Essays on Financial Markets

Efficient Markets Hypothesis – Understanding
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Pages • 9
Introduction Efficient market hypothesis also known as “Random walk theory” (Kendall 1953). Efficient market hypothesis is thought of “random walk” which used in finance to demonstrate the price chain where all the ensuing prices changed randomly from earlier prices. The random walk idea is the flow of unrestricted information that reflected in stock prices. So, tomorrow’s prices change will effect only on tomorrow news and the independent price changes today. Thus efficient market hypothesis define as Security prices respond to…...
EconomicsFinanceFinancial MarketsHypothesisInvestmentTesting
The Extraordinary History of Nike
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Pages • 9
I’ve always wanted to own my own business since I was a kid, but never knew how I could make that a reality. I researched and researched constantly for advice and tips on where to start and how to get started. One day, I stumbled upon an article that talked about how Philip Knight, founder of Nike but was originally called Blue Ribbon Sports, teamed up with his college track coach, Bill Bowerman, and they each put in $500 to…...
BusinessFinanceFinancial MarketsHistoryInvestmentNike
Swaps Trading
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Pages • 2
A financial reform bill is produced in Washington with speculation whether the new law would alter swaps trading once it is formally passed. This law seems to come as a relief to the banks which have had dominance on over-the-counter derivatives. This is so because, according to the new legislation, banks will no-longer use separate entities in revolving off derivatives such as interest rate (Mackenzie, 2010). Despite the fact that some commodities such agriculture, energy can be cleared, their derivatives…...
BusinessE CommerceEconomicsFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestment
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Exxon Mobile
Words • 456
Pages • 2
Introduction Exxon Mobil is a major player of the Integrated Oil and Gas Industry. It were incorporated in 1882 and is engaged in exploration for and production of crude oil and natural gas, manufacture of petroleum products as well as transportation and sale of crude oil, natural gas and petroleum products. The company is also manufacturers and marketer of various petrochemical and it has interests in electric power and generation facilities. Among its famous divisions and affiliates are named Exxon…...
BusinessExxon MobileFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestment
Enterprise Finance
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Pages • 3
Most businesses are currently faced with challenges when it comes to financing their operations. There are diverse options to choose from, and each has its own advantages and disadvantages. Companies that do not have access to advice from professionals sometimes find themselves making the wrong decisions when choosing the means of finance. Such decisions are sometimes very costly and have been known to lead to bankruptcy in some companies. There are two major financing options; debt finance and equity finance.…...
BusinessFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestment
Current Share Price
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Pages • 4
The current share price for Next Plc at close of business on 8th November is  27. 46 (Shareprices. com, 2011). The share price for any share in any company fluctuates on a daily, even hourly, basis due to supply and demand. The share price is for one share in Next Plc. This is what an investor would pay for per share if he/she were to purchase shares at the point the information was downloaded together with broker fees. Share price…...
BusinessFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestmentPrice
Xerox Corporation
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Pages • 4
The objective of the assignment was to do an analysis of a company’s financial statement and identify areas in where financial fraud may be occurring or has occurred. The company I chose for the assignment was Xerox Corporation (“Xerox”). In my opinion based on the analysis of Xerox financial statements from 1998 to 2000, a review of outside sources such as Securities Exchange Commission (“SEC”) filings, and other periodical resources, I believe that red flags existed prior to the fraudulent…...
BusinessCorporationFinanceFinancial MarketsWall Street
Wealth creation through Nifty Bees
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Pages • 5
Introduction The purpose of the survey is to happen out usage of simple traveling mean as a tool for wealth creative activity through Nifty BeES. Technical charts i.e. graphs are being used to understand the monetary value form of Nifty BeES and place the right monetary value degree for purchasing and selling. It is found that simple moving norm is an effectual tool to happen the appropriate degrees of purchasing and merchandising Nifty BeES and make wealth from it. An…...
FinanceFinancial MarketsInvestmentWealth
Understanding The Foreign Exchange Market
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Pages • 2
With the world increasingly becoming a global village, more and more people are travelling and doing business in different parts of the world. Under such circumstances, it is crucial that you have a local currency of the country you are visiting to aid in your travel. Traditionally, travelers have been buying and selling currencies to aid in their travel and business through banks. These banks set particular rates and sell currencies to those in need. However, during the late 1970s,…...
BusinessChangeEconomyFinancial Markets
The participants in the UK financial system
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Pages • 7
Introduction The financial system is the main factor of the economy of a country. It is responsible for the day-to-day transactions like wages, paying bills, shopping. They are aided by financial institutions responsible for the monetary transactions and the financial markets which facilitate trade in cash and cash equivalents. Large Information technology (IT) systems facilitate communications and transactions among the individuals, organizations and the financial situations. The fundamental purposes of the system are to maintain financial stability and therefore a…...
BankEconomicsFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestmentLoan
The Capital Asset Pricing Model
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Pages • 4
Introduction When making investment decisions, every investor has to account for the total risk to the investment. The total risk is an aggregate of both the systematic and unsystematic risks associated within an investment (asset portfolio). The systematic risks also called the non diversifiable risks or market risks are risks caused by factors that affect the price of virtually all securities. They are the risk inherent in the entire market and include; interest rates, recessions and wars that affect the…...
Business ManagementBusiness SuccessEconomicsFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestment
The Bretton Woods System and the gold standard
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Introduction Most of the states tried to restore the gold criterion after World War I, but it had been wholly collapsed during the Great Depression in 1930s. Some economic experts said comply with the gilded criterion had prohibited pecuniary governments from increasing the money supply quickly plenty to retrieve the economic systems. Therefore, the representatives of most of the universe 's prima states met at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, in 1944 to make a new international pecuniary system. The representatives…...
FinanceFinancial MarketsGoldInternational BusinessMoney
Strategic assessment – wealth creator magazine
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Pages • 3
Alternative Courses of Action: Maintain the Status Quo and current direction of the publication as it appears to be successful and keep expanding into new states and territories. So far the magazine reaches Queensland, Victoria and New South Wales. Sell the magazine to a larger publisher whilst it is still achieving growth in a mature and declining category. There will come a point when the magazine will no longer be able to achieve growth and will experience a downturn in…...
BusinessFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestmentMagazine
Phasing out quantitative easing without causing economic instability
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Introduction A common subject that resonates among observers on the concern channels is the sloshing of liquidness around the proverbial bathing tub. While the lifting tide has lifted many boats, consensus are that the flood of hard currency from turns of quantitative moderation ( QE ) has inundated emerging markets, and raised the ghost of plus bubbles. Coordinated action by cardinal Banks to ease pecuniary policy has supported a glorious bull tally in fiscal markets since it bottomed out late…...
EconomicsFinanceFinancial MarketsMoney
Financial Instruments
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Swaps were created out of a response to the deficiencies of certain financial instruments that were prevalent up to the early 1980s. Specifically in relation to parallel and back-to-back loans, banks found that it was necessary to modify the conditions inherent in these transactions to reap maximum benefits and make them cater more closely to their individual financial needs. Swaps therefore arose out of a need remedy the shortcomings of traditional loan facilities. Evidently swaps are therefore primarily concerned with…...
BankingFinanceFinancial Markets
Finance Portfolio
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The Australian and the international shares are both shares from public companies on the stock market. The only difference between the two is the probability of risk and returns. The Australian shares have the biggest risk but it also has the biggest potential returns. The international shares have a very low level of risk because of their diversity. The only downside with it is the lower projected returns. The property market on the other hand has a return rate between…...
FinanceFinancial MarketsInvestmentMoney
Earnings Per Share
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Pages • 13
EPS Accounting Report: Development and Problems Earnings per share is the portion of a company’s profit allocated to each outstanding share of common stock. The computation of earnings per share is income minus preferred stock dividends divided by weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding at the end of the period. Earning per share is considered to be the single most important metric to determine a company’s profitability which is crucial to the decision making of potential investors…...
AccountingBusinessEconomicsFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestment
Cost of equity
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Pages • 1
Using the rates yield curve rates as at 11 / 7/08. The bond yield to maturity  will Year/bond 1 2 3 5 10 -1000 -1000 -1000 -1000 -1000 Year 1 1023 25.9 28.8 32.7 39.6 Year 2 1025.9 28.8 32.7 39.6 Year 3 1028.8 32.7 39.6 Year 4 (more…)...
EconomicsEquityFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestment
Characteristics of Financial Instruments
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Pages • 2
Financial instruments are capital arrangements that have been classified into various types depending on their attributed characteristics and structure and are easily tradable in financial markets. They are advantageous in that they allow efficient flow of capital without carrying along the actual amount of cash in the financial markets. These financial instruments will include the Demand Deposits which are amounts deposited by a person in a bank on legal agreement to withdraw upon demand without requiring any notice to be…...
BankCharacterFinancial MarketsLoan
Finance of Cedar Fair Entertainment Company
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Cedar Fair recorded revenues at $542 million on December 31, 2004 (Annual Report, 15) a 6% increase from 2003 ($510 million) and a 7% increase from 2002 ($502 million). Sales from Admission went up $17 million from 2003. Food, merchandise, and games went up $10 million and accommodations and other services went up by $4 million. Advertising Expenses totaled $34. 5 million in 2004, $30. 8 million in 2003, and $29. 9 million in 2002. (Annual Report, 20) And though…...
CompanyEntertainmentFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestment
Business Finance Portfolio
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Pages • 5
Portfolio theory is based on the notion that investors who are rational diversify their risks by taking higher risks whenever any investment is promising higher returns. Investors will choose a set of   portfolios that are efficient and consistent with their risk taking attitude. The modern portfolio theory takes investors as risk averse and hence they will not go out risking their money on assets that do not promise compensation of the same. To reduce such risks, investors by diversification of…...
BusinessFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestmentMoney
Financial Performance of Avon Products
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Pages • 1
71138781 Avon Products Financial Ratios These are the indicators of the financial performance of the company as well as its position. The ratios can also be used to calculate the trends and the performance of the company that can be used for comparison against competitors and industry trends. (more…)...
BusinessFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestmentPerformance
Investment Partners of Apex Company
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Why does Apex find AccessLine to be an attractive investment? What are the risks Basically, Apex was attracted by the new technology and the unique business model of AccessLine. And, it was at the early stage and was not invested heavily by other professional investors. The positive cash flow was an important factor that makes Apex felt confident. It means that the market actually existed and customers understand the concept of technology, reducing the entry risk. With the domain knowledge…...
BusinessCompanyFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestment
Changing Of The Banking Concept
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In the late 70's, banking wasn't a job that you went into to make a substantial amount of money. Then Lewis Ranieri came and changed the entire banking concept. Came up with a profitable rendition of the standard 30-year mortgage that most people want. With thousands of mortgages bunched together, the yield goes up, but the risk is still small because everyone will make every effort to pay their mortgage. However, thirty years later in mid 2008, the entire world…...
BankBankingFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestment
Financial Market and Institution
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A credit card is the new era money which is also called as plastic money. The credit card can be used to obtain instant cash like a debit card but in case of credit card banks lend money to the customer and change high rate of interest when the amount is not paid fully to the banks. The banks approve a certain cash limit which can be withdrawn from the credit card and also give a spending limit. This limit…...
CreditCredit CardFinancial MarketsResearch
Virtual Stock Trading Journal
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Introduction I have been into seminars about stock trading, the last time I remembered was during our JPIAN Acads fests. We have been taught on some techniques on how to do stock trading. Now, with this requirement, we can apply the things we have learned that hopefully would help us in this activity. What I expect from this requirement is that at the end of the day, I can be able to do my own real stock trading and how…...
EconomyFinancial MarketsInvestmentJournalStockStock Market
Derivatives And Risk Management
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The use of derivative or financial derivative dates back to the industrial revolution, indeed the productivity of the global economy appears to largely driven by the availability of strong financial institutions that support, Agricultural sector, Manufacture industries, Energy sector. For many years, weather derivatives has been the world's most important source of providing investment and also reduction of risk associated with financial and the business environment mostly in USA. Weather derivative are specially designed market derivative or financial instruments use…...
BusinessFinanceFinancial MarketsPriceRisk Management
Stock Price: Netflix, Aurora Cannabis, Olympus, Pfizer and Freddie Mac
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The first stock I choose is Netflix, Inc., as we all know that Netflix is a really huge company that most of American citizen will choose to watch TV show and movies from it, and it is the "world's seventh-largest internet company by revenue" as the internet shows. The reason why I purchased it is because of its fame which could ensure that there would not be a sudden fall in the market, it is a safe stock to choose…...
BusinessFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestmentPrice
Context and Key Issues The financial team at California Pizza
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Context and Key IssuesThe financial team at California Pizza Kitchen (CPK) led by CFO, Susan Collyns, were compiling the preliminary results for the second quarter. The company was about to announce a near-record quarterly profits with profits over $6 million despite the industry challenges. Their sales have increased more than 16 percent and royalties from their Kraft partnership and international franchises were up 37 percent and 21 percent respectively. Compared to other casual dining companies, the company's results were that…...
BusinessCaliforniaFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestmentPizza
Introduction of Investohind
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About the company Investohind Company was established with a vision; to base a company on strong morals and ethics. We aim to protect and enhance capital of people invested in the financial markets by hedging investments through various forms like derivatives contracts, DVR shares, LEAPS contracts, hedging contracts with contracts etc. We focus and encourage value investing rather than speculating on prices of securities, having methods which made people like warren buffett, Ramdeo aagarwal, Mohnish Pabrai charie Muger etc. We…...
BusinessCompanyFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestment
Apple Company Annual Report Analysis
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Pages • 11
The course project began with the selection of a publically traded company. Apple Inc. was chosen for this portion of the project. Apple Inc.'s business operations and the market it is a part of had to be evaluated. Apple's annual report for 2018 was used to evaluate economic value added (EVA) which is the excess of net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT) over capital costs. (Brigham, 81). The annual report was also used to evaluate Apple's free cash flow (FCF),…...
Apple IncCompanyFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestmentMoney
Corporate and Human Failure
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Corporate failure happens due to poor management, incompetence, and bad marketing strategies. The basic symptoms of corporate failure are low profitability, high gearing and low liquidity. To a large extent corporate failure is a baby of human failure as the major cause are directly related to human actions. Issues to do with mismanagement, failure to timeously adjust to technological changes, fraudulent staff complement, poorly organized board and management structure and overexpansion and diversification are caused of corporate failure and are…...
BusinessFailureFinancial MarketsHuman
Time series analysis
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Pages • 8
To prepare for the future, it is very important to look at the past to see what has occurred so that one knows what to expect in the future. Hence, time series analysis is of importance to any person who is interested in buying shares, starting a business or any other form of investment of their money. Hence, the study of cycles in important. This paper investigates the existence of the day of the week effect on the JSE TOP…...
EconomicsFinanceFinancial MarketsStock MarketTime
Stock Trading Journal: Guide to Tracking Trades
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Pages • 4
Executive Summary The use of technological manifesto for trading is one of the expansions in modern advancement. Through the arising of the internet, trading has developed a lot from direct transfers at which point trading became effortless and convenient. Virtual Stock Trading became an indicator with regards to assiduity and creativity by means of planning and constructing strategies. This journal will encourage the student to learn more about virtual stock trading. This journal will exemplify their knowledge in trading ability…...
FinanceFinancial MarketsInvestmentJournalStockTrade
A Jump-Diffusion Model for Asset Pricing
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Pricing options and other derivatives is one of the issues faced by researchers that attempt to nd alter-native method to include empirical features of actual nancial market. This report aim to expand theanalytical exibility of the previous pricing model (such as black-scholes model, Merton's Jump model).We illustrate that the double exponential jump model can generate accuracy solutions for path-dependentoptions efciently. We also compare the simulation result of three models(geometric Brownian motionmodel, Merton's Jump diffusion model and Double Exponential Jump diffusion…...
DiffusionFinancial Markets
Analysis of Mcdonald’s Performance
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Pages • 4
McDonald’s restaurants and franchises have achieved great fame and fortunes since their inception in 1954 by Ray Kroc. Kroc had no idea of how far and wide the business would reach, but he had the strong idea of opening multi location restaurant serving each and every person. Since then the business flourishes and in 1965 went to public by its initial public offering and by 1985 it had a place in Dow Jones Exchange. The menu of McDonald’s is not…...
EconomyFinancial MarketsPerformanceStock
Supervision of Financial Processes
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Pages • 2
The required rate of return is rs = 10. 1%, and the constant growth rate is g = 4. 0%. What is the current stock price? a. $23. 11b. $23. 70c. $24. 31d. $24. 93e. $25. 57e 8- Ratio analysis involves analyzing financial statements in order to appraise a firm's financial position and strength. | | | a. | True| b. | FalseA| 9- Profitability ratios show the combined effects of liquidity, asset management, and debt management on operating results.…...
Financial MarketsManagementRisk
Financial Markets Assignment
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Explain how interest rates decline following major Fed purchases of mortgage-backed securities. The FED implements quantitative easing by buying financial assets of longer maturity, e. g. , mortgage-backed securities, from commercial banks and other private institutions in order to inject a pre-determined quantity of money into the economy. This is a means of stimulating the economy and lowering longer-term interest rates further out on the yield curve; quantitative easing increases the excess reserves of the banks, and raises the prices…...
EconomicsFinancial MarketsInflationInvestmentMoneyUnemployment
Insider Trading and Martha Stewart
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Martha Stewart, homemaker turned media mogul, spent time in 2004 and 2005 in jail for illegal insider trading. While insider trading is not necessarily illegal if reported properly, more often insider trading is done in a fraudulent manner. This paper will examine insider trading and discuss the Martha Stewart case in regards to fraudulent insider trading. Insider trading is when corporate insiders such as officers, directors, or holders trade more than 10% of the corporations stocks or securities (wikipedia, 2006).…...
Charles MansonCrimeFamous PersonFinancial MarketsStock Market
Pros and Cons of Risk Management
Words • 510
Pages • 3
1.0 The pros of risk management Maintaining competitiveness Adverse changes in interest and exchange rates may reduce the competitive position of a company against those with lower levels of gearing or smaller exchange rate exposures, or compared with companies that have taken the precaution of hedging against rate changes. Reduction of bankruptcy risk Adverse movements in interest and exchange rates may jeopardize the continued operation of a company. A classic example is that of a highly geared company with a…...
FinanceFinancial MarketsInvestmentRiskRisk Management
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