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Facebook and Academic Performance

Abstract

Nowadays, there are around 1out of 37 individuals are active in Facebook monthly. The young generation particularly students pay great deal of their time on browsing Facebook. I powerfully in agreement that our life become additional lifeful when Facebook was made-up. However, some individuals claimed that Facebook is affecting the college and university students’ CGPA and a few denied it. There are entirely thirty female students and twelve male students who are finding out in Sunway college and university were participated in responsive the survey form that comprised nine queries concerning this research.

After aggregation the information from survey form, data analysis was conducted. The results showed that more than half of the respondents are utilizing Facebook for scale back stress of study, 42.9% of respondents claimed that they’ll not log in their Facebook account whereas lecturer is teaching in class, 47.6% of respondents denied that Facebook distracts them from concentrate on learning and the r value between CGPA and usage of Facebook is 0.

53. This analysis indicates that longer spent on Facebook, then lower CGPA the students can earn. This additionally indicates that students have a positive read of Facebook on their educational performance.

Introduction

Background of the Study

Social networking sites are the foremost appealing application for individuals particularly young generation, as a result of they want to connect with one another. The primary sites for social networking, Sixdegree.com was created in 1997. After that, there are additional social networking sites. Today, there are quite a hundred social networking sites. (Boyd and author, 2007).

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These social networking sites provide the chance to connect with others regardless of how far separation takes place. We are able to interface with the individuals from alternative countries, like Australia, the US, Taiwan through these social networking sites. After we have a tendency to interact with them, we are able to study their nation’s culture. Facebook is one of the widely recognized social networking sites within the world. Those who are still studying occupied half the quantity of Facebook users. We all know that college and university students have an obligation to hold out their tutorial tasks well so as to ensure their future. If they invest excessive energy on Facebook, their scholastic performance can doubtless be influenced.

Most Facebook users log in to their Facebook account daily basis in 2011. Facebook features a dynamic user base of quite 800 million. Several college and university students log in to their Facebook daily as a result of they were worried that they will missed something that are fascinating on Facebook. Some argue that Facebook has brought certain advantage and disadvantage to college and university students and has few effects on students’ academic achievement. Facebook encourages us always to interact with each other and to share learning with others. However, Facebook has several negative consequences for college and university students on educational results. Yet, Facebook permits us to ask the question that we really don’t understand from our teacher after class. The relationship between Facebook and the academic performance of the student is therefore not clear.

Karpinski and Kirschner (2010) once reported that Facebook users pay less energy than non- Facebook users within the study. College and university students who use Facebook clearly earn less grades than college and university students who don’t use Facebook. There is a negative connection between Facebook and therefore the academic results of college and university students. Increasing the usage of Facebook college students, lower grades they received in their examination. More in- depth examination is vital as a result of it helps to determine whether or not college and university students use Facebook could be a concern for lower- education achievement.

Statement of Problem

Today, a lot of students spend between 30 and 120 minutes scrolling on Facebook daily and between 210 minutes to 14 hours a week. They said that Facebook scrolling became their everyday routine. However, the study is not their daily routine. They are willing to scroll on Facebook to search something interested however they are not willing to pay some time on studying.

The academic performance of college and university students via CGPA continues to decline seriously every year due to the increased frequency of use of Facebook. The parents felt worried regarding this problem. Parents concerned about their children have less competitive power than other competitors to get a highly paid job in this competitive society if the academic performance of their children is poor. Students at college and university should be aware that Facebook has too many effects on their academic results. They should then have good management time because they can’t spend too much time scrolling Facebook.

Purpose of Study

Nowadays, more college and university students use Facebook and have access to a wide range of information for free of charge. Facebook and the CGPA of students could have an important connection. The aim of this study was to find out the relationship between the usage of Facebook and students’ academic performance. Additionally, this research is crucial to determine the impact of Facebook on the academic performance of college students.

Research Questions

  1. Does Facebook affect your academic results?
  2. How does Facebook affect your academic results?

Literature Review

Facebook

Facebook is a website that free of charge, the company only gains advertisements on the website. It enabled the users to join the groups and associations they wish, meet friends that are similar enthusiasm, receive news and undertake different online activities. In addition, Facebook offers a lot of fun to help users reduce stress and relax their brain cells. (Facebook, 2018) Based on analysis by the Facebook team, 37% of active monthly Facebook users are European, 34% of active monthly Facebook users are Asian and 29% of active monthly Facebook users are North Americans. And there are over 0.5 billion active daily users with 200 kilometers of new subscribers every day. There are about 3.2 billion times and 300 million photos are uploaded daily by Facebook users and it shows that Facebook is closely integrated into the daily lives of its users. Half of the Facebook users who are 18-24 years claimed that they are going to log into their Facebook account as soon as after they wake up. (Facebook, 2015)

Facebook, a Useful Tool to Enhance Academic Performance

Researchers at one amongst Malaysia’s largest public universities were conducted a research regarding the quantity of undergraduate students who own one or more Facebook accounts. They found that out of 1 student there are only 0.029 who don’t have a Facebook account. And then they found that 78.9 percent of the students spend more than 60 minutes scrolling on Facebook every day. (Alhazmi and Rahman, 2013).

Tasir, Al- Dheleai, Harun and Shukor (2011) recently found that undergraduate students consider Facebook as an amazing learning tool for them and they prefer study through e- learning. They think Facebook can helps to enhance their academic performance. The researchers have found that seven out of ten students use Facebook for social function as trade data. Half of the students then claimed that their main purpose of logging in to Facebook is for educational purpose. The students agree that Facebook empowers the teachers to carry out their online teaching design and organization roles and to facilitate the discussion of students.

In addition, Kabilan, Ahmad and Abidin (2010) has mentioned that Facebook offered students with the opportunity to learn and improve their so- called international language, which is English. Facebook improves the English language of students in terms of language skills and great inspiration for students to learn English. And then their participants unambiguously in agreement with this statement: Facebook advantages them by providing them with genuine connectivity and communication opportunities that they probably have not experienced before. The students who interact with other people on Facebook are progressively dynamic and will have higher communication skills.

If students use Facebook to collect data and exchange information with others, which implies that they use Facebook for academic purposes, Facebook can quickly consider students to have positive effects on their academic performance. There is also a positive result if students attempt to contact or visit the website of their teacher. Students viewing their instructor’s website reflect a higher level of motivation, effective learning, teacher validity and positive attitudes towards the course and the educator (Mazer, Murphy and Simonds, 2007, 2009).

Facebook Harm Students’ Academic Performance

About 600 undergraduate students are Facebook users at Sweden’s Karlstad University. The results showed that male students pay longer time and energy compared to female students on Facebook. Moreover, this research has also shown that the undergraduate students logging into their Facebook account is more frequently than the alumni. (Aghazamani, 2010)

Kirschner and Karpinski (2010) found that the usage of Facebook and academic performance could have an enormous negative relationship. It implies that the undergraduate students login to their Facebook more frequently and then the CGPA they receive in their examination is lower. This is because Facebook users spend a lot of time reading through some Facebook content that is useless and unrelated to improve their academic achievement. Some students have agreed that they are Facebook- dependent. The said that browsing on Facebook is their daily routine, they never log out of your Facebook account, even if they don’t use it. A large part of students claimed to use Facebook accounts at least one day. Junco (2011) once said that the scale of student engagement was found to be contrary to Facebook. To investigate whether the statement that Facebook has a negative correlation with the academic performance of graduate students is true, Junco (2012) was conducted an investigation about the frequency of Facebook use and the time spent preparing students for their class and the CGPA.

The reports from Ohio show that students who use Facebook earn less CGPA than students who don’t use Facebook. As a result, only 1 out of 5 students therefore strongly agree that Facebook is harmful to their academic achievement. The remaining four out of five students denied with this statement. However, data of the CGPA gain of students and the time spent on Facebook shows that these four out of five students are wrong. (Khan, 2009) In- depth research should be conducted to determine the relationship between Facebook usage and patterns and academic performance of students.

Methodology

Participants

In this survey, 42 students from Sunway College and University responded. Of these 42 students there are 30 female students and 12 male students. Most of them study Foundation In Arts in Sunway College and few students study degree courses at Sunway University. The average age of these 42 respondents is 18.2 years old. And these students have a range of 18- 20. Sunway University and college students were chosen as research respondents because this research has to investigate whether Facebook has any effect on their academic performance, regardless of whether it is negative or positive.

Materials

For this research, Google Survey forms are needed to collect and analyze data. It is because a survey form is a useful tool to quickly and conveniently collect data. This survey form included 9 questions on the topic. These are all objective questions.

Procedure

First, the survey form questions should be checked to ensure that no error occurs. The google form, which consisted of 9 questions, was then sent to students studying at Sunway University and college. It took around 5 to 10 minutes to complete this survey. In addition, respondents were asked about their perception about Facebook’s academic performance.

Results and Discussion

The survey form was distributed to the students who still studying at the Sunway University and College. They all have one or more Facebook accounts and most of them log in to their Facebook account every day. The big question is, will Facebook affect the academic performance of the students. This survey form comprised a few questions that contribute to answering the research questions for this research. Below figures are the results of this research.

The results showed that a lot of respondent log into Facebook every day, but they don’t spend too much time on it. 71% of respondents spend one to ten hours scrolling Facebook a week, which mean that they spend about one hour scrolling Facebook a day. That’s acceptable.

Compared to previous research carried out by Ahsan and Sohail (2012), students spend 2 hours each day on Facebook. It is because more interesting social networking sites like Instagram, Whatsapp or Snapchat are still being invented and Facebook is becoming less popular than it was a few years ago.

The table above shows a few login purposes for the Facebook account. There are few options for respondents to answer this question, which are found something interesting on Facebook, conduct interaction, leisure games, educational purposes, look for the latest updates and nothing. The most common choice among these respondents was found to reduce stress, occupying 52.4 percent.

They thought Facebook was an app that helped reduce the stress of study. They will find some interesting and funny videos on Facebook after a few hours of study to reduce their stress. They claimed that Facebook helps them study by giving them motivation. Once they watch the Facebook videos, they won’t feel sleepy.

Compared to previous research conducted by Dheleai and Tasir (2017), the main purpose of Facebook students is to learn the content of subjects that they are taking and some extra knowledges, which means they use it for educational purposes. For instance, a science student found the videos of scientific experimental that done by professional. He or she can learn some theory and the matters that have to mention when doing the experiment. Facebook is used by the students to improve their academic performance, which is similar to this research.

Nearly half of respondents do not open their Facebook account in classrooms. Since they claimed that Facebook is a topic that distracts them from a study focus, they were worried that something important would be missing in teaching. On the contrary, respondents who log into their Facebook account while teaching lecturers because they feel bothered and sleepy while their lecturer is teaching, they claim that Facebook is an app to reduce their sleepiness and then they can continue to focus on studying.

Compared to previous research by Dheleai and Tasir (2017), a lecturer is allowed and encouraged students to log into their Facebook account to discuss the group assignment in the classroom. The students present some suggestions actively for improving their work on Facebook. Additionally, the stronger students can help and teach the weaker students. As result, these students can therefore learn more from a Facebook discussion and do the work more effectively.

There are 47.6 percent of respondents who disagree with Facebook distracts them while they are studying, 31 percent of respondents agree with this statement and 21.4 percent of respondents do not know whether Facebook or any other matter distracts them from studying. The individuals who strongly disagree with this statement claimed that they have good time management via they will not spend too much time scrolling Facebook. Then, for the individuals that unsure whether Facebook distracts them from studying, they claimed that too much matter distracts them, not only Facebook. The individuals who claimed that Facebook distracts them from studying because Facebook always brings something entertaining to them and makes them addicted to it.

Compared to previous research that done by Khan (2009), most of the students do not agree that Facebook distracts them from the study focus. Some of the respondents claimed that their CGPA will not make changes within or without Facebook because they just don’t like to study. And then, few of them are addicted to Facebook and they don’t know. Although Facebook can contribute to help us reduce stress, but then if a student overuse Facebook, then the students are increasing the stress of study.

The figure above shows that the CGPA and Facebook usage r value is 0.53. It can be concluded that the use of Facebook and CGPA in this research has a moderate positive linear relationship, meaning that if students spend more time on Facebook, they will gain higher CGPA in their examination.

In comparison with the research that done by Pasek, More, Hargittai (2009) , he conducted a study to show that there is a negative relationship between Facebook and CGPA and that he has received a lot of media attention. He claimed that students who use Facebook earn less CGPA than those who do not use Facebook.

In short, different methods result in various ways. This research is similarity to Dheleai and Tasir’s (2017) research and the results are nearly the same. The difference between this research and their research is that there is a strongly positive linear relationship between academic achievement and the use of Facebook, but this research has shown that these two variables have a moderate positive linear relationship.

Conclusion

To conclude, Facebook influences university and college students’ academic performance. This is because there are many academic sources on Facebook, such as TEDs, National Geography and others. Other than that, the students can make it easier for them to discuss after school. In addition, there are many interesting posts that reduce the stress of students and give them the motivation to study. This evidence shows that Facebook has positive effects on the academic performance of students.

In this study, there are few limitations. First, this research survey is limited to students who are particularly old and in particular students of the program. If more respondents take different programs, it should be better. In addition, gender imbalance of respondents is a limitation. There are 80% of respondents who are female and 20% are male. If 50 percent of research respondents are female and 50 percent male, you can do more comparison, such as male or female, spend more time scrolling Facebook. The thing not covered by this research deals with a defect in this research, which means that a theory is examined.

This research benefits the reader by giving them the opportunity to consider Facebook or other social networking sites as their platform for learning. In addition, the reader who is a lecturer can consider whether their students want to complete their work on Facebook and make the work of their students more efficient.

Before making the research a recommendation, the researchers should try to find and read more and more past research papers. It is important because it helps you to complete your section on literature reviews. Then, the respondents should be a wide range. This means that the researcher should find more people of a different age, not just a particular group. Finally, please do not put the fake results if the results are not your expected.

References

  1. Al-Dheleai, Y. M., and Tasir, Z. (2017). Using Facebook for the Purpose of Students’ Interaction and Its Correlation with Students’ Academic Performance. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology – TOJET, 16(4), 170–178. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.sunway.edu.my/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=EJ1160608&site=eds-live&scope=site
  2. Haq, Muhammad and Chand, Sohail. (2012). The pattern of Facebook usage and its Impact on Academic Performance of University Students: A Gender-Based Comparison. Bulletin of Education and Research. 34. 19-28.
  3. Wilson, R. E., Gosling, S. D. and Graham, L. T. (2012). A Review of Facebook Research in the Social Sciences. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7(3), 203–220. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691612442904
  4. Alhazmi, A. K., and Rahman, A. A. (2013). Facebook in Higher Education: Students’ Use and Perceptions. Advances in Information Sciences and Service Sciences, 5(15), 32.
  5. Tasir, Z., Al-Dheleai, Y. M. H., Harun, J., and Shukor, N. A. (2011, October). Student’s Perception of the Use of Social Networking as an e-Learning Platform. In Proceeding of The 10th WSEAS International Conference on Education and Educational Technology (EDU’11), Penang (pp. 2-6).
  6. Mazer, J. P., Murphy, R. E., and Simonds, C. J. (2007). I’ll see you on ‘Facebook’: The effects of computer-mediated teacher self-disclosure on student motivation, effective learning, and classroom climate. Communication Education, 56(1), 1–17.
  7. Mazer, J. P., Murphy, R. E., and Simonds, C. J. (2009). The effects of teacher self‐disclosure via Facebook on teacher credibility. Learning, Media and Technology, 34(2), 175–183.
  8. Boyd, D. M., and Ellison, N. B. (2007). Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13, 210-230.
  9. Junco, R. (2011). The relationship between the frequency of Facebook use, participation in Facebook activities, and student engagement. Computers & Education, 58, 162 – 171.
  10. Junco, R. (2012). Too much face and not enough books: The relationship between multiple indices of Facebook use and academic performance. Computers & Education, 28, 187-198.
  11. Kirschner, P. A., and Karpinski, A. C. (2010). Facebook and academic performance. Computers in Human Behavior, 26, 1237–1245.
  12. Aghazamani, A. (2010). How do University Students Spend Their Time on Facebook? An Exploratory Study. Journal of American Science, 6, 730-735.
  13. Pasek, Josh; MORE, eian; Hargittai, Eszter. (2009) Facebook and academic performance: Reconciling a media sensation with data. First Monday, [S.l.], apr. 2009. ISSN 13960466. Retrieved from http://www.uic.edu/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/2498/2181
  14. Khan, U. (2009). Facebook students underachieve in exams. Digital and Media Correspondent.
  15.  Ahsan ul Haq and Sohail Chand. (2012). The pattern of Facebook usage and its Impact on Academic Performance of University Students: A Gender-Based Comparison Bulletin of Education and Research, Vol. 34, No. 2 pp.19-28
  16. Kabilan, M. K., Ahmad, N., and Abidin, M. J. Z. (2010). Facebook: An online environment for learning English in institutions of higher education? The Internet and Higher Education, 13(4), 179–187.
  17. Mark Hall. (2018). Facebook, Encyclopædia Britannica, inc. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Facebook
  18. Gaille, (2015). 55 Great Facebook Usage Statistics. Retrieved from https://brandongaille.com/55-great-facebook-usage-statistics/

Appendix

Questions of a survey form for this research

  1. Are you a male or a female?
  2. Are you a Sunway college and university student?
  3. How many Facebook accounts you own?
  4. Do you log in your Facebook account daily?
  5. How many hours do you spend on Facebook per week?
  6. What is your current CGPA?
  7. What is the main purpose for you to log in your Facebook account?
  8. Do you open your Facebook account while lecturer is teaching in class?
  9. Do you think Facebook distracts you from a focus on studying?

Cite this page

Facebook and Academic Performance. (2021, Mar 01). Retrieved from http://studymoose.com/facebook-and-academic-performance-essay

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