Essays on Social Contract

Rousseau’s Lawgiver
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Pages • 4
Jean-Jacques Rousseau believed that only the general will, the will of all people together granted sovereignty. In his Book, 'The Social Contract', Rousseau highlights the need for a lawgiver. He considers the possibility that that the General will err, if it errs, it would simply not be the General will of the people. "The general will is always right and is always tends towards the public utility. However, it does not follow that the deliberations of the people always have…...
RousseauSocial ContractSovereignty
“The Social Contract” by Jean-Jacques Rousseau
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Pages • 4
In his famous work The Social Contract Jean-Jacques Rousseau proposes an absolute rule of the general will (Melzer 1983, p. 633). He argues that the general will 'is always rightful and always tends to the public good' and that it can never 'err', i.e. that it never makes mistakes (Rousseau 2006, 1762, pp. 30-32). In my essay I am going to evaluate this statement. Firstly, I am going to outline Rousseau's vision of society and government which he described in…...
EthicsPhilosophical TheoriesRousseauSocial Contract
General Will According to Rousseau’s Philosophy
Words • 2090
Pages • 9
The essay consists of four parts and is intended to answer the following questions: what is general will by contrast private will and will of all? Is it capable of making mistakes or being wrong? Is it possible to implement? What are the shortcomings of it? The relation of the general will and the sovereign. At the outset, it is worth acknowledging that Rousseau is one of those philosophers, who referred in his writings the idea of social contract. Before…...
EthicsPhilosophical TheoriesPhilosophyPoliticsRousseauSocial Contract
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Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Foremost Important Thinker
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Pages • 9
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, called one of the foremost important thinkers throughout the 18th-century European Enlightenment period, he was born on June twenty-eight, 1712, in Geneva, Switzerland. His initial philosophical work, a discourse on the Humanities and Sciences, mentioned how science and humanities had caused the corruption of virtue and morality. Rousseau was a musician and music theoretician. His Political Philosophy, significantly his formulation of social contract theory (or Contrarianism), powerfully influenced the revolution also the development of Liberal, Conservative, and Socialist…...
ContractDemocracyJusticeLawRousseauSocial Contract
Which of the case study countries the most democratic?
Words • 3092
Pages • 13
Democratic system of government is considered in cotemporary political world as the most ideal form of governance. Though, the tradition of democracy dates back to the ancient Greek universal form of democracy; where all stakeholders and matured people of age gather in the city square to deliberate and contribute to issues of national interest, the vast and complex nature of contemporary political arena has buttress the need for an indirect representation of the masses interest. Here, through the sovereignty of…...
Case StudySocial ContractSovereignty
The Origin of Civil Society: Foundation and Development
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Pages • 8
Civil society is defined as the composition of the total voluntary civic and social organizations and institutions. This will form the basis of a functioning society to the forced-back structures of a state and commercial institutions. Examples of that constitutes the civil society are registered charities, non governmental organizations, different organization of women and many others (Center for Civil Society).             Jean-Jacques Rousseau believes that civil society had the foundation that came from an arrangement of a contract concerning rights…...
ContractDevelopmentLawRepublicRightsRousseau
John Locke and the Declaration of Independence
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In 1689, John Locke published, what proved to be, a valuable document for the American Revolution as well as life in present day America, known as the Second Treatise of Government. In his document he creates a model of his ideal civil government, which is created by the people to ensure their “natural rights” of life, liberty, and property. This government may also be dissolved upon the decision of the people, when it is believed that the sovereignty has ceased…...
EthicsGovernmentJohn LockeLawSocial ContractThe Declaration Of Independence
Thomas Hobbes and John Stuart Mill
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In any country, there are political leaders who run their nations with the help of representatives of society. “Men make history and not the other way around. In periods where there is no leadership, society stands still. Progress occurs when courageous, skillful leaders seize the opportunity to change things for the better”. This quote by Harry Truman is similar to Thomas Hobbes’ beliefs. Hobbes believed that if we want to live in a society peacefully and harmoniously we need to…...
PhilosophyPoliticsSocial ContractSovereigntyThomas Hobbes
Rousseau and the Nature of Human Freedom
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Jean Jacques Rousseau was born in Geneva in 1712, although his works were written in French and he was deemed a French freethinker and philosopher heavily intellectually tied to the French Revolution. In 1762 he wrote ‘The Social Contract’ a ‘thought experiment’ concerning political philosophy. It opens with one of his most famous quotes: “Man is born free, but he is everywhere in chains” (Rousseau, 1968, p.49); this short essay is an attempt to interpret this epigram paying particular attention…...
FreedomHuman NatureLibertyPhilosophyPoliticsRousseau
Locke and hobbs state of nature
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Pages • 9
?Exam #1 1. Locks justification of private property can be summed by stating, the earth and all it possess is property to be used by people in common for their own benefit and existence. In Locke's view, every individual must have private property rights In order to possess the property in common. To Locke, property also justifies and gives authority in terms of wages, land, and labor. Also in order to be justified, and individual must not possess more property…...
John LockeNaturePropertySocial ContractSovereigntyState
How Thomas Hobbes and John Locke influenced Enlightenment Thinkers
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The Age of Knowledge saw many terrific changes in Western Europe. The Age of Enlightenment or basic "the Enlightenment" was an intellectual motion during the 18th century. Its function was to reform society and to advance understanding utilizing factor and the scientific knowledge. It supported clinical idea and opposed superstition with its favorite target being the Catholic Church. The expression was regularly used by writers of the duration itself, indicating that they were emerging from centuries of darkness and ignorance…...
InfluenceJohn LockePolitical PhilosophyRightsSocial ContractThomas Hobbes
John Locke’s Social Contract Theory
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Pages • 6
This paper analyzes the social contract theory of John Locke and how his values are consistent with the criminal justice system and private security settings of today. It will further discuss whether or not Locke’s’ values and principles apply to both criminal justice and private security venues. I will also summarize the major differences of the social contract theories; identify the key principles associated with Locke’s social contract theory; identify how these principles are inculcated in the U. S. Bill…...
John LockeJusticeLibertyRightsSocial Contract
The State of Nature According to John Locke
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The state of nature according to Locke is "a state of perfect flexibility to order their actions and dispose of their belongings and persons as they believe fit ... without asking leave or relying on the will of any other guy." For Locke, the state of nature is where people exist without an established government or social contract. In a considering that the state of nature is a state of anarchy, of no order. What John Locke believed about the…...
EthicsJohn LockeLawLibertyNatural LawNature
The Nature of Man
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The nature of man is a subject that dates back centuries, though it is one that is still highly debated today. Philosophers, sociologists, and even sociobiologists have brought evidence leading to various conclusions to the table, so the question still stands. Mencius said that man’s nature is good, while Hsun Tzu argued from the opposite side. Centuries later, John Locke published a theory relating the nature of man to a blank piece of paper, stating that man is neutral until…...
Nature Vs ManSocial ContractThomas Hobbes
Social Contract
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Is the aim of the social contract to establish freedom, equality or merely ‘peace’? How far is it successful, and at what cost? (Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau) The Social Contract is a theory that originated during the Enlightenment, which addresses the questions of the origin of society and the legitimacy of the authority of the state over the individual. Social contract arguments typically posit that individuals have consented, either explicitly or tacitly, to surrender some of their freedoms and submit to…...
LibertyPhilosophical TheoriesPhilosophyPoliticsSocial Contract
Rousseau & Mill on the Limitations of Freedom
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Pages • 9
Philosophers often attempt to design a societal system that reflects their view of "what is good." However, before this can be established, it is crucial for them to set out, in their opinion, their respective present view of society. In this case, what is commonly held as "good" is freedom. Rousseau's explanation of social contracts affirms his belief in a common will that derives from his concept that if all individuals freely enter into a social contract based on the…...
AuthorityContractFreedomLibertyRightsRousseau
Social contract theorists: Hobbes vs. Rousseau
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Pages • 7
Thomas Hobbes believes that all people are naturally evil, hostile, and self-seeking whereas Jean Jacques Rousseau claims that all people are naturally good people and generally happy. I plan to prove that Rousseau has the stronger position of the two contract theorists. Thomas Hobbes claims all people are hostile and naturally self-seeking. Hobbes's claims when two people have a desire for the same resource the natural result is war. The state of nature, as deemed by Hobbes, is the "natural…...
ContractEthicsNatural LawPoliticsRousseauSocial Contract
The key elements of political system
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Pages • 3
Authority, legitimacy and power are amongst the key elements of any political system. For that reason, they have actually been topics of much debate throughout the ages with numerous schools of idea adding to government hence shaping the discipline into the structure we know today. The very first of the 3 elements, authority, can be specified as the right to release a command (Stirk and Weigall, 1995:39). Nevertheless, the command that is released should be provided with some sense of…...
AuthorityJusticePhilosophyPoliticsSocial Contract
Comparing and Contrasting Thomas Hobbes and John Locke
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Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were two great political theorists of their time. They both provided wonderful philosophical texts on how our government should govern us. This paper will show the largest differences and some of the similarities between Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan and John Locke's Second Treatise on Civil Government. Although they do have some similarities, Hobbes and Locke have different views on most of their political arguments, and I will expand on their differences on the state of nature,…...
ContractJohn LockePropertySocial ContractThomas Hobbes
National Security Vs. Individual Rights
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No form of government can survive... when the life of the nation is at stake." Because I agree with Clinton Rossiter, I affirm the resolution that When the United States is engaged in military conflict, the demands of national security ought to supersede conflicting claims of individual rights. Definitions from Encarta World English Dictionary Engaged in Military Conflict means fighting open warfare. Demands of national security means protection against loss, attack, or harm to the citizens. Ought to supersede means…...
CitizenshipLawRightsSecuritySocial Contract
John Rawls’ Philosophical Concept of Veil of Ignorance
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Pages • 6
Introduction John Rawls was a leader in moral and political philosophy, a political theorist who argues against utilitarianism and communism. Rawls works with the social contract theory of Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau and Kant and argues that the moral and political point of view is discovered via impartiality. Rawls explores this viewpoint by envisioning persons in a hypothetical situation, the ‘original position’. Justice as fairness The original position is the fundamental element within John Rawls account of justice – ‘Justice as fairness”,…...
IgnoranceJusticePhilosophical conceptsPhilosophyPoliticsSocial Contract
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FAQ about Social Contract

Which of the case study countries the most democratic?
...The high level of public accountability in the US democracy is a vital point that also signifies the country’s democracy as the most democratic. The US public has access to public financial records, and can raise question where there is any observe...
How Thomas Hobbes and John Locke influenced Enlightenment Thinkers
...For instance, Thomas Hobbes believed in absolute monarchs, an idea which is still used today in places like Canada, Japan, Spain, and the United Kingdoms. The Enlightenment completely revolutionized the way people have thought about religion, politic...
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