“Do we love anything except what is beautiful? What then is a beautiful thing? What is beauty? What is it that attracts us and wins us to the things that we love?” (Augustine 106) Some might answer this question of the philosopher with the common phrase, “Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.” Certainly, many have argued that beauty is a subjective notion strictly dependent on point of view. People differ widely in regard to what they call beautiful, but does this mean that beauty is nothing more than a figment of the eye, an ambiguous notion that differs from one viewer to the next? Indeed, this seems a bit disappointing in something that inspires such a powerful response in not just an isolated case but universally. “…if beauty is entirely subjective – that is, if anything that anyone holds to be or experiences as beautiful is beautiful…then it seems that the word has no meaning, or that we are not communicating anything when we call something beautiful except perhaps an approving personal attitude”.
Cosmetic Treatments for Hair
“Cosmetology can have positive impacts for not only cosmetologists but salon clients as well which leads to why cosmetology is the study and application of beauty treatments(Rothstein, The positive Impact)”. The most common cosmetologist career choice is a hairstylist, however, earning a diploma at a highly regarded cosmetology school can lead to a career in skincare, cosmetics, manicures, and pedicures. People enjoy feeling good about themselves and cosmetologists help their customers feel welcome and satisfied with the services rendered. Beauty…...
History of Beauty Pageants
In 1854, showman Phineas Taylor Barnum produced the first beauty pageant. His event was unsuccessful because journalists and travelers found it distasteful and felt it portrayed an inaccurate view on women. Starting in 1920, women were allowed to vote. This change in political standpoint impacted the culture of pageants. The New York Times started to document women’s first. This includes the first beauty pageant in 1921, named “Atlantic City’s fall event” in the Times. Later renamed the Miss America Pageant,…...
The Harmful Effects of Beauty Pageants
“What I came to realize from watching the show is how reflective it is to real life. Every day people go out and try to make their dreams happen while others kind of sit back and judge their performance. But in life the judges don’t determine the outcome of our lives; we do” (Jackson, 2013). In a world full of competition beauty is everything especially to the younger generations of females. The beauty pageants negatively influence young girls’ expectations and…...
Women Regain Power in Pageants
What do beauty pageant contestants and political candidates have in common? According to author Lindsay Cross, their appearance is important, emotions must be strategic and they must always be prepared to discuss any topic (Cross, 2012). Beauty pageants are slowly changing with time by becoming less appearance based and more politically engaged. Originally, women who competed in beauty pageants were judged solely on the beauty of their face and figure while in gowns and swimsuits (Lettman, 1961). More recently, contestants…...
Business Plan D&D Beauty Salon
D&D (Dreams and Desires) Tailor Beauty Salon is a special beauty salon of its kind. It tends to supply all barberry and cosmetology services under one roofing in a special method. What makes D&D so unique is its identify software application. The software application permits the customer to see, recognize and examine him/herself in an actual time. It takes image of the customer and immediately allows them to carry out different functions, such as; try different hairstyles, modification hair color,…...
Popular American Culture Paper
According to Merriam-Webster culture is “the customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits of a racial, religious, or social group” (2011). Popular culture is “the opposite of high cultural art forms, such as the opera, historic art, classical music, traditional theater or literature; popular culture includes many forms of cultural communication including newspapers, television, advertising, comics, pop music, radio, cheap novels, movies, jazz, etc. In the beginning of the 20th Century," High art" was the realm of the wealthy and…...
Professionalism in Grooming and Etiquette Scope
Introduction Grooming and Etiquette is very important and is the main as well foremost important quality for those who is working or plan to work in the Hospitality Industry. Extract of grooming and etiquettes that can be easily understood are ready smile, confidence, eye contact, good posture and body language, excellent grooming, pleasant personality, good hygiene, ability to mingle with everyone, extrovert character, good communication skills and readiness in any situation. These are the aspects that a student of Hospitality Courses and adults planning to involve in hospitality world needs to consider. One needs all…...
Easy Makeup Tips to Get Indian Wedding-Ready
A big Indian wedding means hours spent getting adorned with henna for the deepest love from you soon-to-be husband. As important as henna is to Indian matrimony though, you can’t neglect the rest of your beauty. There are so many tips out there for bridal makeup, but few of them focus on Indian bridal makeup. Before you hire someone to help you with your Indian bridal makeup though, part of the fun is trying out new looks yourself to see…...
Huda Beauty and Beauty Bakerie Scandal
Huda Beauty, a well known makeup company based on Dubai, is owned and founded by selfmade CEO, Huda Kattan. Kattan and her makeup company grew to fame because of her popular Youtube channel and Instagram page. In a similar manner, Cashmere Nicol, a breast cancer survivor, founded and created the smaller makeup company, Beauty Bakerie. Her business became increasingly popular because of the quality of her products, beautiful yet creative packaging, and amazing representation towards women of color. Huda Beauty’s…...
Wedding Makeup Looks
It's the most special occasion of the many people's lives, wherever 2 folks conceive to share their lives with each other. It also can be a really trying time, making ready for the event and selecting all the small details. One factor that ought to be considered early is that the differing types of Wedding Makeup appearance you would like for the massive day. Wedding Makeup appearance may be as easy or as elaborate as personal style (or cultural custom)…...
A History of Makeup and Face Powder
In 1920 MaxFactor created the first makeup line and coined the word calling this mew range “Society Makeup”. Although The history of cosmetics spans at least 7,000 years and is present in almost every society on earth. Archeologically evidence shows the Egyptian ladies were dolling themselves up as early as 4000B.C. This was mainly, or at least in good part, to please the gods, as the women felt their appearance was directly related to their spiritual worth. So, the Egyptians…...
The Reasons Women Wear Makeup
All over the world, women from different backgrounds use makeup extensively. The cosmetic industry has experienced significant growth during the recent decades following the increased usage of makeup among women. For instance, women working in certain companies including airlines have found themselves being compelled to use makeup as a prerequisite for their employment. Conversely, the idea of using makeup has received a lot of criticism from other people, with many claiming that it is an exercise in vanity and a…...
Cosmetology and Beauty
What is the definition of beauty? What defines beauty? What is it to be beautiful? Beauty is confidence. Many people in the celebrity world view beauty as one’s physical appearance. They are not wrong: there is a physical beauty, but people fail to realize their inner beauty. confidence has been shown in many makeover shows such as Extreme Makeover to make peoples beauty increase dramatically. Confidence allows self-esteem to increase , and grants the person more positive thinking in their…...
What Was The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood?
Introduction The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, a vivacious group of painters in the early 19th century, set out on a rebellious quest to shift the paradigm of British art through their artistic movement. To that end, these painters depicted a vast variety of content: portraits, religious scenes, literary scenes etc. This paper endeavors to explore in great depth the way that Pre-Raphaelite artists represented women in their artwork, and thus uncovers a critical contradiction which permeates Pre-Raphaelite art, the contrast between their…...
Advantages and Disadvantages of Plastic Surgery
Abstract Plastic surgery has always been a topic of interest to everyone throughout the years. The aim of this report is mainly for women and teenagers nowadays. Plastic surgery has advantages and disadvantages a few of which will be discovered throughout the report. Many women are influenced by models’ looks and bodies and started copying them by getting nose surgeries, breast implants…etc. society today has not only brainwashed today’s women, but also the men to believe that in order for…...
BeautyCosmetic SurgeryMedicinePlastic Surgery
Inner Beauty vs Physical Beauty
People tend to concentrate on physical beauty, but there is another aspect, like inner beauty. Although physical beauty and inner beauty are considered separate from the world, they surprisingly have some differences and similarities that can be discussed. Some allow physical beauty to overcome inner beauty, vice versa, and very few people have both, but some are still slightly above each other by everyone. One similarity between physical beauty and inner beauty is that no standard is beautiful. Physical beauty…...
All Bodies are Beautiful
Is beauty defined by the body type of a person? Nowadays, some people’s point of view on beauty is depending on the size of a woman’s breasts or butt, body curves, or fair skin complexion on women. On the other hand, some people’s point of view on the beauty of men is body physique. I do believe that body type does not define beauty. Society dictates the standards of beauty, which is wrong. All body types are beautiful. Being healthy…...
BeautyBeing YourselfBody ImageConfidence
Something About Beauty
It is often said, “beauty is only skin deep”. How you look on the outside is less valuable than who you are on the inside. But is this true? It's hard to tell with all the magazines and television shows that have men and women with the “perfect” weight, “perfect” eye color, “perfect” hairstyle, “perfect” everything. How do we know that it’s alright not to look flawless? That being beautiful isn’t all about how you look? There aren’t many magazines,…...
BeautyBody ImageGodLovePersonality Traits
Adversity in “Rainbows End” and in “Billy Elliot”
“Adversity is a universal human experience that provokes a range of individual and collective emotions. It is our perspective and human qualities that determine how we deal with it.” Composers have explored adversity and how we respond to it in their texts for centuries, today we’ll be taking an in depth look at adversity in Jane Harrison’s thought-provoking play: Rainbows End and in Stephen Daldry’s British Dramedy: Billy Elliot. In both texts, characters are shown to react to and eventually…...
Rainbow A Natural Beauty
Wonderland and the end of the World
Many of the set texts involve a physical journey of some kind (Perfume and The Hard Boiled Wonderland and the End of the World) Choose two texts and examine the significance of these journeys in the relation to the philosophy that informs each text. Any physical journey is coerced and guided by cognitive processes and societal influences; this paper will follow and critique the journey of two authoratic constructions, Suskind's Grenouille (Perfume) and Murakami's Calcutec (Hard Boiled Wonderland and the…...
The term beauty
The term beauty means combinations of qualities that give pleasure to the sense or to the mind. In fact, most people like to seek attractive features ,and they can appreciate the bliss of beauty. In other words, no one would rather see ugly or unattractive things than enjoy lovely ones. It is natural for humans to be attracted to wonderful physical appearance. However, if people devote themselves to being pretty, they possibly lose the sense of beauty. In the same…...
The Aesthetic Attitude
Kant's Critique of Judgment attempts to answer how feeling can be both aesthetic and universal. The article uses the beautiful to define these feelings. Claiming that something is beautiful is making a universal judgment, a statement which aims to win the agreement of all rational beings. Yet the basis for this judgment appears to be nothing more than a single person's pleasure in contemplating a particular serious object. We say that beauty is in the eye of the beholder, yet…...
How to Tell a True War Story: Analysis on the Beauty of Writing?
Tim O’ Brien’s “How to tell a true war story” construes the relationship between the war experiences and the ways of storytelling. O Brien’s story telling as a narrator shows that the storyteller has the power to form his listener’s experiences and opinions. His way of describing situations are unique because his story distorted the reader’s perceptions of beauty and ugliness by making different situation and scenes seem pleasing, even though it contains improbability Tim O’ Brien describes Lemon Curt’s…...
BeautyThe Things They CarriedWarWriting
A study of the representation of women in magazine beauty advertisements
A study of the representation of women in magazine beauty advertisements, with close reference to Dove and Chanel The extreme focus on beauty and desirability is very apparent in today's media, with almost every beauty advertisement looking "perfect". However, what some women fail to realise, is that these adverts have most definitely been re-touched, therefore making that level of beauty impossible to attain. The media world that we live in constantly presents us with the perfect woman. Women sell everything…...
Mary Shelley builds up tension Even before the reader meet the monster, Mary Shelley builds up tension before its entrance. For example, "my candle was nearly burnt out" reinforces the nail-biting atmosphere and also comes back to the use of traditional Gothic. The readers' first impression of the monster is given from Victor's point of view and is therefore, slightly biased. Mary Shelley describes the monster as having a "shrivelled complexion and straight black lips" which automatically makes the reader…...
Poets often use nature imagery to comment on the relationship between humans and the natural environment surrounding them
Poets often use nature imagery to comment on the relationship between humans and the natural environment surrounding them. Traditionally, this relationship is portrayed in a positive manner as it places emphasis on the concept that nature is representative of beauty; consequently, embracing this representation will enlighten the human experience. The facets of that relationship are represented within Dylan Thomas' "Fern Hill" and Robert Frost's "Birches". Both poets invoke an image of nature that is picturesque, serene and innocent in order…...
AppreciationDylan ThomasEnvironmentNatural BeautyPoetryPoets
Overview Of Fractional Distillation Environmental Sciences Essay
Definition: A procedure by which constituents in a chemical mixture are separated harmonizing to their different boiling points. Bluess from a boiling solution are passed along a column. The temperature of the column bit by bit decreases along its length. Components with a higher boiling points condense on the column and return to the solutions ; constituents with a lower boiling points pass through the column and are collected. Fractional distillment is used to separate mixtures of mixable liquids, such…...
Natural Vs. Artificial Beauty
A research about two men's opinions of natural and artificial beauty in women.Natural Vs. Artificial Beauty My research paper is going to consist of both a research paper and a album containing pictures that was collected. My research paper is going to provide information on what two guys imagine and think about when they think of women. These two guys are Mike, my friend and Timmy, my cousin. These guys are basically the guinea pigs in my experiment and their…...
Let every eye negotiate for itself and trust no agent; for beauty is a witc
"Poems of Lonely Terror." (W. H. Auden) A Critical Discussion of Arnold's 'Dover Beach', Tennyson's 'Mariana', and their Victorian Context The topics that Matthew Arnold's 'Dover Beach' and Alfred Tennyson's 'Mariana' raise are the distinctive and typical Victorian fears which were apparent in the era. Arnold's renowned 'Dover Beach' seethes in relation to the ignorance of the population, and how it tends to gets in the way of the traditional and complete faithfulness and spiritual enlightenment of Britain. The poet-persona…...
La Belle Dame Sans Merci To Autumn English Literature Essay
I have chosen to compare these two verse forms both written by Keats. Keats was merely 26 old ages old when he died, and wrote 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci ' merely three old ages before this. He died of TB along with his female parent and brother. His brother passed off in 1919, a twelvemonth after both verse forms were written, bespeaking that the verse form may hold some significance to Keats 's feelings and emotions in both verse…...
La Belle Dame Sans Merci
Was written by John Keats in the Romanticism Period in around 1821. Keats died of tuberculosis in 1821 at a young age. Romantic poets wrote their poems mostly about childhood, individuality, nature but mostly about their feelings. The title of this poem, when translated from its original French language, means the beautiful woman without mercy, and the lady was exactly that - without mercy because she made the knight fall in love with her by seducing him, then abandoning him.…...
In What Ways Do Bodies Reflect Social Values Cultural Studies Essay
The organic structure is the material representation of each person, of their individuality, gustatory sensations and personal pick. Nowadays, in our consumer civilization, we have plentifulness of chances for modifying our organic structures in order to 'improve ' them and to maintain up with the societal norms for 'decent ' visual aspect. This essay aims to analyze the ways in which organic structures represent the modern-day societal values, every bit good as how these are both influenced and expressed by…...
Compare and Contrast the way three poems from the anthology and outside the anthology present the theme of death Essay Title: How is death portrayed in different forms in poems? The poems War Photographer (Carol Ann Duffy), A mother in a refugee camp (Chinua Achebe) and Do not go gentle into that Good Night (Dylan Thomas) have misleading initial impressions but the deep concept that lies in all these poems is death. Death is a common concept used in poetry…...
Heritage Portfolio Task Rainbow Nation Cultural Studies Essay
The apartheid authorities believed that South Africa should be represented preponderantly by the beliefs and civilizations of the white race group, decreasing the others. Tutu 's address straight challenges this by stating that the South African state is a rainbow state, with its national individuality affecting the different civilizations, faiths and beliefs of any and every group. This goes against the apartheid belief of a white supremacist province, stating that South Africa is a place to a diverse population, all…...
BeliefNationOppressionRainbow A Natural BeautyRights
Henry Lawson’s Beauty of the Bush
Henry Lawson uses a variety of language techniques, colourful characters and strong personal voices in his stories ‘the drovers wife’ and ‘in a dry season’ to give off a negative image of the bush life and the gender inequities of the time. Similarly, Banjo Patterson writes about the bush in his poem ‘Clancy of the Overflow’. However, unlike Lawson, Patterson focuses on portraying a positive view of the bush whilst at the same time suggesting a negative view of the…...
Everything Has A Beauty, But Not Everyone Sees It
People allow their self-proclaimed flaws to dictate how live their lives by limiting the choices they have because they always need to factor how their flaw will affect the outcome. Characters such as the protagonists from Edmund Rostand’s Cyrano de Bergerac to Alice Walker’s Beauty: When the Other Dancer Is the Self allowed themselves to become insecure because of their self-proclaimed deformity and then they understand the fact that their physical flaw was a part of who they were and…...
Distinctive style at work
From your study of Larkin to date, choose and comment on up to 4 poems where you have found this distinctive style at work. Larkin's style of writing, like most poets, was heavily influenced by the environment and society that surrounded him. It has been suggested by many that Larkin is a bleak, though suitable, social commentator for this era, as Eric Homberger suggests, he is "the saddest heart in the post-war supermarket. " This role owes a large amount…...
Discussing Perfume Dreams by Andrew Lam
In the book "Perfume Dreams" Andrew Lam describes his experiences as a Vietnamese refugee in America; Lam claims that Vietnam and America are fighting for his soul. I think Lam has an American soul because Lam is tempted by America resulting Lam to change his identity. The temptations of the American Dreams lure Lam to become an American. In one of Lam's essays "Child of Two World" (page 3) Lam states that Vietnam is no longer his country; it is…...
Cosmetic Surgery in the Philippine Setting
In our paper, we will find out if all people would consider cosmetic surgery as recourse to enhancing oneself and one's sexuality. Objectives This research paper attempts to answer the questions raised before, that is, who are willing to undergo these operations for the sake of beauty? And what do the young Filipinos of this generation think about cosmetic surgery? Also this paper aims to enumerate the reasons why or factors operating on the decision of why people undergo cosmetic…...
BeautyCosmetic SurgeryPhilippinesPlastic Surgery
William Wodsworth’s Poetry Composed Upon Westminster Bridge
Poetry is an expression of a whole range of human emotions. William Wordsworth a famous nature poet wrote a magnificent sonnet appreciating the view of London city from Westminster Bridge. William uses his sense of sight and his flair of expression in the poem. The beauty of the great city of London forms inspiration of the poem. It is a descriptive poem in which a realistic picture is painted in words. The title is of prior importance as it tells…...
BeautyEmotionGodPoetryRichard CoryWilliam Wordsworth
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Is Beauty a Fact or Subjective Experience?
Can it be that beauty is no more than an empty word? We naturally tend to reject this notion, for when we perceive beauty, we see it as located in the beautiful object, not simply imposed upon it by our emotions. In addition, though we tend to respect others’ views in regard to beauty more than in other areas, we will often argue and try to bring others around to see beauty in the things we perceive as beautiful. So is beauty simply an emotional experience? Or could it be something more, existing independent of our perceptions?
St. Augustine asks this very question in his De Vera Religione. “Is a thing beautiful because it pleases,” he asks, “or does it please because it is beautiful?” ( ) He then affirms, “it pleases because it is beautiful,” ( ) that beauty is an objective fact that is the cause of the pleasure we feel on perceiving it.
But if beauty is an objective fact, existing fixed and independent of our emotions, then how is it that not all have the same view of it? If beauty is an inherent characteristic like size or texture, then why do some see beauty where others cannot? The answer is simply that our understanding and perception of beauty are heavily dependent on our knowledge. In this, beauty is no different from Math or Science. A student failing to understand a concept does not change the truth of mathematical law. Neither does one’s imperception change the truth of beauty. And just as the student may develop an understanding of the law, so can one learn an appreciation of beauty.
Plato’s Theory of Forms
This, however, brings us back to our original question: what is beauty? The Greek philosopher Plato explained beauty in his Theory of Forms. He believed that there exists a perfect Form of everything that exists, including the Form of Beauty. This Form of Beauty was a sort of spiritual ideal, located outside of our physical world, and that all beautiful things are beautiful only through their participation in this pure and perfect Beauty. He called this notion mimesis, or imitation. This Form of Beauty was absolutely essential, timeless, and unchanging. He believed that it was higher, more real, than any physical beauty since the beauty of the natural world is simply an imitation of the Form. Taking this notion further, he believed that the beauty in art was of an even lower kind than that of nature because it is yet another step removed from the true essence of Beauty, being but a representation of nature, a reflection of the shadow.
While these ideas of Plato clearly contain some errors, they provided a strong foundation which later philosophers then developed. An important change, and a logical one for Christian thinkers, was to replace Plato’s abstract “Form” with God. “For thinkers such as Augustine and Pseudo-Dionysius platonic forms (including the form of beauty) are in fact ideas in the mind of God, and the world is but a shadow of the divine image” (MToA). The beautiful things we see around us, then, are reflections not of some abstract notion but of God Himself. It is His beauty which we perceive shining through in the loveliness of His creation.
St. Augustine’s Views
Another significant alteration made by St. Augustine to the platonic view of Beauty was a change in the notion of mimesis. While Plato held that nature was but an imitation of Beauty and art an imitation of nature, Augustine made a clear distinction between the creation of God (nature), and the creation of man (art). While the arts are truly mimetic in nature, God’s act of creation is something more. In it, He draws substance out of nothingness. “In a sense, God’s beauty emanates out of natural things through His act of creation” (MToA). An artist’s work is not entirely personal, since he imitates the work of another; but the work of God is wholly of Himself. So while nature is not simply an imitation or reflection of God, His beauty and perfection suffuses it nonetheless.
So far, we have dealt with the nature of beauty, its essence. We have seen that it exists not just in the eye of the beholder but as an independent truth and that this Truth is in fact God. We have seen that all beautiful things are but reflections of God’s beauty. But now, returning to earth, we must learn how to apply these facts to our practical experience. How exactly do the things we call beautiful (a sunset, a cathedral, a symphony), participate in God’s beauty? What is it about the things themselves that shows the hand of God?
The philosopher Aristotle taught that beauty deals with the form of things. His idea of form, however, differed from that of his teacher Plato. Where Plato held the form of a thing to be an abstract and perfect idea completely removed from the physical object, Aristotle’ forms were inseparable from the things themselves. For example, Plato believed that a Form of a tree and that all trees are imitations of this perfect ideal. Aristotle on the other hand believed that every tree had the form of a tree, and even that a sculpture or painting could have the form of a tree. For him, the form was not the essence of a thing, but dealt more with its shape and properties. If beauty, then, deals with the form of an object, an object must first of all be true to its from in order to be beautiful. This becomes obvious if we consider the specific characteristics that we would deem beautiful in, say, a dog. Thick, glossy coat; large, floppy ears, a sweeping tail; all these we would admire in a dog. But imagine them in a human, for example, and the image we get is a horrific one. An object, then, is more beautiful the more truly it adheres to its form. But not only can a thing be more beautiful through its truth, there is a scale of beauty which follows the degrees of form. According to Augustine, “The earth occupies the lowest form of beauty, and things become more beautiful as they possess more form and less of the void. God is supremely beautiful, since only God possesses perfect form” (Augustine ??). The scale of form begins at the inanimate, ascends to the animate, the human, and culminates in the Divine.
But now let us look into some more specific aspects of beauty. While it is difficult to gauge or physically measure beauty, there are certain aspects, such as proportion, light, and symbolism, which can be studied to gain a better understanding of beauty as a whole.
Proportions and Golden Section
Proportion has to do with the relationship of the parts making up a whole. Over the centuries certain proportions have been discovered that are more pleasing than others. A well-known example of such a number is the Golden Section, a ratio that is often exhibited in nature. Proportions such as this have been applied to all types of art, from painting, to architecture, even to music. “The proportions that govern the dimensions of Greek temples, the intervals between columns or the relationships between the various parts of the façade, correspond to the same ratios that govern musical intervals” (MToA). St. Augustine asserts that the proportions of a thing are play an integral part in its beautification. “In all the arts it is the symmetry [or proportion] that gives pleasure, preserving unity and making the whole beautiful” (of True religion qut in MToA). He also believed that the principles of proportion, and particularly rhythm in music, were predetermined truths which had their source in God. Thus, they were not numbers chosen arbitrarily by man but immutable truths which had to be discovered by him.