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Essay on Inflation

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Pestle, Porter and SWOT analysis of Lukoil

LUKOIL, a vertically integrated oil company, and carries out exploration, acquisition, integration and subsequent efficient development of oil and gas fields outside the Russian Federation to facilitate the transformation of LUKOIL into a transnational energy corporation. LUKOIL operates in 25 countries (the most major of them are Russia, Azerbaijan, USA, Georgia, Turkey and Czech Republic). Net income in 2013 is $3.105 billion. Basic earnings per share – $4.11. The Company’s 2012 net income rose by 6.2% and reached record $11,004…...

Distinction between Microeconomics and Macroeconomics

Microeconomics is the study of individual economic units of an economy whereas macroeconomics is the study of aggregates of an economy as a whole. For example, when we study of an individual sugar mill manufacturing sugar, our study is micro analysis but if we study the entire sugar manufacturing sector of the economy, our study is macro analysis. Also please note if we study the problem of production of a firm, our analysis is micro study but if we study…...

Influence contrasting economic environments

Describe the influence of two contrasting economic environments on business activities within a selected organisation. There are two very important economic environments that effect Tesco, economic growth and the recession. An economic growth will be good for Tesco as business will be booming, more goods are being produced and profits are increasing. When this happens Tesco becomes a very high profit business and invest in new products or stores which can lead to Tesco being more profitable business wise. Profits…...

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SWOT analysis for Swatch

1.The watch market is becoming very fragmented which makes the promotion of the brand difficult. 2.Swatch has been facing a very low turnover of its assets compared to its competitor’s parent company. 3.The productivity per employee is weak hence affecting the financial profits of the parent company. The productivity of Swatch Group is $0.2Million Compared to $0.3 Million of its competitor’s Seiko. 4.The production costs of company headquarters are too high. Swatch’s competitors locate manufacturing activities in low-cost countries t.…...

Merseyside Company Case

Background and Problem Statement Diamond chemicals is a leading propylene producer and a major player in the chemicals industry worldwide. However the share of the company had fallen from £60 at the end of 1999 to £30 in 2000 on account of worldwide economic slowdown and poor financial performance. Given the prevalent scenario, it was time to obtain funds from corporate headquarters for a modernization program for Merseyside project. This project will not only renovate and rationalize a production line…...

Japan’s Economy Today

An affluent economy has the dynamics to identify their financial strength and prosperity by the principles they practice and execute. However, when a country becomes overly confident on their abilities to remain consistent as a global power they become vulnerable to complacency. A nation’s economic wealth becomes susceptible when they no longer recognize the potential risks that may lead their country to either a recession or total collapse of their economy. Japan’s economic malaise clearly articulates how the country’s failure…...

Business Management and Analysis

Choose an example of a type of new company you could start, and then use this company idea to answer the questions below. You might choose a pet store, a restaurant, a tutoring business, or something else. This can be the same type of company you chose in assignment 8 or 9, or it can be different. Describe the type of business you chose. (1-2 sentences. 0.5 points) The type of business I would start would be for family or…...

Apple Inc. and the Macro Environment

Economic Environment: More or less, every economic factor has an effect on the operations of Apple Inc. These may include; current economic situation (boom, recession, etc.), credit terms, inflation or deflation, strictness of interest rates, unemployment levels, stability of exchange rates, stock exchange trend, etc. Apple’s business can be affected by all these factors either positively or negatively. For example, during the inflation periods in the United States of America, the purchasing power of the people had decreased and as…...

The Causes and Consequences of Unemployment

Joblessness causes There are three primary reasons for unemployment, the very first is cyclical unemployment which is joblessness arising from a lack of aggregate need. Need for most products are likely to be low and unemployment may be high. Because not a great deal of individuals are buying an item, companies do not need as much labour and will minimize it causing joblessness. This in turn will reduce non reusable earnings and decrease demand for certain products, for this reason…...

ESmith Assignment 10: National and Global Finance

(16.0 points) 1. Choose an example of a type of new company you could start, and then use this company idea to answer the questions below. You might choose a pet store, a restaurant, a tutoring business, or something else. This can be the same type of company you chose in assignment 8 or 9, or it can be different. a. Describe the type of business you chose. (1-2 sentences. 0.5 points) * The type of business I would start…...

Money Management at Gross Domestic Product

Consider the following examples of economic activities Purchasing of groceries Massive layoff of employees Decrease in taxes Describe how each of these activities affects government, households, and businesses. Describe the flow of resources from one entity to another for each activity. Relate at least one current event to the activities Inflation rate It is based on the rising price of good and services and falling purchasing power. This measurement shows how fast currency loses value. This is calculated by how…...

Relationship between Inflation and Interest Rate

Interest and inflation are key to investing decisions, since they have a direct impact on the investment yield. When prices rise, the same unit of a currency is able to buy less. A sustained deterioration in the purchasing power of money is called inflation. Investors aim to preserve the value of their money by opting for investments that generate yields higher than the rate of inflation. In most developed economies, banks try to keep the interest rates on savings accounts…...

Analyse the effects of inflation on an economy

Inflation impacts on many facets of the economy, these impacts can be both long and short term. It is generally the case that higher levels of inflation carry more severe consequences thus it is often the aim of government to sustain a low level of inflation. Inflation effects economic growth and certainty, wages, unemployment, international competitiveness, exchange and interest rates amongst other things. High inflation can be a major constraint on economic growth and certainty which ultimately impacts upon international…...

Finance and banking

Chapter 1 1. Has the inflation rate in Canada increased or decreased in the past few years? What about interest rates? R/. The inflation rate of CAnada is low. The inflation rate was at 1.10 % in August. And the interest rate was declining. In one news said that on 1915 until 2013, the Canada's inflation rate 3.2% reaching an all time high of 21.6% in June of 1920 and got a record low at -17.8% in June of 1921.…...

Life without mobile phones

Microeconomics is generally the study of individuals and business decisions, macroeconomics looks at higher up country and government decisions. Macroeconomics and microeconomics, and their wide array of underlying concepts, have been the subject of a great deal of writings. The field of study is vast; here is a brief summary of what each covers: Microeconomics is the study of decisions that people and businesses make regarding the allocation of resources and prices of goods and services. This means also taking…...

Naked Economics

Chapter 1: The Power of Markets •What are the two basic assumptions that economists make about individuals and firms? •What is the role and significance of prices in the market economy? •What’s so great about a market economy anyway? Market allocation 3 / Assume rational utility-maximizers 6 / Opportunity costs 9 / Profit max 11 / Prices allocate resources 12 / Barriers to entry 14 / Market price, pricing decision & price discrimination 15 / Lessons of markets 18 Chapter…...

Unemployment in Peru: An economic concern

The Peruvian unemployment rate has started to decline in the past few years. The lowered unemployment rate connects to Peru’s economy and means it is on the mend. There are several relationships between the lowered unemployment rate and the economy that will be described. The data on this occurrence has a trend that shows it will continue to decrease. This will mean the economy will continue to improve. The future looks relatively bright for Peruvian people because with more people…...

Analysis of Ann Taylor Company

Customer Target: 30’s married working mother, 2 children combined income $75~150K. Formal suit and blouse. Need: The capital of appropriate attire for professional women in the big city. Retails: There are 261 Ann Taylor stores and 113 Ann Taylor Factory stores in US as of August 2, 2014. Retail Channels: Customers can get information through Internet, official website, direct email, advertisement at the store, coupon, catalog, magazine etc. Need & preference change: the cloth is also for women who out…...

Capital investment analysis and inflation and capital investment analysis with taxation

Inflation refers to persistent increase in price of goods and services. It is also referred to as average general increases in the price of goods and services. Prior to this time, there had been lots of argument amongst writers in finance on whether or not to ignore or include inflation when computing capital budgeting. The argument has always being that inflation affects both the discount rate and the cash flow hence the effect will always cancel out. During inflation shareholders…...

Alternative economic models

1. If two alternative economic models are offered, other things equal, we would 2. Time-series forecasting models: 3. Consumer expenditure plans is an example of a forecasting method. Which of the general categories best described this example? 4. An example of a time series data set is one for which the: 5. For studying demand relationships for a proposed new product that no one has ever used before, what would be the best method to use? 6. Which of the…...

Poverty As A Cause Of Crime

Poverty remains a critical social problem that needs to be addressed. Philippines' poverty line marks a per capita income of 16,841 pesos a year. According to the data from the national statistical coordination board, more than one-quarter (27.9%) of the population fell below the poverty line the first semester of 2012, an approximate 1 per cent increase since 2009. This figure is a much lower figure as compared to the 33.1% in 1991. The unevenness of the decline of poverty…...

Effects of Inflation: Case of Kenya

INFLATION Inflation is a term that refers to a persistent increase in general price levels of goods and services over a given period of time. The rise in inflation is mainly attributed to rise in food and fuel costs which results in a sharp rise in the prices of goods and services in the local market. MEASURING INFLATION Consumer Price Indices Inflation rate is calculated as the rate of change in consumer price indices from one period to another. Periods…...

Macroeconomics and Government

1. Give an example of a government policy that acts as an automatic stabilizer. Explain why this policy has this effect. According to our text, automatic stabilizers are changes in fiscal policy that stimulate aggregate demand when the economy goes into recession without policymakers having to take any deliberate action. Automatic stabilizers come in the form of our tax system and government spending. As an individual’s income increases, they get put in a higher tax bracket. When the economy goes…...

Gulf Oil Analysis

Declaration of Problem & & Alternatives George Keller of the Standard Oil Business of California (Socal) is thinking about how much to bid for Gulf Oil Corporation (Gulf), which is currently in the middle of a bidding war. Gulf hesitates to think about bids below $70 per share despite the fact that their share rate was $39 at the time Boone Pickens began buying shares in the hopes of a takeover. II. Declaration of Facts and Presumptions Under the instructions…...

Major causes of unemployment

“Outline the major causes of unemployment and social consequences of unemployment for the Australian economy”. Causes of Unemployment in Australia There are a number of causes of unemployment, which ultimately result in both positive and negative consequences for Australias economy. These causes are outlined as follows. Economic growth is possibly the most influential factor causing unemployment. The demand for labour is a derived demand, meaning that it is determined by the level of demand for goods and services in an economy. This means that if an economy is experiencing low levels of economic growth, aggregate demand will fall, thus decreasing…...

Macroeconomic Aims of a Government

The government and policymakers of a country intervenes in the economy in order to achieve economic growth, price stability, and low rate of unemployment. First and foremost, economic growth can be defined as an increase in the country's output over a period of time. This means there is an increment in her productive capacity hence a rise in national income. A high economic growth is desirable as it represents an improvement in the material standard of living of the society.…...

Causes of high unemployment in Zimbabwe

Introduction: The unemployment rate is the proportion of the economically active population that is unemployed and actively looking for employment. In 1990, Zimbabwe embarked on a programme of Economic Reforms popularly known as Economic Structural Adjustment Programme (ESAP) and 1991-1992 saw one of the worst droughts. With close to 70% of the population living in the rural areas (CSO 1992) and dependent on agriculture for their livelihood, this constituted a major disaster. One result of these events was increased migration…...

Major causes of inflation in Zimbabwe

Introduction Inflation can be described as a tendency for the general price level to increase over a given time [http://www.ntsearch.com/search.php?q=time&%3Bv=56] period. It can also be viewed as a case where too much money [http://www.ntsearch.com/search.php?q=money&%3Bv=56] is chasing few goods. Inflation is usually measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) where a representative basket of consumer goods is analysed for changes in the price level over a defined time [http://www.ntsearch.com/search.php?q=time&%3Bv=56] frame. Generally, inflation results from demand pull, cost push and imported inflation.…...

Macroeconomics and Government

How are presidential election outcomes related to the performance of the economy? 2. (7 points) Discuss the difference between Microeconomics and Macroeconomics. 3. (10 points) Use the concepts of gross and net investment to distinguish between an economy that has a rising stock of capital and one that has a falling stock of capital. “In 1933 net private domestic investment was minus $6 billion. This means that in that particular year the economy produced no capital goods at all. ”…...

PEST Analysis for a Company in the Tourism Industry

The Tourism industry is one of the fastest growing industries in theworld. The World Travel and Tourism Council estimates that in 2004 Travel and tourism is expected to generate* US$ 5,490.4 billion of economic activity* 10.4% of total GDP* 214,697,000 jobs or 8.1% of total employment* 12.2% of total exports [1]My task is to conduct a PEST analysis for a company within the Tourismindustry. Within the tourism industry, I have to select one area of interestlike transportation, accommodation and transportation…...

Factors That Influence Business Environment

Business environment consists of all the internal and external forces that influence the operating situation of a company. Business environment has a dynamic and complex nature and it impacts greatly the survival and growth of a company. External factor consists of political factors Political factors (Taxation Policy, Unemployment Policy etc.), Economical factors (Inflation rate, Recession or Boom etc.), Socio-cultural (language, values, religion, beliefs etc. ), Technological factors (E-commerce, Rate of technological change etc. ), Environmental factors ( Pollution monitoring, Energy…...

Graduate unemployment

The rising unemployment rate among fresh university graduates today is an upsetting trend. Now the pool of unemployed graduates is rising to worrying levels even in some high-growth economies. This is due to several factors or causes that result in the increase of the unemployment rate today. This article brings and discusses the main causes and issues/effects on the unemployment of many fresh graduates. It is expected that this study of unemployment will achieve the objective and highlights of some…...

Globalization in Brazil

Globalization undoubtedly is the current prevailing world economic trend. A large majority of the countries adhere to the tenets of globalization. Globalization literally entails international economic cooperation achieved through the integration of different countries. It envokes the process of intermingling the different aspects of a country's economy, politics, society, culture and technological forces together with the other participants of globalization. Globalization also creates a link towards the infusion of the local and national economies to create an international market economy,…...

First Draft Of Fundamentals Of Macroeconomics Paper

There are a lot issues that actually affect our economy, such acts as gross domestic product, nominal GDP, real GDP, inflation rate, unemployment rate, and as well as interest rates. These areas actually has massive power regarding the way we purchase groceries, if there will be a large amounts of layoffs to workers, and decrease in taxes. Gross Domestic Product is defined as the market value of services and goods that are made in the country in one year. This…...

Inflation in Bangladesh

1. Introduction Inflation is a general increase in prices and fall in the purchasing value of money. “Too much money in circulation causes the money to lose value”-this is the true meaning of inflation. What is Inflation. The rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising, and, subsequently, purchasing power is falling. Central banks attempt to stop severe inflation, along with severe deflation, in an attempt to keep the excessive growth of prices to…...

PEST Analysis - Pakistani product in Belgium

On the basis of PEST analysis launch a Pakistani product in Belgium? In order to launch a Pakistani product in foreign country we have to look macro economic conditions of that country. There are different accept and measurement. As to market Pakistani product certain thing are important for instance culture, area, age, group, buying power, availability of raw material etc. Macroeconomic play vital role to sell a product in any country of the world. In macroeconomic PEST analysis is very…...

The Treaty Of Versailles Affect Germany After War

Right After World War I, the Treaty of Versailles was composed. The diplomats of this treaty only intended to end all wars and redraw Europe, but this treaty marked the beginning of a disaster for Germany. After 6 months prior to the war, the Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, 1919. The total purpose of the treaty was to punish Germany for damages done throughout WWI so that they might understand the discomfort they caused on other countries.…...

Role of the central bank in controlling inflation and interest rate.

The central bank plays a major role in controlling both inflation and interest rate. To control inflation many of the central banks have adopted inflation targeting regime. Inflation targeting regime was first adopted in New Zealand in 1990 but in the last 15 years it has gained wider acceptance in many developing and developed country due to it ability to maintain economic stability. Under inflation targeting the main objective and priorities of the central bank is to attain and maintain…...

Monetary and Fisical Policy

Chapter Outline: The effects of fiscal and monetary policy on output Monetary policy and the transmission mechanism The liquidity trap The classical case The quantity theory of money Fiscal policy and crowding out Monetary accommodation The effects of alternative policies on the composition of output The U.S. economy in the 1980s and 1990s Anticipatory monetary policy The policy mix during the German re-unification Changes from the Previous Edition: The material in this chapter has been updated, but its format is…...

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