Essays on Marxism

A Discussion on Marx’s Critique of Commodity Fetishism and Its Influence on the Enslavement of Humans
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Abstract "Man really attains the state of complete humanity when he produces, without being forced by physical need to sell himself as a commodity." (Guevara: 1965a.) One of the basic premises of Marxian works, that economic relations have been established by the capitalists to their own benefit, and at times to the disbenefit of the proletariat is a well known one. The fetishism of commodities, as set out by Marx in Capital, volume 1 (1867) is but one way of…...
Karl MarxMarxism
Bertolt Brecht’s Approach in Theatrical Art
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Introduction Bertolt Brecht's approach in theatrical art is inclusive of science, politics and his ever evidently upheld ideas of Marxism. In the play titled “Life of Galileo", all three subjects are vivid as artistically principled, societally educational as well as politically sensible literary instruments without separating any one of these from the other. In an attempt to make art an educational platform and not just about entertaining, Brecht developed the Verfremdungseffekt (V-effect) to capture, create an interest and facilitate the…...
Marxist’s Perspective on the Holocaust
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The Holocaust was a period in history marked by the destruction of millions of Jews and others by factions of imperialists and believers who had different religion, social and political ideologies. The Holocaust had a great impact in global history and transnational characterization of nations (Assman, 2010). Historical experts perceive the event as a byproduct of undying fascism and strong inclinations toward the ideology of social Darwinism. It was perceived that belonging to weak societies meant that they were limited…...
Karl MarxMarxismSocial DarwinismThe Holocaust
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Mass Mobilization in Italy
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Italy before 1914 had already faced domestic problems resulting from her conquest of Libya in 1911. The conquest of Libya drained her economy and exhausted her army. At home, she was deeply troubled by the resentments of the socialists and anarchists that weakened her industry and population boom exacerbated her domestic problem where development was not equal and Italians were not united under the rule of the house of Savoy.42 Hence it is strongly argued that Italy's participation in the…...
ItalyMarxismSocial ClassTax
The main idea of Marxism
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The main idea of Marxism is a philosophy of history, outlining why capitalism is doomed and socialism will replace it. He saw this work as a theory of society and a socialist political project. He took a scientific view of history and analysed it using scientific methods. He believed that history had developed through stages - from primitive communism, i. e. tribal societies, through to slavery, then feudalism into capitalism. He then thought capitalism would collapse and society would eventually…...
CommunismMarxismPhilosophical TheoriesPhilosophySociological Theories
Three Little Pigs Analysis and the Story of the Three Little Pigs
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In The Three Little Pigs, and The Story of the Three Little Pigs, the first two pigs set out and end up making their houses out of unstable materials that, in The Three Little Pigs, the fox, and in The Story of The Three Little Pigs, the wolf, destroyed. However, the third little pig builds his house out of bricks and is able to resist and eventually vanquish the wolf and fox. At the surface these stories appear to be…...
Karl MarxMarxismPig
Theory Analysis Dead Poets Society
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The Marxist theory targets the flaws in capitalism where the bourgeoisie, who are rich owners, are able to control the proletariats (working class). According the Karl Marx, the bourgeoisie can control education, politics, media, etc due to their wealth. Due to the inequality, Karl Marx predicted that the proletariat would start a revolution. Karl Marx believes that capitalism leads to commodification where society only cares about impressing others and conspicuous consumption. Karl Marx believes that communism would make the bourgeoisie…...
CapitalismCommunismKarl MarxMarxismSociety
Each reading of Othello establishes certain values
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How have such values been explored in Feminist and Marxist readings of Othello? Shakespeare's works continue to promote intellectual discussion across all spectrums of academic discourse; the universality of their themes culminate in the excellently crafted play Othello. The multi faceted nature of such a text allows for many interpretations and readings; a feminist reading of Othello examines how the patriarchal nature of Venetian society manifests itself and works to label women who behave outside expected norms. A Marxist reading…...
FeminismMarxismOthelloReadingSocial ClassValues
Blood Diamond: A Marxist Criticism
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The area of my study is the representation of class struggle in the movie Blood Diamond: A Marxist Criticism. The script of the movie is written by Charles Leavitt, collaboration with Gillian Gorfil and directed by Edward Zwick. Edward Zwick is a director who is not anxious to take risks and work on those stories that challenge us to take another look at the ethical choices we make in our lives. Edward Zwick is renowned for his valiant movies that…...
CommunismCriticismKarl MarxMarxismMarxist CriticismSocial Class
How did Lenin’s foreign policy affect the world?
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"We despise you. We consider that you should be swept from the earth as government and physically destroyed as individuals. But since we are not strong enough to destroy you today we want you today from this interval to trade with us, to finance us...". George Kennan commented precisely Lenin's mayor aim from 1917 to pre WWII. By the Brest Litovsk (December 1917) the man with the "fiery intelligent eyes" (Lenin) came in contact with Germany, thus marking the beginning…...
CapitalismCommunismForeign PolicyJoseph StalinMarxismWorld
Compare and Contrast Two Sociological Theories to Crime and Deviance
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Sociological perspectives on society are divided into two areas; Structural and Action Theories. Both these theories aim to describe how society is structured, and what contributes to that make up. This document will look at the structural theories in relation to crime. It aims to show how two sociological theories can be used to analyse crime and give differing views. The structural theory looks at society as a whole. This is called a macro theory as it takes an overall…...
Compare And ContrastCrimeKarl MarxMarxismSocial ClassSociological Perspective
Social Class and Status in Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby
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The Wilsons are trapped in their own poverty and condemned by the economic system to live in a poor environment and remain unhealthy. The wealthy are perceived as never working and live in luxurious houses and behave like lords. Using a Marxist approach and the ideas of Lukacs, a Marxist society would possibly denounce Gatsby for denying his working-class origins and for bypassing the class system through the use of criminal activity and cheating his way into the ruling class…...
F Scott FitzgeraldMarxismSocial ClassThe Great GatsbyWealth
Examples of discrimination in The Great Gatsby
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I have noticed that there are many examples of discrimination and divide between wealth classes in the texts we've read this quarter. The Marxist reader does not like the divide and wants the established classes and apparent separation to be abolished. To them it is immoral for materialistic things like money to control others around them or assuming of power due to higher wealth and/or net-worth. When everyone is working mechanical jobs it was not necessarily good for them or…...
DiscriminationMarxismThe Great Gatsby
A literary school Marxism
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Marxism was a literary school which its pioneers were Marx and Engels. They divided society into 2 major classes: Bourgeoisie and labors. Bourgeoisies are the minority who rules and set the norms on the society and take benefits while labors are just low class of society and workers who are trying to please that minority. None of these two categories can live without the other one; they just can be explained as living together. Then there appears a third class…...
Karl Marx Hypothesis of Class Struggle
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Karl Marx hypothesis of class struggle impacts me to contemplate the general population that works under other individuals who get rich on account of their laborers. Laborers make items for them which are sold by the proprietors and the primary individuals who buckled down for the item, who contributed their days and evenings on the item didn't reserve any option to talk up. They can't represent the item nor would they be able to request more cash from the proprietor…...
HypothesisKarl MarxMarxismPhilosophical TheoriesStruggle
Critical Analysis of OLD MAN XINJIANG in Sociological Lens
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Paper Type:Critical essays
The story is set during the reign of Mao Zedong, when China was experiencing an ultimate change in the form of government. The purpose of change was to bring China to restoration after the devastations caused by wars. Mao called it "Great Leap Forward" (Rummel, 1991). Mao Zedong was a follower of Marxism as he upheld the socialist form of government. Unfortunately, he interpreted the Marxist movement in his own way, thereby creating a communist form of government. In the…...
MarxismOld Man
Essence of Marxism Ideas
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Thesis Using Karl Marx's Marxism it is apparent that today's capitalist society represents a great unfairness among the people within it and is not sustainable. Introduction Most people would agree that today's social and political system needs to be improved upon. In a society that endangers the planet through excessive consumption, and experiences mass inequalities among its people, it is critics such as Karl Marx that can be looked upon for some guidance. Karl Marx is one of the most…...
CommunismKarl MarxMarxismSocial Class
The history of equality can be traced back many years Aristotle and
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The history of equality can be traced back many years. Aristotle and Plato, Greek philosophers, had many views on the balance between the free-thinking worth of individuals versus the needs of society to be led by the best and smartest. For Marxists, the backbone of Marxism is equality the root of all inequality is capitalism, providing differences of wealth, wages, living conditions education and housing. A society that is based on capitalism can never be just or equal. In a…...
Marxist Criticism In literature various theories exist
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In literature, various theories exist that allow one to evaluate and better understand literary works through the application of those theoretical criticisms. Literary theories and their analyses allows people to gain a deeper understanding of literature and how it relates to the real world. The book titled, 1984 describes a dystopian society called Oceania in which citizens are not equal to one another and are oppressed by The Part which is led by a dictatorial leader known as Big Brother.…...
1984CommunismCriticismKarl MarxLiteratureMarxism
Malcolm X And African American Politics History Essay
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Malcolm X and Marcus Garvey, arguably two of the most influential African Americans in the struggle for betterment of African Americans. Their achievements are celebrated not only in America, but also in the Caribbean as well as Africa; Marcus Garvey was recognised as Jamaica’s first national hero and Malcolm X has had multiple streets, schools as well as a film based on him. “The King of Swaziland told Mrs Marcus Garvey that he knew the names of only two Black…...
African American CultureCapitalismMalcolm XMarcus GarveyMarxismPolitics
Assess the sociological explanation of science and ideology of belief system?
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Sociologists argue that science and ideology can both be belief systems. In the 18th century was the era of the enlightenment. People started to think and question was there more than just a God and that’s where science was introduced. People started to use rational ways of thinking to explain things that happened. Science has been used to develop different parts in society such as medicine and technology that we use in everyday life. But it has also caused problems…...
BeliefMarxismScienceScientific methodSocial ClassTheory
Development Studies
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This essay is aimed at comparing and contrasting structural functionalism with the Marxist and the noe-marxist theories to social change, how they best describe social change in less developed countries; in this case Zambia. The paper is to also outline the relevance of the two approaches and come up with one that offers the best approach as in the case of Zambia. Social change refers to the structural transformation of political, social, cultural, and economic systems and institutions to create…...
CommunismDevelopmentKarl MarxMarxismSocial ClassSociology
Thomas Jefferson and Vladimir Lenin: A Comparative Study
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The similarities between Thomas Jefferson and Vladimir Lenin were so close in that both of them lived in a pivotal period when their respective nations were still at the stage of being shaped as nations. Both of them were pioneers, and therefore, crucial to anybody’s understanding of America’s and Russia’s history. While Thomas Jefferson was the third president of the United States of America, Vladimir Lenin was the first leader of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). At that, obviously,…...
MarxismThomas Jefferson
Social Class Issues in Untouchable Book Review
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The novel Untouchable explains the exploitation and abuse of the Untouchables; a caste of individuals in India who are named as such due to the fact that of the work they carry out every day, they are involved in ignominious, contaminating or unclean occupations and are considered too dirty to come into contact with. The author, Mulk Raj Anand, made use of the medium of the poem to deal with the mistreatment of the Untouchables utilizing the 18-year-old male protagonist,…...
Book ReviewCasteMarxismPhilosophyPoliticsSocial Class
An Analytic Review of the Marx-Engels Reader
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I will start my critique of this book by citing an excerpt from the Manifesto of the Communist Party proclaiming that the societies that have passed and continually exist are an absolute exposition of the contradiction of social groups based on the economic conditions. As Marx and Engels (1848) put it, “the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.” Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master and journeyman, in a word, oppressor…...
CommunismKarl MarxMarxismReader
Marxism: Reflection Of The Problems In A Capitalistic Society
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While Liberalism was a philosophical system that produced capitalism as an economic system, Marxism was a reflection of the problems that existed in a capitalistic society. Therefore, Marxism was the idea behind two new economic systems, socialism and communism. Liberalism is the idea of universal human rights, equality and the protection of private property. Capitalism grew from this private ownership of capital and machines and has become the dominant economic system today. On the other hand, Marxism is a philosophic…...
CapitalismCommunismJusticeMarxismSocial JusticeSocial Problems In Our Society
“Syriana” and Successive Marxist Theory
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Stanley Aronowitz and William Difazio’s work on contemporary Marxist theory following and analyzing Fordism views of labor as a means to exploit and control workers is very interesting when applied to the film, “Syriana”.  Their ideas illuminate the problems with Fordism (referring to Henry Ford’s method of car production) and its technological effects on control of both workers and their time. Creating “endless” work through technology and its reach beyond the workplace (cell phones, internet, etc...) and, also, alienation from…...
MarxismPhilosophyReligious ExtremismRowingTheory
Compare and Contrast Two Sociological Theories We Have Looked
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In this essay I am going to be looking at two of the main sociological theories; Marxism and Functionalism. In the main body of the essay I will be looking into the history of these theories, when did they become popular and why were they so? I will then make a comparison of the two to see if they contrast, if they do, how so. I will begin by looking at Marxism and secondly Functionalism. I will then be comparing…...
Compare And ContrastEducationFamilyKarl MarxMarxismSocial Class
Presentation of the Kite Runner
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INTRODUCTION This paper copes with the analysis of Hosseini’s Kite Runner using Marxism approach. Marxist theory mainly deals with the literary works and evaluates the works by the examining of its historical, social and economical background. Marxism evaluates the work how it is influenced by the time in which it was produced as well as social, political, economical sphere (Chowdhury, 2011). Thus, this paper will focus on: (1) The Marxist Approach To The Kite Runner; (2) The relationship among characters…...
MarxismThe Kite Runner
Philippine Noon Time Shows
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For over a decade now, noontime TV shows have captivated the Filipino public, colloquially known as“the masa”. These shows run for 2 hours a day, 6 days a week, usually from around 2 to 4 o clock pm. Their immense popularity is shown by the long lines of people that wait outside the studio hours before the program starts. All of them, hoping to get a chance to participate in the festivities which include playing games, singing, and dancing. Millions…...
Karl MarxMarxismPhilippinesPoliticsSocial ClassTime
Dehumanization: Marxism and Modern Era
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Dehumanization is the process of stripping away or denying other’s access to basic human qualities or rights. An ideal society would be free of this inequality, however, during the modern era, encouraged by capitalism and free competition, it is difficult to maintain complete equality and fairness. In fact, three books from the reading list, Marx’s Communist Manifesto, Sumner’s essay, What the Social Classes Owe to Each Other, and Primo Levi’s tale of Survival at Auschwitz, truly illustrate how difficult ideas…...
CommunismEthicsKarl MarxMarxismSocial ClassSociological Theories
Neorealist and Neo-Marxist Approaches to Globalization
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Neo-realism According to Jackson and Sorensen (2003), the leading contemporary neorealist thinker is undoubtedly Kenneth Waltz (1979). His starting point is taken from some elements of classical and neoclassical, such as independent state existing and performing in an anarchical international system. Waltz’s Theory of international Politics (1979) seeks to provide a scientific explanation of the international political system. A scientific theory of international relations leads us to expect the certain pattern that states to behave in predictable ways. In Waltz’s…...
CapitalismChris BrownGlobalizationInternational RelationsMarxismPhilosophical Theories
Stratification and Social Mobility
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Inequality exists in all societies, sociologists concern themselves with social inequality including social status, economic benefits and power. Stratification, in particular social stratification is different. Stratification reveals that inequality is rife in society and the inequality is likewise structured in the type of strata. In Britain there are lots of varying class stratification systems, two of these class stratifications are the Hindu Caste System and the Social Class System. Class stratifications vary from each other greatly. One difference is that…...
Karl MarxMarxismSocial ClassSocial MobilitySocial Stratification
Assess the Contribution of Marxism to Our Understanding of the Role of Education
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Using material from Item A and elsewhere assess the contribution of Marxism to our understanding of the role of education. As mentioned in Item A, Marxists take a critical view of the role of education. They see society as based on class divisions and capitalist exploitations. The capitalist society is a two class system as mentioned in Item A and it consists of a ruling class, the bourgeoisie and the working class, the proletariat. The bourgeoisie exploits the proletariat according…...
CapitalismCurriculumEducationMarxismSocial Class
Relevance of Marism in the 21st Century
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Marxism is much more than a theory or even a school of thought. The Encyclopaedia Britannica describes is a body of doctrine that was developed by Karl Marx with contributions from Friedrich Engels in the mid-19th century. Marxism is a way of viewing the world from an economic and socio-political context. Originally, Marxism consisted of three basic ideas that were in some way related to each other: a philosophical anthropology, an economic and political, and program a theory of history.…...
21st CenturyCapitalismEconomicsKarl MarxMarxismSocial Class
Philosophical Theories of Idealism, Realism and Marxism
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Contrast and compare between the conservative theories of idealism and realism and the transformative theory of Marxists Intro Critically discuss the similarities and the difference of conservative theories and transformative or critical theories. These theories entail idealism, realism in contrast liberalism and Marxism. 5 Main assumptions to draw a concluding contrats between a Marxist transformative theory and theories of idealism and realism” Assumption 1 Firstly, like Realism, Marxist transformative theory assumes that the structure of the international system is an…...
IdealismInternational RelationsMarxismPhilosophical TheoriesRealismSocial Class
Principal Sociological Perspectives, Social Class and Success
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Sociological perspectives are used to understand and describe the way societies function and the different behaviours of individuals within these societies. These perspectives can be used to explain the organisation of different areas of society, including social stratification, social mobility, social diversity, socialisation, and social institutions as well as the way each element fits into society. In this assignment I will be focusing on explaining each of the main sociological perspectives in society. The perspectives that I will be focusing…...
FeminismMarxismSocial ClassSocializationSociologySuccess
The Functionalist and Marxist views on the Family
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Functionalists argue that societies consist of inter-related social institutions such as schools, mass media, political systems, the Church and the family each of which contribute positively to the maintenance of stability of society as a whole. Broadly speaking it is assumed by functionalists that societies operate in the interests of all of their members so that there is no reason for fundamental conflict in society. Instead there is a high degree of consensus that societies are organised efficiently and relatively…...
CapitalismFamilyMarxismSocial Class
Marxism in Literature: Conflict in the Classics
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Two narratives will be evaluated using a Marxist lens to examine unsolved conflict amongst characters and scenarios where dispute arises to show class struggle in society. Both "Hills Like White Elephants" by Hemingway and "The Man Who Was Almost a Man" by Wright reveal conflict in their characters lives and in larger society. Those who utilize Marxist literary theory to check out the characters and their settings in society usage both the external and internal conflicts in a character's life.…...
ConflictHills Like White ElephantsLiteratureMarxismSocial ClassThe Man Who Was Almost a Man
The role and function of religion in society
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Many feminists would say that religion (like the family and the welfare state...) is another site of patriarchy. It is a place where women are oppressed by men, and it serves to reproduce this oppression and spread it throughout the wider society. The Catholic Church is a favourite target. It is against women's rights such as contraception, abortion, and divorce. It is headed and run exclusively by men. God is seen in male terms; Jesus is a man; and although…...
CapitalismMarxismMax WeberPhilosophical TheoriesReligionReligion And Society
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FAQ about Marxism

How did Lenin’s foreign policy affect the world?
...Apart from all the present communist nations like Vietnam, North Korea, Cuba etc, Lenin played a mayor role by the influence he gave Stalin. After all in WWII the mayor contribution to the defeat of Germany was the Soviet Union under Stalin. Stalin f...

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