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John Locke Essay Examples

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Immanuel Kant vs John Locke Philosophy

John Locke distinguished, in his Essay, “real essence” from “nominal essence.” Nominal essence, according to Locke, is the “abstract Idea to which the Name is annexed (III.vi.2).” Thus, the nominal essence of the name ‘gold’, Locke said, “is that complex Idea the word Gold stands for, let it be, for instance, a Body yellow, of a certain weight, malleable, fusible, and fixed.” In contrast, the real essence of gold is “the constitution of the insensible parts of that Body, on…...

Human rights Issues in V for Vendetta Movie

After watching ‘V for Vendetta’, you can find influences of the philosophies of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean Jacues Rousseau. However in my opinion, I find that the philosophies of John Locke are most prominent. The basis of the movie is the oppression of the government on its people. Many attributes of the film show that the government depicted, has many similarities to the late dictatorship of Adolph Hitler. John Locke philosophies include; that a state of war is…...

The Enlightenment and the Great Awakening movements

What are the fundamental differences between the Enlightenment and the Great Awakening movements, and what if anything did these two movements have in common? The Great Awakening and the Enlightenment were two historical events that shaped the thoughts of people and religion in the mid 1700's America. The Great Awakening began about the 1930's and reached its climax ten years later in 1740. They both formed and shaped the way many think today and brought lots of notions on human…...

The American Revolution as a conservative movement

The American Transformation, while it might have been the very first war that was started to really implement some concepts that formerly had actually just been spoken about, did not have any concepts that were brand-new. Absolutely nothing truly altered as far as the typical guy was concerned, after the transformation. Servants were still shackled, Indians were still thought about savages, ladies were not given equivalent rights and the federal governments were still essentially the very same, except now there…...

Comparing and Contrasting Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were two great political theorists of their time. They both provided wonderful philosophical texts on how our government should govern us. This paper will show the largest differences and some of the similarities between Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan and John Locke's Second Treatise on Civil Government. Although they do have some similarities, Hobbes and Locke have different views on most of their political arguments, and I will expand on their differences on the state of nature,…...

Thomas Paine's Common Sense

Throughout history propaganda has been used in order to express an opinion for the purpose of influencing actions of individual and groups. Many times it has been proven to be very effective and lead to major changes in society. Thomas Paine's common sense and the declaration of independence are considered the two most potent documents of propaganda seen in American history. Thomas Paine's Common Sense was written in the year 1776. During this time period America was attempting to gain…...

The Concepts Of Power, Authority & Legitimacy

The political arena in modern times is often times fraught with dissension, treachery and agendas which are set in place only to forward individual means. These circumstances are not coincidental or without reason; in fact they are reminiscent of many conflicts across ages. Politics as a science has thus evolved through series of theories which attempt to formalise the process and circumstances which pervade the arena. We thus find there three key elements authority, legitimacy and power exist within the…...

Analysis and Historical Context from Second Treatise of Civil Government by John Locke

The previous fragment we’ve read belongs to the work of John Locke, ‘Second Treatise of Civil Government’, who published it anonymously in 1689. It is a work of political philosophy, in which Locke talks about civil society, natural rights and separation of powers. Locke was one of the first empirical philosophers and he believed that the human being was born with no knowledge, and that experience and observation were the base of all human wisdom. In the text, Locke talks…...

Strengths of Empiricism

Empiricism is the claim that sense experience is the sole source of our knowledge about the world. (Lawhead, 55) According to Empiricists, such as John Locke, all understanding comes from direct sense experience. Locke's idea of understanding originates from his belief that the mind is a "blank slate or tabula rosa" at birth, and our experiences are written upon the slate. For that reason, there are no inherent experiences. The three strengths of empiricism that will be described in this…...

Rationalism And Empiricism: The Source Of All Knowledge

In Philosophy, there are two main positions about the source of all knowledge. These positions are called rationalism and empiricism. Rationalists believe that all knowledge is "innate", or is there when one is born, and that learning comes from intuition. On the other hand, empiricists believe that all knowledge comes from direct sense experience. In this essay, I will further explain each position, it's strengths and weaknesses, and how Kant discovered that there is an alternative to these positions. In…...

History of modern psychology

Psychology’s history cannot be understood adequately without knowing something of philosophy’s history. All of the important issues that concern modern psychologists have been addressed by philosophers (2008). I will discuss how the philosophers: Descartes, Locke, Hume, Mill, and Berkley. These individuals life work greatly influenced the development of modern psychology. The End of the Renaissance and the 17th century brought to history, the man who is “sometimes considered the father of modern philosophy, mathematics, physiology and psychology”, the great philosopher,…...

Tabula rasa

Empiricism is the view that all understanding originates from experience whatever is the mind arrived through the senses. Locke was an empiricist who held that the mind was tabula rasa or a blank slate at birth to be written upon by sensory experience. Empiricism is opposed to rationalism or the view that psychological ideas and knowledge exist in the mind prior to experience that there are abstract or inherent concepts. George Berkeley argued against rationalism and materialism. He likewise slammed…...

History of Psycology

Before psychology there was philosophy. Descartes was around during the end of the Renaissance and in the era of revolutionary developments in science. Born in 1596 to a French lawyer, Descartes could understand more than most. When he was in his late 20’s, he resembled more of a scientist than a philosopher since he had studied physics, optics, geometry as well as physiology. The first to discover that lenses in one’s eyes are inverted by removing an ox’s eye, Descartes…...

Is Knowledge Immanent?

Are we born with knowledge? Of course we are. In this speech, I am going to argue about how ability is knowledge and what knowledge we have when we were younger. As a child, we have been brought up by our environment and culture. Without this, what knowledge would we have? Let’s say, the minute a child is born, and you throw this new born baby into a “swimming pool” or “water” it will immediately be able to swim or…...

The Nature of Man

The nature of man is a subject that dates back centuries, though it is one that is still highly debated today. Philosophers, sociologists, and even sociobiologists have brought evidence leading to various conclusions to the table, so the question still stands. Mencius said that man’s nature is good, while Hsun Tzu argued from the opposite side. Centuries later, John Locke published a theory relating the nature of man to a blank piece of paper, stating that man is neutral until…...

Immanuel Kant and Jean-Jacques Rousseau

The eighteenth century was a time of rapid change and development in the way people viewed humans and their interaction with others in society. Many countries experience revolution and monarchies were overthrow. People began to question the values that were ingrained in society and governments that ruled them. Two of the biggest philosophers of that time were Immanuel Kant and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who both ignite the overthrow of tradition and whose philosophies were the basis of many future governments. In…...

Baron De Montesquieu and John Locke

John Locke- 1. John Locke was one of the greatest philosophers in Europe at the end of the seventeenth century. Locke grew up and lived through one of the most extraordinary centuries of English political and intellectual history. The collapse of the Protectorate after the death of Cromwell was followed by the Restoration of Charles II — the return of the monarchy, the House of Lords and the Anglican Church. 2. Born 1632, died 1704. Locke's chief work while living…...

John Locke- Equality

What is equality? Equality is not something that a government can grant or deny a body of citizens; for this right is unalienable. This basically included life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness and was not allowed to be taken away by governments. It could be utilized to describe the same political rights that people may have, including males and females. However, John Locke in the Second Treatise of Government outlines his theory of equality and how it works in…...

John Locke on Property

In the Second Treatise of Government by John Locke, he writes about the right to private property. In the chapter which is titled "Of Property" he tells how the right to private property originated, the role it plays in the state of nature, the limitations that are set on the rights of private property, the role the invention of money played in property rights and the role property rights play after the establishment of government.. In this chapter Locke makes…...

John Locke on Tacit and Unintended Consent

In his Second Treatise on Law and Government, John Locke outlines clear and coherent standards for what constitutes a legitimate government and what persons one such government would have authority over. Both are determined by citizens' acts of consenting to relinquish to the government part of their natural authority over their own conduct. Unfortunately, the situation becomes much less clear once we consider how his standards would apply to the political situation existing in the real world today. If we…...

John Locke's Philosophy of Tabula Rasa

Empiricism is the view that all knowledge comes from experience whatever is the mind got there through the senses. Locke was an empiricist who held that the mind was tabula rasa or a blank slate at birth to be written upon by sensory experience. Empiricism is opposed to rationalism or the view that mental ideas and knowledge exist in the mind prior to experience that there are abstract or innate ideas. George Berkeley argued against rationalism and materialism. He also…...

The State of Nature According to John Locke

The state of nature according to Locke is "a state of perfect flexibility to order their actions and dispose of their belongings and persons as they believe fit ... without asking leave or relying on the will of any other guy." For Locke, the state of nature is where people exist without an established government or social contract. In a considering that the state of nature is a state of anarchy, of no order. What John Locke believed about the…...

John Locke's Social Contract Theory

This paper analyzes the social contract theory of John Locke and how his values are consistent with the criminal justice system and private security settings of today. It will further discuss whether or not Locke’s’ values and principles apply to both criminal justice and private security venues. I will also summarize the major differences of the social contract theories; identify the key principles associated with Locke’s social contract theory; identify how these principles are inculcated in the U. S. Bill…...

Property According to Karl Marx and John Locke

“Property, any object or right that can be owned. Ownership involves, first and foremost, possession; in simple societies to possess something is to own it” ( Funk & Wagnall's. 1994). English philosopher, John Locke (1632-1704) believed that the only reason society degenerates to armed conflict and strife is because of a depletion of the essential ingredients of an individual or a community’s self-preservation. Those ingredients, according to the Second Treatise include: the right to private property which is grounded in…...

Isaac Newton Is Better Than John Locke

In all my life I have discovered many things. My discoveries have allowed us to make more new discoveries. But a problem I think of is what the world would be like if I never existed. To start things off one important discovery I made was modern physics. If I was never to make the discoveries in optics, motion, and mathematics modern physics wouldn’t of existed which means that scientist wouldn’t have never known that every object in the universe…...

Locke and hobbs state of nature

?Exam #1 1. Locks justification of private property can be summed by stating, the earth and all it possess is property to be used by people in common for their own benefit and existence. In Locke's view, every individual must have private property rights In order to possess the property in common. To Locke, property also justifies and gives authority in terms of wages, land, and labor. Also in order to be justified, and individual must not possess more property…...

John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau

By comparing and contrasting the role of property, the state of nature, and technology within the philosophies of John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, this essay will argue the opinions of these two theorists. Each theorist has a different foundation of the conception of private properties. The state of nature is looked at deeply within how society perceives mankind and what is right and wrong. As technology changes, both philosophers speak about the developments of these great powerful sources. There are…...

Rene Descartes and John Locke

Socrates once said, “As for me, all I know is that I know nothing. ” Several philosophers contradicted Socrates’ outlook and believed that true knowledge was in fact attainable. This epistemological view however had several stances to it, as philosophers held different beliefs in regards to the derivation of true knowledge. Rationalists believed that the mind was the source of true knowledge, while in Empiricism, true knowledge derived from the senses. Rene Descartes, a rationalist, and John Locke, an empiricist,…...

Locke vs Mill

Mankind has been fighting for Liberty and Freedom for as long as we can remember. Liberty and freedom has been a topic which has been debated for many decades. What does it mean to be free , and how far can we go to strive for freedom. These important questions have been answered and studied by two of the greatest English philosophers, John Locke and John Stuart Mill. Locke and Mill men will attempt to uncover the mysteries of Liberty…...

John Locke's Concept of Innate Knowledge

The thought that humans are born with some sort of innate ideas has been a much debated topic for many years. It is impossible to say if it is true or not, but it is believed true by many people, including some religions. John Locke has several arguments against innate knowledge; among these, the argument that states that if we did in fact possess innate ideas, then everybody would agree on at least one idea. There are no principles that…...

Thomas Hobbes

If you value gaining a better understanding of yourself and the world, and of the life that is best for you, then philosophy is most likely worth a few hours of your time. Philosophy is concerned with the justification of our most basic beliefs and the analysis of the concepts making up these beliefs. Some of these beliefs are highly relevant not just to how we understand ourselves and the world around us, but also to how we should act…...

The Scientific Revolution on the Enlightenment Era

The scientific revolution started in the late in the late 1600’s and was followed by the enlightenment era. The scientific revolution scientists challenged the church’s teachings and proved them wrong in many ways. That made people open their eyes and start to question all of their leaders including those who believed in divine right. With that said, the enlightenment eera couldn’t have happened without the scientific revolution happening before because the scientists of the scientific revolution inspired the enlightenment philosophers,…...

John Locke and the Declaration of Independence

In 1689, John Locke published, what proved to be, a valuable document for the American Revolution as well as life in present day America, known as the Second Treatise of Government. In his document he creates a model of his ideal civil government, which is created by the people to ensure their “natural rights” of life, liberty, and property. This government may also be dissolved upon the decision of the people, when it is believed that the sovereignty has ceased…...

Enlightenment and Religion

Enlightenment has been fundamentally a humanistic movement, which proposed a new approach to basic matters of religion, faith and church. This paper aims to investigate some of the Enlightenment teachings about religion. I will use “An Answer to the Question: What is Enlightenment?” by Emmanuel Kant and “A Letter concerning Toleration” by John Locke to demonstrate how philosophers of the Enlightenment treated religion. In explaining what Enlightenment is Kant touched some questions of religion and church. For him religion was…...

Second Treatise of Civil Government Summary

John Locke talks about the Political Society and Government. He discusses how men are entitled to their own property. Lock talks about justice and how there is punishment for people who harm other peoples’ property. Locke talks about the power “of doing whatsoever he thought fit for the preservation of himself and the rest of mankind,” and the “power of punishing the crimes committed against that law. ” Locke states that legislative power is the law of the land, and…...

Beliefs About Students

It is undeniable that the beliefs about students and education have a profound impact on what is taught and how it is taught, just as the beliefs about life have a profound impact on how individuals live their lives. Educational beliefs are revised and refined and over time becomes stronger as they seem to serve us well and prove to be true. Thus, these beliefs ultimately become our philosophy of education. It is possible that every student that enters a…...

Analysis of Political Theory

There are two political theories that I combined and will implement if I were to be placed as the highest-ranking official of the country. These are the theories of Immanuel Kant and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. I chose to unite the two theories because both of them, as I was reading through its contents, had the biggest impact on me than all the other theories I researched for. The joined theories would build up my ideal state as a leader of the…...

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