Essays on Thomas Aquinas

Aquinas’ First mover
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Introduction The argument in question is based on whether God exists, or the overall relation of the universe’s existence. The focus of this argument will be about if the universe exists then something must have cause it to exist. whether it was by God or another unknown source that made it. There does not necessarily need to be an explanation for people who do not support this argument as the universes’ current state of existence. Why the universe exists? I…...
GodReligionThomas AquinasUniverse
Political theory from the Greek city-states
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The time of Pericles, Plato, and Aristotle During the time of Pericles, Plato, and Aristotle, Greece was divided into city-states with a wide variety of constitutions, ranging from Sparta's military dictatorship to Athens' direct democracy. Most city-states had about 300,000 people, each divided into one of three classes : citizens, metics, or slaves. The citizens represented a total of one - third the population. The members of this class participated directly with politics in the various institutions, and decisions were…...
GodJusticePoliticsStateThomas Aquinas
Should these limitations be applied to modern warfare?
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  Only winnable wars should be fought because it is worthless for a state to put her people's lives at risk with hopeless action and in futility that nothing is being changed. It is necessary to wage war as the last and the least preferred course before all sensible alternatives have been exhausted (Elshtain 1992: 29). Hence, irrational resort to force can be prevented. As mentioned above, it is lawful to kill aggressor. The limitation is that warriors are restricted…...
ChristianityLimitationsPhilosophyThomas AquinasWar
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Plato, St. Aquinas or Aristotle
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One of the subject ideas we were provided to write about was how we thought Plato, St. Aquinas or Aristotle most represents my town/family which I intrigued me because during this time of year, around the holidays, everyone's thoughts turn to how can help provide for and protect our fellowman, how can we make sure all the children we know have gifts from Santa, how can we make sure that everyone has a special meal on Christmas Day, how can…...
AristotleChristmasPhilosophyPlatoThomas Aquinas
Human dignity
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Human Dignity Introduction Catholic Social Teaching is developed of both Sacred Scripture and the Natural Law custom. In the philosophical Natural Law, we have a vocabulary that tries to hold on reasons. To this the Natural law says and declares that all Human Beings have all have a broad spectrum of right and wrong. In fact, Thomas Aquinas reasons that “some goods are natural and evident to all”. This uniqueness of nature is the groundwork of the liberties and privileges…...
HumanHuman TraffickingNatural LawPovertyReasonThomas Aquinas
Natural law
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What is natural law? Natural law is a moral theory which asserts that there is a moral code which applies to all humans and which exists within our nature. This moral code is knowable through human reason by reflecting rationally on our nature and purpose as human beings. Aristotle quote concerning universal order of things? Aristotle suggested that there is a universal natural order of things. He wrote 'The natural is that which everywhere is equally valid... that which is…...
CourageNatural LawOriginal SinReasonThomas AquinasVirtue
The ethical theories of natural law and situation ethics
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There are two main techniques to principles which are held by Christians today. Over the years it has actually proved to be a really questionable and widely disputed concern. Catholics and certain other 'rigorous' denominations of the Christian church hold the view that natural law ought to be the means of making ethical choices, whereas more liberal Christians think about circumstance principles as a more appropriate ethical system to go by. Natural law was promoted by St Thomas Aquinas in…...
Natural LawTheoriesThomas Aquinas
St. Thomas Aquinas on the Immortality of the Soul
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For thousands of years now, the human body is believed to be consisting of two main entities: the body and the soul. Several beliefs and opinion have have been written, spoken and shown regarding the existence of a soul. Some say that a soul goes to God's Divine Home days after a person dies. Other beliefs state that a human being's soul wanders around the earth after death. Parting from popular notion, the question still lingers, what is a soul?…...
Philosophical TheoriesSoulThomas Aquinas
Experiential Knowledge and Intellectual Knowledge
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The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn has for a long time stirred the issue on the tug between experiential knowledge (the sort of knowledge that is gained in the “streets” and practiced mostly by Huck) and intellectual knowledge (the kind of knowledge being taught in schools and by people like Widow Douglas and Miss Watson). The issue can most of the time be phrased as that between being logical and following the practical consequences of one’s logic as opposed to following…...
AristotleKnowledgeMoralityReasonThomas AquinasVirtue
Anselm and Aquinas about The Existence of God
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Anselm of Canterbury and Thomas Aquinas had conceptualized their own justification for the existence of God. For Anselm, he chiefly indicated his strong defense of intellectual foundations of Christianity under the concept of “ontological argument” for the existence of God. Anselm argued that the existence of God is not only in human minds but rather in reality. The idea of Proslogion had become the main argument of Anselm, which he used in order to defend his idea of God’s existence.…...
ExistenceReligionThomas Aquinas
4 Cardinal Virtues
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The term "virtue" is from Latin and originally meant "strength" or "power". It is based on the word vir - man.. The ancient Greeks, starting with Homer, praised virtue. Despite the research and time, it is difficult to say precisely where virtue lies. The right measure is very difficult to achieve, and it is often different for different individuals. The idea of "The Golden Mean" is that in our actions we must seek the right measure and proportion. Excess or…...
Thomas AquinasVirtues
Virtue of Aquinas and Machiavelli
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The author's goal in this essay is to evaluate the definition of virtue according to Aquinas and compare/contrast that with Machiavellian virtue. Following this evaluation the author will attempt to discredit Machiavellian virtue as being shallow and impossible. Relying on question 55 from the Summa Theologiae and various chapters from The Prince, the author hopes to lay a solid and concrete argument against Machiavelli. It is insufficient to write of Aquinas without first mentioning Aristotle and the relationship Thomas Aquinas…...
CourageGodMachiavelliReasonThomas AquinasVirtue
Thomas Aquinas
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Introduction As I was a Christian, my parents use to ask me to read different types of books about God and religion. One of my favorite books that I had read during my high school years was a book by Thomas Aquinas. Thomas Aquinas believed in a unique combination of faith and reason in his believes of God, and had brought up five different arguments on his believes in political and ethical in the existence of God. 1st: The First…...
GodReligionThomas Aquinas
Thomas Aquinas on Perfection of God
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Thomas Aquinas' weakest argument is, without a doubt, the argument from gradation. In Aquinas' 4th method, God is specified as the Outright Being which, in a sense, is utilized as a yardstick for the measurement of all qualities. There is a belief that some things are much better than others, which can be used to all things, however can it truly be applied to everything? Is one increased better than another if equal in age and care? Who identifies which…...
GodMetaphysicsPhilosophyReasonThomas Aquinas
Catholic Social Teaching
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* is a body of doctrine developed by the Catholic Church on matters of poverty and wealth, economics, social organization and the role of the state. Its foundations are widely considered to have been laid by Pope Leo XIII's 1891 encyclical letter Rerum Novarum, which advocated economic Distributism and condemned both Capitalism and Socialism, although its roots can be traced to the writings of Catholic thinkers such as St. Thomas Aquinas and St. Augustine of Hippo, and is also derived…...
ChristianityPhilosophyReligionSocial JusticeTeachingThomas Aquinas
Use Of Imagination With Faith And Reason In The Pursuit Of Truth
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While looking for Truth, with a capital 'T', bringing 3 giants like St. Thomas Aquinas, Descartes and William Wordsworth, under a single roofing, is a gigantic job that needs terrific care and attention. Aquinas can be stated to be a guy who is an open minded Catholic, very tolerant and humane thinker who is not just a theorist but somebody who is intellectually thinking about the pursuit of truth. Descartes is the Greek philosopher, lived far before the age of…...
FaithGodReasonThomas AquinasTruth
Thomas Aquinas’ Five Ways for the Proof of God’s Existence
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Thomas Aquinas' weakest argument is, without a doubt, the argument from gradation. In Aquinas' fourth way, God is defined as the Absolute Being which, in a sense, is used as a yardstick for the measurement of all qualities. There is a belief that some things are better than others, which can be applied to all things, but can it really be applied to everything? Is one rose better than another if equal in age and care? Who determines which one…...
Does god exist?ExistenceGodThomas Aquinas
Explain ‘Natural Moral Law’
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Natural Law can be traced back into the Ancient Greek and Roman worlds. In Sophocles' play 'Antigone', Natural Law is very apparent throughout and the writings of the Greek Philosopher; Aristotle. In his works - 'Nicomachean Ethics' - he wrote; "The natural is that which is everywhere, is equally valid, and depends not upon being or not being received...that which is natural is unchangeable, and has the same power everywhere.' The Ancient Stoics emphasised the importance of Logos, or rationality,…...
GodLawMoralNatural LawThomas Aquinas
Aquinas’ view of kingship and the Aristotelian response
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St. Thomas Aquinas takes a number of Aristotle's concepts from The Politics in order to produce his idea of the best routine. He reviews the excellent and bad types of each type of government Aristotle introduced, and then makes his decision that the finest regime is a type of monarchy that he calls kingship. This choice stems from his definition of a king as "one who rules over individuals of a city or province for the typical great" (17 ).…...
AristotleMonarchyPhilosophyPoliticsThomas Aquinas
Saint Augustine of Hippo
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Saint Augustine of Hippo, as he is most commonly referred, of the early fifth century and Saint Thomas Aquinas, of the thirteenth century, are considerably well-known for their philosophical and theological discoveries. Even though both are famous for venturing to integrate Christianity with their philosophical thoughts, they took completely different paths in doing so. Aquinas took an Aristotelian path, being a strong follower of Aristotle while Augustine, took a Platonic path, considering Plotinus as his mentor. Both delved deeply into…...
AugustineGodGood And EvilHappinessLoveThomas Aquinas
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