Psychology Essay Examples

Psychology

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies: Achievements and Challenges
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Behavioural therapy is rare that you can rely on the scientific method. Notions and techniques are examined scientifically and are regularly updated. The therapist and assessment happen all at once and the researched is constant. Assessments always commence at the start of the therapy when goals are set. The therapist’s job is to instruct, however, the client determines which behaviour to require to be modified, and the therapist reaches a decision in what way is best accomplished. The behavioural therapist…...
Does Technology Promote Loneliness
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Pages • 3
Nowadays technology is the driving force of the society. People cannot live a life of comfort without technology. With the invention of smartphones, the society has changed dramatically. Smartphones can do anything within seconds in our fingertips. The value of physical quantity has been decreased as everything is represented in terms of digital. Social networking sites and other massaging apps promotes physical loneliness from the society. People assume that social networking sites such as Facebook brings more people together and…...
Tips for Managing Public Speaking Anxiety
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According the University Health Service (2018) Speaking anxiety, Glossophobia, or public speaking anxiety (PSA) is the fear of performing or simply talking in public. The individual might experience severe nausea, excessive sweating, or feelings of panic attacks. The thought of speaking or simply communicating in public results of intense anxiety and thus avoidance of events or presentations in the case of students. Based on some personal observation taken by the researcher, among the people of Bahraini society or more specifically…...
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The Carnegie Steel Company And The Gilded Age of American Economic History
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The end of the nineteenth century in the United States was of significant economic and social importance. Indeed, the 1890s saw the culmination of years of impending changes of work as Americans knew it then: from the complicated relationship between employer and employee and the rise of unions to the non-negligible impact of immigration and of the Great Migration on wages and working conditions. In July 1892, the workers of one of Andrew Carnegie’s steel mills located in Homestead, Pennsylvania…...
Andrew Carnegie And The Rise of Industrial Capitalism
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Andrew Carnegie was one of the captains of American capitalism of the 19th century. He was also one of the creators of the American steel industry, and this helped him to become one of the richest men in the world. Carnegie regretted many mistakes he made during his period of personal enrichment and gave his fortune to cultural, educational, and scientific institutions to improve humanity. Carnegie came with his family from Scotland to the United States in 1847. They settled…...
Causes and Effects of Cyber Bullying
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Introduction What is Cyberbullying? Cyberbullying can be defined as the use of information and communication technologies to support deliberate, repeated, and hostile behavior by an individual or group that is intended to harm others. Cyberbullying is mostly conducted by kids that have very early authority to these technologies. The problem is boosted more by the truth that a bully can hide behind a fake name, disguising his or her true identity while carrying out these crimes. This anonymity makes it…...
The Role of Family Planning in Improving Maternal Health
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Family is one of the most important elements in a person’s life, according to the Cambridge dictionary family is a group of people who are related to each other, such as a mother, a father and their children. Families also may be connected to other relatives and members. Each family has its own characteristics depending on the community, the background and the area it’s related to. Families and their habits, properties, and elements differ around the world. Any change, whether…...
Psychological Impact of Fairy Tales on the Mind of Children
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In today’s vain society, is it not refreshing to listen to tales of heroes that confront all adversities with courage, treat all people with kindness? Heroes who don’t give up and receive the rewards they deserve? Some might disagree, but the truth is that such optimism is a necessity in life. (Bettleheim, 1989) states that for children to mature, they need to be educated about the realities of the world, how one has the power to overcome life’s difficulties and…...
Impact of Resilience and Optimism on Life Satisfaction
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Living a happy, resilient, and positive life is wonderful and is additionally top for your health. Being joyful simply protects you from the stresses of life. Stress is linked to pinnacle causes of loss of life such as coronary heart disease, cancer and stroke. Almost everyone has heard the hit single 'Don't Worry, Be Happy' by Bobby McFerrin. The song has a very catchy way of conveying its message of being blissful to everyone. Bobby Mcferiin's simple message clearly made…...
Glossophobia (Fear of Public Speaking): Are You Glossophobic?
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If you want to be seen, stand up. If you want to be heard, speak up. If you want to be appreciated, shut up. Bill Cosby Glossophobia isn’t just another word in the dictionary. It is a word that means the fear of public speaking, it is the anxiety that comes with speaking in any situation even. The good news is, you are not alone. Millions of people all around the world have problems with speaking in public too and…...
Motivation and What Really Drives Human Behavior
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Pages • 8
A person’s act because of something is called motive, and the motive behind doing anything is called motivation. It can be considered abstract, that is it is not tangible. Motivation drives a person to do certain activities or work in a positive or negative manner. The examples of motivation are endless. Sachin Tendulkar, Nelson Mandela, Roger Federer, Mahatma Gandhi, Morgan Freeman, and so on, are the examples of the people whom we consider highly motivated. They changed their destiny by…...
How Company Culture Shapes Employee Motivation
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Motivation in an organization plays a very significant role due to its impact on the success of the company; this has allowed companies to attain a competitive advantage in the market environment through an increase in performance by members of staff 200018 according to 200018. Motivation is a way of identifying a need by staff and making it attainable in an orderly manner. 200018, goes further to state that motivation is crucial since it enables the employees to open up…...
Maslow’s Theory of Motivation: Driving Your Teams to Success
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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Pyramid In relation to motivation, Maslow stated that each level in the hierarchy must be substantially satisfied before the next level is activated and again once those needs are met, one might not necessarily be further motivated. The next level in the hierarchy will be dominant only post fulfillment satisfaction level. This theory has a lot of implications specific to managers. He classified these five needs into two broad categories as higher-order needs and lower-order needs.…...
Motivation & Productivity in the Workplace
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Motivation is the most important factor that determines employee performance and the retention of employees. According to Kian and Yusuf (2012) as cited evidence from Wregner and Miller (2003), motivation is described as something that energizes individuals to take actions and which is concerned with the decisions the individuals make as part of his or her goal-oriented behavior. In recent, Saraswathi (2011) stated that motivation is the consent to give a high level of effort to achieve organizational goals, conditioned…...
The Influence of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation on Employee Engagement
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Introduction Motivation is internal and external factors that motivate a person to achieve their goal. Employee Engagement is a property of the relationship between an organization and its employees. Therefore, it was important to know the different types of motivations. This assignment will be highlighting intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and some theories of motivation. Intrinsic Motivation According to Sophia Bernazzani (2017), Intrinsic Motivation is When you're intrinsically motivated, your behavior is motivated by your internal desire to do something for…...
Employee Engagement and Motivation
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Introduction Motivation: motivation is the processing of an individual willingness to exert a high level of effort to reach goals. Motivation comes from the enjoyment of the work itself and/or from the desire to achieve certain goals e.g. earn more money or achieve promotion. “A simplistic overview of motivation theory says needs drive behavior to reach satisfaction and avoid dissatisfaction. There are many types of needs. Consider Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: physiological, safety, love or belonging, esteem, and self-actualization.” (Galloway,…...
Six Classical Motivation Theories
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Abstract This paper explores the six major theories of motivation, the prescription for criminal justice management, and the integrated model of motivation. The authors, the criminal justice organization, of the book, vary their definitions of the topics above. Stojkovic, Kalinich & Klofas (2014) suggest that the six major theories of motivation impact other areas of criminal justice administration and management. Other books suggest that other factors impact the areas of criminal justice administration and management which offer different outcomes. This…...
The Behavioral Neuroscience of Motivation
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Motivation is an internal process where it can be a drive or a need that can help an individual to start, guided, and continued the activities in order to ensure their needs are met. It can be influenced by the satisfaction of needs that are either crucial for sustaining life or even important for well-being and growth. On top of that, there are two different types of motivation which consist of intrinsic motivation, that arising from internal factors, and also…...
Theories of Motivation and Their Application in Organizations
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Introduction “If you fail to motivate, you fail as a manager.” (Greenidge, 2019). Motivation is essential in the work environment because employee performance has a direct relationship with a company’s outputs. Motivation when executed effectively can have a positive effect on a company’s abilities to achieve budgeted goals as motivated employees are known to increase productivity. This then leads to increased levels of output and efficiency, but on the contrary, unmotivated employees can display counterproductive work behavior, laziness and loafing…...
Expectancy Theory and Procrastination
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Introduction Rationale Habits play important roles in our life. Aristotle, one of the greatest ancient philosophers, once said that “we are what we repeatedly do.” Hence, excellence is not a single act but a habit. Filipinos by extension are known to have acquired habits both virtue or vice. (Latumahina,2016) purported that taking decent behaviors would guide a person towards an active life. While acquiring poor behaviors will lead a person to fail. Although Filipinos are known of having desirable habits…...
The Content Theories of Motivation
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Content theories interrogate the question of what are the things that motivate people. They are also referred to as need theories and assume that everyone has certain needs or desired outcomes that can be satisfied through work. Within the work environment, they have had the greatest impact on management practice and policy. The process theories address more the issues relating to how the process works and sustain itself over time. “Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Maslow put forward the idea that…...
Vroom’s Expectancy Theory – Motivating your Team
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Victor Vroom's (1964) expectancy theory is also commonly known as the Expectancy Theory. This theory’s main emphasis is on the process and content of motivators, and also integrates this with needs, equity, and reinforcement theories. This human motivation theory tries to explain how persons choose from available actions. Vroom defines motivation as a process that controls or governs our choices among alternative types of voluntary behavior. The main rationale of this theory is that motivational drive originates from the belief…...
Social Psychology and Science: Some Lessons From Solomon Asch
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This essay will discuss Asch’s conformity experiment conducted in 1951 specifically in America and some of the critics the experiment has. However, Asch’s (1951) study was aimed at discovering whether or not the majority would influence a minority even in an unambiguous situation. He used the line judgment task, all the participants were shown two cards, one displaying three vertical lines of different sizes and the other displaying only one, and they were asked to match the line on one…...
The Asch Conformity Experiments
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Solomon Asch in the year 1951 carried out an experiment on group conformity. Conformity is or can be said to be the act of matching attitudes beliefs, and behaviors to group norms, of which norms are implicit, specific rules, shared by a group of individuals, that guide their interactions with others. People often choose to conform to society rather than to pursue personal desires because it is often easier to follow the path others have already made or taken, rather…...
The Asch Experiment – The Power of Peer Pressure
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Asch’s conformity experiment was conducted by Solomon Asch. Therefore, the aim of his study was to reveal how someone’s own opinions can be influenced by social pressure from a majority group. However, the purpose of this academic essay is to criticize Asch’s 1951 experiment on group conformity. Hence, this essay will begin by giving out the background of the experiment and as well as to know the group conformity, thereafter criticisms of the study will follow in the main body,…...
Society and Culture – Conformity and Nonconformity
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The dictionary describes conformity as a harmony of the established practice. In other words, conform simply means to change one’s thoughts in order to comply with rules, or general customs. Altering our behaviors, attitudes, and beliefs to match those people around us, and adjusting one’s behavior to coincide with a group standard. People tend to conform to different reasons. They may want to belong to a particular group, or they may feel the need to conform because of a lack…...
Why Talking and Listening Are Important for Children’s Learning
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Talking and listening are very important in a child’s life as it helps him to communicate. The ability to communicate effectively is very important and has a vital role in a child’s life. When a child is born he communicates through his cry and gradually he expresses his discomfort, pleasure by crying, smiling, and bodily movement. In order to communicate effectively, a child needs to express himself. And as the child grows up, his way of communication develops through talking…...
Self Improvement Through Motivation
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Do you feel depressed or unconfident? Well, there might be various reasons causing this unpleasant state of emotion. However, you should overcome the negative emotions and beliefs that they can make you a stronger person. You should think positively and know that every single obstacle that faces upon you is a great way of achieving your best self-improvement. In order to be successful, you should also be energetic and motivated. Motivation plays a main role in your path of future…...
Benefits of Being Honest
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'Honesty is the best policy' is a very famous statement Benjamin Franklin said. Telling the truth or being able to be trusted is called honesty. According to this proverb, a In answering any question, one should devote himself to it and tell the truth in life Problem. Honesty is like a good weapon in life, which can benefit us. Many advantages (Schluter,1993). It can flourish naturally without any cost. Honesty allows us to enjoy peace in our lives. Lies can…...
The Complexity and Simplicity of Truth
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Everyone knows that each one of us has to be truthful all the time. But there are times or cases that it becomes hard for us to tell the truth so we tend to lie. It may be because we are afraid to hurt someone’s feelings by telling the truth or we are just afraid of what the others will think so we lie. Lying is completely about telling false information while truthfulness is the act of being honest. There…...
The Morality of Lying and Deception
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At an early age, many children were taught to tell the truth. With this principle, we can improve our lives and maintain a trustworthy picture. Deception and lies, however, are continuously filtering into our lives. But it is only in that sense that deception is regarded. There are always two sides to a story, however. According to Merriam Webster, deception is the act of causing someone to accept as true or valid what is false or invalid. This awareness is…...
How Books and Stories Can Promote the Learning and Development of Children
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Books are the best companion forever irrespective of age. Favorite books and stories always attract the mind of the kids. Children love stories and stories are one of the ways that the children develop their habit of reading. Books and stories promote the learning and development of children in many ways. Younger kids develop their sensations by ‘Touch and Feel Books’.Books with pop-up images attract the attention of little minds and they become interested in books and gradually get to…...
The Key to Effective Classroom Management
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Classroom management is probably the most important factor to a classroom and can be the most challenging and difficult thing. Expectations need to be known from the beginning. Teacher expectations affect classroom management in many ways. Students will feel secure knowing their teacher has certain expectations about how the day will flow, how procedures will be followed, and how instruction is given. We all like to be prepared for what is coming, and students are no exception. I have found…...
The Effect of Participation Instruction on ESL Students’ Speaking Skills and Language Anxiety
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The observation is done in the classroom through an observation checklist which includes two classes of English department BS I and BS II and the Data collected through observations was studied to support the data collected via questionnaires from the students. The observation was done to find out; how English language speaking anxiety affects the learner's language learning and their speaking fluency. For the analysis of observations, the data was collected by taking necessary notes during presentation session in each…...
The Big Five Model of Personality Traits and the Neuroscience Behind It
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The Big Five model of personality traits was established by researchers following decades of studies that utilized factor analysis to outline and define human behaviors. To understand the role played by neuroscience in the formation or manifestation of these traits, it is important to understand them individually and in relation to one another. Here are the Big Five traits usually used to describe the human personality and psyche, as well as a peek into the neuroscience that operates behind them: Neuroticism Neuroticism…...
The Importance Of Personality In Human Resource Management
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Select a business organization of your choice and provide an overview of the selected company. Discuss how Human Resources are deployed within the context of their business. Overview of the Company Softlogic Life Insurance PLC (SLI), a respected Life insurance solutions provider, has grown rapidly to become a force to be reckoned within the insurance industry. It is positioned as the fifth-largest entity in the insurance industry. Softlogic Life is also considered to be the fastest-growing insurance company in the…...
Cultural Influences on Personality
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Culture and personality are two co-dependent elements. Every person has a unique personality. Personality is the result of many characters but mostly culture plays a very important role in shaping the personality. As the debate goes, nurture help an individual to develop a personality. A person will be keep getting influenced by the rituals, system, food habits, spiritual practices, greeting the guests, behaving in a particular way, liking a particular type of dance/song, standing, sitting, walking, talking everything of that…...
The History of Katharine Briggs, Isabel Myers, and the MBTI
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History of the MBTI Test The MBTI test (Myer Briggs type indicator assessment) was set up and outlined by the donation and research of the union of mother-daughter team by the name of Katharine Cook Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers, respectively. Katharine C. Briggs merged her mental feelings with that of the prominent work of Carl. G. Jung coming about within the 16 mental sorts of which the MBTI appraisal is based. Katharine Briggs considered Carl Jung’s speculations widely and…...
Myers Briggs Personality Types – Introduction and Overview
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Myers-Briggs Type Pointer (MBTI) is a personality test used to focus on individual character types. It was first made in the 1940s by Isabel Myers and Katharine Briggs, the test has been gotten by a few specialists over the range of continuous decades. Despite how that the time passing on a few contentions about its noteworthiness, it continues being a contraption used by relationship to much more probable perceive how individuals’ characters inside their present or potential specialists make the…...
Organic Foods Motivations Factors for Consumers
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Consumer motivation is an internal state that encourages people to purchase goods or use services that fulfil their desires and needs. The satisfaction of those services can lead to repeating the same purchase even if is not needed at the moment (Consumer Behavior and Marketing Action; Henry Assael; 1992). Nowadays the general aim is to produce new food that can satisfy consumer needs or to be healthy and to fulfil the nutritional and ethical criteria (Bäckström, Pirttilä-Backman & Tuorila, 2002).…...
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Motivation and What Really Drives Human Behavior

...3M utilizes an R&D concentrate and a distinctive '15% rule' to guarantee continued effort to extend the pie. 3M spends about 6% of its R&D revenues, far more than a typical production business. This has led to the development of new sectors a...

How Company Culture Shapes Employee Motivation

...Similarly, employees should be provided with opportunities to improve and shouldn’t be locked out. This involves offering higher positions in the company or increasing their salaries. Therefore, to become an effective supervisor, it deals mainly wi...

Why Talking and Listening Are Important for Children’s Learning

...Help to build self-confidence: Proper talking and listening help a child to feel confident. If a child suffers in talking and communicating with others he finds himself to be cornered and develops low self-esteem. On the other hand, a child with good...

How Books and Stories Can Promote the Learning and Development of Children

...Books and Stories help to create a bond: Reading a bedtime story with kids can be the best time to spend with kids. Reading aloud stories and enacting them to kids have a great impact on the bond with kids. Kids enjoy the company of the adult while t...
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