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Scientific method Essay Examples

Challenges in Conducting a Good Research

...Looking for study participants. Finding the participants of the research is usually difficult because a researcher has to define the target participants before he or she goes to the find. In most cases such participants are usually hidden, making it hard to find them. Nevertheless, the best way to solve this challenge is through networking. Networking through methods such as snowball technique eliminates this challenge (Webster & Tuckman,2000). A research can also work with other established...

Quantitative research

...The very first step to start this research is to decide the research topic first. Then, the following things that need to decide after the research topic is research problem and objectives. After determining all of these, all the questionnaires will be drafted out according to the information that decided and gathered during the previous steps. After created the questionnaires, the questionnaires were made as a web questionnaire and send to the target audiences for answering. Lastly, the next st...

Flipkart case study

...The research that I would like to conduct is exploratory research as I will collect the data from the sample size as defined by me. I will be examining a data set and will look out for potential relations between variables defining the factors responsible for the effectiveness of E commerce in current business scenario. I will be focusing on the quantitative aspect of the research and will start my research by determining the various factors involved with the proposal. However, I will also try t...

Zero Hours Contracts

...Alakeson, V., Cory, G., Pennycook, M. (2013) Resolution Foundation. A matter of time: The rise of zero-hours contracts [Online]. Available from: http://www.resolutionfoundation.org/media/media/downloads/A_Matter_of_Time_-_The_rise_of_zero-hours_contracts_final_1.pdf Accessed 23 August 2013. [Accessed 3th March 2014]. Barratt, H., Kirwan, M. (2009) Design, Application, Strengths & Weaknesses of Cross-Sectional Studies [Online]. Available from: http://www.healthknowledge.org.uk/public-health-t...

Exploring Qualitative and Quantitative Research

...with obsessive-compulsive disorder: A case study of a woman’s construction of self. Counselling Psychology Quarterly 12(1) 73-86. doi: 10.1080/09515079908254079 Ponterotto, J. G. (2002). Qualitative research methods: The fifth force in psychology. The Counseling Psychologist, 30(3) 394-406. doi: 10.1177/0011000002303002 Ponterotto, J. G. (2005). Qualitative research in counseling psychology: A primer on research paradigms and philosophy of science. Journal of Counseling Psychology 52(2), 126-1...

Examine the view that theoretical issues are the most important factor influencing sociologist’s choice of research methods

...There has been a guideline put in place by The British Sociological Association for the conduct of research. Vulnerable groups which special care should be taken where research participants are particularly vulnerable because of their ethnic background, age, physical or mental health. For example when a researcher is studying children at school, they should regard an issue of child protection and need consent from both the child and the parent/career and provide information that children can und...

Compare Different Research Methodologies for Health and Social Care

...However, the information may not be accurate and could be false. Another weaknesses form getting information books is that it is also quite time consuming looking for the answers and information when reading a book. WEBSITES: This method is another way to get data from. Websites are also very good because they can find you reliable information about any topic you want to gain knowledge from. However a disadvantage for websites is that they could contain false information. Another advantage is th...

Dr. Heidegger's Experiment: Character Analysis

...Colenal Killigrew, Mr. Gascoin, and Widow Wycherly all see this as an experience while Dr. Heidegger’s excitement lies in the fact that he created a completely original experiment and has the honor to execute it using people he is close to. It is true that from this process Dr. Heidegger learned a very valuable lesson, however, his friends were more than just guinea pigs to him. In his eyes, a lesson cannot be learned without proper steps. This logic should not be confused with the idea that h...

Guava Leaves and Carrot Extract as an Anti-Acne Soap

...Lozoya is telling us that up until recently, the same three “tracks” of studies have been repeated again and again. So, scientific studies have proven beyond doubt that guava leaf has powerful anti-microbial properties, anti-diarrhea properties and it also has a calming (or sedative) effect on the nervous system. In a review of the scientific literature until 2008, guava leaf extract has also been shown to “exhibit antioxidant, hepatoprotection, anti-allergy, antimicrobial, antigenotoxic, ...

Comparing the Major Theoretical Perspectives in Social Psychology

...Because human-beings are such complex, psychologists had been trying to discover, understand and explain human behavior throughout the years by using different perspectives. Each of these processes address these matters somewhat at a different level although sometimes can be put onto the same context and by using making careful scientific observations. Some of the major theoretical perspectives of psychology were developed and shaped during the course of history by some of the great psychologist...

Type of Qulitative Research

...guide research. US-China Education Review, 8(2), 1548-1566. Burck, C. (2005). Comparing qualitative research methodologies for systemic research: the use of grounded theory, discourse analysis and narrative analysis. Journal Of Family Therapy, 27(3), 237-262. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6427.2005.00314.x Christensen, L. B., Johnson, R. B., & Turner, L. A. (2011). Research methods, design, and analysis (11th ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon. Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, qu...

Evidence based practice

...Haynes, R. Richardson, W. (1996). Evidencebased medicine: what it is and what it isn't. British Medical Journal, 312, 71-72. http://cebm.jr2.ox.ac.uk/ebmisisnt.html Sackett, D., Richardson, W., Rosenberg, W., & Haynes, R. (1997). Evidence-based medicine: How to practice and teach EBM. New York: Churchill Livingstone. Simpson, G., Segall, A., & Williams, J. (2007). Social work education and clinical learning: Reply to Goldstein and Thyer. Clinical Social Work Journal, (35), 33-36. Smith, ...

Science vs arts

...On the other hand, it can be said that Science is an Art too, as the biggest discoveries were made by passionate scientist that wanted to prove the world that the things known so far were wrong. This means that they were put into a situation in which they, through imagination, reasoning and emotion, realized they were given false or erroneous information. Probably, their frustration and their ambition showed the world that through creative thinking and imaginative reasoning things that are unkno...

Management History

...Our example based around this theory being major fast food franchise McDonalds. ‘The efficient production of their fast food is crucial towards customer satisfaction and organisation success.’ McDonalds is one of the largest franchises in the world today and will continue to be for years to come, and it is worthy proof showing the administrative principals involvement within such a successful franchise within modern management. The last theory I discussed was that thought by Abraham Maslow a...

Bus 642 Week 2 Assignment

...4 Why not use more control variables rather than depend on randomization as the means of controlling extraneous variables? Randomization allows the influence of the extraneous variables to equalize and control variables confound a casual relationship. Source? (.5/.5) 5 Researchers seek causal relationships by either experimental or ex post facto research designs. (.5/1) a In what ways are these two approaches similar? These two approaches are similar in dependent and independent variables. Also ...

Ethnographic Research

...The ethnographic research enables setting the meanings hidden behind the social and organizational nature of modern societies. The ethnographic method is indispensable in studying unique situations. It can be an effective tool for the study of groups, organizations and subcultures, making available those aspects of life that cannot be studied using quantitative methodology. The distinctive features of ethnographic research are: researcher is directly involved in the pilot process and life of sur...

Adolescent Interview

...My interviewees’ didn’t have any signs of a cognitive distortion, there wasn’t signs of any self-focus in her answers. Imaginary audience is when the adolescent believes that they are the focus of everyone’s attention. (Berk. 2012, p. 572.) She stated in the interview that she and her friends were part of a group that nobody knew about; she showed little concern about it. Her social development is good; she said in her interview that she talked to most of her classmates in all her class...

Study Plan

...As a developing and big agricultural country, China faces to crucial agricultural sustainable development challenge. Farmland in China accounts for 7% of that in the world, however, consumes more than 30% of global nitrogen fertilizer. Improving crop production under reducing resource waste and environment pollution catches more and more attention. Therefore, after my graduation from University of ***, I will go back to China, hopefully to be a scientific researcher in a university or a research...

Historical Perspective Essay

...The role of the nurse is to alter the environment to place the individual in the best condition for nature or the environment to act upon them. The environment was defined as all external and internal factors that can affect the health and wellness of the individual and health was defined as the process of getting well In conclusion research and nursing science has greatly evolved through the years and will continue to do so over time with the continued contributions from nurses such as Florence...

Financial Accounting Theory & the Reporting Environment

...Criticisms of neutrality or freedom from bias take two forms. First, some argue it is a state of mind that is not attainable, because all of us are affected by personal values that have been shaped by our particular beliefs, traditions, environment, background and personality. Granted that this is true, it is still meaningful to speak of neutrality or freedom from bias. We recognise the existence of these influences on our perceptions. The idea is to control them within an acceptable range. Seco...

Research Problem

...| | | |10 |Is the research free of any ethical problems and limitations? | | | |11 |Will it have any value? | | | |12 |Do you have the necessary knowledge and skills to do the research? Are you qualified to undertake the | | | | |research? | | | |13 |Is the problem important to you and are you motivated to undertake the research? | | | |14 |Is the research viable in your situation? Do you have enough time and energy to complete the project? | | | |15 |Do you have the necessary funds for the rese...

Social Studies Sba Outline

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Psychology and common sense

...The above mentioned studies and psychological theories such as constructive processing, hypnosis, misinformation effect, memory construction and schemas, have proven the common sense belief to be wrong. It is possible for an individual to take pseudomemories as their true and accurate memories. In conclusion, common sense beliefs are knowledge that everybody are exposed to whereas psychology comprises of careful and scientific researches and analysis. Though common sense beliefs may be widely us...

Essay on “Analyze, Don’t Summarize” by Michael Berube

...The significance of his point that “an observation is not a thesis means” because a thesis is usually an arguable piece of writing and in most cases factual and an observation is what is perceived by one at the moment meaning only you can base an opinion of what you just saw. In this paragraph Berube emphasizes his point on analyzing, summarizing, and sports talks. The above paragraph shows the author’s black and white thinking about his student’s papers. He believes that there are only ...

Bending of Beam Lab Report

...6. Conclusion: As mentioned before, with this experiment we concluded that the deflection of a beam is different depending on its position. We also concluded that when the beam is positioned with its thin side on the supports it is able to carry more load than when it is positioned with its flat side on the supports. This is due to the fact the beam’s inertia change as the position changes. When the beam is placed on its flat side its inertia is less than when positioned on its thin side where...

Understanding the Research Process

...The variables in the study by Medvec was two videos, one including segments showing silver and bronze medalists at the moment that they heard the outcome of their competition, and another with segments showing the medalists on the medal stand. The researchers showed the videotapes to college students, who evaluated how happy the athlete appeared using a 10-point scale ranging from agony to ecstasy. The responses were averaged across participants to provide an overall index of how satisfied each ...

Now and Nine Years Ago Essays

...• Three key research developments have led to the increased importance of systems biology. 1. High-throughput technology. Systems biology depends on methods that can analyze biological materials very quickly and produce enormous amounts of data. An example is the automatic DNA-sequencing machines used by the Human Genome Project. 2. Bioinformatics. The huge databases from high-throughput methods require the use of computational tools to store, organize, and analyze the huge volume of data. 3. ...

Child development

...10. People from several groups can share a culture because it is a system of shared beliefs, conventions, norms, behaviors, expectations and symbolic representations that persist over time; it is a powerful social construction. 11. The term race has been used to categorize people on the basis of physical differences, particularly outward appearance. The term ethnic groups are people whose ancestors were born in the same region and who often share a language, culture, and religion. 12. SES reflec...

Scientific Investigation

...Describe an experiment to test your hypothesis. Be sure to identify the independent and dependent variables, as well as all the controlled variables. Make sure that the experiment's procedure provides instructions for controlling the controlled variables and that it will test the hypothesis you are proposing. 1. Read the car manual to make sure I know where to connect the jumper cables. 2. Connect jumper cables from my friend's car to my car, making sure not to change anything else in the proces...

A Guide to Classical Management Theory

...The autocratic leadership approach is the central part of classical management theory. It states that an organization should have a single leader to make decisions, to organize and direct the employees. All decisions are made at the top level and communicated down. The autocratic leadership approach is beneficial in instances when small-business decisions need to be made quickly by a leader, without having to consult with a large group of people, such a board of directors. Small businesses, espe...

Negative Commercial Influences on Scientific Research

...Admittedly, the cooperation between the commerce and the scientific research has bring some positive effects. First of all, with more financial investments, researchers can have enough money to purchase some advanced equipments so that they can do the experiments they're willing to trying. Second, the cooperation can help scientists put their researching results in the labs into the real world. If the invents display on the table in the labs or museum, they're just the dead thing. But if the in...

Scientific method

...This is considered to be analyzing the data. If group A has produced more fruit that Group B and C, than I can say that my hypothesis is supported. That is, if the yield was twice that of the other groups. Otherwise, my original hypothesis will be unsupported. In either case, my end result will be my conclusion. There is no right or wrong answer. If the result is not what I had expected, it still may assist someone else in further studying the effects of this fertilizer. By communicating my res...

Communication Research Method

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Importance of science

...When it comes to science and technology, we cannot forget the automobile and the transport industries that have grown tremendously on account of the developments in science and engineering. Technological advancements have driven the developments in the different modes of transport. Bicycles have transformed into scooters and sport bikes. Four and six wheeled vehicles have started running on the roads, thanks to the advancing technology. The developments in air transport have winged the common ma...

Evidence Based Practice

...By raising awareness of the benefits of Evidence Based Research of public and private pivotal decision makers, these individuals could prove instrumental in helping to identify and acquire the resources needed to implement Evidence Based Research within their sphere of influence. By opening avenues to Evidence Based Research findings through local libraries, engaging students as researchers and raising community awareness, more nurses could gain knowledge that translates into Evidence Based Prac...

Comparing tajfel's social identity theory and scapegoating theory in explaining prejudice

...In summation ,It does not need a rocket scientist to discover that competition to prestige, social recognition ,water, land ,jobs and some other resources may precipitates aggression which will eventually turn into prejudice in both theories scapegoating and social individual theory .However , it is an abortion of factual evidence to sidestep the differences such as displaced aggression , feelings of in-group and out-groups , favoritism among in-groups and out-groups and just to mention but a fe...

Organization Structure

...First, Boss Ltd is taller than Agar in organizational hierarchy. (Plagarism is a serious offence. This content can be found at http://btechnd.blogpot.com/) This is due to the structure necessarily to support Boss Ltd’s geographical and product divisions that accommodate 400 more staff than Agar Ltd(Plagarism is a serious offence. This content can be found at http://btechnd.blogpot.com) . In contrast, Agar has a layer reporting hierarchy. Its line of command is shorter than that of Boss Ltd....

Research methodology

...6. Kothari. (2004). Research methodology: Methods and Techniques Second Edition. Jaipur,India: New Age International Publishers Limited. 7. McGregor, J. A. (2010). Paradigm, Methodology and Method: Intellectual Integrity in Consumer Ccholarship. International Journal of Consumer Studies 34 . 8. Sebastian Reiter, G. S. (2011). Strategy for Delayed Research Method Selection: Deciding Between Grounded Theory and phenomenology. Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods Volume 9 . 9. Slideshare...


FAQ about Scientific method


❓ Why does confusion exist about the definition of a scientific theory?

...The influence of medieval science on the scientific revolution was extraordinary. Even though thoughts and ideas of medieval thinkers as opposed to revolutionary thinkers completely contradicted each other, the medieval era set the stage for the scie ...

❓ Understand how to formulate a research specification

...Creswell, J. W. (2008). Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. Upper Saddle River, NJ. Pearson Education, Inc Kara H (2012) Research and Evaluation for Busy Practitioners: A Time-Saving Guide ...

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