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Criminal Justice System Essay Examples

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Punishment vs. Rehabilitation within the criminal justice system

I. Why did you pick this topic? If you were bullied in school as a child, then the "best years" of your life may have felt more like an endless, living nightmare. There is no shortage of social predators trying to boost their self-esteem or status at other people's expense. Now imagine a school of hard knocks where the concentration of bullies is much higher than their victims. That's what life may be like for many a convict serving time…...

Stop Snitching

Lots of communities in larger cities have some sort of financial challenges. Since of this many individuals turn to offering unlawful compounds, gangs are controlling the communities and the murder rate is high. Cops have no leads and nobody will talk, so they bust someone for a crime and try and get them to snitch. Police claim it safeguards the arrestee, however in reality the apprehended are getting the job done of the police. However, the "stop snitching" movement has…...

Insanity Defense and Criminal Justice System

Abstract The author of this paper argues several reasons why the insanity plea should be changed or either eliminated. The reasons are considered and supported by evidence. The conclusion states that insanity should be altered or eliminated for the safety and well being of society. Insanity Defense: Why Should It Be Abolished Or Altered Introduction The insanity defense asserts that the criminal defendant is not guilty by reason of insanity. This theory should be abolished or altered. The proposal behind…...

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Racial Disparity in Criminal Justice System

Introduction Twenty-five percent of the world's prison population, 2.5 million people, are held in American penal institutions. (ACLU, 2008). Sixty percent of those incarcerated are racial and ethnic minorities. These figures mean that 2.3% of all African Americans are incarcerated. The percentage of whites admitted to prison is 0.4% of whites and Hispanics, 0.7%. (Associated Press, 2007; Bonczar, 2003; Mauer & King, 2007; ACLU, 2008; Bridges & Sheen, 1998;). One of the primary contributors to this gross disproportion of incarceration…...

Criminal Justice System

In this paper I will define crime and its relationship to the law, the government structure and how it applies to the criminal justice system. I will identify choice theories and their assumption to crime. I will explain the components and goals of the criminal justice system and close with my final thoughts on whether the criminal justice system is really a system. What is a crime? A crime by definition is conduct in violation of the criminal laws of…...

Alternatives to Incarceration

In today’s economy keeping people in prison is becoming an ugly, expensive mess. There are now so many alternatives to incarceration that we need to explore and start using. Johnny Cash wrote a song called “Folsom Prison Blues” describing the angst of inmates, permanently immortalizing them in the publics minds. However, now that prisons across the country are running out of resources and space, it is the prison officials who are feeling the blues. There are a number of alternatives…...

Critical Thinking in a Play Twelve Angry Men

To what extent is reasonable doubt an effective safeguard in the jury system In the play, Twelve Angry Men Reginald Rose depicts ‘reasonable doubt’ as an extremely effective defence in the jury system which leads to saving the accused from being sentenced. In the play the jurors are asked to determine whether the seventeen year old boy is ‘guilty’ of fatally stabbing his father beyond ‘reasonable doubt’ or not. Only Juror 8 plays a pivotal part in acquainting the other…...

Prison Overcrowding

Abstract This research paper is to explore the impact of prison overcrowding. The United States has a, what seems to be everlasting, prison overcrowding problem. Not only does the United States have this dilemma, but also many other countries have overcrowded prisons as well. Many issues need to be addressed; ways to reduce the prison populations and how to effectively reduce prison cost without jeopardizing community safety are major issues that need attention. Successfully rehabilitating inmates can play an important…...

High School Shooting

Kip Kinkel was a high school student at Thurston High who was jailed for killing his parents, 5 students, and hurting over 20 other kids at school. Kip had a great deal of psychological issues due to the biological and social elements of his life, that maybe if had actually been treated properly, would not have made him feel the requirement to commit the criminal activities that he did. To start, Kip Kinkel had lots of biological problems that may…...

Criminal Justice System Paper

The criminal justice system has goals that it tries to achieve. The CJS is to respond in the name of society when there is a crime that has been committed. The CJS spans from federal, state, and local governments. Within the system, there are three agencies that work together as a system to implement the criminal justice functions. The agencies are law enforcement, the courts, and the corrections. Each one of these agencies has a criminal justice process that proved…...

Description of Jail

Jails have been present within the criminal justice system for as long as you can probably date back. Jails play a vital role in the correction system. When jails originated they were used to serve the sole purpose of keeping an individual confined. In the beginning the jails and their conditions were inhumane and very harsh. Jails were not they type of place that individuals would like to be and often times people feared the possibility of having to go…...

An Analysis Of A Jury Trial

In this paper I will provide an analysis of a jury trial; my analysis will focus on the right of the defendant. I will articulate how a defendant's rights at trial can be assured when it comes to The defendant’s right to a speedy trial, the defendant’s right to an impartial judge and the defendant’s right to an impartial jury. There are six steps in the trial process; these steps include jury selection, opening statements, evidence presentation, closing arguments, charging…...

Four Types of Evidence in a Criminal Investigation

What are the four types of evidence in a criminal investigation? A: Evidence is any actual data (information), which can be presented in various forms. The actual data relevant to the correct resolution of the case can be obtained (determined) by the court by explanations of the parties, third parties and their representatives, testimony, written and material evidence, expert opinions. Basic types of the evidence comprise physical, documentary, demonstrative, and a testimony kind. The evidence is a type of information…...

Honesty and Justice in the Criminal Justice System

Honesty and Justice are words that describe integrity and character of an individual. “The word Honesty, by its virtue, describes an individual or an entity that doesn't lie, cheat, steal, or abuse to get ahead for personal or professional gain” (http://www.freeessays123.com/essay24727/honesty-versus-justice-and-due-process-versus-crime-control.html ). When an individual is honest, they stand for what is right and look for a positive outcome. “Justice is the entity that we depend on as a country and a community, to distinguish between right and wrong, good…...

Components of the Criminal Justice System

The criminal justice system is made up of many components but the three major components are the police, correctional agencies, and criminal courts. Within the judicial system, the police are the first step. They are the first responders to any crime scene which goes into the investigation process. The investigation process will then lead to possible arrests; the criminal is then booked and processed. They are given a court date and from that point the case is in the criminal…...

Does DNA Profiling Help Justice

Does DNA profiling in its current state offer foolproof identification? What needs to be in place for it to be error-free? Should all incarcerated criminals be forced to give samples? Should convicted juveniles? Should the general public be required to give a DNA sample The pros of DNA profiling are that it can be used to quickly eliminate a suspect, saving time in searches for perpetrators. And it can provide compelling evidence to support a conviction and, most importantly, reduce…...

Should Parole Release be Abolished by Law

Well lets start by learning what parole is and how it came about. What is Parole Parole, in criminal law, pledge of good conduct given by a person convicted of crime as a condition of release from imprisonment before the expiration of the term of confinement. The word parole is also broadly used to denote such a conditional release or period of liberty. Parole is usually granted to a prisoner in recognition of past good conduct, both in prison and…...

The Stanford Prison and BBC Prison Experiments Comparison

In summary the studies showed that the behavior of the ‘normal’ students who had been randomly allocated to each condition, was affected by the role they had been assigned, to the extent that they seemed to believe in their allocated positions. The studies therefore reject the dispositional hypothesis. The Stanford Prison Experiment demonstrates the powerful role that the situation can play in human behavior. Because the guards were placed in a position of power, they began to behave in ways…...

The Adversary System Of Trial

Describe why the adversary system of trial is the very best system for accomplishing justice in criminal trials? The enemy system of trial is the best system for attaining justice in criminal trials for a number of various reasons. The use of a jury, the requirement of proof relied upon and the standard of evidence, the cross-examining of witnesses and the ability to plead guilty, contribute greatly to reaching justice in the enemy system. They are all factors which assist…...

Racial bias in the criminal justice system

Numerous study have found widespread racial bias in US criminal justice system. A new report issued by a coalition of civil rights organizations calls the "massively and pervasively biased" treatment on blacks and Hispanics by the US police and courts the major civil rights problem of the twenty-first century entitled "Justice on Trial : Racial Disparities in the American Criminal Justice System." The study finds that minorities in the US face discriminatory treatment at every stage of the judicial process,…...

Doctrines Of Consideration And Sufficiency

This essay critically explores the doctrines of consideration and sufficiency within the context of contract law, with references to the matter of Thomas v Thomas from 1842. In assigning significance to these matters, it is noted that Sir John Patteson, a judge in 1830 who was appointed to the Court of King's Bench, (later the Privy Council) was knighted shortly after making the landmark decision regarding the doctrine of consideration in the case of Thomas. The ratio decidendi in Thomas,…...

The Adversarial System

The system of criminal treatment mostly used in the United States is the adversarial system. The term enemy is easily translated to suggest opposition. Our present criminal procedure pits 2 sides versus each other to present their respective proof and issues surrounding a criminal act. This paper will attend to the adversarial system and its expressed use in criminal court procedures in the United States. Amongst the questions this paper will take into factor to consider are: Is the adversarial…...

The JonBenet Case

On October 10, 2013 I gave a speech to my classmates about the three most important steps in investigating a murder case. These are including separating witnesses, collecting evidence, and interviewing suspects. Watching the video of my speech, I observed many strengths and weaknesses: strengths including a lot of facts, an interesting topic, and talking at an average pace. Weaknesses that stuck out to me were my hands consistently being in my pockets and reading directly off my notecards. The…...

Ethical Issues In The Workplace at Correctional Subculture

The correctional subculture has various ethical questions pertaining to a correction officer and his duties. According to Thomson and Wadsworth (2005), when an officer makes the decision to reprimand or write a disciplinary report, he is playing a role in the Criminal Justice System (p. 316). A disciplinary committee also has a dilemma because he, or she must decide on what punishment should accrue towards the offender. This may be a temporary loss of privileges, or he may have his…...

Rehabilitation or Retribution

The expectations of society for the criminal justice system are to punish and rehabilitate individuals who have committed crime. Punishment and rehabilitation are two acknowledged objectives of the criminal justice system, Retribution, which is based on "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" philosophy, simply means punishment and vengeance for what evils have done. While rehabilitation, as Nicholas Tan (1999) noted that "is the idea of 'curing' an offender of his or her criminal tendencies, of changing…...

Double Jeopardy Rule in Criminal Justice System

Where there is a beginning, there should be an ending. Like life, all procedures, whether judicial, quasi-judicial or administrative must have a beginning point and ending point. In a jury trial, jeopardy begins or attaches when the chosen jury is sworn; and attaches in a bench trial, when the very first witness is sworn. Eric J. Smith specifies double jeopardy as being positioned more than once in risk of being founded guilty and sentenced for the very same offense, being…...

Dual Court System

The United States is known to have an exceptional judicial system. Our system is comprised of two main court systems – the federal court system and the state court system. The Federal court system, an integrated system divided into numerous geographic units and various levels of hierarchy. In addition, each state has its own court system with a system of local courts that operate within the state. Under this dual federal/state court structure, the U. S. Supreme Court is the…...

The effectiveness of the criminal justice system

"Access the efficiency of the criminal justice system in dealing with young wrongdoers" The criminal justice system's goals to be reliable in handling young offenders. Youths have the highest propensity for rehabilitation and most continue there lifestyles complying with the law as they mature. There are several aspects triggering juvenile criminal offense. These are mental and social pressures which are special to teenagers. This results in an increase of youths diobeying the law and running into the criminal justice system.…...

Racial Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System

It is generally agreed that discrimination based on racial or ethnic origin is morally wrong and a violation of the principle of equality. Race refers to groups of persons who are relatively alike in their biological inheritance and are distinct from other groups. Ethnicity is a cultural phenomenon referring to a person’s identification with a particular cultural group. Racism in its most general sense can be defined as “social practices which (explicitly or implicitly) attribute merits or allocate values to…...

Lock 'Em Up Approach in Criminal Justice System

The approaches used to address the crime problem seen in America are subject to political influences (Travis; Walker). Celebrated cases, such as those of Megan Kanka and Polly Klaas, can put extreme political pressure on legislatures to take extraordinary measures to control or prevent crime (Walker). In addition, the local evening news in most metropolitan areas begins each night with stories on the murders, rapes, and assaults that had occurred in the community. This sets the public perception of the…...

Florensic Entomology

Review Questions What is the typical order in which insects begin to arrive on human remains? The typical order in which insects begin to arrive on human remains is blowflies, beetles, maggots, wasps, ants, and then spiders. 2. Describe the case that was one of the first recorded times of forensic entomology being used in a criminal case. What role did forensic entomology play in the case? The first case that forensic entomology was used involved a couple that was…...

Criminal Recidivism

Prisons today are overcrowded and are a growing problem in today’s society. “In 2008, the Pew Center on the States reported that incarceration levels had risen to a point where one in 100 American adults was behind bars. A second Pew study, the following year, added another disturbing dimension to the picture, revealing that one in 31 adults in the United States was either incarcerated or on probation or parole” (Pew Center on the States, 2011). It is very costly…...

Biography of Charles Manson

On August 9, 1969 the seven innocent victims of the Tate-LaBianca murders were senselessly slain by a vicious cult and their leader Charles Manson… Manson’s childhood was a troubled one, he was born Charles Milles Maddox on November 12, 1934 to sixteen year old Kathleen Maddox in Cincinnati, Ohio. Shortly after his birth, his mother married William Manson which gave him the name that is so well known today. Manson never knew his birth father. Not much is known about…...

An Overview of General Strain Theory

In modern criminological research and debate, general strain theory (GST) remains at the forefront. The aim of this paper is to discuss general strain theory (GST), what it is, and how it came to be. Details on specific research regarding general strain theory, however, lie beyond the scope of this writing. This paper will instead focus on GST’s place among other criminological theories, and why it stands where it is today. Therefore, to get a proper perspective on this theory,…...

Methods Of Inquiry

What are methods of inquiry and how are they used in criminal investigation? Methods of inquiry are a set of principles used to gather and process information in the pursuit of providing answers. These principles are divided into two distinct categories reconstructing the past and discovering or creating new knowledge (Osterberg J./Ward R., 2010). Criminal investigation uses elements of both of these disciplines to gather and evaluate evidence into clues or leads necessary for determining if a crime has been…...

Free Will and Justification of Punishment

If there is no libertarian free will ? that is if there is either no free will or if compatibilist free will is all the free will there is, can punishment be justified? The argument of free will versus determination is important when looking at the justification of punishment. It seems obvious to say that if something is not an individual's fault (responsibility), then they should not be blamed for it, and should not receive punishment. If people do not…...

The Compatibility of Free Will and Determinism

One of the biggest issues regarding criminal activity is deciding how to assign moral responsibility to each situation. This critical question has caused the world to take a step back, ponder the origination of individual choices, and decide whether people are determined or not. Determinism supports the claim that “all events are the necessary result of previous causes” (Lawhead, 267). Therefore, a determinist would say that our choices are inevitable outcomes of the causal order. Incompatibilism claims that determinism is…...

Mass Surveillance

The affair began on June 17, 1972, when the local police arrested five men for breaking and entering into the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate complex. The police found on the burglars a slush fund used by the committee for the re-election of the President Richard Nixon and listening devices. They look secrets agents more than burglars. As Washington is a federal district, the affair was charged to the F. B. I. Within hours after that, the F.…...

The Psychological Causes of Homicide

On December 14, 2012, Adam Lanza, who was only 20, shot his mother then shot twenty children and six adult staff members in a mass killing at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut. This mass murder is on record in American history for the as being the second most deadliest mass shooting by a single person , and the second deadliest mass murder in a elementary school. Although this incident is the most fatal public school shooting in the…...

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