We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

The State of Nature According to John Locke Essay

Topics:

Paper type: Essay Pages: 2 (472 words)

Views: 254

The state of nature according to Locke is “a state of perfect freedom to order their actions and dispose of their possessions and persons as they think fit… without asking leave or depending upon the will of any other man. ” For Locke, the state of nature is where humans exist without an established government or social contract. In a since the state of nature is a state of anarchy, of no order. What John Locke believed about the state of nature was that if men could act in a positive way, they could reach order without being absolutely controlled by one person.

The state of nature is a state of liberty where persons are free to pursue their own interests and plans, free from interference. People act according to “laws of nature” which include moral equality and natural freedom. Society can exist and stay civil as long as people can work together to protect themselves and each other from those who do not obey the laws of nature.

In the law of nature, natural moral principles that people are naturally inclined towards are implemented.

The basic laws stated in the law of nature were that man is God’s property, therefore one has the right to defend oneself from harm. It also stated that one has the duty to protect others from harm, therefore one is also obligated to punish those who cause harm. These views of the law of nature are partly stemmed from Locke’s belief in God and His creation of man and all things on Earth. The state of nature can lead to a state of war when a person tries to harm another with regards to their life, health, liberty, or possessions.

In the state of nature people recognize the law of nature and therefore do not harm one another. A state of war can begins when two or more men declare war on one another, by stealing from one another, or by trying to make one another their slave. Since in the state of nature there is no civil power to whom men can appeal, and because the law of nature allows them to defend their own lives, they may then kill those who would bring force against them. Due to the state of nature lacking civil authority, once war begins it is likely to continue.

This is one of the strongest reasons that men have to abandon the state of nature by contracting together to form civil government. Men enter into a political society because the wish to preserve their state of nature. Since in the state if nature there is no rule of law, their natural rights are not properly defended. Locke proposed the removal from the state of nature in the form of a representative democracy that would be charged with defending these rights.

Cite this page

The State of Nature According to John Locke. (2016, Nov 17). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/the-state-of-nature-according-to-john-locke-essay

How to Avoid Plagiarism
  • Use multiple resourses when assembling your essay
  • Use Plagiarism Checker to double check your essay
  • Get help from professional writers when not sure you can do it yourself
  • Do not copy and paste free to download essays
Get plagiarism free essay

Not Finding What You Need?

Search for essay samples now

Our customer support team is available Monday-Friday 9am-5pm EST. If you contact us after hours, we'll get back to you in 24 hours or less.

By clicking "Send Message", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.
No results found for “ image
Try Our service
online

Hi, I am Sara from Studymoose

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Click to learn more https://goo.gl/CYf83b

online

Hi, I am Sara from Studymoose

Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one? Click to learn more https://goo.gl/CYf83b

image

Your Answer is very helpful for Us
Thank you a lot!