Sociology Essay Examples

Sociology

The Difference Between Sociology and the Common Sense
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The difference between sociology and the common sense and the distinction between social science and sociological approach will be earnestly discussed in considerable depth in this essay. I will also state the various aspects of common sense and sociology, as well as different approaches of sociological approaches, sociological perspective, sociological explanation and social science. Sociology and other social sciences are primarily focused on a controversial study of certain unique characteristics of human behaviour with something we all have typically experienced.…...
The Professional Thief
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Osborn & West (1979) found that 40% of sons of criminal fathers were criminal, compared to only 13% who had non-criminal fathers. This is consistent with most family studies, but the evidence is insufficient to 'prove' the heritability of criminal behaviour. Family studies have numerous methodological problems; for instance, it is impossible to separate genetic and environmental contributions to behaviour (Raine 1993). Most researches tend to investigate twin and adoption studies, when seeking a biological answer for criminality. Twin studies…...
The Golden Bough
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The realms of magic, religion and science appear to have been entangled if one analyzes the ancient or primitive worlds of mankind. If someone is bold enough to attempt to define each of the terms, one may find that certain events or actions may be applied to more than one of the definitions, which obviously causes problems in their distinctions. For example, Iroquois Indians would remedy scurvy with the bark of an Arbor tree. In their social setting, a magical…...
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Suicide – A Study in Sociology
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Emile Durkheim is known for many sociological theories and concepts, such as social solidarity, which although seen in his study of suicide, exists independently of it. However, he is most famed for his classic methodological - and rather positivist - work, Suicide: A Study in Sociology (First published in 1897). The dictionary definition of suicide is "the intentional killing of oneself" (Marshall, 1998). However, Durkheim believed that it took more than this to properly define this action, stating, "... suicide is…...
The concept of “thick description”
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The concept of 'thick description' The aim of this paper is to assess the concept of 'thick description'. In order to do this, I will look at the way in which anthropological study was carried out prior to this relatively new concept. I will then discuss some of the sociologists such as Weber, Ryle and Geertz and their contributions that have influenced this topic. I aim to conclude by showing whether or not 'thick description' is a new method of…...
Sociology of popular television
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'If the Judaic God had created a world as an advanced industrial civilization from scratch (s)he would probably have spent the seventh day in front of the television set' (McGuigan, 1992: 129) Quotes such as this go some way to illustrating the dominance and intrinsic nature of television in our modern lives. Indeed, Gell's (1986; cited in Morley, 1992) account of Sri Lankan fisherman who, at great cost, purchase television sets to be displayed as status symbols [despite the lack of an…...
Social Capital
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The erosion of social capital remains one of the issues that need to be addressed by political and social scientists today. With the increasing diversity in different societies, the problem becomes more imminent as each one tries to conform to the norms and rules of society. In the end, by addressing these inefficiencies, better outcomes can be exhausted by individuals, groups and organizations which can boost efficiency in outputs and objectives. In understanding the definition of social capital, one must…...
Reliability and validity of obsevation
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Interpretivists place great importance on an observer not disturbing the normal social routine of a group, but the presence of an observer is more likely than not to affect peoples' behaviour. This is particularly a problem with overt observation, because if the group knows that they are being observed, then they are quite likely to change their behaviour. Although covert observation may make this less likely, there is still the chance of a group changing their behaviour due to the…...
What is abnormality?
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When does a problem become a problem? When considering how to address the issue of abnormality, the arena is such a complex and vast issue thus it would be necessary to assign the essay towards addressing the historical background of abnormality. The primary question which needs to be explored and analysed is 'what is abnormality?' Such a definition has inspired many conflicting debates within the realm of psychology as there exists no agreed definition. Therefore to address the essay question…...
In sociology there is individu
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In sociology there is individual’s private issues and public issues which connect with Sociological imagination the concept by C. Wright Mills and it have interlink with unemployment. Mills elaborate sociological imagination as the ‘the vivid awareness of the relationship between experience and wider society and to think yourself away from the familiar retinue of everyday life’. This essay will apply the sociological imagination to unemployment. Firstly, it will discuss unemployment. Secondly it will describe the causes of unemployment. thirdly, it…...
Hume’s Treatise
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Treatise of Human Nature In the Treatise of Human Nature, Hume argues that reason is a slave to passion by attempting to dispose of three traditional philosophical beliefs. He argues that reason cannot motivate us to act, that reason cannot combat passion and that a passion cannot be called unreasonable. However, Hume also goes back and highlights pieces of the traditional arguments that he believes to be reasonable in certain contexts. After briefly outlining his contrary ideas, I will focus…...
Group Effectiveness
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From the human resources approach, work groups are viewed as quite capable of helping improve organizational efficiency and organization should be designed to utilize the work team whenever possible. Managers should be well equipped to use the newly emerging organization design to bring team to the point where they are entirely responsible for operations in their own areas, Guest (1979), Muncshus III (1983) and Yager (1979). The approach also assumes teams are capable of handling high level decisions and responsibilities.…...
Generation and Gender in The Prisoner Of The Mountains
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The purpose of this essay will be to look at the film 'Prisoner of the Mountains' and try to define whether there is a relationship between nationality, generation and gender. 'Prisoner of the Mountains' tells the story of two Russian soldiers whom after an ill fated patrol are captured by Chechen rebels and held hostage. The soldier's dislike of each other is clear to see from the start with them being of completely different experience and background. Zhilin (played by…...
Gamer Generation
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The book “Got Game; How the Generation is reshaping Business Forever by John Beck and Mitchell Wade explains and promises how players will be able to learn skills from video games and how these can be utilize as businesses. At the same time how businesses can harness these skills and the way gamer idiosyncrasies shape the business. (Beck,Wade 2004) However, as I content analyze the book what it gave me is the notion that it offers hyperbolic claims on how…...
Elementary Forms of Religious
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The understanding of religion and its importance to society Throughout history there have been many scholars who in one way or another have contributed to the understanding of religion and its importance to society. However there is one man who stands out from this extraordinary bunch by the name of Emile Durkheim. This French sociologist is not only known for his principal of modern social science but is also associated with the finding of the basics of religion and its…...
When should we discard explanations that are intuitively appealing?
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For example, if someone playfully punched their friend's arm to emphasize a joke, a bystander could possibly misinterpret that playful gesture as a malicious one. This bystander neither understands the context of the punch nor the two people who were active participants in this exchange, therefore, the bystander would give an inaccurate account of what had happened based upon their incorrect intuition about what they saw. There are also other cases in which perception would be skewed to the point…...
Demographic Factors
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Many developing nations are experiencing rapid increases in population size, which gives researchers the reason to talk about the overpopulation and its impact on poverty. This, for instance, is the case in Haiti where a large population density has contributed to the depletion of the island’s scarce resources. In underdeveloped nations, the population increase that was experienced by the developed nations much earlier is happening at this time. The population explosion Since the end of the nineteenth century, the death…...
Relative and Progressive Deprivation
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Progressive deprivation This sort of deprivation is generally associated with societies that are undergoing rapid social and economic alterations. Progressive deprivation is also known as the J-curve model and is used to describe a situation in which rising expectations are matched by rising capabilities for a short period of time. However, over time a gap starts to develop between the value expectations and capabilities (Gurr and Robert, 1971:53). Relative deprivation Relative deprivation intensity varies depending on a variety of factors…...
Chitty Chitty Bang Bang
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60,000 people from Edinburgh alone failed to turn up at the station for the evacuation; as they had felt that war was not imminent when the sign-up was promoted. The Government could not enforce evacuation, as it would be fruitless; costing more than it would be worth. There would be plenty of angry parents not letting police in, and it seems a bit quasi-futuristic to have the Government forcing children into the backs of big vans whilst their screaming parents…...
Younger generation in “An Inspector calls”
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Also the Inspector gives away too much emotion through his speech, '(turning on him sharply) why should you do any protesting? ' and gives us an idea of who he really might be. Also this quote reveals some of his personality/characteristic, '... the young ones. They're more impressionable' here the Inspector shows the audience that because Sheila and Eric are of the younger generation they can change their ways i.e. they feel sorrow for the terrible life Eva has endured,…...
Young Offenders
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An examination of the phenomenon of young offenders The subject of young offenders in our troubled society has been one that has generated many hours of thought and meditation for concerned members. It is felt by many that the change needed in the area of delinquency within the First Nations culture is to overcome the effects of colonization and this must begin with the youth. It is with the youth that the future of the culture lies. There has been…...
Assignment About What Is Social Exclusion?
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Introduction For example, it doesn't really explain why individuals are excluded due to their race or sexuality etc. One of the debates regarding social exclusion is whether it is the fault of the excluded, or a result of the social system (structural phenomenon). Both Marx and Weber saw social exclusion as a result of the social system, with people attempting to secure privileged positions for themselves at the expense of the least well off. However some would argue it is…...
Unlawful Conduct
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A form of unlawful conduct Unlawful behaviour covers a multiple of areas, ranging from the criminal aspects of law right the through to civil law. A behaviour or conduct can be seen as being unlawful in many ways; this could include underage drinking to downloading information from the internet without permission or paying. For a behaviour or conduct to be deemed unlawful in the first instance it must first be placed in front of parliament and approved by them, without…...
Deontology
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First thing we have to suppose in order to be able to talk about moral is that we are not determined or more precise that we are not hard-determinist. Because if we would be determined, it would mean we would have no free will and as we do not have free will, we are unable to make our own choices. So a basic condition to talk about morality is that we have a free will. In every day life we…...
The Living Old
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With the population of adults 65 and over steadily climbing, medical professionals and the healthcare system are struggling to keep up. One major issue concerning the healthcare system is that it is not set up properly provide care for these older adults. The physicians today, who regularly see patients, focus mainly has been; diagnose—usually in a 15-20 minute office visit, treat, and cure. Many of these senior citizens have multiple chronic illnesses or diseases, which require time to manage and…...
The Iron Cage
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Introduction The Iron Cage theory also rises out of the ever increasing rationalization of modern society. Weber defined 'power' as the "ability to realize one's will despite and against the resistance of others. During Weber's time, he saw an increasing power shift towards the ever growing bureaucracies, these formally rational, complex organizations. Bureaucracies are by nature highly formally rational. They are there for the purpose of organizing what would otherwise be very large or complex organizational tasks which wouldn't be…...
The Indecisive Person
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Shakespear's most tragic hero Hamlet questioned, “ To be or not to be”. So often we are unable to decide on choices we face in life, much like Hamlet. This is normal. The problem starts when the inability to make a decision becomes extreme. When this occurs, it has been proven to be disastrous unless fixed,(Pelusi,2009). The outcome for the chronic indecisive person is often a life filled with unhappiness, low self esteem, loss of time and money, and sometimes…...
The Deindividuation perspective
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Introduction Also Premenstrual syndrome has been cited in criminal trials as a reason for aggressive behaviour. These together with other biological explanations cast doubt on aggression being purely a learned behaviour. The social learning theory itself relies heavily on experimental evidence and field studies in which there are some mythological flaws. For example low ecological validity, after all the Bobo doll was not a living person. Johnson et al found in a similar study that the children who acted more…...
The consequences of Modernity
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The terms post-modernity, post-modernism and post-modern have been extremely well documented in the fields of sociology and philosophy. My main aim in this essay is to assess whether or not these concepts are useful in sociological analysis. I also wish to give examples of them and show whether or not there has been any real historical change between the periods of modernity and post-modernity. In order to do this, I will draw upon the works of sociologists such as Stuart…...
The concept of ethnocentrism
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Introduction Chinese philosopher Confucius stated that "All people are the same; its only their habits that are different". People within the western world are lucky to hold a privileged position within the worlds social system. Everything done by these people stems from the fact that they were brought up in a certain type of society that offers opportunities. "Sociology is - the systematic, sceptical study of human society", (Ken Plummer). So as sociologists it should be remembered that our perspective…...
Olinka Tribe
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Introduction The Olinka do not believe girls should be educated. When I asked a mother why she thought this she said: "A girl is nothing to herself; only to her husband can she become something. " "What can she become? " I asked. "Why," she said, "the mother of his children. " (162) Much like many women in the United States in the early 20th century, women in the Olinka tribe were uneducated. Many were illiterate. These African women, like…...
“Star Trek – The Next Generation”
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This is my (Captain Jean-Luc Picard of the U.S.S. Enterprise #NCC-17O1 D) account of the events leading up to and beyond the Federation and Romulan war (2380-2385 AD). Star date: 32851.2: The Enterprise received a distressed call from a fleeing scout ship. SOS... I am ... under ... attack!! request ... asylum ... Federation ... Space!!.. The ship was pushing the limits of its engines as it hurtled out of the neutral zone the volume of space that serves as…...
Sociology: Deviance
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The example I chose that illustrates deviant behavior in American society is racism. Deviance is behavior that violates social norms and arouses negative social reactions. [1] Racism is a form of defiance that has grown more socially unacceptable as time moves forward. Times are changing and society is becoming more culturally acceptable. I have always seen societies views as a majority vote. Society seems to cast out things that it does not understand or has not ever seen before and…...
Sociology coursework: family
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The chosen subject area of my coursework is family. The reason I have chosen this particular area of sociology is because family is known worldwide and exists in everyone, however overtime the family structure and the roles in the family have changed. I am going to investigate why the divorce rate is increasing and to what extent the media has an impact on this choice, and I also would like to find out the effects of divorce on children. These…...
Sociology Coursework: Muslims ‘religiosity’ comparison
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I will be looking at the religion Islam where I will be comparing the 'religiosity' of Muslims in Tower Hamlets to those in Bangladesh. My hypothesis that Bengali Muslims living in Tower Hamlets are losing their religious beliefs because of the society they are brought up in. I have chosen to study Islam because as a Muslim it will interest me to find out if there is a link between the society one lives in and the decline in ones…...
Sociology and its application to sport
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As social beings, we need to learn social behaviour to fit in and doing sport teaches us with confidence and co operation. By doing different activities you make new friends and learn to do new things. You get the feeling that you have a value to society. A common reason an individual does a sport or exercise of any kind is because he/she friends are participating in it as well. Education A person’s education can have an effect on what sports…...
Social traps and dilemmas
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Introduction Such individualism is not unique to the individualistic culture of America. Edney's findings are supported in other cross cultural studies. In Japan, a collectivistic culture, Kaori Sato (1987)vii gave participants opportunities to plant and harvest trees from a simulated forest for money. When the students shared the costs of planting the trees, the result was much like those in Western (individualistic) cultures: trees (the stock) were prematurely harvested before they had grown to their most profitable size. The lack…...
Social Support
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Although women have quite a number of reasons that they give as being the reasons why they do not engage in regular exercise some of them do not really justify it. They sound like excuses and a lot can be done to rectify these so that they can attain a healthy existence. For those who say they do not have time yet they actually have time to sit in front of a television and watch, it would be best if…...
Social divisions
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Introduction Social divisions are not the same as social differences. Social differences are mostly based on accident of birth. Normally we don't choose to belong to our community. People around us are male or female, they are tall and short, have different kinds of complexions, or have different physical abilities, disabilities but every social difference does not lead to social division. Social differences divide similar people from one another, but they also unite very different people. People belonging to different…...
Situational factors
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Introduction When we fail this is not expected and therefore we are more likely to look for causes outside ourselves. However, this explanation is refuted by a the results of a study by Miller (1976) who gave Pps a test of social perceptiveness and then randomly told them that they had either passed or failed. Half were told it was a well standardised and valid assessment and half were told it was a poor assessment. This meant that for those…...
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FAQ about Sociology

What is abnormality?

...Is a question, which indeed encompasses wide disagreement and a challenge to provide a definition, which is widely accepted. The Oxford Dictionary defines abnormality as something which is "not normal" (Oxford Dictionary, 2001), but such definition i...

When should we discard explanations that are intuitively appealing?

...Who is to say what is ethical or not? An intuitively appealing thought is always open to several interpretations. Though some explanations seem intuitively appealing, they are always limited due to the nature of humanity itself. Whether it is because...

Assignment About What Is Social Exclusion?

...Despite there being a lot of ambiguity in the term, as Peters (1996) says, "Some reject the term entirely on the grounds that it is 'highly problematic'", the most important thing is that British government is looking at ways to help those who are so...