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Wound Healing in Medical Science

A wound may be described in numerous ways; by its aetiology, physiological place, by whether it is acute or chronic1, by the method of closure, by its presenting signs or indeed by the appearance of the primary tissue enters the wound bed. All meanings serve a vital purpose in the assessment and suitable management of the wound through to sign resolution or, if viable, healing. A wound by true definition is a breakdown in the protective function of the skin;…...

Human Anatomy and Physiology

Activity 1: Tissue Types 1-1: List the four types of tissue found in the human body and give an example of each. 1. Epithelial example: Skin 2. Connective example: Tendons 3. Muscle example: Muscles of heart 4. Nervous example: Brain Activity 2: Epithelial tissue 2-1: What are the characteristics of epithelial tissue? Polarity, Specialized contacts, Supported of connective tissue, Avascular but innervated, Regeneration 2-2: What is the function of epithelial tissue? protection, absorption, filtration, secretion, excretion, sensory reception 2-3: Where…...

The Biomedical Model

This design takes a look at people as if they are makers. The numerous body systems are viewed as systems The biomedical design of disease and recovery focuses on simply biological aspects, and omits mental, ecological, and social impacts. This is thought about to be the dominant, modern method for healthcare experts to identify and deal with a condition in a lot of Western nations. Many health care professionals do not very first ask for a mental or social history…...

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Human Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy - the study of the form or structure and arrangement of body parts and their relationships Physiology - the study of the functions of the body parts or structures and their relationships in maintaining life processes. Levels of Structural Organization The human body consists of levels of structural organization that are associated with one another. There are six levels of structural organization: I. chemical level - It is the simplest level and it includes all of the chemical substances…...

Gram Staining

The Gram stain is an useful stain for recognizing and categorizing germs. The Gram stain is a differential stain that enables you to classify germs as either gram positive or gram unfavorable. This gram stain technique was discovered by Hans Christina Gram in 1884. The gram stain procedure separates all bacteria into one of two groups - into gram-negative germs which do not stain purple and into gram-positive cells which does stain purple. Bacteria that decolorize quickly are called gram-negative,…...

Dr Charles Richard Drew a Pioneer in Medical Science

Dr. Charles Richard Drew was a renowned pioneer in Medical Science. He is known for his research in blood plasma or blood without cells, and was responsible for founding two of the largest blood bank in the world. Due to his research in blood plasma preservation during world war two, he was recognized for saving the lives of many wounded British citizens. Alongside with this, he became the director of the first American Red Cross, spearheading a large scale blood…...

Chick Growth Enhancer

ABSTRACT The study is entitled “Aloe Vera as Chick Growth Enhancer”. Specifically, it sought to find out the efficacy of Aloe Vera as a growth enhancer in broiler chicks. The study aims to produce a low-priced but high quality growth enhancer by using Aloe Vera as a main component. Twenty-one day old straight run broiler chicks were used in the study and were distributed to a cage with a dimension of (33 x 57). The cage was further subdivided into…...

Anatomy and Physiology of Human Pelvis

The pelvis is a large semicircular bone complex that forms the base on which the torso and upper body are positioned. The pelvis, which is a rigid and inflexible portion of the skeleton, is built to provide a foundation of the movement of other parts of the anatomy, particularly the back and the legs. The pelvis also permits the weight of the entire upper body to be evenly distributed to the legs, which are connected to the pelvis through the…...

Abraham Flexner

Abraham Flexner was not a doctor but was a secondary school teacher and principal for 19 years in Louisville, Kentucky (where this writer's uncle was one of his students). Flexner then took graduate work at Harvard and the University of Berlin and joined the research staff of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. For the Carnegie Foundation, Flexner researched, wrote and in 1910 published a report entitled "Medical Education in the United States and Canada." It is known…...

Comparison Cell Death of Necrosis and Apoptosis

Both necrosis and apoptosis are the two types of cell death than can occur when a cell has undergone harm or disease. Necrosis is an uncontrolled process in which there is a complete breakdown of cellular homeostatis with a large unco-ordinates breakdown of all cellular constituents. Necrosis can occur due to many factors such as an infection or failure of blood supply (ischemia). Examples of necrosis can includes Fat necrosis (seen in patients with breast cancer), Caseous necrosis and coagulation…...

Health Is The Most Important Part Of Life

What business is your venture in? What is the current stage of development for the venture? 'Health is Wealth' is an age long adage, which infers that the health of a people is the most important part of life. Alok Tours and Travels is into the healthcare delivery sector, but with a different dimension. Gone are those days when the orthodox medical practices of the west monopolized the healthcare sector. Time and events have shown that some eastern countries have…...

Surgical Alcohol

Most commonly used are ethanol (60–90%), 1-propanol (60–70%) and 2-propanol/isopropanol (70–80%) or mixtures of these alcohols. They are commonly referred to as "surgical alcohol". Used to disinfect the skin before injections are given, often along with iodine (tincture of iodine) or some cationic surfactants (benzalkonium chloride 0.05–0.5%, chlorhexidine 0.2–4.0% or octenidine dihydrochloride 0.1–2.0%). Quaternary ammonium compounds Also known as Quats or QAC's, include the chemicals benzalkonium chloride (BAC), cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (CTMB), cetylpyridinium chloride (Cetrim, CPC) and benzethonium chloride (BZT).…...

The Origin of Medical Terminology

Understanding the importance use and history of medical terminology can seem complex and difficult to understand. Although these terms may seem intimidating, they can be deciphered and understood if you know what to look for. The meaning of the word medical terminology is a system of words that are used to describe specific medical aspects and diseases. It is based on standard roots, prefixes, suffixes and combing vowel. Most medical terms is made up of Greek and Latin roots. Being…...

Medical Science Inteerpretation of The Shoulder Joint

The Shoulder is an enarthrodial or ball-and-socket joint. The bones entering into its formation, are the large globular head of the humerus, received into the shallow glenoid cavity of the scapula, a plan which allows of really substantial motion, whilst the joint itself is safeguarded versus displacement by the strong ligaments and tendons which surround it, and above by an arched vault, formed by the under surface of the coracoid and acromion procedures, and the coraco-acromial ligament. The articular surfaces…...

Wound Healing and Guava Leaves

* Abstract As the title implies, guava leaf is the main subject for this research. Little had been known that the leaf of this plant has tannin/tannic acid that constitutes to the healing progress of the wound. The researchers would determine the difference between the ointment and the tincture made of guava leaves. This study will be limited to heal specific types of wounds such as abrasion & superficial wounds, exception were people with healing incapability. The experiment would only…...

Importance of the Urinary System and Possible Diseases

Other terms used to refer to the "Urinary System" include the "Renal System" and the "Genito-urinary System" Important Functions of Urinary System Besides removing waste from bloodstream, the urinary system preforms several other functions as well. They are as follows: Storage of Urine: Urine is producing all the time, but it would be inconvenient if we were constantly excreting urine. The Urinary bladder is an expandable sac that stores as much as 1 litre of urine. Excretion of urine: Urethra…...

Heparin in Pharmaceutical Industry

Pharmaceutics is defined as the study of how various dosage forms influence the way in which the drug affects the body The dosage forms of heparin are intravenous (IV) and/or subcutaneous Dosages of heparin vary depending on the age of the patient. Patient teaching Is essential when using heparin. They should be taught how to manage their medication and how significant it is to administer the correct dosage prescribed, as well as which route is to be used. Patients must…...

Human Digestive System Review and Starch Food Test

Mouth - The mouth is the first part of the digestive tract, which is where digestion starts. Chewing the food breaks the food into smaller pieces, that are more easily digested and swallowed ,the saliva then mixes with food, which then starts the process of breaking it down into a form that is more easily absorbed.As the food enters the mouth the salivary glands produce saliva.You have 3 pairs of salivary glands other than the salivary gland.The parotid sublingual and…...

Multiple Sclerosis Disease

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, inflammatory, neurodegenerative, autoimmune disorder of the central nervous system, in which multifocal lymphocytic infiltration causes demyelination and axonal damage.1 (MS) aects €ј2.5 million people worldwide. 2MS affect mainly young people with onset usually at the age of 20-50 and a mean age of onset of 30 year, although the disease may develop also in childhood and after the age of 60, and is 3 times more common in females than in males.3 the causes…...

Nervous System of Heart

Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the nervous system of heart,how heart communicates via hormones and its function in producing emotions. Design/methodology/approach: The reviewed literature is divided into following parts: heart and emotions, brain in the heart, heart's megnetic field and heart as a gland. Findings: Now it is proved that heart has its own nervous system, produce emotions and communicate via hormones.Originality/value: Past research shows the importance of heart in producing emotions,how heart communicates via…...

Use of Omeprazole in Medicine

Omeprazole Omeprazole is one of the types of gastric medications which are used commonly to reduce gastric acid secretion. It is used to treat gastrointestinal conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), excessive acidity in stomach, stomach or peptic ulcer, hypersecretory conditions such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and etc. Besides that, this medication is also used to some types of stomach problems which are caused by a type of bacteria known as Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) together with several types of medications…...

Phonocardiography Monitoring in Medicine

Introduction The Definition and need for Phonocardiography A Phonocardiogram (PCG) is an audio-visual display of acoustic vibrations made in the form of cardiac sounds and murmurs by the heart. These are often obtained using an instrument called as Phonocardiograph. The study of such various types of medical recordings made during cardiac auscultation is often termed as Phonocardiography.Heart sound analysis is a detailed step by step procedure adopted during cardiac auscultation particularly aimed at careful diagnosis of cardiac diseases, long term…...

Fluid Resuscitation in Medicine

Commonly used Crystalloids and Colloids in the pre-hospital environment As detailed on the Mosby's Paramedic textbook, the most common emergency requiring fluid replacement in the pre-hospital setting is loss of volume caused by haemorrhage or dehydration. But as to which type of intravenous fluid to be infused that depends upon the nature and extent of the volume loss (Sanders, 2012: 3800). And these fluid replacements are distinguished and put into two of categories, which are either crystalloids or colloids. And…...

Sedical Science and Technology

Introduction Donabedian (1980) defined medical services quality as the application of medical science and technology in a manner that maximizes its benefit to health without correspondingly increasing the risk. Quality health services are a subjective, complex and multi-dimensional concept. Mosadeghrad (2013) defined quality health services as consistently delighting the patient by providing efficacious, effective and efficient health services according to the latest clinical guidelines and standards, which meet the patient's needs and satisfies providers. He believes that quality health is…...

Evaluation of Leukocoria Disease

Introduction Leukocoria is the medical term for the white-eye reflex common in several childhood eye diseases affecting any of the structures that form the visual axis, including the cornea, the lens, the vitreous, and the retina(1). Common causes of leukocoria in a child are retinoblastoma (Rb), persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous retinopathy of prematurity, Coats disease, toxocariasis, congenital cataract, phakomatoses, Norrie disease, and retinal dysplasia and detachment(2). Hence, leukocoria requires urgent evaluation by an ophthalmologist, since the majority of these conditions…...

Causes and Diagnosing of Phlebitis Disease

What Is Phlebitis Phlebitis is a medical condition that occurs when a vein is inflamed. When a thrombus or blood clot causes the inflammation, the condition is called thrombophlebitis, which usually affects the veins located in the legs (1, 2). However, veins in the arms can also be affected. Other terms for phlebitis include superficial phlebitis, a blood clot in the arm or leg, thrombophlebitis, thrombus, and deep venous thrombophlebitis or deep vein thrombophlebitis. There are two types of phlebitis:…...

Hand Hygiene and Bacterial Hand Contamination in Medical Sciences Students

Hand Hygiene and Bacterial Hand Contamination in Medical Sciences Students Background: Hand washing is an important and effective way to prevent many of the infectious diseases as an acute respiratory infections. As hands of students exposed to hospital or any laboratory environment were highly contaminated with various types of bacteria known to cause nosocomial infections is observed in the present study Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the medical sciences students' hand washing knowledge, practices, and hand bacterial contamination load.…...

Hair Growth and Hair Diseases

Introduction In this assignment I'll be researching and defining the difference between Superfluous hair, Hypertrichosis and Congenital hypertrichosis. I'll also be researching the factors influencing hair growth in human body by including Normal congenital, Abnormal congenital, Endocrine disorders, Tropical causes, medication and Systemic causes. In Endocrine disorder causes excessive hair growth as well as cushing's syndrome, adrenogenital syndrome ( Hirsutism; Virulism ) and Acromegaly and Systemic causes including normal systemic and abdormal systemic. I'll be using variety resources like books,…...

Role of Potassium and Calcium in Human Body

POTASSIUM Potassium is the significant positive particle (cation) found within cells. The compound documentation for potassium is K+. The correct dimension of potassium is basic for ordinary cell work. Among the numerous elements of potassium in the body are guideline of the heartbeat and the capacity of the muscles. A truly anomalous increment in potassium (hyperkalemia) or decline in potassium (hypokalemia) can significantly influence the sensory system and expands the opportunity of unpredictable pulses (arrhythmias), which, when extraordinary, can be…...

Secondary Metabolites

Definition "Secondary metabolites that can be created from primary ones are not directly involved in the normal growth, development, and reproduction of the organism. They are molecules which are primarily involved in the overall maintenance/homeostasis of the organism. Secondary metabolites specifically modulate health-maintaining processes, including excretion of waste and toxic products from the body. That means, sustaining the overall health and functional status of the cells within organ systems of the body, the principal function of secondary metabolites." Application and uses of secondary metabolites Plants…...

Correlative and Elective Medication

An expanding extent of the populace utilize correlative and elective prescription including home grown medication. This utilization is much of the time embraced notwithstanding their endorsed medications, frequently without their doctor's information. For some kinds of integral and elective drug, this associative utilization of medicines is without huge danger of unfavorable impacts. In any case, for fundamentally directed integral and elective prescription, for example, home grown medication, there are noteworthy dangers of antagonistic medication connections between home grown drug and…...

Health Benefits of Probiotics

Benefits of Probiotics If you’ve been hearing a lot about probiotics health () supplements lately, you’re not alone. There has been a lot of buzz surrounding the topic, and it seems like there’s a supplement for just about every health issue known to man. But don’t be embarrassed if you’re not really sure what probiotics are. Many people still don’t know much about the topic. Basically, probiotics are microorganisms that are beneficial to the host when consumed. Most people know…...

Systems of Human Body

An examination of the ten body systems that make up the human body There are 10 body systems, one of them is the Integumentary (skin). It is composed of hair, skin, nails, sence receptions and oil glands. Its functionis to protect from outside, to regulate the body temperature, to make synthesis of hormones & chemicals and is used as a sense organ. Another one is the Skeletal System (bones). It is made of about 206 bones, that are divided in…...

Treatment of Bursitis, a Medical Science Report

Bursitis Bursitis is inflammation of the fluid-filled sac (bursa) that lies between a tendon and skin, or between a tendon and bone. The condition may be acute[->0] or chronic[->1]. Causes, incidence, and risk factors Bursae are fluid-filled cavities near joints where tendons or muscles pass over bony projections. They assist movement and reduce friction between moving parts. Bursitis can be caused by chronic overuse, trauma, rheumatoid arthritis[->2], gout[->3], or infection. Sometimes the cause cannot be determined. Bursitis commonly occurs in…...

Comparison of Blood Groups

Anatomy & Physiology Compare blood types and the basis for ABO and Rh incompatibilities. The ABO blood types are the most well known and medically important ones. The ABO blood type can be found in not just in humans, but other primates as well. The four principal types are; A, B, AB, O. An individual’s blood type is determined by a combination of two antibodies and two antigens; namely antigen A, antigen B, Anti A, and Anti B. The surface…...

Mechanism of Action of Diuretics in Human Body

Diuretics cause an effect on the kidneys, to increase the excretion of salt and water. They are used in the treatment of heart failure and oedema (the accumulation of extracellular fluid), but also are used to treat hypertension. General Mechanism of Action Diuretics cause a net loss of water from the body by an action on the kidney, normally associated with a loss of sodium. The effect of causing increased water loss is achieved by decreasing the reabsorption of sodium…...

It Is Not Neurosurgery

Neurosurgery has existed since before the times of the Incas. Some evidence even dates it back to 3000 B. C. Africa (“Neurosurgery”). Even though neurosurgery has been around for thousands of years, and technology dealing with neurosurgery has advanced, its main intention has not changed as time progressed. Surgeons are physicians, which work to right deformities, fix injuries, and stop diseases (“Surgeon”). Neurosurgeons are just specialized surgeons. Today these surgeons are demanded to treat and to operate on the spinal…...

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