Essays on Athens

The Parthenon, Athena, and it’s Cultural Significance
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Iktinos and Kallikrates, Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens, Greece, 447-438 BCE (fig.1) are built by Iktinos and Kallikrates. This, architecture was contributed to Athena also means a virgin. Greek mythology, Athena is a justice and wisdom goddess as a Greek protector. This temple total high is 13.72 meters, the base is about 69.5 meters long, wide is about 30 meters long; the length is about 70 meters long, and the wide is 30 meters long. Between 447 and 438 BCE, built in…...
Ancient GreeceArchitectureAthensCultural ValuesCultureGreece
Raphael’s School of Athens
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The tide again turned during Renaissance. The rise of classical art to dominance in the Renaissance would be one of the signs of the end of the medieval world. The word renaissance means "rebirth. " Apart from its broader context signifying a total paradigm shift in human thinking, the term is commonly used to describe the important art movement that took place during the 1400s and 1500s. During this time, artists started to take a great interest in Classical art…...
ArtAthensPaintingPhilosophySchoolVisual Arts
The Parthenon – Ancient Greece
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The Parthenon is one of the many buildings on the Acropolis of Athens which symbolized the Athenians’ wealth and power. The original building on the site was built as an offering to honor the goddess Athena because the people of ancient Athens believed that she helped the Greeks conquer the Persian Empire in the Persian Wars as well as watched over them and the city. Therefore, the temple is dedicated to Athena Parthenos. Parthenon was built in the year 448…...
Ancient GreeceArchitectureAthens
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Greek victory
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Pages • 6
Assess the respective contributions of Athens and Sparta and other Greeks to Greek victory over Persia in 480-79 B. C. The war between Persia and Greece is one that has been remembered in history, particularly recorded by Herodotus in his Histories. Athens and Sparta, along with other Greeks contributed greatly to the victory over Persia in 480-79 B. C. along with other factors. This essay will assess how their contributions and other factors contributed to the Greek victory over Persia.…...
Ancient GreeceAthensGreek
It is in the nature of men to try and better themselves
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It is in the nature of men to try and better themselves. Throughout history, there exists countless examples of mankind's drive for improvement, from advances in their technology to simply new techniques in doing their labors. It then makes sense that humanity is particularly focused on improvement for one of the most important parts of their lives: that of their government. The policies of a government affect their entire regime and their subjects. Xenophon himself expresses this idea in his…...
In Ancient Greece specifically the 5th century Athens there was
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In Ancient Greece, specifically the 5th century Athens, there was a noticeably significant difference regarding the treatment towards the different social classes of Greece, and a limit to the political participation of certain classes, this mistreatment had been directed to the lower wealth classes such as merchants, farmers, and hoplite. The nobles and aristocrats had acquired a lot of fertile land, as well as social institutions in Greece as a result of the resources that they were provided with by…...
Ancient GreeceAthensJusticeSocial Class
Describe the Social, Cultural and Political Features of Classical Athens and Ancient Sparta
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Pages • 9
Sparta then experienced a period of great wealth and power in the Greek region until, the Messinian people who had been enslaved by the Spartans revolted wanting their freedom and land back. It took Sparta twenty years to conquer the revolt and it became clear that the Spartans had to change their way of life. So, they turned themselves into a military state, establishing their military power across Greece. Unlike Sparta, Athens was not a military-based state but rather an…...
Assess Whether Pericles Was a Good or Bad Leader
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Pericles (C. 495-429 BC) was a very influential politician and general in Athens. He is said to have brought about a very important time in Athenian history known as ‘The Golden Age of Athens’ where he brought about or placed focus on certain things like art, which gave Athens the reputation as the cultural and educational centre of Ancient Greece, architecture, where he created a project to beautify the city and provide work for Athenians with most of its products…...
Analysis of “The School of Athens” by Raphael
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Raphael, the youngest of the three great artists who defined the Italian High Renaissance, was born in the small yet artistically significant Central Italian city of Urbino. It seems that Raphael attained his natural gift of creativity from his father who was a poet and a painter. Orphaned at an early age, Raphael was sent to be an apprentice to the distinguished painter Perugino, and by the tender age of twenty-one had flourished into an impeccable artist with talent surpassing…...
Peloponnesian War
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Pages • 8
Nearly during fifty years that preceded Peloponnesian War, the Greek history was characterized by development of the city of Athens as the main power in the Mediterranean world. The ancient Greece is a term used to describe the Greek speaking world in the ancient times which included the Hellenic culture that were settled in Greek during the ancient times. The ancient times in Greece was influenced by frequent migration as several people were forced to leave their land due to…...
Athens in the Time of Pericles – Religion Death and Burial
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Pericles lived from 495-429 BC. During this time, religion was inextricably linked with Athenian society. It contributed to a lot of Athenian culture and the many aspects of religion were depicted through buildings, artworks, festivals and every day rituals. Gods and Goddesses In Greek mythology there were 12 main gods, that were prayed to and worshipped by the Athenians. It was said they lived on top of Mount Olympus. They resembled human form and through their stories of love, war…...
AthensDeathGreek mythologyReligionTimeZeus
The classical Athens and Han china differences
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Han china and classical Athens shared many differences around the 5th century such as cultural image, cultural environment, social structures, and the overall similarities and differences. Document B (population estimates from mixed sources…) states that the population of classical Athens in 422 B.C.E was to be 315,000 total. Whereas Doc C (population estimates from mixed sources) the population of Han china in 200 C.E was 65,000,000 total. Han china and classical Athens population was distributed differently. Like classical Athens population…...
Nature of Athenian Imperialism
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After the conclusion of the Persian Wars (492-479BC) with Athens being the true victor, and before the Peloponnesian War, a period of prosperity covered Athens, and they needed to devise new ways to protect themselves and expand their wealth, and how this would affect their relations with allies. 'The Athenians and their Allies' was an organisation led by the Athenians in the 5th century, but is now referred to as the 'Delian League' or the 'Confederacy of Athens.' The official…...
Athens vs. Sparta Reflection Essay
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Paper Type:Reflective essays
As all civilizations do, Athens and Sparta have provided many things for the modern world. And as everything else, both have their strengths and weaknesses. Athens focused more on education and the arts while Sparta revolved around military strength and battle. Because Sparta had such a massively influential military, we use tactics and strategies derived from them even today. They invented the Phalanx; a military formation of standing closely packed and moving forward slowly to break enemy lines. Spartans also…...
Critical Analysis “The School of Athens”
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Paper Type:Critical essays
In this painting, you see around 60 Greek philosophers set up in a really big hall. The theorists are talking with each other, talking about theories or mathematical queries. It symbolizes philosophic thinking and the search for truth. On the wall you can see paintings and statues. He has actually used shape lines with domes and actual line with figures. Personalities are arranged like stars in a worn out architectural setting, Raphael has represented prominent Greek philosophers such as Plato,…...
Why Did Athens Lose the Peloponnesian Wars?
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An excellent part of blame for Athens losing the Peloponnesian Wars can be laid at the feet of two males: Alcibiades and the Spartan king, Lysander. Alcibiades was the nephew of Pericles. He was really charismatic and the young people of Athens enjoyed him. However he had a glaring flaw; he lost his parents at a young age and ended up being something of a sociopath, not caring what his deeds led to. As stated previously, he delighted in the…...
The religious beliefs and practices of Athens, Greece compared to the Gupta Empire
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The great myths and religions of the world can often be traced back to a distinct few sources. The direct definition of religion is the “belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal God or gods.” Most of the time the religions of one culture are based on the beliefs of another or an earlier culture. The religious beliefs and practices of Athens, Greece can be quite thoroughly compared and contrasted to those of the Gupta…...
Athens VS Sparta
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Athens and Sparta were two of the greatest Greek city states ever. Not only do these two cities have many differences but they also have some things in common too. But only one could be the best, was it Sparta or Athens? Many people think that Sparta and Athens were completely different, but this is not true, they had many similarities. To start off they were both two of the most powerful and important city states in ancient Greece. Sparta…...
Han China & Classical Athens DBQ
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Classical Athens and Han China were different due to their forms of government, the relationship between the individual and the state, their views on man and nature and their background information. Within the background information of both Athens and Han China there are very evident differences between the two. The first document shows the maps of both the empires side by side. The Han Empire is much bigger than the Athens city-state Attica which is a mere 50 miles long,…...
Modern Greece 5 Themes of Geography
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Absolute Location of Greece: The outright location of Greece is located at 39oN, 22oE since that's where its capital, Athens, is located. Relative Place of Greece: South of Macedonia, West of Turkey This is an image of Modern Greece that reveals the coordinates of Greece. This image connects to the style place due to the fact that it reveals the absolute place of Greece which is the coordinates of Athens which is the capital of Greece and outright location constantly…...
Pericles and Martin Luther
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Pericles and Martin Luther were both very influential people of their time. Even today their legacy’s live on and many times are still referred to. Without their effort in perusing with what they believed was right and keeping the motivation to change it, the world wouldn’t be where we are today. Pericles brought idea of democracy to Athens. He believed that the true value of Athens was found in the common good of the people. He worked to ensure that…...
AthensMartin Luther Reformation
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FAQ about Athens

Why Did Athens Lose the Peloponnesian Wars?
...A brief epilogue to Alcibiades. He had to run from Sparta upon being suspected of impregnating the Spartan queen. He then became affiliated with the Persian satraps, but fell out of favor. He was welcomed back to Athens as a savior, but the climate ...

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