Essays on Bureaucracy

Birch’s Theory of Democratic Deficit
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Although Britain has been a member of the European Union since 1973, there are still many areas of contention regarding conditions of membership and levels of participation. Sceptics use issues surrounding sovereignty, democracy and accountability and interventionalism both on a bureaucratic and socio-economic level as a tool to beat pro Europeans, citing these areas as a direct affront to the ethos of the contemporary British system. Birch draws out the idea of a 'democratic deficit'. He goes on to explain…...
The Iron Cage
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Introduction The Iron Cage theory also rises out of the ever increasing rationalization of modern society. Weber defined 'power' as the "ability to realize one's will despite and against the resistance of others. During Weber's time, he saw an increasing power shift towards the ever growing bureaucracies, these formally rational, complex organizations. Bureaucracies are by nature highly formally rational. They are there for the purpose of organizing what would otherwise be very large or complex organizational tasks which wouldn't be…...
BureaucracySocial scienceSocietySociological TheoriesSociology
Scientific Management & Frederick Taylor
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The scientific management is primarily concerned with giving tasks and techniques. This is a good approach to the business as it breaks jobs down into smallest component, each single component will separate specialised job to be allocated to a separate worker; which is really what Airgen needs in order to train its staff and have the right staff working in designated departments. The responsibility of the management is to select, train and help workers to perform their work properly; and…...
BureaucracyBusinessInterpersonal relationshipManagement
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Max Webers Theory of Bureaucracy
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Introduction The emergence of the management process and organization theory took place in two forms: Fayol's identification of the principles and elements of management and Weber's search for an ideal way of organizing. From different backgrounds and perspectives, both Fayol and Weber attempted to develop methods for managing large-scale organizations. Fayol stressed education for management rather than technical training, the importance of planning, organizing, command, coordination, and control. Weber sought to replace authority based on tradition and charisma with legal…...
BureaucracyMax WeberTheory
New Public Management
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There are various differences in the traditional public administration model and New Public Management model to manage the public sector. In order to determine which of these two models is better, it is worth to discuss the theoretical bases for the NPM model and then compare the major differences between these two models. According to Hughes, there are two major principles of NPM: (1) it is market-based; (2) it aims to move away from bureaucracy as an organizing principle. The…...
Evaluation of Management Thought
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Paper Type:Evaluation essays
Thus, management refers to the development of bureaucracy that derives Its importance from the need for strategic planning, co- radiation, directing and controlling of large and complex decision-making process. Essentially, therefore, management entails the acquisition of managerial competence, and effectiveness in the following key areas: problem solving, administration, human resource management. And organizational leadership. First and foremost, management is about solving problems that keep emerging all the time in the course of an organization struggling to achieve its goals and…...
In this assignment there would be research of organisational
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In this assignment, there would be research of organisational structure and the topic of power and politics within Olympic Sportswear. Specifically, the concept of bureaucracy will be explored and how bureaucracy "gone wrong" in Olympic sportswear, as this sort of structure is recognizable in this organisation. Bureaucratic management is approached by German Max Weber who believes that bureaucracy was the most efficient way to set up an organisation and that it is better than traditional structures (Weber, 1968). Bureaucratic organisations…...
BureaucracyOrganizational StructureResearch
Succesful Managers Research
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Based on the above four activities (communication, traditional management, networking and human resource management) that Luthans (1988) has found he concludes and defines the two types of ''real'' managers; the successful - this ''who have been promoted relatively quickly''- and the effective - this ''who have satisfied, committed subordinates and high performing units''. Luthans (1988) noticed that successful managers spent most of their time performing networking activities and the least on human resource and traditional management activities while the effective…...
Land of the Blue Sky and Land of the Red Drago
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In 1260, in the Land of the Blue Sky (Mongolia) and the Land of the Red Dragon (China), a new sort of Mongolian rose to power by the name of Shih-Tsu, later known as Qubilai Khan. Qubilai was a man of many faces, on the one hand, he seemed civilised despite descending from a people known for being barbaric. The most notable thing about Qubilai was his upbringing in the Nestorian church which promoted religious tolerance. The notion of tolerance,…...
Evolution of Management to Nowadays
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As long as there have been human endeavors, there have been people willing to take charge—people willing to plan, organize, staff, and control the work. One might say that nature abhors a vacuum and thus someone will always step forward to fill a leadership void. Probably the natural emergence of leadership grew out of our instinct for survival. In the hostile world of early humankind, food, shelter, and safety needs usually required cooperative efforts, and cooperative efforts required some form…...
BehaviorBureaucracyManagementMax WeberOrganizationTheory
Barsetshire County Council Needs Change
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The case analysis of Barsetshire County Council (BCC) implies the need for the organizational and managerial change that it felt necessary and the aftermath of implementing the changes. As a public service organization the BCC felt that power should be devolved to the middle management and the change of organizational structure is necessary to meet the uprising demand of services by the locality and to effectively run the activities through out various departments. According to Weber's analysis of bureaucracy, it…...
Class Inequality and Poverty as seen by Marx, Weber, and Lewis
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Our society today is currently experiencing a widening of the gap between the rich and the poor. As the saying goes, “the rich is getting richer and the poor is getting poorer,” our society attests to such truth, where the wealthy is gaining more money while the poor’s case is getting worse by the minute. Poverty is a big problem ever since the dawn of man. In an ideal world, the number of resources produced could feed more than any…...
BureaucracyCapitalismEquality And InequalityInequalityMax WeberPoverty
Han China and Mauryan & Gupta India
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Han dynasty and Mauryan/Gupta empires developed in roughly the same time frame and overlapped in the years 320 B. C. E. - 220 C. E. developing in different parts of the globes with their own unique geographies. Both the Han and Mauryan/Gupta empires developed bureaucratic governments that were ruled by kings, but due to the different geographical regions, India’s government was fragmented into local governments. The Han Dynasty of China was structured off of a social philosophy while Mauryan/Gupta India…...
Advantage and Disadvantage of Bureaucracy
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The advantages of bureaucracy: Clear division of work with boundaries to responsibilities. Formal (written) rules and procedures resulting in predictability and reutilization. A well-defined hierarchy of authority. Appointments to posts based on technical competence. Formal (written) documentation of actions and decisions. Bureaucratic control’ system is a strategic was based around internal labor market and the winning of employee commitment through the prospect of long term career advancement includes job security, pension packages and Training & development.  Bureaucracies helped HRM in…...
Power in Sociology
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Sociology is a study of the development, structure, and functioning of human society. Sociology also studies the sophisticated connection between human behavior and individual life changes. Sociology examines by the way of social structure such as various social institutions that affect human attitudes, organizations and social categories. However, in the subject of Sociology of Work, it has combined sociology with work to improve the human behavior in the organization. According to Grint (2005), “Work occupies a substantial proportion of most…...
BureaucracyCapitalismHuman NatureMax WeberOrganizationPower
Basic Ideas and Theories of Mass Communication
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In the first place, there were many well renowned scholars who contributed immensely towards the development of communication processes, society and their communication relationships, which are still relevant and heart touching. Thus, David K. Berlo developed the source-message-channel receiver (SMCR) theory in the 1960s. His theories emphasized the many factors that could affect how senders and receivers created, interpreted and reacted to a message. While Max Weber Explore his contribution to our understanding of social stratification, classes and status groups…...
BureaucracyCommunicationHuman NatureMass CommunicationMax WeberScience
Comparative Public Administration (CPA)
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The Arab Spring has created opportunities for countries across North Africa and the Middle East to redesign their constitutions. There are ongoing debates on whether these countries will adopt the Anglo-American model or look at other paradigms. Political leaders and scholars have turned to a number of academic fields such cultural studies, sociology, economics, and political science in attempt to answers some of these questions. However, no other field of study will provide more insight into the development of these…...
AccountabilityAdministrationBureaucracyHuman NatureInterest GroupsPolicy
Rational Organisation
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What are the main features of rational organisation and what are its strengths and weaknesses? To what extent would you recommend rational organisation design as the way forward for junction hotel? This essay will take an in depth analysis of the rational organisation design and evaluate the affects that it will implement on Junction Hotel, if they decide to run their organisation according to the rational theory. This will entail a detailed look into theorists such as Frederick Taylor who…...
ActivityBureaucracyDesignEmploymentOrganizational Structure
Ap World History Comparison – Han & China
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The Roman Empire and Han Dynasty both have many similarities and differences. The Roman Empire lasted from 27 BC - 476 CE. The Han Dynasty lasted from 206 - 220 BCE. The Roman Empire included parts of northern Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East. Throughout ancient history, this was known as the largest empire ever. On the other hand, the Han Dynasty included only the southeastern and northeastern parts of present-day China. Even though both Rome and Han were…...
BureaucracyChinaComparisonRoman empireWorld
Classical Approach to Management
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The classical school of thought, established in the late nineteenth century, was composed of the writers who first contributed to organisational theory. Over the last one hundred years, the perception on management has evolved significantly. However many of the original views devised by the classical theorists are still evident. The theories formulated by Henri Fayol, Max Weber and Frederick W Taylor focus predominantly on efficiency, leading to a rational perspective on management and organisations. This essay will discuss the opinions…...
BureaucracyManagementMax WeberOrganizational Structure
Representative Bureaucracy
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The idea of representative bureaucracy is a relatively simple one; however, the nuance of implementation which accompanies the transition from theory to practice has resulted in a divergence of opinion regarding the usefulness of two models of representational bureaucracy: a "passive"' mode and an "active mode. " Each of the modes demonstrates the attempt to generate a bureaucracy which will well-serve those whom it represents. The first mode of representational bureaucracy: passive, emerges from the idea that a bureaucracy should…...
Bureaucracy and self-government
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When a government creates policies, regulations, laws and guidelines, it rigorously and astutely applies them through what is called an act and service of public administration. Public administration is then implemented within an organizational structure. The bureaucracy that this structure operates illustrate the various operatives and/or personnel and/or leaders that makes the decision and leads the methodologies, tactics and strategies to implement the said policies, regulations, laws and guidelines. The bureaucracy is likewise responsible in ensuring the efficient and effective…...
Pondy’s view in the “process of conflict”
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Pondy views conflict as a process consists of 5 stages - latent conflict, perceived conflict, felt conflict, manifest conflict and conflict aftermath. Managers can use Pondy's model to interpret and analyze a conflict situation and take action to resolve it. In latent conflict, there's no outright conflict but there's a potential for several sources of conflict, such as interdependence, differences in goals and priorities, bureaucratic factors, incompatible performance criteria and competition for resources. As organization differentiate, activities of different subunits…...
Evolution of Management
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EARLY MANAGEMENT Organizations and managers have existed for thousands of years. The Egyptian pyramids and the Great Wall of China were projects of tremendous scope and magnitude, and required good management. Regardless of the titles given to managers throughout history, someone has always had to plan what needs to be accomplished, organize people and materials, lead and direct workers, and impose controls to ensure that goals were attained as planned. Another example of early management can be found in the…...
BureaucracyEmploymentManagementOrganizationOrganizational Behavior
Distinguish Between Functional and Dysfunctional Conflict
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Echanistic and organic organizations are opposite ends of a continuum of organizational structure possibilities. Mechanistic organizations are efficient, rigid, predictable, and standardized organizations. Specifically, m echanistic organizations are charac terized by a rigid hierarchy; high levels of formalization; a heavy reliance on rules, poli cies, and procedures; vertical specialization; centralized decision making; downward communication flows; and narrowly defined tasks. In contrast, organic organizati ons are flexible, adaptable, and team directed. In particular, o rganic organizations are characterized by weak or…...
BureaucracyConflictOrganizationPhilosophySocial Stratification
Bureaucracy Essays Examples
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Introduction Given the subject matter of this essay revolves around bureaucracy, and given that bureaucracy is concerned with rules and order, it seems fitting to first begin with an official definition of the term; "A system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives; a state or organization governed or managed according to such a system." This essay will break down how this definition came about and where bureaucracy…...
AuthorityBureaucracyMax WeberOrganizationPolitics
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