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Essay on Inflation

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Pestle, Porter and SWOT analysis of Lukoil

Despite having a relatively good position in the regional market of Central and Eastern Europe, LUKOIL faces strong competition. In this context, LUKOIL should increase its market share through an offensive strategy of territorial expansion and to attract new customer segments. In addition, LUKOIL should ensure implementation of new technologies for modern and efficient production in terms of cost...

Distinction between Microeconomics and Macroeconomics


Influence contrasting economic environments

GDP will affect Cancer Research because they may see an increase in customers if the GDP was low because typically there are high rates of unemployment at times like that and people still need clothes to wear and rather than pay high street prices people with go to the charity shops and buy cheaper second hand clothes. However if the GDP increased then Cancer Research may see a decline the their ...

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SWOT analysis for Swatch


Mersey Side Case

* In case the overhead investment cost can be waived as the project itself aims at reducing overhead investments; the NPV would be £ 15.0 Million * The Purchase Cost of Rolling Stock is considered £ 2 Million which can be lowered considering the actual increase in transportation * The Customer retention can vary and depending on the anticipated demand the NPV, IRR and Payback period might change...

Japan’s Economy Today

Japan’s economy has gone through significant challenges over the last two decades. By recognizing how Japan continues to have a stagnated economy, the lessons learned to prevent other countries to fall victim, how to avoid the deflationary spiral, and how to reinvigorate Japan’s economy, leaders can gather great insight on how to manage their own economies. In the international world of busine...

Business Management and Analysis

The exchange rate of the currency in which a portfolio holds the bulk of its investments determines that portfolio's real return. A declining exchange rate obviously decreases the purchasing power of income and capital gains derived from any returns. Moreover, the exchange rate influences other income factors such as interest rates, inflation and even capital gains from domestic securities. While ...

Apple Inc. and the Macro Environment

Stores exist all over the world, allowing the business to become an international company. Not only does the use of stores help Apple to become an international company but the use of the Internet also allows this to occur. However, by going international with their products, they have also broadened their spectrum for competition. Not every country is as passionate about Apple’s products as Ame...

The Causes and Consequences of Unemployment

Immobility of labour likewise contributes to frictional joblessness. This is short-term unemployment happening when employees are in-between jobs. This is not as serious as the previous reasons for joblessness due to the fact that it lasts for a much shorter amount of time. Frictional unemployment nevertheless is constantly likely to exist within an economy. This is due to the fact that it might b...

ESmith Assignment 10: National and Global Finance

11. Describe at least three exchange rate factors that are likely to attract foreign investors to a country's currency. Explain why these factors are attractive for foreign investors. (3-6 sentences. 3.0 points) * Exchange rates are prices that are determined by supply and demand. For some countries the exchange rate is the single most important price in the economy because it determines the inter...

Economic Growth

A massive layoff is an unpleasant occurrence for all involved. This is an indication of the economic state of the company as it implies downsizing of the company. In this situation, the company will impose more responsibility on the few workers that they do have. They would not be able to operate sufficiently. This would impact households this represents a decease or complete (cut) in income. The ...

Relationship between Inflation and Interest Rate

Low interest rates encourage investments in shares. Thus, the rate of interest can impact the holding of particular assets. •A rise in the interest rate in a particular country fuels the inflow of funds. Investors with funds in other countries now see investment in this country as a more profitable option than before. Inflation and Interest Rates: Effect on the Time Value of Money Inflation has ...

Analyse the effects of inflation on an economy

This was evidenced in the global financial downturn of 2009 when global interest rates reached record lows globally. Low inflation positively impacts upon the exchange rate as it fosters greater international confidence in Australia thus strengthening the Australian dollar. From this it can be drawn that high inflation in the long term has a significant negative impact upon exchange and interest ...

Finance and banking

Banks and financial institutions enable their customers to pay others. Customers are given checks, both paper and electronic, and other payment tools, such as debit cards. A customer is able to write a check or make a payment to an outside vendor, such as a grocery store, electricity company or other outside individual, with one of their designated payment tools. The financial institution sends mo...

Life without mobile phones

The bottom line is that microeconomics takes a bottoms-up approach to analyzing the economy while macroeconomics takes a top-down approach. Regardless, both micro- and macroeconomics provide fundamental tools for any finance professional and should be studied together in order to fully understand how companies operate and earn revenues and thus, how an entire economy is managed and sustained....

Naked Economics


Unemployment in Peru: An economic concern

Economic outlook peru. (2013). BBVA Research.Retrieved from http://serviciodeestudios.bbva.com/KETD/fbin/mult/1302_Peru_Outlook_1Q13_tcm348-374867.pdf?ts=2082013 Editorial Board. (2011). Macroeconomics. Schaumburg, IL: Words of Wisdom. Retrieved from http://wow.coursesmart.com/ Levine, L. (2013). Economic growth and the unemployment rate. Congressional Research Service. Retrieved from http://www.f...

Analysis of Ann Taylor

Economic environment: the current economic recession in the US and abroad threaten Ann Taylor’s profit. But the unemployment rate is getting better and the US economy is recovering now. The company faces significant competition from the local players in European, Japanese, and Canadian markets. Increasing global competition in the apparel retailing market may significantly affect the company’...

Capital investment analysis and inflation and capital investment analysis with taxation

The project cost is N1.4m and has an estimated residual value of N10,500. The above cash flow profile has not taken into consideration the effect of changing prices. If effect on changing selling prices are taken into consideration cash revenue are expected to rise by 10% after year 1 and operating expenses by 11% after year 1. General level of inflation in the country is currently 15%.SCG Ltd can...

Alternative economic models


Poverty As A Cause Of Crime

The most popular view is that crime is a category created by law. Poverty and crime have a very intimate relationship that has been described by experts from all fields, from sociologists to economists. The UN and the World Bank both rank crime high on the list of obstacles to a country’s development. This means that governments trying to deal with poverty often also have to face the issue of cr...

Effects of Inflation: Case of Kenya

Due to an increase in investment, the new investors are likely to join in on the “fun.” New investment will then lead to employment opportunities, therefore we can say that stable and minimal or moderate inflation increases the rate of employment. Although a disadvantage to lenders, borrowers are at an advantage as inflation cuts the real value of debt. For example home owners with huge mortga...

Macroeconomics and Government

The theory of liquidity preference states that the economy’s interest rate adjusts to balance supply and demand. The first piece of the theory of liquidity preference is the supply of money. The Federal Reserve is who controls the money supply. They buy government bonds which are deposited into banks turning the money into funds for the bank reserves. They sell government bonds which make the ba...

Gulf Oil Analysis

Additionally, taking the free cash flow derived in Exhibit 6 (basis for an $80.73 share price) and discounting based on Socal’s WACC (16.96% - see Exhibit 5), we arrive at a reserve valuation of $75.56 per share. Adjusting inflation upwards to 8.37% and discounting at Socal’s WACC, Gulf’s reserves are worth an estimated $89.65 per share.3 IV. Recommendations Based on the analysis, a bid of $...

Major causes of unemployment

The Work-for-the-Dole Scheme is part of the Howard Governments mutual obligation principle. This requires 18 to 24 year olds that have been on benefits for more than six months to participate in and activity in addition to job search. This has assisted over 200,000 unemployed to rebuild self-confidence, and develop work ethic and skills Although this does encourage regeneration of work...

Macroeconomic Aims of a Government

On the other hand, stability of a country's exchange rate in the foreign exchange market (FOREX) is vital, as fluctuations of the exchange rate create adverse effects to the economy. There are mainly two cases which are prevalent in most economies. Firstly, an appreciation of the exchange rate may cause exports to become relatively dearer, and lead to loss of competitiveness (comparative advantage...

Causes of high unemployment in Zimbabwe

All the stake holders, citizens and the government must all be actively involved the reduction of unemployment. Without this combined effort and commitment, unemployment is likely to continue rising since the economic conditions are worsening and it is becoming more difficult for the companies that had survived before to continue surviving. If things are left unattended to as they at the moment, u...

Major causes of inflation in Zimbabwe

The view that Zimbabwe can do without international agencies (such as IMF/World Bank) is not very valid since Zimbabwe rely on single [http://www.ntsearch.com/search.php?q=single&%3Bv=56] product namely tobacco and to some extent mining sector for the export earnings. This is insufficient given the imported raw materials needed for its manufacturing sector; hence, donor support is needed to im...

Macroeconomics and Government

The economy would like some small inflation at some point since with a small inflation the real costs for companies always fall and they have to have an incentive in order to increase production. To see why consider the contracts that companies set up, They are all based on nominal variables. A small inflation will reduce the real value of these contracts, and keeping with the domino affect the fi...

PEST Analysis for a Company in the Tourism Industry

3.2 CompetitorsAggressive marketing by low cost airlines and internet bookingagencies present a big challenge for the holiday market. Airlines likeBritish Airways are offering customers to make their own travel plansthrough internet. Travel agents compete in variety of ways i.e. price,quality and the package itself. Companies offer special discountedpackages and also compete on branding. As there ...

Factors That Influence Business Environment

Registering or licensing the business will be easier. But if the regulatory framework is different then Vodafone has to formulate different business strategies for different countries. This will create a chaos for the management team. And the co ordination among different branches of the company will be affected. Plus there will be additional cost for train up the employees for the different frame...

Graduate unemployment

In conclusion, if the unemployment issue among graduates is not solved, creation of problems to the unemployed graduates, nations, society and even the country will certainly arise. Furthermore, if the nation’s unemployment continues to be severing, riots and insurgency will be occurring across the country and halting the country trading. A significant lost towards the nation will arise due to t...

Globalization in Brazil

safe-democracy. org/2007/12/27/the-globalization-of-brazil/> Mario, Estanislao Gacitua and Michael Woolcock. “Assessing Social Exlusion and Mobility in Brazil. ” The World Bank. 8 April 2008 <http://siteresources. worldbank. org/INTRANETSOCIALDEVELOPMENT/Resources/A> Rodriguez, Alberto. “Brazil: Seizing the Opportunity to Compete? '' The World Bank. 8 April 2008. Silva, Antonio Elia...

First Draft of Fundamentals of Macroeconomics Paper

Buying groceries, layoffs, and tax decreases are all a reflection of these factors. Daily acts, such as, buying groceries has huge impact on our economy because it is directly related to consumer spending, which is a driving force. Massive layoffs affect our households, business, and government because this causes consumer spending to go down. Tax decreases on the other hand has a positive influen...

Inflation in Bangladesh

2013 is over but the pains and consequences of inflation are not over yet for the millions of people of Bangladesh. 2013 is a year of political disasters, with record level political violence and frequent abuses of human rights in Bangladesh. At the same time inflation has added as another disaster in the lives of millions of people. High inflation is never good for the economy, let alone the mill...

PEST Analysis

Belgium is a federal state consisting of three culturally different regions: Flanders, Wallonia, Brussels. In the 19th century, the area began to industrialize, and Wallonia was the first fully industrialized area This brought the region great economic prosperity. Regulation duties apply on leasing of real state located in Belgium at rates ranging from 0.2% to 12.5% is depending on the area where ...

Pestle Factors

Technological factors - Businesses are continually developing new technologies to provide the best solutions for the market place. Intelligent companies find out what the most appropriate technologies are for their businesses and use them. They include ecological and environmental aspects, such as R&D activity, automation, technology incentives and the rate of technological change. They can de...

Role of the central bank in controlling inflation and interest rate.

-The bank rate – central bank influences the bank rate of commercial bank by setting the base rate. If the central bank wants to reduce the money supply in the economy then they increase the base rate. Where the bank rate increases it will increase the cost of borrowing from financial institution. This will discourage borrower and therefore reduce the money supply in the economy. For adoption of...

Monetary and Fisical Policy

•Which sector is involved, the expenditure sector or the money sector? This will tell them which curve will shift, the IS-curve or the LM-curve. •Will the policy change lead to an increase or decrease in national income? This will tell them whether the respective curve will shift to the right or left. •Is it a parallel shift (caused by a change in autonomous spending or nominal money supply)...

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