separate states up until this time were independent, Prussia being the strongest and most influential, followed by Austria. There are several contributing factors to the unification of Germany, the most influential of which being the leadership of Otto Von Bismarck. The three wars that Prussia fought with Denmark, Austria and France also played significant roles in the unification of the German states. Another factor to…...
Intellectual Diversity
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Have you ever really stopped to think about diversity? The typical individual usually thinks of different skin colors or the different backgrounds everyone has. By definition diversity is the condition of being different. The term ‘diversity’ encompasses a broad scope. There are many realms to diversity such as economic, cultural, and gender. However a type of diversity that has been growing in buzzword in recent years, especially among the conservative communities of college campuses, is intellectual diversity. Intellectual diversity, along…...
BiasDiversityIntellectual PropertyLawLiberalismMulticulturalism
Is Anarchism an Example of Individualism or Collectivism
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Is anarchism an example of individualism or collectivism? Thaisa Cowin. Anarchism is defined as the political ideology that advocates stateless societies based on non-hierarchical voluntary associations. It is often related to chaos, disorder and violence. The main two strains of anarchism are anarcho-communists on the left which believe that “Monopoly is the father of the state, not its child” this stream has been the main one for more than a century. Conversely, on the right wing, anarcho-individualists favour “Monopoly is…...
EthicsIndividualismLiberalismPolicySocial Movements
History Questions and Answers on France
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1.How far did Napoleon Bonaparte maintain the ideals of the French Revolution during the period 1799–1815? The key issue is the relationship between Napoleon Bonaparte and the French Revolution. ‘How far’ invites candidates to consider the extent and limits of the claim that he maintained revolutionary ideals. These ideals can be summarised quickly as ‘liberty, equality and fraternity’. The Revolution had sought greater equalisation between classes, the rule of law and the end of secular and religious privilege. The focus…...
How Successful Was the Quiet Revolution?
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Freedom of speech and press, equality before the law, right to property and security, and the separation of Church and State. All of these things we take for granted as our fundamental rights but until the Quiet Revolution, these concepts were rare in most nations. The English-French relations have not always been easy. Each is always arguing and accusing the other of wrong doings. All this hatred and differences started in the past, and this Quiet revolution, right after a…...
My Political Position: I’m a Liberal
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Imagine you live in Europe in 1848. Write a letter to a friend, stating your political position ----- conservative, liberal, or radical. Express your feelings about the uprisings and the future of Europe. Dear Bob, I’m writing you today to tell you about my political position. I'm a liberal. I know you want to know why I chose to be a liberal, so here it is. The definition of liberalism is the belief in the importance of liberty and equal…...
Human NatureLiberalismPhilosophy
Theory of Political Culture and Ideology
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A political culture can be defined as a framework of similar values, beliefs and attitudes shared by people in a certain nation or state. Such ideals and behaviors are normally related to the government and the politics of a country and they tend to develop with time to shape the views of that country's citizens in regard to the world and their sense of what is right or wrong, just or unjust, possible and impossible (Ginsberg, Lowi and Weir 18).…...
CitizenshipCultureDemocracyLiberalismPolitical IdeologyPolitics
Main Divisions Within the Democrat Party
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There have always been different divisions within the Democrat Party and it has historically been factionalised into two main groups (as seen in the New Deal Coalition). There is the southern conservative wing, made up of Democrats from southern states who hold conservative views on issues including social and economic issues. These Democrats are seldom reliable voters in Congress, often voting with the Republicans on fiscal issues e.g. in 2009 some Blue Dog Democrats voted against Obama’s fiscal stimulus package.…...
Bill ClintonLiberalismParty
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FAQ about Liberalism

With what success did New Liberalism use state intervention to improve living conditions between 1906 and 1914?
...Some critics also argue that reform was only really the work of two men Churchill and Lloyd George who dragged the Liberal party behind them. Even men such as Lloyd George were portrayed as men with a shrewd political mind who realized the importance...
What are the main themes of classical liberalism?
...The main themes of classical liberalism were the ideas of the individual and egoism. This idea enabled liberals of the time to expand and develop other key themes such as justice, reason and later on economic liberalism. Without the idea of the prima...
To what extent did Sir Robert Peel reshape the modern British state, 1841-46? 
...Peels economic policies also helped to shape the modern British state. Peel passed a series of economic reforms which allowed the revolution of economics and the railway. Peel passed a number of acts to continue and authorise more railway constructio...
To what extent did the aims and ideals of the French Revolution affect the following century?
...In conclusion, I would say that the French Revolution did have an impact on the following century as it allowed the Italian Unification to take place as well as the forces for change (liberalism and nationalism) to spread. But should be taken into ac...
How to Present the Past to Prevent the Future?
...This is why K-12 is not suitable for the large societal change that needs to happen in America. The post secondary institution is ideal and would be a good place for this to exists. Furthermore the diversity that exists within post-secondary both wit...
How Successful Was the Quiet Revolution?
...For these programs, the Quebec Liberals had to struggle with Ottawa for a larger share of the tax dollars. One of the greatest reforms was the modernization of the entire school system. The Church used to own the schools of Quebec. Most of the teache...

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