Infectious Diseases Essay Examples

Essays on Infectious Diseases

Surgical Site Infection that Cause Infectious Diseases
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Surgical site infection (SSI) The incidence of post-operative infection is higher in elderly patients. Most wound infections manifest within a week of surgery. Causative agents: E.coli, Proteus, Enterococci and coagulase-negative staphylococci. Sign and symptoms: Pain /Tenderness Localized swelling Redness Purulent discharge from the incision Measures to prevent infection: Use aseptic techniques while changing the dressing. Daily change the dressing of surgical site. Check the surgical site for any redness,swelling and purulent discharge. Use sterile gauze for dressing. Wash hands. Blood…...
Statistics of Clinical Cases of Systemic Infection
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In a neonate with respiratory distress, pneumonia is diagnosed in the presence of a positive blood culture or if any two of the following are present(NNPD, 2002)13. Existing or predisposing factors: maternal fever, foul-smelling liquor, prolonged rupture of membranes or gastric polymorphs more than 5per high power field. The clinical picture of septicemia (poor feeding, lethargy, poor reflexes, hypo, hyperthermia, abdominal distension etc). X-ray picture suggestive of pneumonia. Positive sepsis screen (as for septicemia).Intramural report from NNPD (2000)31 showed that…...
Food Poisoning : Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment
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food poisoning Malak A talahObjectives 1. Know the meaning of food poisoning and its causes 2. How it happens and symptoms 3. determine Common bacteria causing food poisoning 4. Diagnosis of food poisoning 5. Preventing and TreatmentOutline 1. Introduction 2. How food is contaminated 3. symptoms 4. most common bacteria causes foodborne illnesses 5. Who gets foodborne illnesses ? 6. foodborne illnesses diagnosed 7. foodborne illnesses prevented 8. Treatment 9. conclusionIntroduction Foodborne diseases are important worldwide, resulting in considerable morbidity…...
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Transmission of HIV From Mother to Child
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Mother to child HIV transmission is the spread of HIV from a woman with HIV to a child during pregnancy, child birth or breast feeding through breast milk.The health status of mothers and children is an important indicator of the overall health and wellbeing of a country (UNITED NATIONS 2010)Acquired immune deficiency syndrome is caused by the Human immune deficiency virus type 1 (HIV1). There are two types of HIV viruses which are common in sub-Saharan Africa and throughout the…...
Leishmaniasis is a protozoan disease that second only to malaria in numbers
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Leishmaniasis is a protozoan disease that, second only to malaria in numbers of fatalities, afflicts millions of people worldwide. It mainly distributed in East Africa, South Asia, South America, and Mediterranean Region, with an estimated 1.5 to 2 million cases in each year (Torres-Guerrero, E., et. al., 2017). Leishmaniasis is caused by species of parasites of the genus Leishmania. The common forms of leishmaniasis, such as cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (ML), and post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL), visceral leishmania (VL).…...
Case Pneumonia
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Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs caused by an infection. It is also called Pneumonitis or Bronchopneumonia. Pneumonia can be a serious threat to our health. Although pneumonia is a special concern for older adults and those with chronic illnesses, it can also strike young, healthy people as well. It is a common illness that affects thousands of people each year in the Philippines, thus, it remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the country. There are…...
HIV/AIDS Pandemic in Liberia
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Incidences of HIV/AIDS cases in Liberia, from 1986 to 1997, have been recorded as follows: In 1986, two HIV cases were reported; In 1989, three persons tested positive; In 1991, fourteen cases were reported; In 1993, four persons tested for HIV; In 1994, twelve persons tested for HIV; In 1996, eighteen persons tested positive; and in 1997, 48 patients tested positive. The Ministry of Health and the National Aids Control Program (NACP) had accordingly reported in 2001 that over 100,000…...
Filariasis: Causes, Effects and Prevention
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Filariasis is a tropical disease spread through filarial worms. It is most commonly seen in the tropical areas of Africa, Asia, and Central and South America. It is believed that cases of filariasis have been around for approximately 4000 years. There are even artifacts from the ancient Egyptians depicting the disease. Filariasis is a serious condition that is usually not noticed until the adult worms die. Although the disease is usually not deadly, it can cause permanent damage to the…...
Introduction for Dengue Virus
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Dengue fever, also called dengue, is a potentially serious disease caused by a virus. There are four types of dengue virus that can cause illness in humans. Dengue viruses are transmitted between humans by the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. Dengue is rare in the U.S., but is common and a serious public health threat in warm sub-tropical and tropical areas of the world. These include areas of Central and South America, Africa, Southeast Asia, China, India, the Middle…...
The Pandemic Virus
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The virologists determined the identity of the virus causing the disease by taking blood samples from the people who were sick or who were getting sick, the n they put them under the microscope and studied them. They tracked the epidemic down by following where people were getting sick; the virologists finally followed the virus back to the ship that was carrying all the animals and the monkey. They conquered the virus by taking the serum from the host after…...
Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi And Parasites
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Identify the differences between bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites All 4 are different types of pathogens. Bacteria is a single celled organism that multiply by themselves. They lives within and on most living and nonliving things. The majority of bacteria’s are harmless and beneficial to the human body but some can cause infectious diseases. A bacterium usually affects one part of the body and doesn’t spread across or through the body. Bacterial infections are normally treated with a cause of…...
Childhood Illnesses
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2.1 There are many childhood illnesses listed below are some examples……… Croup – A child can get croup at any time of the year, although it’s more likely to occur during late autumn/ early winter. This may be because there is more are :- a sore throat, runny nose, high temp and a cough. Over a day or 2 specific symptoms of croup will develop these include a bark like cough, a horse or croaky voice, difficulty breathing ( a…...
Sexually Transmitted Dse
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What Are STDs? STDs are sexually transmitted diseases. This means they are most often -- but not exclusively -- spread by sexual intercourse. HIV, chlamydia, genital herpes, genital warts, gonorrhea, some forms of hepatitis, syphilis, and trichomoniasis are STDs. STDs used to be called venereal diseases or VD. They are among the most common contagious diseases. More than 65 million Americans have an incurable STD. Each year, 15.3 million new cases are reported; half of these infections are lifelong. *…...
Emerging Infectious Diseases
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Emerging infectious diseases are diseases that are new or changing, and are increasing, or have the potential to increase in incidence in the near future. (Pearson, Microbiology) Some important contributing factors to the development of EIDs are evolutionary changes in existing organisms, the movement of previously identified diseases to new geographic locations and populations by modern transportation, and increased human exposure to previously undocumented, uncommon infectious agents in areas of ecological growth or change. This includes previously uninhabited areas that…...
Lactobacillus Bulgaricus
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The full name of Lactobacillus Bulgaricus has been recently changed to Lactobacillus delbrueckii subspecies Bulgaricus and is the main bacteria used for the product of the original Bulgarian yoghurt known for its positive health effects. The reason this lactic bacteria is named after the country name Bulgaria is because it only lives in its natural form on the territory of Bulgaria. Any products claiming to contain Lactobacillus Bulgaricus and not manufactured in Bulgaria and very unlikely to contain the original…...
Introduction to Leptospirosis
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Leptospirosis is an infectious disease caused by a type of bacteria called a spirochete. Leptospirosis can be transmitted by many animals such as rats, skunks, opossums, raccoons, foxes, and other vermin. It is transmitted though contact with infected soil or water. The soil or water is contaminated with the waste products of an infected animal. People contract the disease by either ingesting contaminated food or water or by broken skin and mucous membrane contact with the contaminated water or soil.…...
Dengue Prevention And Control Program
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INTRODUCTION The Department of Health initiated the National Dengue Prevention and Control Program since 1993.They are aiming for reducing morbidity and mortality from dengue infection by preventing the transmission of the virus from the mosquito vector human. In line with this their mission is to improve the quality of health of Filipinos by adopting an integrated dengue control approach in the prevention and control of dengue infection. According to them there are 62,503 cases of the mosquito-borne illness have been…...
What We Need to Know About Infections
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1.1 Identify the differences between bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. Bacteria are microbes with a single cell. There is no nucleus or membrane within bacteria, making its structure simpler than that of other organisms. Instead, the genetic information is contained in a single loop of DNA. Viruses are microscopic organisms consisting of genetic material surrounded by proteins, lipids, or glycoprotein coats. Fungi can be multicellular or single celled organisms. They can be found in almost any habitat but most live…...
Does Cerumen have a risk for transmission of diseases?
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I learned in the A & P course that ear wax (or cerumen) is a waxy secretion by ceruminous gland (= modified sebaceous gland), mixed with sloughed epithelial cells, which inhibits the growth of certain bacteria due to its acidic pH. It also protects the skin of the external auditory canal by providing a waterproof layer, so, it's something beneficial to us. Sure enough, there appear to be a number of articles written to support this - "Bactericidal activity of…...
The Study of Germs
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For as long as humans have actually been on this planet, the microscopic life kinds that we call germs, or pathogens, have been here too. For all this time they have been increasing in the soil, in the water, and in our bodies. They remain in the mouth, on the skin, and even in crucial organs. However that is not always a bad thing, since human beings might not live without germs. Some germs, or "microbes" help absorb food, while…...
How Infectious Diseases Spread
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Differences between bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites Bacteria is a microorganism, most bacteria is harmless. It is found in soil, water, plants, animals and humans; it can only be seen under a microscope. Antibiotics can help treat bacterial infections. Examples of bacterial infections are TB and MRSA. Viruses live inside other living organisms. They can enter humans through the nose, mouth and breaks in the skin. Viruses can spread through bodily fluids, the air, and insects such as mosquitos. Antibiotics…...
Causes and Spread of Infection
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1.1Identify the differences between bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. Bacteria – bacteria are extremely small singular organisms which are found almost everywhere. Viruses – it is a coated genetic material that invades cells and use’s the cells apparatus for reproduction. Fungi – it is a multi-celled living organism Parasites – they are types of living plants and animals that derive benefit from the metabolism of other animals and plants. 1.2 Identify common illnesses and infections caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi…...
Dengue Fever Basic Points and Symptoms
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What is dengue Dengue is a viral infection transmitted by the bite of an infected female Aedes mosquito. Estimated 100 million cases of dengue fever occurring throughout the world annually. Virulence factors Dengue fever (Fever Dengue) Dengue haemorrhagic fever (Fever Hemorrhagic) The virus that causes dengue fever has four different serotypes DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4. These serotypes have the same genome and morphology but different antigens. Morphology and life cycle RNA viruses belong to family Flaviviridae these mosquitoes undergo…...
Investigating an Outbreak of Meningitis
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1.Describe an additional laboratory test that could be used to confirm the diagnosis of one of the patients who is not infected with meningitis. Blood and urine tests can determine certain diseases within the patients who are not affected with meningitis. Your kidneys will excrete bacteria if present in the body and your blood will show the presence of the disease. 2.Anthony still insists that he needs an antibiotic to treat his viral infection. Explain to him why an antibiotic…...
Infectious Diseases of Urinary Tract Caused by Ecoli
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Abstract: E.coli was reported as the most predominant uro-pathogen, which may be difficult to treat as they exhibit multidrug resistance and sometimes grow in biofilms. Because honey exhibits antimicrobial activities against a wide range of bacteria, this study was undertaken to study resistance pattern and biofilm formation among uropathogenic E.coli, and evaluate the use of Egyptian honey as an antibacterial agent. Uropathogenic E.coli strains were collected and susceptibility test by commercial antibiotic was performed. Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) detection was assessed…...
Dengue fever is a painful
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1.Description of the disease or condition The Dengue fever is a disease caused by a family of viruses that are transmitted by mosquitoes. Dengue is prevalent throughout the tropics and subtropics. Because dengue fever is caused by a virus, there is no specific medicine or antibiotic to treat it. For typical dengue fever, the treatment is purely concerned with relief of the symptoms. The acute phase of the illness with fever and myalgias (muscle pain) lasts about one to two…...
Causes and Spread of Infectious Diseases
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Causes of Infectious Diseases Differences between bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites Bacteria, fungi and parasites are all considered as ‘living’ things,. Bacteria are single celled microorganisms that can only been seen through a microscope, they collect their nutrition from their surrounding and unlike viruses, they do not need a living host to reproduce. Viruses are difficult to destroy because they are enclosed in a protein coating. Viruses are disease-producing agents, far smaller than bacteria. Viruses are not considered as living because they are unable to reproduce. Fungi are placed…...
An Infectious Cure
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Part 1 Questions 1. The Europeans poured have poured something into the water which sterilized the water and killed the toxins that become disruptive in the digestive system when they are consumed. They Europeans may have poured what are called oral rehydration salts into the well, which quickly works are combatting the cholera, and will prevent further outbreaks from occurring. 2. Ethical issues that are raised by pouring the treatment into the wells without the consent of others is that…...
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FAQ about Infectious Diseases

What We Need to Know About Infections
...A way in which infective agents can be transmitted to a person is by direct physical contact, for example by touching an infected person. Another way an infective agent may be transmitted to another person is through droplet contact. This happens by ...
How Infectious Diseases Spread
...•Infections are when bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi enter the body and multiply, evading the body’s immune system. Infections can then cause illness, signs of infection are fever, pain, swelling, runny nose, sore throat, and rashes. •Co...
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