Stem Cells Research Essay Examples

Essays on Stem Cells Research

The human body is made up of more than 200 types of cells (Faulkner & Madeddu, 2012). Each cell has its own size and shape for the job that is intended for. Cells enable you to wiggle your fingers and form tissues that allow organs to grow. We need these cells to survive. There is a purpose for every cell in our body and that purpose can be shared with others. Stem cells can become bone, muscle, and other types of cells, but can stem cells help our brothers and sisters fight the leading cause of suicide, mental illness? Do the risks outweigh the benefits?

Stem cells are defined as an undifferentiated cell of an organism that is capable of giving rise to more cells of the same type (Faulkner & Madeddu, 2012). ‘Stem cells are like little kids who, when they grow up, can enter a variety of professions. A child might become a fireman, a doctor or a plumber, depending on the influences in their life — or environment. In the same way, these stem cells can become many tissues by making certain changes in their environment’ (Contributors, 2018, p. 5). There are three main types of stem cells: embryonic stem cells (ESCs), adult stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) (Faulkner & Madeddu, 2012). But it is not that simple. There are also five types of stem cells by ‘Differentiation Potential”, which means what the cells can turn into, based on where they are from (Faulkner & Madeddu, 2012). There are some that are more powerful than others, differing in the range of cell types.

Embryonic stems cells are able to give rise to any other cells in the body, being why they have the most potential of any other stem cell. Adult and iPSCs are not able to differentiate as the embryonic cell can. Stem cells have the ability to turn into other types of cells which can be useful for treating and understanding diseases, one being mental illness.

Stem cell therapy can cause a breakthrough in the medical field providing
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Stem cell therapy can cause a breakthrough in the medical field providing Regenerative medicine, regenerate a stem cell pancreas for diabetics and hope for a new start in curing some possible diseases. There have been studies showing how well stem cell therapy is treating people well in their bodies. stem cells as biological cells have a unique capacity to renew itself (self- renew) to produce more stem cells or to give rise to specialized cell types. Different types of stem…...
HealthStem Cells ResearchTherapy
Pros And Cons Of Stem Cell
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Stem cell the new frontier of medical break through poses an important ethical dilemma for humanity do we support the destruction of embryos to further science or do we support the protection of embryos. We are faced with a critical decision to protect embryos from being a part of a science experiment or do we think that it is ethical to kill a few embryos in the name of science. I will discuss the pros and cons of stem cell…...
HumanStem Cells Research
Utilitarianism and Genetic Engineering
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In the past thirty years, humans are witnessing a huge revolution in the genetic engineering industry. Having identified most of the Human Genome, gene sequencing has become programmed and extremely fast, and laboratory techniques in molecular biology allow for in-vitro fertilization and transfer of genetic material. Gene therapy and repair based on stem cells research allows for replacement of a defected allele in the DNA, and even a whole damaged tissue in the patient. In general, it is accurate to…...
Genetic EngineeringGeneticsStem Cells ResearchUtilitarianism
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Gram Staining
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The Gram stain is an useful stain for recognizing and categorizing germs. The Gram stain is a differential stain that enables you to classify germs as either gram positive or gram unfavorable. This gram stain technique was discovered by Hans Christina Gram in 1884. The gram stain procedure separates all bacteria into one of two groups - into gram-negative germs which do not stain purple and into gram-positive cells which does stain purple. Bacteria that decolorize quickly are called gram-negative,…...
BacteriaBiologyCell TheoryMedical ScienceResearchScience
Stem Cell Research Outline
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1.Introduction to Stem Cells A)Stems cells have are those that have 3 general properties: they are capable of dividing and renewing themselves for long periods, are unspecialized, and can regenerate into other specialized cells B)Essentially cells that have not yet decided what type of adult cell they will become C)One stem cell has the ability to self-renew and make 2 new stem cells D)This characteristic allows scientists to manipulate the properties of the cells to coax them into becoming whatever…...
Stem Cells Research
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: The Basic
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1. Dunchenne muscular dystrophy is a genetic disorder due to progressive weakness and degeneration of muscle cells over time, discovered by Guillaume Duchenne. 2. What you may notice under microscopic view is a mass majority of adipose tissue, rapid growth of Endomysium connective tissue, and deterioration of muscle cells 3. Being diagnosed with the disease would show pelvic muscle being effected first. Early signs of muscular dystrophy would be fatigue or weakness in the gluteal area. 4. James claves were…...
DiseaseMuscleStem Cells ResearchSteroidsWeakness
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Stem Cell Research

In the late 1990s stem cell research was seen as a cure for many diseases. These stem cells were allowing the human body to repair itself, but with many setbacks, came as many breakthroughs. Our father’s heart muscles could be repaired with stem cells, as could the young lady with a spinal cord injury. The possibilities are endless. But with hope, comes doubt. Like Feynman states, ‘It is not unreasonable that we grapple with problems. Our responsibility is to do what we can, learn what we can, improve the solutions and pass them on” (Jacobus, 2017). This is exactly what stem cell research continues to do. Learn from what works and build from what is leaned.

The brain contains approximately 1,000 types of nerve cells (Brookshire, 2017), mostly formed during the fetal period. Nerve cells are formed in various places in the brain and during specific periods during development. Dopamine is a chemical in our brain that sends messages between brain cells. It plays a role in how we move, how we eat, how we learn, and even whether we are depressed. Parkinson’s disease is caused by the degeneration and death of dopamine-producing cells in the midbrain, which leads to severe motor difficulties (Brookshire, 2017). There is now hope that it will be possible to treat the disease by transplanting newly produced dopamine cells. Scientists have now created similar methods for production of cell types for other neurological disorders (Brookshire, 2017), such as ALS, MS and depression.

In The Allegory of the Cave, prisoners have lived chained to the wall of a dark cave their entire lives. Every day, these people in the caves watched shadows projected on a blank wall (Oshin, 2018). For them, these shadows are real and they shape their entire reality. Now picture that one of the prisoners leave the cave and walks outside into the sunshine. For the first time in his life, he is seeing the sunshine and light. He can now finally see the “true” forms, shapes and reality of the shadows he thought were real. In this Allegory, Socrates asks, what would he think of his friends back in the cave? He would probably feel sorry for them and their failure to see what he sees. But, if he went back to the cave and told them about what he saw, they would probably laugh at him and think he was crazy. Plato’s Allegory of the Cave explores the tension between the imagined reality that we think is “real” (shadows) versus the reality that is the “truth” (outside the cave), which is similar to a person with mental illness (Jacobus, 2017).

Mental illness is often hidden inside an individual and what is ‘real’ is not always evident. Plato suggests that humans are largely bound by fundamental limitations in the way we see the world (Oshin, 2018). What we perceive as truth is merely a facsimile—not altogether false, but a clouded and incomplete representation of reality (Oshin, 2018). The ideas explained by Pluto are closely connected with that of mental illness. We are not necessary able to see what mental illness is and how it looks like we can with someone’s cough or skin cancer.

Mental illness problems are not associated with being lazy or weak, but natural factors such as genes, physical illness or injury. Treatment for mental health problems vary as do the individuals. One treatment may work for some, but not for all. Stem Cell research continues with the use of Organoids, which are the tissue cultures that are derived from stem cells (Levinsohn, 2018). Researchers are making new discoveries every day by studying a model in an approach to develop a stem cell that could resemble neurotransmitters, which help nerve cells in the brain communicate with each other (Vadodaria, Amatya, Marchetto, & Gage, 2018). Animal models, that closely resemble that of a human, are showing positive results with the placement of stems cells inside the animal brains. This gives many scientists hope that one day mental illness could be managed or better yet, cured.

Victims to Stem Sell Research

With the many lives that are saved or altered each day because of stem cells, we must remember the sacrifices and ethical dilemmas that are associated with the advancement. One of the most vocal organizations against stem cells, Right to Life, is opposed to research which destroys a developing human being. When stem cells are removed from human embryos, a unique individual dies (Lo & Parham, 2009). Right to Life advocates are pushing for alternatives to human embryos, with the use of adult stems cells.

Although adult stem cells are thought to be less useful, they are changing lives. Ethical issues need to be discussed to make sure that stem cell research is carried out in a moral manner. The protection of the donor is important to reduce the risk of unwanted harassment by those opposed to the research (RTL). With the breakthrough of iPSCs, there may be less of a need for human embryos in research. But with that being said, there is no federal regulation banning stem cell research in the United States. Certain regulations are placed on funding and how the money is used, in addition to individual states banning the use of embryos for research (Lo & Parham, 2009). The gain must out way the risk and many have fought hard to keep stem cell at bay.

Natural Selection

Diseases are said to be that of an abnormal cell and where things go wrong, we want to fix them. The ability to renew, differentiate and specialize is nothing less that miraculous. Darwin believed with natural selection that only the organisms best adapted to their environment tend to survive and transmit their genetic characters in increasing numbers and those less adapted tend to be eliminated (Jacobus, 2017). Stem cells seem to be Darwinian-like leading to conclusion that scientists long ago had a unique perspective on the future. It is quite possible that mental health problems may be a form of natural selection, making a strong case for use of stems cells to cure this deadly disease.

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