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Philosophical Theories Essay Examples

Essay on Philosophical Theories

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Feminist criticism of Lee’s Wolfland

In conclusion, the Wolfland can be applauded as a fairytale that carries great themes of empowering women to take up their right positions in the society the script is not without criticism. It has been established in this essay that the story can be criticized for allocating some roles in the society such as acting as guards and carrying weapons can only be done by men. It has also established th...

Existentialism of Jean Paul Sartre

It is well examined that Jean Paul Sartre notion of the absurd, it is clearly seen in his philosophy and novel (76). The connection show that Sartre takes certain characteristics arises from the character Anny the Camus does the same to the character of Roquentin. The analogy used is circumscribed as a basic tenet of existentialist humor which consists of the historical irony. The powerful and dis...

Wealth Against the Commonwealth According to Social Darwinism

Social Darwinism refers to theories which emerged in 1870s. This view supports the biological concepts whereby natural selection takes place and those that are the fittest are able to survive, politically and socially. Liberty or monopoly does not require any form of biological application (Robert, 2000). Liberty provides freedom to everyone while monopoly is for certain selected businesses hence ...

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Ralph Waldo Emerson - Father of American literature

Ralph Waldo Emerson is the Father of American Literature without contest. Most people will say that he was by far the most influential writer of the entire nineteenth century. He was a great inspiration to writers and journalists of his time and for a select few, he is the reason they became so famous. He possessed a unique writing style and unique beliefs, which is what made other figures in Amer...

Voices of freedom Journal Industrialization

During this time a group of New England intellectuals formed called The Transcendentalists. This group of men believed in the idea of The Free Individual. Ralph Waldo Emerson was a Transcendentalist who believed freedom obtained by the process of self realization transforming ones self according to their own liking. Voices of freedom, Eric Foner document 54. “The American Scholar 1837,” Ralph ...

Summary of Medieval and Renaissance Criticism

The fourth stage belonged to the first half of the 17th century. Ben Johnson was the important figure during this period. He was a classicist. If Sidney taught poetry, then Johnson taught it. There is an unmistakable influence of Italian criticism here. This stage opens up a new dimension in English literary criticism when the French came on the scene. A patriotic spirit inspired this period. Some...

Anselm’s Ontological Argument in Philosophy

Necessary existences do not depend on any other thing for it to exist, as it is the greatest thing so it is not predisposed to anything else. On the other hand, contingent existences do depend on other things and also there was a time when they didn’t exist, like for example humans, who are a perfect example of a contingent being. However Anselm argued that god was a necessary being, and it cann...

Nature is such a beautiful place

I wanted to live deep and suck out all the marrow of life, to live so sturdily and Spartan-like as to put to rout all that was not life, to cut a broad swath and shave close, to drive life into a corner and reduce it to its lowest terms, and if it proved to be mean, why then to get the whole and genuine meanness of it and publish its meanness to the world, or if it were sublime, to know it by expe...

Social Criticism in the Hunger Games and Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland

Nevertheless, Collins and Carroll make us aware of the fact that, even if we feel ourselves living in a modern world, we are still oppressed and in a way demand to revolt against this. Another startling fact, presented by both authors, is the way social pressure influences our identity. Especially children can have a hard time, confronted with so many societal expectations they have to fulfill. It...

Immanuel Kant vs John Locke Philosophy

She put up food on the hottest summer days and didn't complain. Her most sincere prayers were the ones she sent heavenward in gratitude for you. She filled your home with fragrance and beauty and music. The smell or her perfume and fresh-cut flowers, bacon for breakfast and Sunday roast. Her eyes were bright and happy and full of life. She wept though, wept and worried a thousand times for you wh...

Joyce Carol Oates and Ralph Waldo Emerson

This statement is reasoning that nature will answer all questions. He proves that nature is greater than man, and that it deserves respect. To conclude, both Oates and Emerson effectively use the appeals of credibility, emotion, and logic to support their position when it comes to nature. They both are complete opposites when it comes to nature. Emerson feels that nature is not only beautiful, but...

Ethical Theories Within the Film “Crimes and Misdemeanors”

"Crimes and Misdemeanors (Philosophical Films)." Crimes and Misdemeanors (Philosophical Films). N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2013. "Crimes and Misdemeanors: The Final Scene." YouTube. YouTube, 04 Feb. 2009. Web. 30 Mar. 2013. "Crimes and Misdemeanors." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 29 Mar. 2013. Web. 30 Mar. 2013. "Existentialism Is a Humanism Quotes." By Jean-Paul Sartre. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 20...

Feminist Literary Criticism in English Literature

Feminist critics approach literature in a way that empowers the female point of view instead, typically rejecting the patriarchal language that has dominated literature. (Paul Ady, associate professor of English at Assumption College in Worcester, Massachusetts). Feminist literary criticism in english literature 175 Although the road is rocky, the characters ultimately prevent their debt to societ...

Tripartite Theory of Knowledge

Although every theory of knowledge so far has solid counter examples, there is no doubt Gettier rocked the philosophical world when he successfully challenged the Tripartite Theory of Knowledge. Philosophers will continue to argue that Gettier's cases are not really cases of justified true belief or that Gettier's cases really are cases of knowledge after all. Perhaps the one thing all philosopher...

Thoreau’s Concept of Simplicity in Walden Book Review

It has a constant and imperishable moral, and to the scholar it yields a classic result.” In a nutshell Thoreau preaches how simplicity and solitude are key values yet he spends his entire mornings out doing a job that is not minimalistic. In conclusion, I believe that Thoreau wanted to create irony through his stylistic work and concepts. I’ve never known a man whom fights for simplicity yet ...

Limitations and Criticisms of the Adlerian Theory

It has a wide variety of empirically supported techniques used by behavioral therapists. Another upside to behavior therapy is it's availability to a broad spectrum of individuals. the efficiency of behavior therapy has allowed for the patient's complaints to be addressed more quickly than other forms of psychotherapy. Behavior therapy focuses on techniques to address current problems, instead of ...

The Scream by Edvard Munch Art Analysis

These poses produce the most convincing images of psychological conditions, adding to the painting's monumental and static quality. The composition, colors and dramatic use of perspective, the undulating curves of the landscape and hollow figure personify alienation and anxiety. The image reflects upon human emotions, and how our relationships with others, and with our environment can affect us. T...

A practical criticism of 'For the Union Dead'

“Galvanised barbed fence […] grunting […] gouge” brings to mind the contrasting image that these new mechanical “Dinosaurs” are our slaves. Which is made to seem cruel not just by the use of “Grunting” but by the personification of the cranes: “They cropped up tons of mush and grass”. This suggests that the 20th century American has not just forgotten the Idealism of the North ...

Existentialism & Fight Club

His decision to shoot Tyler was justified-because he is freely choosing to reject Tyler’s destructive ideas, and to transcend his initial transcendent goal of becoming Tyler. In conclusion, the movie has strong themes of existentialism running through it. The act of shooting Tyler was justified because it signifies the first step of existentialism for the narrator- he becomes fully aware of what...

A note on social criticism of novel Joseph Andrews

Jealousy, a trait found very well-groomed in society. Fielding has portrayed this social-ill as one of the core aspect in his novel. Mrs.Slipslop out of extreme jealousy blamed Joseph of being an ill-character and of amorous inclinations. Indeed, a very dangerous trait. Hypocrisy can also be attributed to the consequence of height of jealousy. The higher class in the novel is portrayed as highly s...

John Rawls' Philosophical Concept of Veil of Ignorance

In conclusion, arguments about which framework and/or resulting distributions are morally preferable constitute the topic of distributive justice (STANFORD). Regarding justice in a society, both John Rawls and Robert Nozick express opposing beliefs on the best way to achieve this. Rawls explains the value of paying attention to the relative position as a way of appreciating the value of solidarity...

Confucianism vs Daoism in Chinease Philosophy

In conclusion it is important to note that, although these two religions have very different ideologies, they do work to create peace and serenity. They both do not believe in a God but in a higher power and promote becoming fully human to achieve that higher power. I find it interesting how different the concepts in these religions are but yet how people can acclimate themselves to being both Con...

Nature and Function of Literary Criticism

Thus, the objective of literary criticism is to determine the artistic values, poetic beauty, or the features being regarded as inadequate existing in the works of literature in order to 1-Helping the reader to gain a better understanding of nature and value of literature, and a better appreciation of the pleasure proper to literature, then to form an evaluation of his own. 2- Helping the writer t...

Practical Criticism on the Tamer and Hawk poem

It is incomprehensible that one must lose something in order to keep and preserve it. This is the most extreme example of devotion. Generally, the fact that all of the stanzas end in an abrupt fashion, with a four syllable line instead of the previous six syllables, could be interpreted, by the reader, as the Hawk’s realisation that his Tamer is not returning his love and reveals the Hawk’s de...

To suck the Marrow out of Life: Transcendentalism in Dea Poet's Society

Neil continues in the performance even after his father forbids it, and Todd eventually discovers his conviction, with the help of an English assignment he neglects. They find that they both are, what Emerson called, artists. The boys are still in high school, they have not yet truly begun their lives. Even though it seems Neil and Todd’s entire futures lay out before them, predetermined by thei...

19th Century American Literature

Edgar Alan Poe also writes in the Dark Romantic genre, he had a great dislike for the transcendentalists calling them, “Frogpondians”, after a pond on Boston Commons, he ridiculed their writings and his piece, Never Bet the Devil in You Head, was a clear attack on the movement. Poe, who is sometimes considered a gothic writer, uses ideas such as dementia and paranoia in his works. Supernatural...

This Side of Paradise -an Archetypal Criticism

Turnbull, A. (1965, May 2). Young man with a style. Retrieved February 13, 2009, from The New York Times Web site: http://www.nytimes.com/books/00/12/24/specials/fitzgerald-apprentice.html Lapidos, J. (2008, December 23 ). Yale, Harvard or Princeton? Benjamin Button and how F. Scott Fitzgerald decided where to send his characters to college. Retrieved February 12, 2009, from the Slate Web site: ht...

Transcendentalism of Ralph Waldo Emerson vs Walt Whitman

It is evident to see that both Walt Whitman and Ralph Waldo Emersonstrongly felt the need to free, warn, or otherwise inform society of their findings and opinions. Thanks to this sense of obligation and perspective liberty, we all now get to enjoy many other informative do-gooders like them, eager to advise and enlighten us in all aspects of life. Ironically, in their attempts to free us of the t...

Albert Camus: Written Assignment

influential effect, however he is impacted by its controlling power. In the end, the sun’s strength forces Meursault to commit an immoral crime and even though his reasons are unintentional, he is rejected by society and is sentenced to a death penalty. The use of the motif of the sun in The Stranger by Albert Camus, develops a powerful atmosphere through the idea that the sun personifies Meursa...

A Historical Criticism of Andrew Carnegie

Because he had the same amount of profit because he controlled the suppliers, he still made huge profits while his competitors folded. His close ties to the railroad industry as a young man also helped his company triumph over others. Because he produced his products in bulk and shipped his products in bulk accordingly, he was able to obtain kickbacks from the railroads in the form of rebates. Ma...

Existentialism of Kierkegaard and Sartre Philosophy

The meaning of life is determined by its own liver, and this idea encompasses much of the philosophy of existentialism. Jean-Paul Sartre and Soren Kierkegaard both partake in this approach. Significant differences exist in many of the details, but many of these conceptions correlate with one another, and embody that philosophy. After having a more in-depth perspective, I have both agreed and disag...

"The Metamorphosis" by Franz Kafka: Origins and Parallels

All these factors that caused him to become a bug, had ultimately been his choice, as it was he that decided to make his family a priority, allowing them to influence him to become an insect. Kafka intentionally made it clear that it was Gregor's choice to become an insect, and no one else's. He had made the decision to work so hard to support his family, to protect himself from any intimacies, an...

Criticisms of Plato's Theory of the Forms

Plato criticises his own theory a few times but eventually reaches answers to the things he criticised. This can either cause other people's criticisms to be more valid or less valid depending on the way you look at it. Often, when people criticise their own work before somebody else does, it lowers the value of the criticism as it shows Plato already knew people would criticise him for that. On t...

Transcendentalism in modern-day society

As I examined the multiple points of Transcendentalism, I found that even in Thoreau's time, it would be possible for someone to practice some of the aspects of Transcendentalism, while putting other aspects into practice would be nearly impossible. I think living in the true Transcendentalist lifestyle is neither feasible nor very beneficial. The true meaning of what Thoreau discovered while livi...

Philosophical Concepts of Act and Rule Utilitarianism

In conclusion I am dubious of the extent of Utilitarianism real importance when it comes to moral decision-making. Although it may appear to be faultless in theory, as has been shown when it comes to applying it in practice there are some quite considerable flaws. I feel one should always aim to create good and happiness and not pain, but I feel following the theory of Utilitarianism is not a suff...

New Historicist Criticism: Macbeth and the Power

According to new historicism, our own relationship to power is similar to that of Shakespeare's: we collaborate with the power that controls us. Without necessarily realizing what we are doing, we help create and sustain it, thus reducing the need for authority figures to remind us what to do or think. Once we accept the cultural limitations imposed on our thought and behavior, once we believe tha...

Robert Cormier: Facts & Criticism

One of Robert Cormier's top-selling novels is "The Chocolate War." His own son inspired this novel; his son refused to participate in selling chocolates at his school. The Chocolate War is about a boy named Jerry Renault who attends The Trinity, an all-boy Catholic school. Each year the school is to sell chocolates as a fund-raiser. Accepted as an assignment from "The Vigils," the respectable high...

Social criticism in The Great Gatsby

He grew up in the middle class with no public education or health care. His father was sent to prison for being in debt were he died. For Dickens such criticism was necessary to encourage social reform. Fitzgerald was an author whom was critical of the social decline into greed and carelessness that faced 1920's jazz era America. Even though the American people had more than any other society befo...

Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism

1."Existentialism." The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004. Answers.com 28 Mar. 2007. http://www.answers.com/topic/existentialism2.Marcuse, Herbert. "Sartre's Existentialism". Printed in Studies in Critical Philosophy. Translated by Joris De Bres. London: NLB, 1972. p. 1613.Camus, Albert. The Stranger. Middlesex: UK Penguin Classi...

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