Christopher Columbus: Heroism and Villainy in History's Seas

Categories: Christopher Columbus


Christopher Columbus, a name synonymous with exploration and discovery, stands at the crossroads of history—a figure hailed as a hero and condemned as a villain. In 1492, Columbus discovered a "new world," bridging Europe and the Americas and igniting a transformative era of exploration. We will examine the complex narrative of Christopher Columbus, acknowledging his contributions as a navigator and explorer while critically dissecting his actions that echo through history as exploitative and oppressive.

Columbus as a Hero

John Kimble asserts, "Christopher Columbus can be considered a hero for his work on Christianity.

" Columbus's influence in spreading Christianity globally and advancing trade through new discoveries paints him in a positive light. His initiation of the Columbian Exchange laid the groundwork for the future world economy. Columbus's journey, culminating in the discovery of the first European colonies, became a conduit for the expansion of Christianity.

Moreover, after Columbus's return to Europe, his exploits fueled a newfound enthusiasm for exploration. His bold venture, navigating an unknown sea with no specific knowledge of its extent or what lay beyond, inspired others to embark on their own journeys of discovery.

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Columbus's legacy extended beyond his personal achievements; he encouraged a collective spirit of risk-taking and exploration.

Acknowledging Flaws

However, it is essential to acknowledge Columbus's flaws, recognizing that all individuals are inherently imperfect. Despite his achievements in spreading Christianity and fostering trade, Columbus was not exempt from the complexities of human nature. Yet, with all his imperfections, Columbus played a significant role in shaping the world into the diverse melting pot it is today.

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This nuanced perspective calls for a balanced examination of his historical impact.

Columbus as a Villain

On the flip side, the narrative takes a darker turn when scrutinizing Columbus's actions, portraying him as a greedy, selfish, racist, and a bigot. Accusations abound, attributing the loss of thousands of lives, cultural destruction, and exploitation to Columbus. The stark assertion that Columbus did not even find what he set out for—the East Indies—adds weight to the argument against glorifying him in history.

It's important to confront that Columbus's "discovery" was only new to him. The presence of native populations on the land before his arrival challenges his status as a true discoverer. Instead, Columbus is depicted as a robber of land, sparking debates about the morality of his actions and the lasting impact on the lives of those who inhabited the "new world."

Columbus's Cruelty

Christopher Columbus's darker side is further exposed through his journal, where the first entry implies a disturbing perspective: "They should be good servants… I, our Lord being pleased, will take hence, at the time of my departure, six natives for your Highness." Historical sources claim Columbus's involvement in atrocities, enslavement, and even his own acts of violence. While he may not have personally killed native people, his role in the murders and his allowance of such acts are deemed equally condemnable.

Margolis goes on to claim that Columbus did not prevent his crewmen from raping innocent natives, and there are even allegations that he himself raped a native woman after physically assaulting her. Such revelations paint a vivid picture of Columbus as far from a hero; he is portrayed as a figure who violently claimed ownership of land that was not rightfully his.


In conclusion, Christopher Columbus emerges as a paradoxical figure—a hero celebrated for his contributions to Christianity and trade, yet a villain condemned for atrocities, exploitation, and cultural destruction. The conflicting perspectives on Columbus underscore the complexity of history and the need for nuanced interpretations. As we grapple with Columbus's legacy, we are prompted to question the narratives that shaped our understanding of the past and, ultimately, recognize the duality inherent in historical figures.

Updated: Jan 17, 2024
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Christopher Columbus: Heroism and Villainy in History's Seas. (2016, May 25). Retrieved from

Christopher Columbus: Heroism and Villainy in History's Seas essay
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