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Victorian Era Essay Examples

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The Importance of Being Earnest: A tale of Victorian mockery

"Every word and every part of an individual was expected to be in accordance with the rigid ethical and habits rules, and each, even the smallest discrepancy from the rule was considered an offense which made the delinquent openly disgraced. Even literature and art had its cannons which were to be appreciated" (Mathews, 2009). In Oscar Wilde's satirical funny, The Value of Being Earnest, Victorian hypocrisy is presented within the lines of the play as it unfolds a story about…...

Is the Importance of Being Earnest a Satirical Play?

With the definition of a satire being, ‘the use of humour, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people’s stupidity’, it is ludicrous to even propose that The Importance of Being Earnest is anything other than a satirical play, as the characters relishing in the upper class of the Victorian period unknowingly mock their own habits acquired to them due to the luxury they are spoilt with. Despite this, it is evident that the use of satire is feckless…...

Phileas Fogg in Books, Cinema and on TV

Phileas Fogg is the main character in the 1873 Jules Verne novel Around the World in Eighty Days. Fogg attempts to circumnavigate the late Victorian world in 80 days or less, for a wager of £20,000 with members of London's Reform Club. He takes the wager and leaves with servant Passepartout, vowing to return by 8:45 pm on Saturday 21 December 1872. Under suspicion of robbing the Bank of England, he is followed by a detective named Fix. Fogg has…...

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Fact and Fancy in Hard Times

Discuss the significance of Fact and Fancy in Hard Times with particular reference to Dickens’ presentation of the worlds of Sleary’s circus and Coketown. You should focus closely on techniques used and effects created and how both of these things shape our response, as readers, to the text. Dickens uses a range of techniques to present the idea of the importance of and contrast between Fact and Fancy, such as the settings of the contrasting ‘worlds’ in the novel, imagery,…...

Charles Dickens and the Victorian Era

The writer Charles Dickens created some of the most memorable fictional stories and is generally regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian period. He managed to represent features that were characteristic of this period. A clear example of this is 'The Signalman'' which was written by the author in 1865 and was based on a signalman who worked with the steam trains. There are two aspects of this work that portray the Victorian period. One distinctive aspect is the…...

The Lotos Eaters and Choric Song Poems

Within The Lotos Eaters and Choric Song, Tennyson portrays a life complimentary from toil, where the mariners remain in a consistent dream-like state. The mariners resolve to stop wandering the seas, and settle in the tranquil, carefree world. Contrastingly, Ulysses wishes to continue exploring the world and wishes for more adventure. Ulysses would think about unwinding as a waste of time, he constantly needs a new obstacle so he can be assured that his reputation is still intact. Tennyson supplies…...

Victorian Era Compromise

It was a complex and contradictory era: it was the age of progress, stability, great social reforms but it was also charactersised by poverty, injustice and social unrest. The Victorians promoted a code of values that reflect the world as they wantede it to be, not as it really was, based on personal duty, hard work, respectability and charity. In thi periods was very important to work hard for improve the society. The idea of respectability distinguished the middle from…...

Gender Roles In The importance of Being Earnest

In The Importance of Being Earnest, the question of each gender’s role in society often centers on power. In the Victorian world men had greater influence than women. Men made the decisions for their families, while women worked around the house. Wilde raises interesting questions about gender roles in The Importance of Being Earnest, by putting women (like Lady Bracknell) in positions of power and by showing that men can be irresponsible and bad at Decision-making The traditional view of…...

Contrast essay on Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

The duality of mankind, or the belief that the human mind is made up of a good and evil part, has always been a matter of great interest for many philosophers, psychologists and writers. Robert Louis Stevenson's Dr Jekyll and Mr.Hyde is a unavoidable classic on the subject; for its portrayal of both nature in the persons of Hyde and Jekyll is efficiently drawn in the symbolic descriptions, and the significant critic that is made through the novel, which is…...

The Importance of Being Earnest: Use of Satire

Satire is defined to be the use of humor to ridicule faults and vices. The Importance of Being Earnest written by Oscar Wilde is a social satire, using irony and paradoxes to insinuate the problems and faults found in the Victorian society. The Importance of Being Earnest is set in the late Victorian Era during a social reform. The class system was defined by the animosity between classes, the upper class treating the lower class with disdain and disgust. The…...

Dramatic Monologue as a Type of Poetry

The Dramatic Monologue is a type of a lyric poem. It was developed in the Victorian period. Robert Browning is said to have perfected the Dramatic Monologue, with poems such as My Last Duchess, and Soliloquy of a Spanish Cloister. As its name states, it is a monologue, hence it is a speech uttered by a single person. In its fullest form, the dramatic monologue has three salient features Firstly, a single person who is patently not the poet, utters…...

Jane Eyre and Bertha Mason from "Jane Eyre"

I bent forward: first surprise, then bewilderment, came over methis was not Sophie, it was not Leah The shape standing before me had never crossed my eyes within the precincts of Thornfield Hall beforeIts seemed, sir, a woman, tall and largeIt was a discoloured face—it was a savage face. I wish I could forget the roll of the red eyesthe lips were swelled and darkShall I tell you of what it reminded me? ...the vampire. If a person were to…...

Middle Class Morality in Pygmalion

Pygmalion is a brilliant play written by Bernard Shaw that gives us an idea of the value in the Victorian era through the witty and rousing lines of his characters. The message Shaw tried to limn through his genius work is vividly drawn and is dearly ambiguous to anyone who is paying attention. In Pygmalion, Shaw focused his theme on the Victorian decorum of the contemporary society, which is named in many parts of Mr. Doolittle's speech in the play…...

The Victorian Elements in Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte

The Victorian Era, in which Brontё composed Wuthering Heights, receives its name from the reign of Queen Victoria of England. The era was a great age of the English novel, which was the ideal form to descibe contemporary life and to entertain the middle class. Emily, born in 1818, lived in a household in the countryside in Yorkshire, locates her fiction in the worlds she knows personally. In addition, she makes the novel even more personal by reflecting her own…...

Dover Beach - Analysis

The Victorian period witnessed the tumultuous shock of Darwin and Lamarck’s scientific postulates which shook the strong foundations of the Christian world and put to doubt its revered theological dictates, plunging humanity into an abyss of disbelief and desperation without the anchorage of spiritual trust and conviction. It is at this juncture the poet Matthew Arnold communicates his religious dilemma and personal conflict of belief versus doubt through a beautiful analogy of the description of the Sea at Dover Beach.…...

Poetry of William Shakespeare and Elizabeth Browning

Elizabeth Barrett Browning composed Sonnet 43 throughout the prime of the Victorian Period, which lasted the duration of Queen Victoria's throne between 1832 and 1901. Like a few of the works throughout the Victorian duration, Sonnet 43 was a reflective piece about the love of her life, Robert Browning. Elizabeth Browning showed this reflection by addressing her own posing question, "How do I enjoy thee?" William Shakespeare's Sonnet 30 however, was written throughout the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, between…...

A Poem Cousin Kate by Christina Rossetti

This Victorian poem is about the narrator (a fallen woman), the Lord and Kate. It is a ballad which tells the story from the narrator’s perspective about being shunned by society after her ‘experiences’ with the lord. The poem’s female speaker recalls her contentment in her humble surroundings until the local ‘Lord of the Manor’ took her to be his lover. He discarded her when she became pregnant and his affections turned to another village girl, Kate, whom he then…...

Satire in the Importance of Being Earnest

Making use of funny assists bring books, movies and plays to life. In some cases, it is even written around the idea of comedy itself. The play Importance of Being Earnest written by Oscar Wilde slams the element of the stylish life in the Victorian period by teasing them with a term called satire. In the play, Wilde artistically utilizes three various kinds of paradox. These being: verbal, significant and situational forms of paradox. Each type of irony is utilized…...

Tess of the D’urbervilles Novel Reading and Analysis

The text under analysis is a novel entitled "Tess of the D'urbervilles". It comes from the belles letters style,sub-style is emotive prose. It has the functions of this design: Authentic imagery accomplished by meaningful gadgets. The usage of words in contextual and more than one dictionary least affected by the lexical environment Strange individual selection of vocabulary and syntax showing individual examination of things or phenomena "Tess of the D'urbervilles" is a victorian, tragic, didactic unique teaching the reader a…...

Victorian Period - a Time of Change (1837 -1901)

"All art is at once surface and symbol. Those who go beneath the surface do so at their own peril. Those who read the symbol do so at their own peril."--by Oscar Wilde, Preface, "The Picture of Dorian Gray" The Victorian Period revolves around the political career of Queen Victoria. She was crowned in 1837 and died in 1901 (which put a definite end to her political career). A great deal of change took place during this period--brought about because…...

Modernity and Anti-modernity in Stoker’s Dracula

Present research paper seeks to provide the analysis of modernity’s and anti-modernity’s reflection in Stoker’s masterpiece Dracula, which was created in the end of Victorian era in England. The elements of modernity and anti-modernity are traced on the thematic, discursive and semantic levels to establish interrelation and opposition between them, as well as functions they perform in the analyzed text. Modernity and anti-modernity are studied as wide social, historic, cultural, philosophic categories, which explain certain constitution of society, including economic…...

Thomas Hardy: Novelist And Poet

Thomas Hardy was a 19th century novelist and a 20th century poet. As a novelist, he was last of the great Victorian novelists such as William Thackeray, Charlotte and Emily Bronte, Charles Dickens and George Eliot. The last decade of the 19th century was dominated by Thomas Hardy. He wrote 14 novels and almost 900 poems. Hardy’s reputation as a novelist grew during the last decades of of his life and his poetry was relatively neglected. His novels share a…...

Hard Times as a Moral Fable

The creative part is the fairy tale which often involves animals rather than humans. It speaks to our hearts as it entertains us; the ending is the logical, moral conclusion that satisfies our logical brains and seems "right". The problem with all moral fables is that there are often 2 sides to the same story ... things are rarely so black and white in reality ... so there could be more than one ending ... e. g. here are times…...

Differences and Similiraties Between Writers Dickens and Hardy

Dickens was born in Portsea, in 12. His father, John Dickens, was a kind and likeable man, but incompetent with money, and due to his financial difficulties they moved to Camden when Dickens was nine. When Charles was twelve his father was arrested and taken to the debtors’ prison in Southwark. He started working at Warren’s blacking-warehouse and its strenuous working conditions made an impression on him, later influencing his fiction. He became interested in writing (and acting) and, after…...

Comedic element in the Importance of Being Earnest

Throughout the play, Oscar Wilde portrays several binary opposites using the characters and themes of the play, such as the town and country, class, age, gender and morals. However I don’t think that the binary opposites are the main source of comedy in the play. The reason I find it comical is from the fact that the play is a comedy of manners as well as Wilde’s satirising of the Victorian morals. Wilde’s depiction of Victorian caricatures also creates amusement…...

"The Importance of Being Ernest "by Oscar Wilde

Oscar Wilde is remembered today for his use of epigrams and his plays. Wilde wrote ‘The Importance of Being Ernest’ in which many people argue that it appears Wilde subverts the typical Victorian gender role. Gender roles are cultural and personal, they determine how males and females should think, speak, dress, and interact within the context of society. Masculinity and Femininity refer to the dominant sex role pattern in the vast majority of both traditional and modern societies: that of…...

Elizabeth Barrett Moulton-Barrett

Elizabeth Barrett Moulton-Barrett was born on 6th of March in year 1806, in Durham, England. Edward Moulton-Barrett was her father who spent most of his life in Jamaican sugar plantations but later in the year 1809 he moved to Hope End, which was a 500-acre estate near the Malvern Hills. This young girl had a tremendous childhood as she has eleven brothers and sisters, not only this she has her pony around the grounds with which she played all the…...

Victorian Era

The Victorian era is an era which is associated with the ruling of the queen called Victoria. She is one of the historical queens who ruled the Britain for the longest period in history. During this era of her rule, numerous activities took place which brought new changes to the kingdom. A lot of cultural, political, economic, industrial as well as scientific changes are some of the major result which is associated with this era. It is a periods which…...

"Ulysses" by Alfred Lord Tennyson

Alfred Lord Tennyson’s Poem Ulysses is written as a first person narrative from the perspective of a dissatisfied aged man, Ulysses, King of Ithaca. This essay will outline how Alfred Tennyson's portrays Ulysses as an old man pondering about the life he lived as a younger man and longing for adventures similar to those he ventured on in his youth. Although Ulysses may not be the character that Tennyson’s audience would have expected, this paper will show how the character…...

Comparison Pygmalion and Pretty Woman Texts

The comparative study of Pygmalion by Bernard Shaw and Pretty Lady by Gary Marshall has enhanced my perception of the shared concerns of the two texts. The representation however, is changed by the varying political, historical and social context of the time duration of production. Both composers have actually lit up the central concerns of the improvements of their female lead characters; Eliza and Vivian from rags to riches while likewise exploring and criticising the social class department within society.…...

Fanny`s Wedding

With closer reference to chapters 7, 11 and 16 (appendix), explore Hardy’s presentation of Fanny Robin In chapter seven of the book ‘Far from the Madding Crowd’ by Thomas Hardy, we are introduced to the character Fanny Robin. She is introduced during the night in the bleak darkness of a churchyard which symbolises death and possibly foreshadows unfortunate future events for Fanny. We are told that Fanny has ‘a bundle of some sort’ at her feet; from this, we can…...

Tom Brown’s Schooldays

Introduction: Thomas Hughes (1822-1896) succeeded in creating a role-model in Tom Brown. That he was a school boy character immediately caught the attention of the cross-section of the society. The book saw the light of the day in the year 1857 and instantly a school-boy hero was created. Tom Brown-likes became school and sports stories. Some novels were also published in Britain and United States imitating the plot of Tom Brown’s schooldays. Hughes intelligently crafted the Victorian Era public school…...

Thomas Carlyle

Thomas Carlyle, born in Ecclefechan, Dumfries and Galloway [1], was a Scottish essayist whose work was very significant in the Victorian era [1]. Carlyle was brought up in a strictly Calvinist family, following a version of Protestant Christianity. But in a time of rapid scientific and technological advancements and discoveries, he soon lost his faith in religion. He went to the University of Edinburgh for higher education. One of Thomas Carlyle’s most famous works includes Sartor Resartus (The tailor re-tailored).…...

The Use of Heroes and Character Types in Jane Eyre

OUTLINE Introduction Thesis Statement In the novel, Jane Eyre, Charlotte Brontë uses classic Victorian heroes and characters to represent the stages of growth that Jane must go through in order to become a mature Victorian heroine. Quotes, Examples and Descriptions of the Heroes and Character Types Brontë used in Jane Eyre Victorian Heroine Definition and Context Jane Eyre Bronte’s Social Commentary on the Victorian Hero Tragic Hero Definition and Context Rochester Bronte’s Social Commentary on the Tragic Hero The Ant-Hero…...

Symbolism in The Necklace by Guy De Maupassant

A lady's function in today's society is one where she can much better herself through her career and who and whether she marries is her choice. In the Victorian world of Guy De Maupassant while writing The Necklace in the year nineteen eighty-five, the world is various. One of the most effective women in the world is a woman, but while she rules the British Empire, ladies are suppressed beyond their control. In the story Mathilde Loisel, the protagonist is…...

Victorian London in Dickens' Short Story

Through these few words and phrases, I can picture the poor in pain and suffering as the needle like cold prods and prick them like voodoo dolls. This helps bring about the effectiveness of the poor situations the poor are in. Dickens describes Scrooge as having no sympathy for a poor boy "stopped down at Scrooge's keyhole to regale him with a Christmas carol: but at the first sound of "god bless you, merry gentleman! May nothing you dismay! "…...

Dickens' Portrayal of Scrooge in Stave 1 with Scrooge in Stave 5

Comment on the effects of Dickens' choice of language and form. Explain and discuss how these two sides of Scrooge reflect the society of the time and the treatment of the poor. In the book 'A Christmas Carol', by Charles Dickens, there is a stark contrast between Scrooge, the main character, in Stave 1 to the Scrooge he becomes in Stave 5. However, this change is not the only one, there is also a change in how Dickens uses his…...

Christmas Carol

The light represents a sense of alertness to show that Scrooge has done great harm and hope. This quote also opens the sight to the audience of Scrooge's past time and why he is the way he currently is. The Cratchit's are an example of the impoverished people who, Dickens felt, were very honest. The poor people were never too worried about getting more than enough but just wanted something decent to live on. The clothes they whore were past…...

Arthur Conan Doyle's 'Sherlock Holmes

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle is a famous author notably known for his series of 'Sherlock Holmes' detective narratives. He wrote four novels and 56 short stories featuring Holmes and the stories were much loved by the public in the era of which they were written. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was born in Scotland on the 22nd of May 1859. He went to a boarding school at the age of nine and so no longer lived at home. After graduating he…...

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