The concept of ethics has deep philosophical and humanistic roots, which lay bare important principles in different fields such as sociology, humanity, economics, culture, and politics among other areas. Different philosophers have had their fair share of influence in contributing to the field of ethics and how it affects routine human life today (Solomon, 2009). Noteworthy, however, is the fact that different philosophers differ in terms of their expression of ethical perspectives. On the same note, they also share similar principles regarding ethics and are thus rich instruments from which humanity can draw chunks of ethical principles to guide their routine life.
Transcendendalist theories and beliefs, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Thoreau, transcendentalism today
In the world of Ralph Waldo Emerson, "nothing is more simple than greatness, to be simple is to be great". Emerson believed in simplifying life, he believed that the less possessions a person had the less they had to worry about. He developed a new and creative way of philosophy titled transcendentalism. Transcendentalism dealt with finding joy in nature, simplicity, and individualism. Simplicity is the state of being simple, uncomplicated, or uncompounded. Simplifying life cuts back on stress and worries.…...
BeliefMetaphysicsRalph Waldo EmersonTheoriesTranscendentalism
Generalist Practice in Social Work Essay
As Renaissance man. societal workers operate from a base of diverse accomplishments which enable them to assist persons with personal jobs. while at the same time facing the larger issues which are debatable for communities or organisations. Based upon the Generalist Intervention Model. today’s societal worker must be equipped with a accomplishment set that is able to turn to micro. mezzo and macro systems in order to consequence alteration and reference issues at each of these degrees. Micro systems are…...
Human papillomavirus and Vaccination: Knowledge, Beliefs, and Perception of Future registered Nurses
Acquiring knowledge and necessary skills to teach the community about health-related behavior, screening, and early detection methods as well as preventive measures. Is the responsibility of nurses for a dominant role in cancer prevention. The majority of the respondents in this study knew of HPV is the sexual transmission, as the main cause of cervical cancer; this determination is consistent with results that are obtained by Ursa et al in his written report which was conducted among nurses in Tanzania…...
Similarities and Difference between Humanism and Existentialism
In the 20th century, psychology began to boom with different methods of therapy for individuals from many backgrounds. Along with these different approaches, many of them differed on specific viewpoints such as understanding one’s purpose in life. Two approaches that circle around this viewpoint are humanism and existentialism. These two approaches emerged before the 20th century, but modern day psychotherapy from these two approaches have influenced society to think about their purpose and role in the world. Humanistic psychology emerged…...
During the Renaissance period, the church/ religion was a big part of everyday life being a guide for how life should be lived. There was protocol and how life was meant to be lived and women and men had standards to uphold such as women being dainty and beautiful, men had to have a sort of strength and masculine leader type quality being the head of the household. Classical Humanism gave mankind a realization of their own worth and dignity…...
Manifest Destiny as Justice for Native Americans
The 4th of July in the year 1786 remains a special day in the history of the USA, being the day when the nations making up the USA come together into a confederation of states. This came as a result of the Declaration of Independence by the thirteen British colonies within that period, that joined up into the confederation. After granting them independence, the Great Britain facilitated the formation of the confederation of states as documented in the Treaty of…...
HistoryManifest DestinyNative Americans
How Manifest Destiny Affected Native American Culture
What is no one spoke English anymore? What if it was illegal to celebrate Christmas? What if a new race of people decided to invade America and force Americans out of their homes? This was what happened to Native Americans during America’s Westward Expansion. Native American culture disappeared because America’s westward expansion forced them out of their homeland, disease and violence killed millions of them, and new laws gave them no rights. Life in the Western Hemisphere was much different…...
CultureManifest DestinyNative Americans
Manifest Destiny in the Westward Expansion
Prior to moving West, Northern America had gone through various wars and battles, one being the Seven Years War, also known as the French and Indian War. The French and Indian war had been fought between England and Britain for control over North America. The two fought each other along with their Indian and colonist allies in a war that lasted seven years. When the Treaty of Paris was signed in 1763 it put an end to the fighting between…...
Manifest DestinyWestward Expansion
Ethical Issues in Physical Therapy
When going to a store, customer service is able to dictate anybody's experience, which usually dictates if the consumer will plan on going back or not. This has the same concept of physical therapy. Physical therapy, such as all healthcare, has “ever-changing” rules and regulations that need to be followed. Many ethical issues are introduced in physical therapy, as well as any other profession. Avoiding regulatory fraud and abuse, practicing relevant dilemma’s and being logical with alternative payments (Medicare) are…...
Ethical Issues In HealthcareEthicsMedical Profession
Ethical Issues in Services
Defining what services are can be a challenge because many products we see today are a combination of goods and services. Pearson’s Operations Management textbook defines services as, “including repair and maintenance, government, food and lodging, transportation, insurance, trade, financial, real estate, education, legal, medical and entertainment” (Heizer, Render, & Munson, 2016). Services are intangible products, therefore the healthcare that we receive is a service. There are many ethical challenges that medical executives, patients and medical staff face in healthcare.…...
Ethical Issues In HealthcareEthical Issues In The WorkplaceEthicsService
Ethical Dilemma in School
On January 12, 2018 author Alex Kingsbury wrote an article based on the ethical dilemma of students being recorded during school. In Boston, the parents of Ben Pollack, a disabled teenager, wanted him to carry an audio recorder during school to confirm that he was not being bullied or maltreated. On a Monday, a federal appeals court heard arguments on the topic which was brought up by his southern Maine school district. The school cited the privacy rights of other…...
Ethical Dilemma You Have FacedEthicsMoral dilemmaSchool
Ethical Dilemma in Health Care
Owing to scientific and technical advances, the structure of the health care industry is constantly changing. Issues in the delivery of health care services are of considerable concern to healthcare establishments, both legal and ethical. Healthcare practitioners work for their patients' well-being and health while upholding legal and ethical principles. Health dilemmas are inevitable. Living wills and instructions in healthcare are commonly blurred. Living wills are the patient's wishes expressed in the judgment of the patient if they could determine…...
Health CareMedical ethicsMoral dilemma
Moral Issues with Immortality
Throughout history, anytime an invention or technology has been presented to public, there has been criticism of some sort. Inventions such as the printing press, light bulb, television, alternating current, flight, vaccines, personal computer, phones and internet in received severe criticism due to their perceived effect on humanity. We all realize the importance of these technologies and how they can be utilized to make our life easier and more efficient. But it must be accepted that new inventions come with…...
History of Business Ethics
Introduction This paper is intended to review the history of business ethics, look at what it means, review some current ethics issues and what the future holds for business ethics. History The phrase “business ethics” has been used in a number of different ways. And therefore, the history can differ depending on what information you are looking for. The most modern concept dates back to the rise of anti-big business protest groups in the United States in the 1970’s. A…...
Business Ethic and Conflict of an Insurance Broker
In the case “Conflict of an Insurance Broker,” Yes I think A&A would ethically responsible in its role as a broker by permitting the museum to make the poorer choice. A&A should present the low bid from Reliable. In fact, A&A should present all the bids to client and tell pros and cons about each to its client. As a broker, the work is not making decision but give advice. If it doesn't present all option, it can be considered…...
The Amish Beliefs as an Alternative to Mainstream America
America is universally known as the land of diversity. So, it is only natural that besides racial diversity, there is a diversity in communities that live on its ground. One of the most famous religious groups that exists in America is the Amish community. The utter seclusion they live in makes them either invisible to the people around them, or they view them as an attraction. Their way of life was not so different from their neighbors when they arrived…...
Reflection of fixation of beliefs
Not all the news sources are trustworthy nor all the scientific journals (Munafò & Flint, 2010). As a researcher, a future doctor, a student or even a normal citizen, it is crucial to expand critical thinking in order to distinguish between valid information and propaganda (Maudsley & Strivens, 2000). Maudsley & Strivens, (2000) have claimed that thinking is a “teachable skill “; and is not an inherited attribute like human intelligence which has been distributed among human beings unevenly. Therefore,…...
Two Corporate Social Responsibility Perform
The theory of social responsibility is based on a system of ethics, in which decision and actions must be ethically approved before continuing. If the action or choice causes harm society or the environment, then it is thought to be socially untrustworthy (Pachamama Alliance , 2017). There two examples of a social responsibility activity perform by business organizations. PETRONAS is the short for Petroliam National Berhad. As an incorporated company, it was founded on the 17th of August 1974. It…...
BusinessCorporate Social Responsibility And Ethics
Importance of Business Ethics vs. Social Responsibility
Majority of the businesses have their aims and goals set which act as a guideline. They aim at having maximum profits for both their owners and the shareholders. However, this cannot be achieved without ethics. It means that business ethics are significant in ensuring that a company ca ton make profits, (Joyner & Payne, 2002). The importance of social responsibility, in this case, is that the values, norms, and policies of the company must be followed and adhered. Business ethics…...
Business EthicsCorporate Social Responsibility And Ethics
Irrational Beliefs and Life Satisfaction
Life Satisfaction Life Satisfaction is the methods by which individuals demonstrate their feelings and conclusions (states of mind) and how they feel about their introduction and choices for what's to come. It is a measure of progress and might be evaluated like way, satisfaction with relations with others and with accomplished goals, self-considerations, and self-saw capacity to acclimate to customary everyday presence. It is having an ideal viewpoint of one's life as opposed to an appraisal of current estimations. Life…...
No Pain, No Gain: Myth or True
Does anyone else have this hateful saying? Or bad. Well, I must admit that I do not like to sweat. I hate oozing and oozing bodies, where your clothes stick and where everything is wet. One moment you are hot, the other you are wet and cold. I realize that this discomfort prevents me from exercising and that my body moves in a healthy way. I understand. And I have to remember that I live in a modern house, with…...
BeliefNo Gain Without PainSayings
The Concept of Utilitarian Theory
When we consider the concept of utilitarianism we base it on the pleasures and pains we encounter and how they balance regarding maximizing happiness overall. As Jeremy Bentham defines, “whatever will maximize utility; producing the most pleasure or happiness and avoiding or preventing pain or suffering” in Sandel’s Justice (2007). When taking a utilitarianism viewpoint, the results and consequences, such as the overall happiness, are the focus point. Even further, John Stuart Mill’s principle of liberty argues that maximizing utility…...
Personal Assessment of Strengths
Every being possess strengths and weaknesses which varies from individual to individual. An individual’s strength might be a weakness to another individual. Strength is a virtue that one possesses which comprises of skills and experiences. There are several tests out there that streams out personalized strengths and weaknesses but from my own perspective the Clifton strengths finder assessment and SWOT( Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats ) analysis gives a detailed insight of one’s personality. Upon completing the Strengths finder the…...
Personal StrengthsPersonal ValuesStrengths And Weaknesses
Random Act of Kindness
Every time I see and hear in the news about criminals are committed every day and became the reason for a lot of people to be falling dead or getting seriously injured for the rest of their lives, I think to myself that the world is going crazy. It is changing to be a cruel, wild, and scary place to live in. I feel so scary that the kindness and mercy in the world is no longer exists in people.…...
Improving Moral on Workplace
There are many benefits a company can receive by increasing morale in the workplace but it can prove to be a very difficult task. When trying to instill a different environment or make necessary changes to a company it is good to remember that a company’s leadership is only as fast as their slowest player. Many leaders may at times forget that it takes all hands in a business or company performing at peak conditions for it to be successful…...
Manifest Destiny in the United States
In 1803, the Louisiana Purchase nearly doubled the size of the country. As Americans began to conquer this “unclaimed” land, they pushed the Natives that had been living there further west. The Southerners desired new land suitable to grow cotton, which would spread slavery across the new territory. Despite the possible economic gain for the country, many in the North fought against the expansion of the country. John Gast’s painting entitled American Progress “Spirit of the Frontier” justifies Manifest Destiny…...
Acts of Kindness Small or Big Can Change the Attitude of Mankind
Kindness is a very important personality trait every human carries. It is a complex term to apprehend yet simple to realize. Too often people underestimate the influence of kindness because any kind gesture can brighten a person's day. My best friend told me a simple ‘thank you’ or ‘hello’ is her way of showing kindness. Saying thank you is something you say to someone to show your gratitude for someone's kindness. Thank you is something that has been said throughout…...
Kindness Changes Everything
As said by Aesop, “No act of kindness, no matter how small, is ever wasted.” I believe in kindness. There are so many ways people show kindness. For example, my neighbor, who we share our front lawn with decided to mow the lawn one day. It wasn’t a big gesture ,but the fact that our neighbor went out of their way to do that made my dad’s day as he had a lot of work to get done that day.…...
Sartre and Heidegger on Humanism
Jean-Paul Sartre and Martin Heidegger were both philosophers who contributed majorly to the philosophy of existentialism, though both had their own ideas of what it entailed. Both philosophers wrote two famous letters seeking to define what they believed existentialism was, Letter on Humanism by Heidegger and Existentialism is a Humanism by Sartre. In this essay, I will outline Sartre’s account of Humanism in contrast with Heidegger’s accounts of Humanism and accomplishment. I will then offer a comparison between the validity…...
My Personal Ethical Position
Ethics plays a significant part in our daily lives, and our personal moral beliefs determine our judgments and actions. My personal ethics include qualities that have always helped me distinguish the appropriate option in complicated situations. I am an honest individual and the truth always matters to me more than anything else in any given situation. Since childhood, this quality has always directed me away from petty distractions that many children face at some time; such as cheating on exams,…...
Managerial Accounting Ethical Issues
According to my research, the managerial accounting focuses on providing information to internal users and decision-makers in many areas, such as cost-benefit analysis, investing and financing making decisions, performance evaluation, and many others. One of the most noticeable ethical issues in managerial accounting is performance evaluation. As Kenton B. and Gary M.(Management Accounting Quarterly Spring 2013, Vol.14, No.3 ) noticed, 'The business area is replete with stories about how employees engage in dysfunctional, questionable ethical, and sometimes illegal behaviors in…...
AccountingEthical Issues In The Workplace
Ethical Dilemma in Architecture and Engineering
To what extent should efficiency be prioritized over the potential risk of human life when building a structure? Everyday each person goes inside a building whether it be your house, for your job, school, grocery shopping, eating, or even working out, and each year these structures collapse due to construction efficiency. 58% of multistory failures were due to construction problems and with no warning that the building is unsafe. In the structural engineering field one issue is that the structural…...
ArchitectureEngineeringEthical Dilemma You Have Faced
Ethical Dilemma in Chemotherapy
The medical field is an area of business that often involves ethical dilemmas. These range from interactions with the patients, to cases where the healthcare system hides information from the general public that would present a bad image for themselves. An ethical dilemma presented in medicine is forced chemotherapy on patients. Although it is not a very common issue, it still exists. It is an issue involving the distrust of authority, which may be irrational in some cases but also…...
Ethical Dilemma You Have Faced
Changing Family Values in United States
Beginning in the 1960 and accelerating over the last two decades changes in marriage, divorce, cohabitation, and nonmarital childbearing have transformed family life in the United States. The family continues to sever a primary role in raising children and caring for elderly relatives. But new family pattern and increase instability are creating complex family and economics ties that often span multiple households, according to a new Population Reference Bureau Report Understanding the dynamic of family change in the United States.…...
Changing Family ValuesFamily values
Our Changing Family Values: Separation from the Nuclear Family
The typical, American family dynamics that we thought we knew are suddenly becoming much more unfamiliar. With an increase in technology and the need for woman in the workforce, we have split apart from the ideals of a nuclear family and are now delving deeper and deeper into the era of what is becoming known as the post-modern family. No longer are people creating families out of love and compassion but rather for instant gratification, the benefits of having a…...
Changing Family ValuesFamily values
What is Value of Life
As humans, we assign value to many things. Life, just happens to be one of those things. But not everyone sees the value of life in the same way. The value of life comes from within each and every one of us individually. In excerpts from different viewpoints such as the contemptuous outlook on life of William Shakespeare's Hamlet, to Roger Ebert and Steve Jobs’s positive outlook on life and death, audiences everywhere are shown why one should value their…...
The Value Of Life
Values of My Life
There are many things to appreciate in life. In my life, I value the people around me. Friends, family, and a loving boyfriend. I value the future, what is to come and all the possibilities there are. I value having a family one day. I value what I have been through and what I will go through. I value my hardships and the greatness that has come from them. I value the ability to move forward and do better. I…...
The Value Of Life
Anti-Aging: A Step Back in The Value of Life
In recent years, a new field in biotechnology has rose: anti-aging. By use of stem cells taken from an embryo, scientists hope to use these self-replicating, multi-purpose cells to repair any degeneration that may occur as humans age. With the Baby Boom generation beginning to reach their time, skincare companies and researchers alike are trying to milk aging individuals fear of, well, aging. There are ethical concerns in regard to this issue. The matter of using human embryos that are…...
AgeThe Value Of Life
The Value of Life – Abortion
No one ever wants to consider abortion an option. Yet at times, It’s necessary for the mother and unborn child. At times the abortion pros can outweigh the cons or sometimes the child can be in danger and possibly even the mother. Every mother is different, and they have their reasons for choosing either option. No matter the reason, It’s always a tough decision for the guardians to make. This topic is going to explain, when it comes to abortion,…...
AbortionThe Value Of Life
The Fate of Life’s Value
Should the value of life be decided by the individual itself or by any living organism that walks the face of the earth? This question has been such a controversial topic since the beginning of time and is still extremely relevant in our day and age. Any random being should not be able to determine the value of someone’s life because it is not theirs. There are various ways that humans put values on themselves or others depending on dispositional…...
The Value Of Life
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Plato, Aristotle, Buddha, and Augustine
The context of application and judgement of ethical principles differs from culture to culture, place to place and context to context and therefore, philosophers such as Plato, Aristotle, Buddha, and Augustine have fascinating and insightful ideas about ethics that are worth considering based on specific contexts (Lockwood, 2005). This paper compares and contrasts different ethical perspectives discoverable in Plato, Aristotle, Buddha, and Augustine that identifies perspectives which could establish social ethics.
Virtues and Ethical Perspectives
Plato, Aristotle, Buddha, and Augustine’s ethical perspectives share significant similarities. According to these philosophers, ethics is based on virtuous living. Virtues are components of life, which lead to happiness and greater good than harm to humanity. Accordingly, practices that result in greater good to humanity, entities, and the environment are ethically upright and vice versa (Fasching & Lantigua, 2011). The highest good, according to these philosophers is the purpose of an ethical life and any individual who thinks to live right should create an environment for himself/herself, and others, that is satisfying in that it makes life better and leads to happiness and freedom. Love is emphasized as a virtue that prominently features in the ethics postulated by the four philosophers (Laungani, 2002). There is a trend that alludes to the four agreeing that love is foundational in establishing a virtuous society that is full of positivity. It is seen as an ingredient for good ethics, which are the desire of every man, entity, and the environment.
The philosophers also point out that morals are essential aspects that can be used to evaluate ethics. Morality, as insinuated by the four philosophers entails the distinction between right and wrong. Essentially, ethics results from choices and decisions that human beings make (Solomon, 2009). Wrong decisions that have adverse effects negates the idea of positive ethics. Right decisions which improve the condition of life promote ethical relationships and living within societies and communities, and among entities, individuals and groups (Lockwood, 2005). According to the four, living right is a consequence of the choice of undertakings with due consideration of the outcomes of the choices that one makes.
Similarities and Differences of Philosophers’ Views
Plato, Aristotle, Buddha, and Augustine ethics display an ethical life that is selfless and devoid of greed that in most cases results in unquenchable bodily appetites and the desire to serve self-interests without due consideration of the effects that such choices have on others and the environment (Fasching & Lantigua, 2011). The independence to be incorruptible by the external or internal forces that make suggestions and influence thoughts and actions can create environments and atmospheres that promote goodness and demean evil. Every entity and the environment would always call for moral living and absolute good so that there is zero harm to anything in the surrounding. Essentially, living a selfless life and extending the same to others would amount to a greater good and higher benefits to humanity and the environment (Laungani, 2002). Hence, the philosophers seem to agree on the issue of selflessness and highest good for humanity and disregard greed and serving self-interests. This forms the concepts of ethics as far as they are concerned.
Although there are inherent similarities in ethical perspectives by the four philosophers, there are also considerable differences which though not very prominent, are worth noting. While Plato vehemently emphasizes the idea of virtue-based conception of ethics, Aristotle is hellbent in championing ethics based on habits and behaviors which lead to good life (Fasching & Lantigua, 2011). According to Aristotle, the supreme good should be the primary aim of human crafts, investigations, and actions. His ethics can be described as a common-sense ethics which are built on self-realization and naturalism. Essentially, self-interests do not feature in Aristotelian ethics. This differs somewhat from Platonic ethics. Virtues are necessary for personal development and out of personal growth and development, then happiness can be dispensed to others (Solomon, 2009). Therefore, there is a significant element of self-interest in Plato ethics, which inherently misses in Aristotelian ethics.
Considering Buddha, there is a greater gap in the point of view that emphasizes ethics based on enlightenment. Essentially, the focus of Buddha ethics is walking the path towards liberation. People are bound by different things which confine them in distinct ways (Keown, 2005). As such, seeking the freedom to break free from these confines so that one lives freely forms the basis of Buddhist ethics. Honoring the precepts of Buddhist ethics culminates to security, respect, and trust. This seems to differ from what Plato thinks. The purpose of ethical living is to achieve happiness through virtuous living and not necessarily to gain trust, security or respect. Similarly, it somewhat differs from Aristotelian ethics in that their foundations are different. Aristotle focuses on grand observance of morality as a way of determining right and wrong, and good and bad and not necessarily the pursuit of liberation (Solomon, 2009). Additionally, Buddhist ethics have a religious characteristic which is not prominently presented in the Aristotelian and Plato’s ethics.
A close examination of ethics according to Augustine reveals that the basic principles of ethics should be grounded on Christian beliefs and faith. According to Augustine, anything that violates consistency with good acts amounts to sin and hence, is unethical and not worth following, adopting, or emulating (Kent, 2001). The essence of ethics in as far as Augustine is concerned does not necessarily concern right living as the other three philosophers seem to emphasize although with different intensity and at different levels of emphasis. However, according to him, ethics involves right loving which involves primarily loving God and secondarily, and derivatively loving the neighbor. In other words, unlike the others, he thinks that the essence of good life does not revolve on accomplishments during life on earth but offering the right inner emotional allegiance to the only true dimension, the true God (Fasching & Lantigua, 2011). What counts is the inner state and not necessarily the outer actions because they are only significant insofar as they reveal one’s inner state.
Virtuous Life and Social Ethics
The Aristotelian and Plato perspective of ethics can monumentally establish social ethics. These perspectives seem to share much in common with regard to how ethics should be viewed and regarded. They promote significant aspects of social living which greatly exemplifies social ethics. Plato extols the importance of moral good based on virtues, something that Aristotle echoes by providing an extensive array of greater considerations in improving social life by developing morally upright habits. A virtuous life is worth pursuing because it improves relationships among individuals, entities and elements in the environment. Aristotle, similarly, observes the necessity of morality in a bid to understand the right and wrong, good and bad, in order to be in a position to make relevant choices and decisions which improve life and broaden the elements of social ethics.
Essentially, the perspectives to ethics as offered by Plato and Aristotle offer a broad spectrum of values which are the necessary building blocks of social ethics (Lockwood, 2005). They place significant responsibilities on the social entities and also illuminate the essence of accountability in championing good social relationships based on virtues and which results in happiness and good life for all elements of the society. A close scrutiny of the Plato and Aristotelian perspective of ethics reveal the existence and application of such elements as truth, honesty, loyalty, peace and love.
These are important concepts that should prevail in any social set up. The society is composed of different components which interact in a manner that there should be sharing of benefits and value addition by and to each (Solomon, 2009). Accordingly, considering the application of ethical principles that are emphasized by these perspectives will result in creating a wholesome lot of fruitful relationships which yield greater good and happiness among the elements of the society. These elements are responsible for bringing fundamental goodness to humanity and by extension, to the society at large. Therefore, they are suitable applicants that can fruitfully contribute to the establishment of social ethics.