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Philosophical Concept Essay Examples

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Secularisation as Philosophical Concept and as Real Thing

To conclude, the view that secularisation has been a feature of modern European societies is debated by many sociologists, and these theories and contributions are useful in explaining why some countries are experiencing secularisation more than others. It recognises current issues like disenchantment, disneyfication and the new insights of scientific explanations. However it is heavily criticised...

Belonging in Film Black Swan and Dickinson’s Poem

Ones understanding of social identity are instrumental in constructing a sense of individual identity. In conclusion both texts demonstrate the key idea that belonging to oneself comes from first – an understanding of the world. Dickinson’s isolation was a calculated choice, much like that of Nina. This decision sprung from their dedication to their arts and an understanding of the world outsi...

Tripartite Theory of Knowledge

Although every theory of knowledge so far has solid counter examples, there is no doubt Gettier rocked the philosophical world when he successfully challenged the Tripartite Theory of Knowledge. Philosophers will continue to argue that Gettier's cases are not really cases of justified true belief or that Gettier's cases really are cases of knowledge after all. Perhaps the one thing all philosopher...

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Verification Principle as Philosophical Concept and Scientific Method


Philosophical Concept of the Moon in Taketori Monogatari

The author made a romantic world on the moon in comparison to the human world and revealed some silly or ridiculous behaviors in the human world through the eyes of Kaguya-hime, who possesses human nature. In this way, the author demonstrates that it is the imperfection which makes human-beings lovely and genuine, and that is why Kaguya-hime loves the Earth wholeheartedly. Furthermore, through the...

Alice Walker

The fear of being judged comes back. However a glimpse of self-acceptance can be seen when her daughter ask, “Mommy, where did you get that world in your eye” (Walker 7). It was at that moment that Walker realized that she did not “change” from the accident. Walker’s views on everything began to brighten. Her confidence came back as she learned accept herself for who she really is. In th...

John Rawls' Philosophical Concept of Veil of Ignorance

In conclusion, arguments about which framework and/or resulting distributions are morally preferable constitute the topic of distributive justice (STANFORD). Regarding justice in a society, both John Rawls and Robert Nozick express opposing beliefs on the best way to achieve this. Rawls explains the value of paying attention to the relative position as a way of appreciating the value of solidarity...

Journey As The Transformation Experience

Despite their widely varying mediums, style and perspectives of journeys, all five texts demonstrate how the journeying process, rather than destination, transforms the traveller. Whether to endow them with new understanding about Nature, Man, or the subconscious psyche, to develop qualities like determination or selflessness, or to liberate one from the physical restrictions of the world/self, th...

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Goethe not only was a guru in literary world but also he was an expert in science, religious studies, and politics, which gained him the name polymath. He was deeply involved in natural science and showed interest in morphology and color theory. Some of his works include, Metamorphosis of Plants and Theory of Colours. Also, being born in Lutheran family and having experience serving Duke Carl Augu...

Jeremy Bentham and Immanuel Kant

We must respect everyone in the exact same way and treat them as autonomous. As rational beings, humans are systematically united through common laws within the Kingdom of Ends. We belong to this kingdom as a member when we legislate in it universal laws while also being ourselves subject to these laws. According to Kant, everyone, no matter who they are, should be both the legislator and the foll...

Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics

The individual who doubts the external world trades on particular epistemic asymmetry between knowing one's own states and knowing of external states. He accepts knowledge of the former and insists that this is the farthest we can go. The skeptical problem arises when one asks how he can proceed from the starting point to the conclusion that there is an external world. This is true for Hume as he ...

Moby Dick: The Brit

The “horrors of the half known life” encompassing the “insular Tahiti” are the things people attempt to learn about the world and themselves. Ishmael believes that by venturing out into the sea of one’s soul man exposes himself to all the dangers of the world. This shows how he believes that it is better to remain on a peninsula of ignorance and comfort than venture out into the sea of k...

Empiricism In Geography

Overall, Empiricists believe that there is no knowledge without experience. While their individual views may differ, their fundamental ideas are used to make conclusions about theories in the world. Each of these men have ideas about how knowledge is used and what it creates for each person. Through each of these theories it is apparent that knowledge and reality are difficult to access in such a ...

Rationalism and Empiricism

However, although both movements stand in opposition to one another in terms of premises, each has its advantages that contribute to our quest for knowledge. To avoid the critical problems rationalism and empiricism might raise, it is crucial to consider the discipline of inquiry and real-world application of knowledge when deciding on the appropriate approach. In most cases, we should be able to ...

Rationalism And Empiricism: The Source Of All Knowledge

It is much easier to see when adding much larger numbers, such as 8557 and 23372067. If this were analytical, I would be able to intuitively know the answer as easily as I came up with the answer 12 in the last problem. However, since the answer is not contained within the numbers being summed, this concept is synthetic and also gives new information. In conclusion, Kant recognized the strengths a...

Epistemology And Empiricism

7. Therefore, God (an infinite and perfect being) exists. THE THREE ANCHOR POINTS OF EMPIRICISM The Only Source of Genuine Knowledge Is Sense Experience The empiricists compare the mind to a blank tablet upon which experience makes its marks. Without experience, they claim, we would lack not only knowledge of the specific features of the world, but also the ability even to conceive of qualities su...

The Enlightenment Era

Leibniz expanded the rationalists’ arguments for the existence of innate ideas that we have innate tendencies and potentialities within us. They both provided the most basic and simple argument to explain the origin of ideas and they both believed in the existence of God, however, although the conclusion they reach is not all that different, how they believe man comes to possess the knowledge he...

Is Knowledge Immanent?

Many people would argue that ability ISN’T knowledge. Yet, if ability means we are able to do something, then we must be able to KNOW how to do it. This means that ability is KNOWledge. Furthermore, it is clear that we ARE born with knowledge, and that even if our knowledge has changed over the years, it has been growing since then. This proves that when we were born, we all started off with a b...

Descartes' Epistemology

Descartes said that Cartesian Dualism is justified by the cogito because we only have knowledge of an existing ‘thinking’ entity that has no body, hence the body and the mind should be viewed as separate and neither one has the ability to influence the other (Descartes, 1984:21). I think the cogito concept provokes a sense of identity that each of our thinking may contain and this identity ent...

Edmund Gettier

Gettier problems argue that if knowledge is solely justified true belief, then there must not be any cases of justified true belief that are not knowledge. Yet, but Gettier problems are counterexamples of justified true belief without being knowledge. Hence, one is to either refuse that Gettier problems are justified true beliefs, or accept that Gettier problems are indeed knowledge. However, I fe...

Father of Modern Philosophy

Second, God’s non-deceiving nature also serves to guarantee the truth of all clear and distinct ideas. So God would be a deceiver, if there were a clear and distinct idea that was false, since the mind cannot help but believe them to be true. Hence, clear and distinct ideas must be true on pain of contradiction. This also implies that knowledge of God’s existence is required for having any abs...

Descartes Methods Of Doubt

In conclusion, Descartes’ doubt in all of his believes is formed through his skeptical hypothesizes, beginning with senses are deceiving at a distance, which doubts sizes and shapes at a distance when perceived, but not up close. Following with his dream hypothesis, which can doubt things up close facilitated by the imagination, but cannot doubt truths of mathematics and sciences. Closing with t...

Friedrich Nietzsche

Also it is mostly unsys- tematic and pays little attention to logic or science. Whatever one makes of its metaphysical claims, one cannot deny that existentialism was able to provide a moving account of the spirit of the con- temporary world and the nausea and frustration of survival. Indeed, it is basically for its richness in psychological insight and its impact on culture that existentialist ph...

Understanding Human Experiences

On contemplating achieving self-actualization/authenticity the two psychologies value engaging in behavioral factors (developmental growth, choice and change) as contributors to a stronger sense of self, but perhaps in the quest for self, moments of realization may be only be temporary yet steer us onwards, thus "it (possibly) is the journey that’s important, not the destination". (Cohen, 2008)....

Free Will and Determinisim

By offering the possible objections to his arguments and then addressing them, he gives thorough evidence to support such arguments. Oppositely, Stace also delivers a very convincing argument in defending his opinion that free will and determinism are compatible through the use of common sense and examples that make free will appear completely obvious. He also effectively argues that free will and...

The Role of God

My rational human side tells me that predestination cannot be right, but then I read Romans and Paul says that predestination is right and freewill is wrong. The question then is if I believe Paul just because that is his opinion, even though it is most likely biased, or do I believe what seems right to me? I'm still torn between the two because what I want to believe is contradicted by Paul. Mayb...

William James

Now, if you are determinists you believe one of these universes to have been from eternity impossible: you believe it to have been impossible because of the intrinsic irrationality or accidentality somewhere involved in it. But looking outwardly at these universes, can you say which is the impossible and accidental one, and which the rational and necessary one? I doubt if the most ironclad determi...

The Debate Between Freewill And Determinism

(6) But moral responsibility is extremely important and it is hard to imagine what human life would be like without it. Free will: Robert Kane Nothing could be more important than freedom to the modern world; Robert Kane. We want freedom because we are human beings who want to feel that we are in control of our own actions. This gives one the opportunity to satisfy more of our desires. Having free...

The End Depends Upon The Beggining

Saying that “Past is both past and not past,” is justifiable because it means we see the past as something that already happened and we can not do anything about, but still affects our present and future to a certain degree. However, to continue the statement with, “How we perceive and act in the future is completely up to us,” would be problematic. The way we perceive and act in the futur...

The Compatibility of Free Will and Determinism

If a scientist were to bombard your brain with chips that would cause you to have particular values and beliefs, would it mean anything to say your choices, based on psychological motives and beliefs, are free (Lawhead, 311)? I don’t believe that it would and this argument poses a problem for the compatibilist claim. Circumstantial freedom does not sufficiently account for peoples’ actions, ju...

Sartre View on Free Will

It is not logically possible to make sense of human responsibility without the conception of free will. It is our free will that allows us to make moral and responsible choices. We always have a choice in doing something, but that doesn’t mean we can do whatever we want. We carry the weight of responsibility for our actions and decisions on our shoulders. Any human being can choose to use their ...

Do We Have Free Will?

Libet’s experiment seems to have raised concern and controversy. Libet’s experiment shows that brain activity is the catalyst in causing behaviour, actions and the processes of decision making, this is possible. However, neuroscientific experimentation of ‘free will’ does not seem likely. The title of the paper seems politically incorrect, as the experiment does not concern free will, but ...

Descartes’ Discourse on the Method

Most of the times we try to prove existence of God or lack thereof by evaluating what are outside us. However, Descartes made a self-evaluation on intrinsic values of himself as a human being. By deconstructing his strengths and limitations, he was able to realize a fair conclusion about the existence of a supreme being, which we refer to as God. Therefore, the ending was different but offered a c...

Fairy Tale: Little Red Riding Hood

LRRH then eats and drinks what she thinks is meat and wine before the wolf eats her. In other versions LRRH escapes by telling the wolf she has to go outside to relieve herself. Thirty-eight variations of the tale are reprinted in Zipes's anthology, along with a raft of illustrations from books and advertisements. At the back of the book he lists 147 published versions of the story, including rete...

Immanuel Kant and Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Kant also agrees that in order to be enlightened, man can’t simple follow the view of majority which I think is mre pragmatic and realistic . In the end both authors provide a thought-provoking and insightful perspective on the relationship between society and man and provide useful and influential theories to reach ideal balance between preserving the freedom of man, and retaining the order and...

The Contents of Perception

Through his endeavors to prove that metaphysics is possible, and his analyzing of causality, Kant solved the problems he saw within Hume's account. Specifically, in the Prolegomena, Kant stated page 7 that Hume "justly maintains that we cannot comprehend by reason the possibility of causality. "(57) Kant also attacked Hume's ideas by describing Hume's treatment of the concept of causality to be "a...

FAQ about Philosophical Concept

What Is Determinism?

...If one wants to improve the situation, the best solution would be a black-box recorder in an automobile that recorded the driver’s eye movements and could be examined after an accident, but even that is imperfect, as some people have sufficient per ...

What Does Philosophy Mean?

...It can be subdivided into ethics, aesthetics, and social and political philosophy. 6rationalismHuman reason alone can discover the basic principles of the universe 7empiricismAll knowledge ultimately comes from sense experience, and therefore our kno ...

How Is Certainty Possible?

...He argues that even though "there can be no doubt that all our knowledge begins with experience, it does not follow that it all arises out of experience. " "Without sensibility no object would be given to us, without understanding no object would be ...

What is Existentialism?

...It is our beliefs on life that portray how we go about living our lives and what we live for. Wok Cited Crowell, Steven. "Existentialsim. " Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2004. 11 Mar 2009 . "Existentialism. " Wikipedia. Wikipedia Foundation In ...

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