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Practiсe of Urinary Catheterization

Catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) are the most prevalent of all nosocomial infections inflicted upon patients while hospitalized. Approximately 30% of all hospital reported infections are of the urinary tract (Joint commission: New year will usher in new CAUTI prevention requiremants, 2011). The Joint Commission estimates the annual cost of CAUTI care is in excess of $400 million; furthermore, CAUTI care is targeted by Medicaid and Medicare services as a non-reimbursable infection. For years, postoperative urinary catheter utilization has…...

HIPAA, CIA & Safeguards

First enforcement action resulting from HITECH Breach Notification Rule Blue Cross Blue Shield of Tennessee (BCBST) has agreed to pay the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) $1,500,000 to settle potential violations of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) Privacy and Security Rules, Leon Rodriguez, Director of the HHS Office for Civil Rights (OCR), announced today. BCBST has also agreed to a corrective action plan to address gaps in its HIPAA compliance program. The…...

Ethical Dilemmas in Interpreting

Ethical dilemmas in interpreting: case study 2 In the scenario, I am interpreting at a medical practice. The Service Provider (SP) is the GP practice and Service User (SU) is a patient. I arrive at the reception on time, the receptionist waves me in direction of the patient and then she answers a phone call. Then the patient is called into the consultation room. At the consultation room, I try to introduce myself and give my Code of Practice (CoP)…...

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Calabash Leaf

INTRODUCTION There are hundreds of plants worldwide that are known for its medicinal agents used in both traditional and modern medicine for many purposes that include bacterial and fungal infections (Obafemi Akinpelu Taiwoo Adeloye 2006). According to history, the use of plants in curing illnesses has been practiced since the human civilization began, and has deep roots within traditions and cultures. Ethnopharmacological practices had been recorded prominent among Nigerian people. Nowadays, they continually play a role in primary health practices.…...

Advocacy and Public Policy Making

Introduction The purpose of this essay is to discuss Medicare Part D, as well as the influence of the various interest groups and governmental entities during this process. This essay will discuss both the policy process and the policy environment (the key players involved and other circumstances that shaped this policy-making effort), how stakeholder groups influenced the final outcome of Medicare Part D legislation, the specific strategies and tools that were used most effectively, and if the fact that Medicare…...

Hidden Dangers of ADHD Medication

Medication for ADHD can cause a fantastic deal of overdose for children that have ADHD. Their bodies will get addicted to the medication when they can not do without them. If a patient stop taking it, their bodies will shut-- down and start responding in an unusual way. These hidden symptoms can cause behavioral analysis that can examine the impact in medication that has kind in the kids body. All of it starts from genetics, which cause ADHD, so it…...

Football Concussions - Cases

Football is America’s most popular sport. Whether it is a child’s Pee Wee football game, or watching an NFL Sunday night game, we Americans cannot get enough of our football. Over two-hundred million independent viewers watch the NFL every year (Easterbrooke). With all this demand for football, it is hard to see the physical toll the game takes on the players that entertain us. There is a seventy-five percent chance that a football player will sustain a concussion during their…...

Health Care Spending Paper

This paper will include: the current health care expenditures whether spending is too much or not enough, where the nation should add or cut, how the public’s health care needs are paid and provide a forecast for: the future economic needs, why these needs must be addressed, how I envision these needs will be financed and conclusion. Current Health Expenditures Health care costs have been rising for several years. Expenditures in the United States on health care surpassed $2.3 trillion…...

Antimicrobial Drugs

The most common way of alleviating the specific symptoms arrived from diseases is to ingest antimicrobial drugs. Chemotherapeutical antimicrobial agents are chemical compounds intended to inhibit or kill rapidly dividing microorganisms. In order to derive an antimicrobial drug, different chemical compounds must be synthetically formed. Among these specific chemical compounds is a compound famously known as the antibiotic. The antibiotic is classified as an antimicrobial drug because it's a chemical that is produced by either a bacterium or fungus, which…...

Five Social Insurances and One Housing Fund

According to figure 1, it showed that the pay ratio of Shanghai enterprise was higher than Beijing and Guangzhou while the ratio for individuals were the same. The reason of the high ratio fee is to protect the worker's income, so that the workers would not need to pay half of their income for insurance payment. Therefore, the living standards for the workers would keep in average. In this few years, the development of other cities in China was being fast…...

The Nursing Process

The nursing process is an assessment, diagnosis, plan, implementation and evaluation of our patients. As a practical nursing student this is something we are learning and improving on daily. Assessment is the most important part of the nursing process. This process is becoming clearer every day spent in the clinical setting. The assessment part of the process is done with every interaction of our patients we are taught in school. I thought how could that be assessing something takes a…...

Germs: Bacteria, Viruses, Fungi, and Protozoa

A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms. Viruses can infect all types of life forms, from animals and plants to bacteria and archaea. Characteristics: Like living organisms, viruses contain nucleic acids and proteins. Inside living cells, viruses can reproduce, but not by the process of mitosis like most living cells. Viruses lack some characteristics of living organisms. Outside of living cells, viruses are not alive. Structure/Shape: A virus structure can…...

On Death and Dying

For a long time doctors had had problems with persons with terminal illness. A dying person who could not be treated had always exposed the fallibility of the medical practitioners. This led to shunning of this lot as the dying and little to be done to save them. With this excuse doctors would move on more demanding cases that they believed could be cured. However, this was not the case with Elizabeth Kubler-Ross who was a doctor herself. Born in…...

The Rising Cost of Healthcare

Without a doubt healthcare costs are rising out of control. Not one of us are happy with the increases, but we have to understand what the reasons are for the increases in healthcare. American people look at their insurance bills, co-pays and drug costs, and do not understand why they continue to increase. The insured should consider all reasons behind the increase before getting upset. In 2004, employer health care premiums increased over 11 percent, four times more than the…...

Introduction for OJT

To pursue venerable career in a professional organization enable achieving company’s objectives of development, customer pleasure and service. Together with assets for instance sincerity, truthfulness and struggle for excellence, add value and strength to the company, to empower the student or the team where he is a fraction of. In quest of a position in a top business where the OJT is able to transmit the knowledge gained through bachelor’s degree. Determinedly deem in the principle of implementing duties with…...

Abraham Flexner

Abraham Flexner was not a doctor but was a secondary school teacher and principal for 19 years in Louisville, Kentucky (where this writer's uncle was one of his students). Flexner then took graduate work at Harvard and the University of Berlin and joined the research staff of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. For the Carnegie Foundation, Flexner researched, wrote and in 1910 published a report entitled "Medical Education in the United States and Canada." It is known…...

Pfizer: Biopharmaceutical Bompany

The value that the branded pharmaceutical industry adds to the US economy is growing slower than US GDP (Snyder, 2012). Rivalry has intensified while the rate of blockbuster drug development has slowed due to an increase in regulation from the government and the industry trade association, PhRMA. The number of new entrants is fairly low and some are exiting or consolidating through mergers and acquisitions. Downstream and upstream factors are crucial to the specialty pharmaceutical sector of this industry since…...

Pros And Cons Of Pay For Performance

Pay for performance are programs designed with an aim of improving the quality of health care and to control the increasingly high cost of health care services. However, these programs are characterized by many advantages as well as disadvantages. This paper seeks to identify the objectives of pay for performance policies. It gives a discussion of the effectiveness of pay for performance on improving quality as well as controlling the cost of health care services. It also focuses on the…...

Electronic-Based Medical Record

For many years, physicians’ offices documented all data in paper-based medical charts. Now, the physician or clinician records the medical data into a computer. Information stored in this manner is known as an electronic-based medical record or EMR. By definition, an EMR is a computerized record of the important health information regarding a patient including the care of that individual and the progress of that patient’s condition (Bonewit-West, Hunt, & Applegate, 2009). The use of computers in physicians’ offices is…...

The Hippocratic Oath

Medics and nurses are guided by the Hippocratic Oath to exercise dutiful care for their patients. Due to its sensitive nature, medical profession has to be governed by a number of ethical and legal principles to ensure that it is carried out within a set framework of standards. The principle of Informed Consent was coined in the bid to protect patients and ensure their participation in the decisions concerning their bodies. Informed consent according to Berg et al (2001, 3)…...

Medicare Never Pay Events

Medicare is currently the primary healthcare insurer of the elderly in the United States of America. Medicare, which is funded by the federal government, paid providers $444 billion dollars in 2008 for healthcare expenses (National Healthcare and Medicare Spending, 2010). Due to enormous expenses, Medicare implemented changes during 2008 to improve patient safety and reduce cost by eliminating reimbursement to those who provide unsafe care. Medicare designed a list of “never” events. These are events Medicare will not reimburse, and…...

Health Is The Most Important Part Of Life

What business is your venture in? What is the current stage of development for the venture? 'Health is Wealth' is an age long adage, which infers that the health of a people is the most important part of life. Alok Tours and Travels is into the healthcare delivery sector, but with a different dimension. Gone are those days when the orthodox medical practices of the west monopolized the healthcare sector. Time and events have shown that some eastern countries have…...

Biggest Problems Facing Medicare and Problems Key Similarities and Differences

Problems Facing Medicare and Medicaid The Federal Government has sponsored Health insurance programs such as Medicare as well as the Medicaid. Medical insurance for the elderly, disabled, as well as low-income Americans are covered by these insurance programs. In 1965, these programs took effect and the Health Care Finance Administration or the HCFA, of the Department of Health and Human Services administered these programs. Health Care coverage is provided by the US government to a variety of groups such as…...

Surgical Alcohol

Most commonly used are ethanol (60–90%), 1-propanol (60–70%) and 2-propanol/isopropanol (70–80%) or mixtures of these alcohols. They are commonly referred to as "surgical alcohol". Used to disinfect the skin before injections are given, often along with iodine (tincture of iodine) or some cationic surfactants (benzalkonium chloride 0.05–0.5%, chlorhexidine 0.2–4.0% or octenidine dihydrochloride 0.1–2.0%). Quaternary ammonium compounds Also known as Quats or QAC's, include the chemicals benzalkonium chloride (BAC), cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (CTMB), cetylpyridinium chloride (Cetrim, CPC) and benzethonium chloride (BZT).…...

Burns Classification

To identify a small burn from a major burn, the initial step is to identify the extent of damage to body tissues. The three burn categories of first-degree burn, second-degree burn and third-degree burn will help you figure out emergency care. 1st-degree burn The least serious burns are those in which only the outer layer of skin is burned, however not all the method through. * The skin is usually red * Frequently there is swelling * Pain sometimes exists…...

Licensed Practical Nurs and Registered Nurse

It takes a lot of courage to let go of what is known, familiar, and comfortable. Change is a driving force in everyone. Like a butterfly, individuals in the nursing field may go through similar stages of metamorphosis, which is a process of growth, change, and development, (Wikipedia Foundation, 2006). Nurses have a vast amount of opportunity for growth and change in the healthcare field. The nursing profession has often been viewed as target of change rather than a force…...

Medicare and Medicaid

Medicaid and Medicare are two different government programs. Both programs were created in 1965 to help older and low-income families be able to buy their own private health insurance. These programs were part of President Lyndon Johnson’s “Great Society” plan, a commitment to helping meet the needs of individual health care. They are social insurance programs, which allow the financial load of patient’s illnesses to be shared by other healthy, sick, wealthy, and lower income individuals and families. Medicaid insurance…...

Old Folks Homes

When considering the nursing home option for parents or other loved ones, here are a few of the main advantages to keep to mind: Better resources and equipment: Private homes simply don't have the types of medical equipment and supplies needed to help seniors stay healthy. Many nursing homes are almost as advanced as hospitals in their ability to provide sophisticated care for patients on a 24-hour basis. High-quality long-term care: Due to modern medicine, seniors now live longer than…...

Sterilization and Disinfection in the Operating Room

INTRO Sanitation and disinfection in any surgical operations, injections, and oral surgery are necessary as far as safe surgical treatment is concerned. It is always a good idea to maintain an aseptic condition when carrying the operation. The process should be performed in a favorable environment devoid of contagion, contaminated products, and microorganisms. For example, during the positioning of implants in the larynx or buccal cavity, it is of critical value to prevent post surgical infections that can result to…...

Cerebral Palsy

Background and rationale of the study One of the leading cases of musculoskeletal trauma is fracture. Fractures are any break in the continuity of the bone. It usually occurs when the stress placed on a bone is greater than the bone can absorb. Muscles, blood vessels, nerves, tendons, joints and other organs may be injured when fracture occurs (Nettina, Sandra B. 2006). It can be caused by metabolic bone diseases such as osteoporosis, or as a result of direct force…...

Antimicrobial Effects of Cilantro

A drop of cilantro juice and water in varying concentrations (1:10, 1:20, 1:40, 1:80) was added to a nutrient agar plate inoculated with S. epidermis and a nutrient agar plate inoculated with E. coli. The plates were incubated for 48 hours and then observed for a zone of clearing where the cilantro juice drop was placed. Cilantro was found to not display antimicrobial activity against either bacterium in the experiment in any of the different dilutions. These results could have…...

Achilles Tendon

The Achilles tendon is a tough band of threadlike tissue that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. The Achilles tendon is also called the calcaneal tendon. The calf muscles unite into one band of tissue, which becomes the Achilles tendon at the low end of the calf. The Achilles tendon then inserts into the heel bone. Small sacs of fluid called bursa cushion the Achilles tendon at the heel. The Achilles tendon is the largest and strongest tendon…...

Segmentation Methodologies of Diabetic Foot Ulcer Images

C# and Umadevi. P #Professor, Centre for Research and Development, Department of Electronics andCommunication Engineering#PG scholar, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, KPR Institute of Engineering and Technology,Coimbatore " 641 407, Tamil Nadu, INDIA,ABSTRACT:Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is the complication of Diabetic mellitus (DM) where 15% develop foot ulcer and 1/4 will leads to amputation. Breaking of neuropathic (nerves) and weakening of vascular (blood vessels) are the two ways of diabetics. Extraordinary increase of glucose in the blood results in…...

The Systematic Approach Of Diagnosing

Evidence-based practice consolidates providing high-quality care synchronizing with patients' preferences in deciding the care pathway (Gradone & Staffileno, 2019). Chest pain is a common complaint in the whole healthcare and can be caused by a vast range of disease conditions - from musculoskeletal disorders to acute and potentially life-threatening conditions like coronary heart disease (Haasenritter et al., 2015). Clinical management of the presenting symptoms can be tendentious. Chest pain is one of the leading causes of a medical emergency (Weber…...

Laboratory's Waiting Room

Introduction Approximately a week ago, I watched as an elderly woman emerged from a building and tried to come down two flights of stairs, with the aid of her walking stick and a relative. When she finally got to the end of the steps she was observed to be exhausted and in pain. This is an assessment of the outside and inside if a building and a public transportation, which disclosed that they were built without the thought of the…...

Alicia Jayne Daniels

Alicia Jayne Daniels was an epilepsy nurse employed at University Hospital Bristol. Daniels was struck off after lying to her employees about having cancer. Throughout this essay I aim to discuss professionalism, ethics and the legal role of the regulatory body in nursing and how these relate to the case of Miss Daniels. Professionalism is a key aspect within the nursing profession and is clearly shown within the nursing and midwifery (NMC) code (2018). The code states that one should…...

Health Caring Field

Conceptualizing of empowering for health care clients and staffs in health caring field carries a great meaning to the entire professional and even it is defined by the government legislation where as every single care settings need to follow the relevant legislation, laws, and policies to promote the client health. From this point of view, I will go for report writing about empowering the client and how it is also be applied by the professional caring staffs is at the…...

The Negative Consequences of NHI

Despite the overall positive ontology surrounding the NHI plan, many fears and objections to it come into play. South Africa is known for its excellence in policy making and legislation but its fundamental downfall lies within it implementation and execution of its policies. The NHI is seen as an overly ambitious idea, and many professionals feel that currently South Africa is not able to successfully implement this plan given its current conditions. The country is facing an increasing year on…...

Better coverage of Medicare plans with the help of Medigap insurance

The Medigap Insurance is offerings or the Medicare supplement plans have been standardized by the Centers of Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) in 1992. Though Medigap policies were also available prior to that but the seniors possessing the plans prior to 1992 are still under non-standard plans, yet it’s found these plans are no longer eligible for the new plans. It is to be mentioned that the Medigap or the Medicare supplemental Insurance Plans are sold by the private insurance…...

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