Cloning Essay Examples

Essays on Cloning

There are many different opinions on cloning and whether cloning is ethical or not. Cloning has been banned in multiple countries and American states. Many people have successfully made a clone of mammals, but never a human, and researchers are saying it may not be long until a human is cloned.

Disadvantages of Human Cloning
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Nowadays, Clone is a word that is heard throughout the world, especially the United States. Scientists have discovered a way to bring back extinct animals. Many people dream to extend a life time for their loves one and to be able to express their hidden feelings in their mind after their loved one has disappeared from their life. The idea that humans might someday be cloned in the future, but there is some scientific concern about cloning that may change…...
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Ethical Concerns on the Use of Animals for Cloning
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Abstract Medical research dating back to more than a century, with the accredited advances made in the development of drugs and treatments, involved to a great extent the use of animals. Currently, there are several alternatives to animal testing such as in vitro cell culture, microdosing, in silico computer simulation and non-invasive imaging technique. However, some emerging studies in the field of Medical Science are still utilizing animal models in research. This paper focuses on the concepts of xenotransplantation, cloning…...
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An Inside Look at Equine Cloning
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Abstract Equine cloning has been a major topic in the equine industry for the last sixteen years when the World’s first cloned Equus caballus (horse) was born in 2003. In the last twenty-two years, the first ever cloned animal was of “Dolly” the Ovis aries (sheep), which was born in 1996 at the Roslin Institute in Scotland. In recent years, cloned quarter and thoroughbred horses have been banned from equine associations such as the American Quarter Horse Association which has…...
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Ethical Issues of Human Cloning
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Cloning is the process of generating a genetically identical copy of a cell or an organism, which many scientists have not yet figured out how to do so. Over the years, cloning has become a worldwide controversy on whether it should be allowed or not. People would disagree saying that cloning goes against religious critics, “It’s like a man becoming creator”. Other people would agree by saying that, “It could cure some disorders”. I would disagree with cloning for many…...
BioethicsBiologyBiomedicineCloningDisadvantages Of ScienceEthical Issues In Healthcare
The Ethical Implications of Human Cloning
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The cloning of animals has been occurring from many years now in the advancement of time, the concept of human reproductive cloning has become a reality as with the breakthrough of biotechnology. Human reproductive cloning is a creation of an individual by nuclear transfer from existing human being to unnucleated ovum of another mammal that give rise to identical individual naturally or artificially. The child has born by this process that comes under new category of human being that is…...
BiologyCloningDisadvantages Of ScienceGeneticsHeredityNever Let Me Go
Ethical and Policy Issues of Human Cloning
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Human cloning refers to creating an exact genetic copy of a person. Cloning is first discovered by many people in 1996 when Dolly the sheep is cloned by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). And that’s when exchange of views behind the idea of human cloning became an issue that causes many controversies including the positive effect of cloning but as well as the possible danger behind it and the moral problems it may cause, which resulted in human cloning to…...
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The fact of cloning
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But it can be argued that cloning is unnatural as, certain types of cloning, such as cloning for medical needs may be questioned. People may believe that there are some ethnical issues or dilemma's involved, causing some to protest. These different views cause arguments to vary to either one side or the other. However many argue that cloning is unnatural, and it should not be done, as some clones are just produced for the embryonic stem cells. Many religious people…...
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Send In The Clones
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Introduction It is hard to say if cloning is an answer to a problem or just another problem for the human race. There have been books, movies, and even stories about mankind creating their own species of humans. A good example of what could happen if mankind learns to clone itself is Mary Shelly’s’ Frankenstein. A classic novel demonstrating what could happen when mankind takes the power of “God” in our own hands. Cloning is physically a new science but…...
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Pros and Cons of Cloning
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There are good reasons to be cloned and then there are bad reasons. In this article they give both examples. For pros, if organs can be cloned then when someone needs a replacement then can get a clone from either their clone or someone else’s. Cloning can also help make a person the way you want it to be, or a man-made living being! Cloning can also help us identify the persons genes and use the clones for science without…...
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The Ethics and Science of Cloning: Where to Draw the Line
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In theory, human cloning might seem appealing, but actual reproductive cloning could be disastrous. Compared to reproductive cloning therapeutic cloning seems less controversial. To me, however, I am not clear either is ethical. I do agree with a political cartoon by Kirk Anderson, which depicts the issue at hand as a runaway train. Genetic technology really is like a runaway train going too fast for people to jump on easily. To understand the ethicality of cloning we must understand the…...
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Cloning in Plants & Animals
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Cloning has been going on in the natural world for thousands of years. A clone is simply one living thing made from another, leading to two organisms with the same set of genes. In that sense, identical twins are clones, because they have identical DNA. Sometimes, plants are self-pollinated, producing seeds and eventually more plants with the same genetic code. Some forests are made entirely of trees originating from one single plant; the original tree spread its roots, which later…...
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Does cloning benefit or endanger society?
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Cloning has quickly become one of the most contentious issues in modern society, along with other issues like abortion, homosexuality and euthanasia. Due to the conflicted teachings and ideologies of many people in the world, there is no general consensus about cloning. Some people feel that it could benefit humans (through cures, through solving infertility and through knowledge), while others feel it could endanger humans and is a bad thing (due to ethical issues and due to being unaware of…...
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Creating Clones
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Creating clones or not has been big topic ever since researchers figure out they could do it. Cloning is process of producing identical copies of living things from organs. Since technology is expanding so fast I would not be surprised if researchers started creating clones and let them out in world like normal human being. The idea of creating cloning started from creating artificial organs for humans who were not born with it or had lost their organs by accident.…...
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A dystopian novel functions as a median to contrast between
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A dystopian novel functions as a median to contrast between reality and the dystopian world created. Both, Where Late the Sweet Birds Sang by Kate Wilhelm and Brave New World by Aldous Huxley serve to provide sharp contrast to modern society by offering grim, oppressive, post-apocalyptic societies with the hope of avoiding such futures. Through the creation of an imagined futuristic world, the author makes use of various dystopian elements to differentiate with a utopian world. These hypothetical dystopian societies…...
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Ideas about Cloning Essay
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Modern life confronts us with ever new problems. They appear because our society and science do not stand still; they develop and become more complicated. Many of the studies and discoveries that are being made today in the fields of human genetics are truly revolutionary. Such discoveries include the creation of the so-called human genome map, or pathological anatomy of the human genome. This essay will be dealing with the unexpected ethical aspects of cloning. Cloning has both supporters and…...
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The Perfect Copy (Unraveling the Cloning Debate) by Nicholas Agar
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Nicholas Agar is a professor of ethics and a senior lecturer at Victoria University of Wellington (VUW). Agar has an MA from VUW and a PhD from the Australian National University. He has been teaching at VUW since 1996. He has been known as an expert writer particularly in the field of genetics and ethics. In his book The Perfect Copy: Unraveling The Cloning Debate, he attempts to unravels the science and the ethics of cloning and proposes ideas on…...
CloningNever Let Me Go
Therapeutic Cloning
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Introduction             Cloning is the practice of creating a genetically the same copy of an original creature. And although it seems like twentieth-century idea, cloning is actually a part of natural processes, and had taken place many decades before though it was attainable. Since a variant of the cloning process plays such a large role in stem therapies, it’s worth taking a look at how cloning processes work (Cohen, 2002).             Most public attention has been focused on the area…...
Cloning
The Pros of Therapeutic Cloning
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Are you for or against human cloning? Before you answer this pertinent question, picture this. A loved one who is very dear to you is diagnosed with a serious disease such as muscular dystrophy, Parkinson’s disease, or even diabetes. If they could be treated, cured or have their life saved by stem cells or the results of cloning research, would that change your answer? Cloning can be defined as creating “an identical copy of a plant or animal from the…...
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Should Human Cloning Be Allowed?
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Cloning in general has been a rising debated issue across the globe since before Dolly the sheep was cloned in 1996.The success of being able to clone animal brought scientists to wonder about a more challenging task, cloning humans. This challenging task is morally wrong and should not be stood for. However, some people seem not to realize the negative aspects that cloning would bring into a world which is already nuisance. We cannot deny that cloning may help in…...
CloningHumanSheep
Great Invention in Scientific History – Cloning
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Starting with the first animal that was cloned through reproductive cloning. Reproductive cloning starts off with having a sex cell from a living creature's body, then removing the nucleus, and taking the nucleus of a somatic cell and putting it into the cell sex cell without a nucleus. This creates a cloned cell, like what happened to Dolly the sheep which was the first animal that was successful in the process of reproductive cloning. I believe that this was a…...
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Frankenstein and Human Cloning
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What is life? What defines a person? Do you believe humans should have the right to create life? Are there any consequences? In 1831 Mary Shelly wrote Frankenstein or; The Modern Prometheus, a magnificent depiction of a man taking up God’s role of creator of life. Victor wanted to achieve biological immortality. Yet, within the instance of success Victor outright rejected his creation as “monstrous”, a unit for being unworthy of human life. In this paper, I argue that Frankenstein…...
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Reasons Why Cloning is Unethical
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From the day that ‘Dolly the sheep’ made it to the headline news, the controversy regarding her existence has never ceased. It is quite amazing, how the issues surrounding a sheep could create such a great divide on public opinion, stir up much debate in scientific halls, and whose implications caused a dilemma that reached a magnitude which needed a presidential decision. Needless to say, the debate did not concern agriculture or animal rights, but on how she came to…...
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Against Human Cloning- Argumentative
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Cloning in general has been a rising debate across the globe since before Dolly the sheep was cloned in 1996. The success of being able to clone an animal brought scientists to wonder about a more challenging task, cloning humans. This consideration is morally wrong and should not be stood for. Some people seem not to realize the negative aspects that cloning would bring into a world which is already suffering. Religious standpoints, the growth of the population, and each…...
CloningHuman
The advantages and disadvantages of cloning
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The creation of an identical copy of something is the process of cloning. It is simply a form of asexual reproduction. Cloning is a big issue in todays world of science because of the potential benefits, the risks involved, and medical, ethical and religious conflicts. Plants and animals have already been cloned and stem cell research is already going ahead, and maybe one day science will be able to clone a human. The division of opinion on cloning will require…...
Cloning
Cloning in The Adoration Of Jenna Fox
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The Adoration Of Jenna Fox relates to real life because of meeting new people, feelings and also as the Kirkus Reviews said – “Outstanding examination of identity, science and ethics. Reason reveal the truth layer by layer, maintain taut suspense and psychological realism as she probes philosophical notions of personhood.” Protective parents, Jenna had very protective ones but for a reason, In the book Jenna almost dies and get cloned with “bio gel” to make a new body that she…...
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Human Cloning
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Introduction: The possibility of human cloning, raised when Scottish scientists at Roslin Institute created the much-celebrated sheep "Dolly", aroused worldwide interest and concern because of its scientific and ethical implications. The feat, cited by Science magazine as the breakthrough of 1997, also generated uncertainty over the meaning of "cloning" --an umbrella term traditionally used by scientists to describe different processes for duplicating biological material. Given this information, you may ask, or maybe right now, you are wondering what actually “cloning”…...
CloningHumanSheep
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Cloning Process

“Cloning describes the process used to create an exact genetic replica of another cell, tissue or organism,” according to MedlinePlus. The clone is the copied material, which has the same genetic built as the original. The gene is the basic unit of genetic material.

The genetic instructions inside the living cell are called deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA. Researchers have cloned whole organisms and biological materials. Researchers use different kinds of techniques to make gene copies. The procedure starts with inserting a gene from a certain organism, this is called “foreign DNA” into genetic material or a carrier, called the vector. A vector could be something like a bacteria cell or virus. Once the gene has been inserted, it is placed in laboratory conditions, which causes it to multiply. This results in the gene being copied many times over. There are three different kinds of artificial cloning; gene cloning, reproductive cloning, and therapeutic cloning.

Gene Cloning

Gene cloning, or DNA cloning, is very different from reproductive and therapeutic cloning. Gene cloning produces the copies or sections of DNA. Reproductive cloning creates copies of whole animals or humans. Therapeutic cloning produces embryonic stem cells for experiments targeted towards creating tissues to replace injured or diseased tissues, according to the National Humans Research Genome Research Institute. Reproductive and therapeutic cloning are used for different purposes, but share a lot of techniques. The first mammal was cloned in 1997 which led many people to think it wouldn’t be long until scientist would be able to clone humans. Immediately after, a council on bioethics and an emergency report both published reports claiming that the technology was unsafe and dangerous, and that it should be banned, even for scientific research. There is currently no information on anyone successfully cloning a human embryo, but there have been many claims that a human has been cloned, but no evidence of it.

Cloning Humans

Cloning humans are actually much more difficult than cloning mammals. This is because two proteins called spindle proteins, that are essential to cell division, are located very close to the chromosome in primate eggs. Because of this, the removal of the egg’s nucleus to make room for the donor nucleus, also removes the spindle proteins, interfering with cell division. In other mammals, the two spindle fibers are more spread out and not located as close to the chromosomes. So during removal of the egg’s nucleus, there is no loss of spindle fibers. There are many pros and cons to cloning humans. A pro to cloning humans would be that it could eliminate defective genes. When humans reproduce there is an increase in damage to their DNA lines, which creates defective and mutated genes. These genes could be terminated by cloning healthy human cells.

Usage of Cloning

Another pro is that cloning technology can potentially cure some disorders. This can be done by replacing damaged tissues or organs within the body because the transplanting process could become much simpler. Along with cloning humans, there are also many cons, one major example is that it interferes with nature. Another con of cloning humans is that it could easily decrease the value of human life significantly and cloning humans operates against many religious ethics. A group of animals that have vertebrates, higher animals, consist of billions of cells. Almost all of these cells have a nucleus, which contains genetic information in the form of DNA. The information is the exact same for every cell in the animal. Scientists use the Nuclear Transfer technique to clone animals. Scientists start by removing the nucleus from a cell, this nucleus is called the donor nucleus. Scientists then put the donor nucleus into an egg cell from the species whose nucleus has been destroyed. The egg cell now has a new nucleus and the same genetic makeup as the donor animal. Once the egg has a new nucleus, the cell must be activated to create the embryo. An embryo is a mass of cells that can grow into a fully formed organism, according to World Book Student. To activate the cell, scientists normally give the cell a small electric shock.

Next the DNA of the donor egg must be reprogrammed by the egg. When scientist reprogram the DNA, they are activating part of the DNA not active in the parent cell. This allows the cell to develop into an entire organism instead of just a copy of the donor cell. Scientists do not fully understand how the egg can reprogram such like this, yet programming techniques like these have a very high failure rate. These experiments often result in the death of the cloned embryo and sometimes scientists even place the cloned embryo into the womb of a substitute mother, who carries the clone until birth. Scientist were already cloning amphibians in the 50’s such as frogs and salamanders. The first mammal cloned was in 1996 by a British team led by Ian Wilmut. It was a sheep named Dolly. Since this sheep was cloned, many other countries have used similar techniques to clone mice, cats, and cows. Some cons to cloning animals are that cloning animals have a very low success rate, actually, 95% of cloning attempts end in failure. Cloning attempts also have a high rate of many birth defects or illnesses.

Cloning is also the least reliable way of reproduction and another con is that cloning is very, very expensive. Along with cons, there are a couple pros to cloning animals. One would be that it would help to restore species that are going extinct, which could help certain ecosystems survive longer, but this would majorly affect “the circle of life”. There are many ethnic concerns to cloning animals and humans and for many different reasons. Cloning experiments have given scientists a lot of information on biological processes, that could be used to develop treatments for many diseases.

Scientists have still not perfected a technique used to clone mammals, and still, find it difficult to consistently produce healthy clones. Most cloned embryos do not even make it to birth, and cloned animals have a much higher chance of being born with birth defects than naturally produced animals. Cloning is the process of making an exact copy of someone or something. There are three different kinds of cloning, gene cloning, reproductive cloning, and therapeutic cloning. Cloning a human embryo has been attempted at many time but never successfully. Many pros and cons to both forms of cloning prove that cloning can be taken as ethical or unethical, depending on Geib, Claudia.

References

  1. “We’re Getting Closer to Cloning Humans. Here’s What’s Stopping Us.” Futurism, Futurism, 16 Apr. 2018, futurism.com/human-cloning-whats-stopping.
  2. “Cloning Fact Sheet.” National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), 21 Mar. 2017, www.genome.gov/25020028/cloning-fact-sheet/.
  3. Seidel, George E., Jr. ‘Cloning.’ World Book Student, World Book, 2018, www.worldbookonline.com/student-new/#/article/home/ar 119610. Accessed 15 Oct. 2018. What Is Cloning, learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/cloning/whatiscloning/.
  4. Office of the Commissioner. “Consumer Updates – Animal Cloning and Food Safety.” U S Food and Drug Administration Home Page, Office of the Commissioner, www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm148768.htm.

FAQ about Cloning

The Ethics and Science of Cloning: Where to Draw the Line
...To sum up we should not make a decision to clone until the train slows down and we have a chance to be the engineers on a track we want to be on. Until then we just need to wait and see. And scientifically speaking, the cloning technology could be am...
Reasons Why Cloning is Unethical
...2008 <Accessed at http://www. aph. gov. au/house/committe/LACA/humancloning/sub234. pdf 3. “Cloning”. Ethical Issues in Biology. Retrieved 20 Nov. 2008 <Accessed at http://itech. pjc. edu/jwooters/eth_issue/ei_notes. htm> 4. Supreme Cour...

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