Stem Cells Research Essay Examples

Stem Cells Research - Essay Examples and Topic Ideas

The human body is made up of more than 200 types of cells (Faulkner & Madeddu, 2012). Each cell has its own size and shape for the job that is intended for. Cells enable you to wiggle your fingers and form tissues that allow organs to grow. We need these cells to survive. There is a purpose for every cell in our body and that purpose can be shared with others. Stem cells can become bone, muscle, and other types of cells, but can stem cells help our brothers and sisters fight the leading cause of suicide, mental illness? Do the risks outweigh the benefits?

Stem cells are defined as an undifferentiated cell of an organism that is capable of giving rise to more cells of the same type (Faulkner & Madeddu, 2012). ‘Stem cells are like little kids who, when they grow up, can enter a variety of professions. A child might become a fireman, a doctor or a plumber, depending on the influences in their life — or environment. In the same way, these stem cells can become many tissues by making certain changes in their environment’ (Contributors, 2018, p. 5). There are three main types of stem cells: embryonic stem cells (ESCs), adult stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) (Faulkner & Madeddu, 2012). But it is not that simple. There are also five types of stem cells by ‘Differentiation Potential”, which means what the cells can turn into, based on where they are from (Faulkner & Madeddu, 2012). There are some that are more powerful than others, differing in the range of cell types.

Embryonic stems cells are able to give rise to any other cells in the body, being why they have the most potential of any other stem cell. Adult and iPSCs are not able to differentiate as the embryonic cell can. Stem cells have the ability to turn into other types of cells which can be useful for treating and understanding diseases, one being mental illness.

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