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Philosophical Theories Essay Examples

Essays on Philosophical Theories

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Feminist criticism of Lee’s Wolfland

Tanith Lee's Wolfland is a retelling of the fairytale in Little Reid Riding Hood. The main lead character in the Wolfland is called Lisel and is illustrated as fearless, positive, bold and bold. The wolf in the fairytale is not depicted so much as a bad man but rather the grandma comes feels of the real bad guy. She is the sort of a woman who desired to have overall control over Lisel. This can be deduced from the opening…...

Mahatma Gandhis Influence on the Civil Rights Movement of the United States

Mahatma Gandhi's Influence on the Civil Rights Movement of the United States Introduction             The influence of Mahatma Gandhi relating to peace movement was experienced as early as in 1920’s. His long-lasting dedication and support of passive resistance finally led to Indian gaining full independence in 1948. Gandhi fought for the Indians’ rights in South Africa in his stay there. He fought to ensure that immigrant Indians who shaped an image of African blacks in United States enjoyed equal rights…...

Existentialism of Jean Paul Sartre

Existence precedes essence As much as Existentialism is a philosophy, existentialist stress on creative creation as an essential element of existence. As an outcome, Sartre often selected to combine both points of aesthetic issues and that of philosophy in other words stories and novels. Unlike the fiction of Sartre, the philosopher fiction is not mythical or allegorical, but it is a simple plan of his philosophical arguments. The dependence on artistic production to comprehend oneself becomes Roquentin's last cure to…...

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Wealth Against the Commonwealth According to Social Darwinism

The Gilded Age Introduction Liberty describes the flexibility that is ensured for all residents and businesses to continue their activities with no prohibition as long as they are within the law. Monopoly on the other hand is specified as a business which is the sole seller of specific items or services within a certain market with no type of competition (Henry, 1894). From the declaration by Henry Demarest Lloyd, that, "Liberty and monopoly can not cohabit." Based on understanding on…...

Charismatic leadership style of mahatma gandhi

Introduction Mahatma Gandhi was one of the most important person and charismatic leader in the history of India as he was he only one who is considered as the founder of our nation. He was the self made leader, he was not having any career in his life, no fame was gained by him, he was also not so rich an average looking man but still he was the father of the country. Mahatma Gandhi gave right ways and positive…...

Ralph Waldo Emerson - Father of American literature

Ralph Waldo Emerson is undoubtedly one of the fathers of American literature. He was also a founder of Transcendentalism, which was a large philosophical movement that began in 1836. Ralph was a poet, a writer and one of the most famous philosophers of the nineteenth century. His influence, shown through his work includes a book, various poems, and papers as well as his actions that include his lectures. His work showed his beliefs of self-reliance and that nature is the…...

Voices of freedom Journal Industrialization

Industrialization, ”the new economy” brought on a wave of new movements and activism in America. Labor movements, women’s rights activists, social, religious, and political reform are among the changes of the Market Society. Industrialization shaped Market Society expansion in many ways. Immigration, Nativism, Westward Expansion, the rise of Nativism,Transcendentalists Movement and The Second Great Awakening all taking place during the 1800-1840 Market Society growth. Market Society refers to farmers, large city growth, factory system, and immigration. Industrialization was the force…...

Summary of Medieval and Renaissance Criticism

Summary of Medieval and Renaissance Criticism Submitted by R. Zothanmawia V Semester BA R/no: 1101BA005 MEDIEVAL CRITICISM The period between the Classical Age and the Renaissance is vaguely named the Middle Age or the Medieval Age. In England, this period spans eight centuries and historians place it from the year of composition of Beowulf in 725 AD to 1474 AD when Caxton published the first book ever printed. The only standard work that dealt with Medieval Criticism is English Literary…...

Anselm’s Ontological Argument in Philosophy

Anselm’s ontological argument The ontological argument was put forth at first as a prayer by the eleventh century monk and philosopher Anselm of Canterbury. In his Proslogion, which means discourse, he presented this argument as a prayer for believers to substantiate their belief in god. Anselm uses ‘a priori’ (which means before experience) reasoning, which conveys that it does not rely or depend on experience and so an argument of this sort is more plausible and likely to intrigue and…...

Nature is such a beautiful place

Life is getting hard and expensive as the years are passing by. The prices on food, and other utility prices are going up. People have school, work and a family to look out for and do not have the time to enjoy the simple things in life that earth has to offer which is nature. In the essay of “An entrance to the Woods” Wendell Berry. He admits to living such a fast paste of life that is hard to…...

Social Criticism in the Hunger Games and Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland

Social Criticism In The Hunger Games And Alice’s Adventures In Wonderland “Off with their heads!“ (Carroll 122) could be the motto of Suzanne Collins’ bestseller The Hunger Games. Published in 2008, the novel tells the dystopian story of Katniss, a young girl who has to participate in a fight-to-death-tournament with 23 other teenagers. Connoisseurs might have recognized the quotation of the classic Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll, first published in 1865. Mostly known as a children’s book, the…...

Immanuel Kant vs John Locke Philosophy

John Locke distinguished, in his Essay, “real essence” from “nominal essence.” Nominal essence, according to Locke, is the “abstract Idea to which the Name is annexed (III.vi.2).” Thus, the nominal essence of the name ‘gold’, Locke said, “is that complex Idea the word Gold stands for, let it be, for instance, a Body yellow, of a certain weight, malleable, fusible, and fixed.” In contrast, the real essence of gold is “the constitution of the insensible parts of that Body, on…...

Joyce Carol Oates and Ralph Waldo Emerson

In class out of the three essays we read I choose to do a compare-contrast between Ralph Waldo Emerson’s and Joyce Carol Oates’s essays. I choose these two because they both had different feels towards nature. Oates is against nature and Emerson is about becoming one with nature. Even though both have different meaning, both Oates and Emerson successfully uses rhetorical strategies such as appeal to credibility, emotion, and logic to support their claims on nature. In Emerson’s “From Nature”…...

Mahatma Gandhi and the national movement

Lord Birkenhead, the secretary of State for India, justified the exclusion of Indians in the Simon commission. He said that the Indians were not united and could not arrive at an ‘agreed scheme of reforms’. To refute this charge, an All Parties Conference was convened in 1928 to take up the challenge posed by Lord Birkenhead. Liberals and Radicals, leaders of the Hindu Mahasabha, the Muslim league and the depressed classes came together. Motilal Nehru was made chairman of the…...

Ethical Theories Within the Film “Crimes and Misdemeanors”

In the last scene of the movie Criminal activities and Misdemeanors, I believe the imaginary philosopher Louse Levy's message was extremely similar to philosophy Jean-Paul Sartre and his theory on existentialism. Among Sartre's quotes, "Man is absolutely nothing else but that which he makes from himself." Levy is attempting to convey that we are in control of our options and we select our own happiness. In the final scene of the film Levy states, "We're all dealt with throughout our…...

Feminist Literary Criticism in English Literature

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to express Feminist Literary Criticism in English Literature, as critical analysis of literary works based on feminist perspective, as well as to uncover the latent dynamics in a novel relevant to women’s interior role in society. Feminist Literary Criticism rejects patriarchal norms in literature that privileges masculine ways of thinking and marginalizes women politically, economically and psychologically. Keywords: Women, feminist literary criticism, novel, patriarchy, literature. INTRODUCTION ‘As a social movement, feminist criticism highlights…...

Tripartite Theory of Knowledge

It’s arguably one of the greatest philosophical debates of all time; what does it mean to know? The Tripartite Theory is a model that tries to define individually necessary and jointly sufficient conditions to know a proposition. Edmund Gettier wrote a three page paper that philosophers to this day are still trying to debunk. This essay investigates how Gettier shows that the Tripartite Theory of Knowledge fails, which then leads to a discussion whether the theory can ever be fixed.…...

Management style of Mahatma Gandhi

The name, Mahatma Gandhiji stimulates the image of truth personified, who has been revered by masses and classes similarly. Who is understood to be thinker, thinker, leader, political leader, saint and much more functions for which he donned the caps all at once. The management principles that his life shows, are fundamental part of modern-day management practices. 1. Walk the talk: Mahatma Gandhiji lived easy life. He believed in "do as you state". Practice and preach was not various for…...

Thoreau’s Concept of Simplicity in Walden Book Review

In Henry David Thoreau’s Walden, or, Life in the Woods, the concept of simplicity was a striking key factor. Thoreau clearly states in his first story “Economy”, “Moreover, I, on my side, require of every writer, first or last, a simple and sincere account of his own life…” (1). Simplicity comes from within and to realize the morale at such a young stage in life is a gift that many can cherish forever. Simple is best, how often do we…...

Limitations and Criticisms of the Adlerian Theory

ADLERIAN Limitations and Criticisms of the Adlerian Theory Adler chose to teach and practice over getting organized and presenting a well- defined systematic theory, making his written presentations difficult to follow. More research needed to support the effectiveness of the theory. Limited use for clients seeking immediate solutions to their problems and unwilling to explore childhood experiences, early memories, and dreams. One of its strengths is that it is a therapy for everyone in the society and its practitioners do…...

The Scream by Edvard Munch Art Analysis

I was walking along a path with two friends - the sun was setting - suddenly the sky turned blood red - I paused, feeling exhausted, and leaned on the fence - there was blood and tongues of fire above the blue-black fjord and the city - my friends walked on, and I stood there trembling with anxiety - and I sensed an infinite scream passing through nature. As a young artist, Munch was profoundly influenced by Dostoevsky. "No one…...

Mahatma Gandhi: Influence, integrity, and Tide of Social change

Mahatma Gandhi- Influence, Integrity and Tide of Social Change The past has witnessed eminent men in the form of kings, political leaders and sages who made the world a better place to live. Only few were able to lead an entire nation and bring a significant change to millions. Many established power and authority and relied on the strength of armies. While, there was a man in India who explored the power of one; he raised consciousness without raising his…...

A practical criticism of 'For the Union Dead'

The aquarium is gone. Everywhere, giant finned cars nose forward like fish; a savage servility slides by on grease (For the Union Dead – Robert Lowell) In Lowell’s poem ‘For the Union Dead’ there is an underlying theme of the lost idealism which caused the American Civil War and its replacement with commercialism and materialism. “Giant finned cars nose forward like fish”, here Lowell reminds us of 20th century materialism by bringing about the image of the highly desired Cadillac…...

Existentialism & Fight Club

From an existentialism point of view, there is no right or wrong choice, since one gives an action value by the virtue of choosing it. Choices can only be judged on how involved the decision maker is when making it. Judging by this standard, the narrator is justified in killing Tyler, since he fully became involved in choosing to both accept and reject Tyler’s values by that action. “Existentialism’s first move is to make every man aware of what he…...

A note on social criticism of novel Joseph Andrews

Q Write a note on social criticism as presented in book I and book II of this novel. This novel is basically a satire on mode of living of the social classes of 18th century. The most promising and solid features (as a means of social criticism) that one might extract from the novel, in the light of book I and book II are highlighted as below: Artificiality of love Here the example of lady booby explains the point clearly.…...

John Rawls' Philosophical Concept of Veil of Ignorance

Introduction John Rawls was a leader in moral and political philosophy, a political theorist who argues against utilitarianism and communism. Rawls works with the social contract theory of Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau and Kant and argues that the moral and political point of view is discovered via impartiality. Rawls explores this viewpoint by envisioning persons in a hypothetical situation, the ‘original position’. Justice as fairness The original position is the fundamental element within John Rawls account of justice – ‘Justice as fairness”,…...

Confucianism vs Daoism in Chinease Philosophy

Confucianism and Daoism, although are intermingled among people who practice them, have very different views on what is necessary to become an exemplary person. Confucianism is based on the thought that education, history, structure, rules and regulation will lead to achievement and becoming fully human. Daoists, although they believe in order, hate structure, do not believe in education, and feel wandering, or going with the flow, being with nature, is most important in life. While education is most important to…...

Nature and Function of Literary Criticism

The word criticism is derived from the Greek word meaning " judgment". Hence, criticism was known to be the exercise of judgment on works of literature, or it can be said that criticism is the play of mind to observe the merits and defects on the work of literature. A critic , therefore, is a person who expresses judgment on works of literature or poetry or the art of an artist or a painter. The critic is also defined as…...

Practical Criticism on the Tamer and Hawk poem

Tom Gunn’s Tamer and Hawk is an extended metaphor depicting a powerful, strong, almighty, wild bird of prey (a metaphor for Gunn) being controlled by a seemingly inferior body (a human) – his true love. It depicts an image of a bird and its master (with the use of indirect personification). It tells a story of Gunn’s adoration of his ‘Tamer’ and his strong desire to entice his love. It is an effective metaphor because as the poem continues the…...

To suck the Marrow out of Life: Transcendentalism in Dea Poet's Society

The 1989 film Dead Poets Society revisits transcendentalism. In it, several boys attending a staunch private academy are deeply affected by their new English teacher Mr. Keating, or “O Capitan, My Capitan” as he dares them to call him. He wants them to, “carpe diem” or seize the day. Some of the boys begin meeting in a cave just off school grounds to, not only read poetry, but to “suck the marrow out of life.” Each secret meeting of the…...

19th Century American Literature

The nineteenth century gave readers a myriad of literary genius. Maybe the most acknowledged literary movement was Transcendentalism. This literary principle was based on a group of originalities in faith, culture, and approach. Transcendentalism led the way for lots of subgenres, it's most significantly opposite; however was the introduction of Dark Romanticism. The Romantics tended to worth emotion and instinct over reason and reasoning. A number of the authors of the nineteenth century placed themselves into one or the other…...

This Side of Paradise -an Archetypal Criticism

An archetypal approach to literature assumes that there is a collection of symbols, images, characters, and motifs that evokes basically the same response in all people. According to the psychologist Carl Jung, mankind possesses a "collective unconscious" that contains these archetypes and that is common to all of humanity. When an author uses the archetypal approach, he selects a universal theme through which to tell his story. F. Scott Fitzgerald’s “This Side of Paradise” uses the dynamics of the mother-son…...

Transcendentalism of Ralph Waldo Emerson vs Walt Whitman

In their respective fields, both Walt Whitman and Ralph Waldo Emerson were considered to be quintessential American writers. Their thoughts and statements regarding nonconformity and individuality were revolutionizing for the era that they lived. Thanks to them,similar thoughts and statements, are now much more mainstream and unexceptional. Although they used different tactics to get their points across, their shared opinions become evident. Both Walt Whitman and Ralph Waldo Emerson believed strongly in originality and personal expression;although the different tactics that…...

Albert Camus: Written Assignment

During the interactive oral, we discussed the main theme of the meaninglessness of human life that is present in The Stranger by Albert Camus. We emphasized mainly on Meursault’s detached and unemotional characteristics, especially when the jury uses this against him at his trial: “He stated that I had no place in a society whose most fundamental rules I ignored” (102). Meursault is very isolated from his society, and during his trial all the odds are not in his favor…...

A Historical Criticism of Andrew Carnegie

Andrew Carnegie is a legend in industry. He was He was born in Scotland in 1835. He came to America and started his working career in a cotton mill as a bobbin boy. He was a hard worker, and quickly was promoted through the ranks of Western Union and the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. In 1865, he quit and started his own business, the famous and notorious Carnegie Steel Company. His company was responsible for starting the steel industry in Pittsburgh,…...

Existentialism of Kierkegaard and Sartre Philosophy

"Is live worth living? That depends on the liver," is quite an anonymous, but knowledgeable, quote. Though this may seem a more modern way of viewing life itself, this quote actually resembles that of a much older perspective: that of an existentialist. Existentialism, is, essentially, the philosophy that life is meaningless, unless one defines that life. Two philosophers actively involved in this position were Soren Kierkegaard and Jean-Paul Sartre. While both can be considered existentialists, in that the quote above…...

"The Metamorphosis" by Franz Kafka: Origins and Parallels

Throughout the novel, The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka, the author, demonstrates the parallel between his relationship with his family, and Gregor Samsa's relationship with his family, in addition to how Gregor came to chose to become the insect he was physically, after having already been one psychologically. Following the existentialist theory, Gregor allowed himself to become an insect, as he chose how he would let his family affect him. Ultimately, it was he that made the choice to become accustomed to…...

Criticisms of Plato's Theory of the Forms

Plato's theory of forms, also called his theory of ideas, states that there is another world, separate from the material world that we live in called the "eternal world of forms". This world, to Plato, is more real than the one we live in. His theory is shown in his Allegory of the Cave (from The Republic, Book VII), where the prisoners only live in what they think is a real world, but really it is a shadow of reality.…...

Transcendentalism in modern-day society

Some aspects of Transcendentalism can be applied in today's society, while others have lost their relevance due to the changes of social and economic conditions since the time of Thoreau. The Transcendentalists' goal was to create a Utopia in America. They believed in a society without rules in which you would be free to do whatever you wanted as long as it did not infringe on the freedom or well-being of others. The concept of what is a Utopia is…...

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