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The profession that this paper will focus on is Construction management. The paper will encompass what safety program that will work best for the Construction Management industry. The duties of a construction manager (CMs) include planning, design, and managing the building process of a project.
They identify the needs of the client using management and expertise that works best for that specific project. CMs use an all-inclusive control approach to manage the timeframe, budget, scope of activity, quality, and the safety of a project. They also have a huge role in integrating and enforcing safety regulations and rules during the project. A construction manager (CM) also has the duties to provide all workers with warnings of hazards, information of safety program and requirements, and that work is done in a safe and responsible manner with conformity of safety program. (OSHA)
The safety program that is included in this paper is composed of all necessary topics for training required for jobsite/workplace safety and health of workers.
The topics are for a wide range of objects and actions that can occur on a work site in the construction industry everyday. Some of the topics included are just organizational protocols, while other topics focus more on the job specific safety. The safety plans, rules, and procedures of operation are in the safety program that is provided in this paper.
The sources that are used in this paper all pertain to the safety program recommendations and required topics. The sources used include: the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) website, an OSHA 10-hour training website, a safety program published from the University of Michigan, a safety program published by the Ohio Bureau of Worker’s Compensation, a website called EHS insight that provided helpful ways to create a safety program, and a website called Safeopedia that provided an overview and ideas that pertain to a Construction Management specific safety program.
The safety program that was developed for the construction management industry from a combination of ideas from the five sources of the paper listed above. The sections of the Site/Project Specific Safety Plan include: “Accountability, Audits/Inspections, Cell Phone Usage, Communication, Concrete/Masonry Safety, Confined Space Safety, Crane Safety and Rigging, Demolition, Electricity, Emergency Action Plan (EAP), Environmental Health and Safety, Equipment Safety, Fall Protection, Fire Prevention and Protection, Job Hazard Analysis (JHA), Ladder Safety, Moisture/Mold Control, Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), Potential Hazardous Exhaust Systems, Protection of Public, Recordkeeping and Incident Reporting, Safety Meetings, Scaffolding, Signs/Signals/Barricades, Steel Erection Safety, Smoking Policy, Substance Abuse Policy, Tool Safety- Hand and Power, Training, Utility Tunnel Safety, Visitor Policy, and Welding/Gases/Cutting” (U of Michigan). The additional topics that are included are: “Struck by Hazards, Caught in/between hazards, Health Hazards, Excavations, Material Handling/Storage/Use/Disposal, Safe Driving Practices, Preventing Workplace Violence, and
Hazard Communication” (OSHA 10). The next topics are more organizational topics that include: ”Cleaning and Organization, Chain of Command, Medical Response” that are ideas from (Safeopedia) and “First Aid Training and Procedure, Lockout/Tag out Procedures, and Mobile Equipment Safety” from (Ohio BWC). The following topics are some that are common sense that should be included into the safety program which includes: Codes and Regulations, Exits, Disciplinary Actions, Industrial Hygiene, and Blood borne Pathogens. The topics that were included in the Safety Program are ones that are inclusive and not necessary for all jobs, but by adding them in anyway it protects that company/Construction Manager from the liabilities from a worker getting injured or dying.
The topics that are presented in the safety program incorporate three types of safety. The first type of safety would be considered general safety rules and procedures necessary for all job types. The topics that would be necessary to include under the first type would be: accountability, audits/inspections, cell phone usage, electricity, codes/regulations, exits, blood borne pathogens, disciplinary actions, communication, ladders, safety meetings, scaffolding, signs/signals/barricades, tool safety, training, emergency action plan (EAP), environmental health and safety, equipment safety, fall protection, fire prevention/protection, job hazard analysis (JHA), personal protective equipment (PPE), protection of public, recordkeeping/incident reporting, smoking, substance abuse policy, visitor policy, health hazards, cleaning/organization, chain of command, medical response, first aid, lockout/tag out procedures, material handling, preventing workplace violence, and hazard communications.
The second type of safety would be considered driving or mobile equipment safety. The rules and procedures for these topics aren’t necessary for all jobsites, but are necessary if the jobsite uses any type of mobile equipment or heavy equipment. The second type would include the topics: crane safety and rigging, struck by hazards, caught in/between hazards, excavations, mobile equipment, and safe driving practices. The third type of safety would be considered job specific safety. The rules and procedures for these topics aren’t necessary for all jobsites, but are necessary for specific jobs occurring on the jobsite or in the workplace.
The third type of safety would include the topics: Concrete/masonry, demolition, confined spaces, moisture control, steel erection, and welding and cutting. The process of developing a safety program for the construction management industry may seem rather easy, but it is rather difficult. The development allows for the safety program to be designed in order to identify, evaluate, and control safety hazards, and provide the correct procedure for emergency response. The development of a safety program is to prevent injuries, illness, or death that can occur at the workplace. The number of topics that have to be included in the safety program is endless.
The topics must cover any potential hazards that occur on a jobsite, and that is a huge number when working in construction. The topics that must be covered can seem as common sense, but they still must be included in order to protect a company from liability issues and lawsuits. The program that is presented in this paper suits the needs for a construction manager (CM), because the topics include all situational hazards and procedures necessary for the workplace. The safety program included is the best possible for a CM for the workplace hazards that commonly go overlooked.
The in depth safety program depicted gives the workers on a job site the adequate knowledge and information for all possible scenarios that can occur at the workplace. It is important to incorporate all potential hazards and training that a worker needs for working in the construction industry, because it is common for a worker to do multiple tasks in unrelated areas of construction. All areas need to be covered in order to ensure all workers have a good knowledge of safety for an object or situation they may run into on a jobsite or in the workplace. If a worker has all of the safety and hazard training that is incorporated in the safety program, that worker will know how to identify and avoid possible injuries on the jobsite or in the workplace.
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