Estimates are that more than 250,000 people consider adoption each year (Hollinger, pg. 17). That leads to people thinking about domestic or international adoption. When bringing a new member into the family through adoption it can be challenging to choose between going domestic or international. Accessing the factors of openness, medical history, cost, time, age and legality are all significant to look at when making that decision. I would argue that domestic adoption is the smarter choice in today’s day in age.
Adoption Right of Homosexual Couple
Thirty years ago in 1979, a gay couple in California became the first in the United States to jointly adopt a child. That was decades ago and the fight for equality for homosexual couples is on-going to this day. Homosexual couples have been struggling to adopt for decades, mainly due to the fact that gay marriage was illegal for a long time. But now that homosexual couples are able to wed, why is it still a struggle to add to…...
Embryo Adoption vs. Traditional Adoption
Embryo adoption, or embryo transfer, is a form of IVF (In vitro fertilization). IVFs are a type of assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) and were created to overcome infertility. Many parents choose adoption as an alternative after many unsuccessful attempts at fertility. According to the Center for Genetics and Society, IVF is an ART procedure in which sperm and eggs are joined outside the body, and the resulting embryo is transferred to a uterus in an effort to establish a pregnancy…...
Сontroversial Topic of Gay Adoption
Before the 1850s, adoption was an informal process where all the parties knew each other. The first adoption law passed in Texas was in 1850 and it required the adoption process to be filed with the county clerk. Adoptions were originally designed to help infertile, middle-class, and largely white couples but over time adoption process were forced to change to adapt to social needs. These changes have been occurring due to a shortage in adoption. Same sex families aspire to…...
Debates About Gay Adoption
Adoption has been around for many years, but only recently has the question of gay adoption risen. There are many orphans in the world, but not enough families or parents to take them in. There aren’t that many families who can and will adopt children, whether it’s because they can’t support them, they have children of their own, or they just don’t want children. The end result is still an overabundance of orphaned children in need of a loving family.…...
Adoption of Internet Banking in Balochistan
Introduction In the banking sector, the Internet has triggered an IT-based revolution that has dramatically changed the way banking services are delivered. This innovation, known as Internet banking (IB), has helped busy people to perform their financial activities cost-effectively and efficiently, irrespective of their physical location, at any moment of the day. (Makris et al., 2009). In general and professional life, technological developments are of vital importance. This is the revolutionary era of technology. The rapid growth of IT has…...
Information Systems Infrastructure: Cloud Computing Adoption
Abstract Cloud computing innovations despite the fact that in their beginning times, have figured out how to change the manner in which applications will be created and got too. These advances are gone for running applications as administrations over the web on an adaptable framework. Cloud computing gives an easy answer for scholastic organizations for their analysts, workforce, and understudies. This setup gives an extra advantage since all these program based applications can likewise be gotten to through cell phones…...
The Orphanage Review
The Orphanage is a horror movie directed by Juan Antonio Bayona and released on Dec 28, 2007. The movie tells the story of a woman who returns back to an orphanage that was once her home with an intension of reopening it for special children. This Spanish horror movie is nearly flawless,creepy and beautifully constructed ghost story which delivers great suspense. Laura (Belen Rueda) is a woman who is married to Carlos (Fernando Cayo) and they have an adopted child,…...
I strongly disagree with the statement
Do you agree or disagree? Give reasons for your answers showing that you have thought about more than one point of view. I strongly disagree with the statement. I think there are many better options open to the mother in the case of an unplanned pregnancy. For instance, adoption is a great option open in such a situation. However I can see why some women might think abortion is their only option and I can empathise with their situation. But…...
God gives life and only God can take it away
I neither agree nor disagree with this statement, for I believe that it has relevance in only certain circumstances. I can understand why many Christians would think this statement as true as many biblical passages show this. I also think that it is a fundamental belief of Christianity to believe that, "God gave life". There are many passages in the Bible that say this, like in Genesis 1: 27, 28 and Genesis 2: 7: "So god created man in his…...
A visit to Seri Kasih Orphanage Home Essay
The first hebdomad of the last school vacations was a memorable and meaningful minutes for the members of the English Language Society of SMK Kampung Laut. The society has organized a particular trip to Seri Kasih Orphanage Home on May 31st the first twenty-four hours of school vacations at Kampung Delima. Batu 8. Pasir Putih. There were a sum of 75 pupils involved of whom 40 of are male pupils of signifier four and five while 35 female pupils consisting…...
Same Sex couples Adopting
Life begins with natural order. That natural order is man and woman, mother and father, etc. When a child is adopted by same sex couples, this order is disturbed. Hence, confused gender roles such as two mothers or two fathers. A child will grow up believing that this is normal, not knowing which parent mother and/or father is. A child is born not knowing so what they learn comes from their environment and what they are taught. Same sex couples…...
How Does Institutionalizing Impact Children?
Introduction This chapter introduces the study by presenting a brief overview of the study. Key highlights of this chapter encompass the background information to the study, the problem that the study seeks to investigate and provide answers for, justification for undertaking the study, aim and specific objectives of the study. Definitions of key terms used in the study also forms part of this chapter. Background to the study Traditionally, child care in Zimbabwe has been the prerogative of the nuclear…...
Community Service and Rehema Pefa Home
Community service may be referred as a work done by one person or a group of people to benefit others. This is usually done around where you live, so that your community can benefit from your services. Community service work is usually done by volunteers without force applied, though sometimes volunteers are given small appreciation gifts such as t-shirts, food or capes. Community service is benefited by needy people such as orphanage, people with disability, people who learn a new…...
Educational Psychology Related Questions
Psychology is the study of behavior and mental processes; it's a combination of two Greek words: psyche/soul and logos a soul was close to our modern view of a spirit or mind while logos are the source of all our "ologies", such as biology and anthropology'. (Cacioppo and Freberg, 2016:5). In layman's words psychology is the study of the mind and how it works and the uniqueness within every human beings mind. According to (Cacioppo and Freberg 2016:12) "STRUCTURALISM as…...
Public Adoption of the Law
This assignment is going to cover and explain why an official universally accepted definition of law is still being debated up to date. The theories of the five main schools of legal thought will be covered as well in order to bring comprehension of the state of affairs that are being discussed in this assignment. For centuries, many different scholars have debated what the definite definition of law is. There are many opinions as to why this is so. German…...
Introduction Considerable Amount of money and Resources in Information Systems by Private and Public Organizations
Private and Public organisations injected a considerable amount of money and resources in Information Systems (IS), hoping to have an instant results and an improvement on business processes and performance. However, the findings of some studies seems not to agree with this expectation. Further, they point out that an inadequate system usability was the main key to the above flaws (Scholtz, Mahmud et al. 2016).This conduct was mostly observed in SAP-ERP adopted organisation. Most organizations find it challenging to rip…...
Huawei Nova 5 Pro Review
Huawei Nova 5 pro be capable of said the descendant to the Nova 5. It has an outstanding processor that can deal with the high-end usage. Phone can be used for a whole day as its battery is sufficient enough to make phone run all day. The internal storage of the phone is amply vast that will meet the need of the customer. The phone is going to be in five different colors, so you can have more option in…...
Cell PhoneMobile PhoneOrphanagePhotographySmartphonesTechnology
The Legalization of Same-Sex Marriages in Taiwan Homosexuality was a foreign topic until the 1900's; to the majority of people, eventually, due to an expanding number of individuals openly declaring their sexuality, people started to become familiar with the existence of such. Along with this rise in number, questions and controversial viewpoints regarding this subject also increased. According to, 'Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender,' homosexuality is simply the quality of being sexually attracted to people of the same sex. However,…...
Civil Society and Its Institutional Context
Civil society refers to a realm of autonomous groups, unions, associations, NGOs, interest groups, clubs, families, so on and so forth, that are private and organised in pursuit of their interest. Civil society by its very nature seeks to influence public policy or legislation but not to take government control. This passage is going to talk about Bulembu Ministries Swaziland (BMS), a childcare service provider which is part of the civil society of Eswatini as it is a non-profit organization.…...
ChildInterest GroupsOrphanageSocial IssuesThe History Of Civil SocietyUnemployment
Helping emotionally and financially is not important merely what’s important is to
Helping emotionally and financially is not important merely, what's important is to help them become a useful member of the society. Instead of leading whole life dependently, they themselves should become a helping hand for others for bringing deprived ones out of the catastrophes. Secondly, one should always help others in a way without compromising their integrity and self-respect.Rumah Aman is an orphanage Malaysia based organization committed to help children to become useful society members. The organization provides education, food…...
The online study Bible Study Tools defines adoption as the acceptance of
The online study, Bible Study Tools, defines adoption as the acceptance of a person into a family to whom they did not belong originally. By law, the adopted receives the privileges, benefits, position, responsibilities and obligations as a natural-born son (Brown). The modern laws of adoption are based on legal actions taken before the Roman magistrates. These actions enabled a person to take into his own family a child not his own with the intent of raising the child as…...
One of the worst crimes known to man is murder Could there
One of the worst crimes known to man is murder. Could there be someone in the world worse than the average killer? In fact, there were two individuals who were far worse than an average killer and their names are Albert Fish and John Wayne Gacy. This paper will be about the lives of Albert Fish and John Wayne Gacy. Now let's examine Albert Fish life, his crimes, and his punishment. The life of Albert Fish was all but normal…...
International Public sector standards
NAME: PRUDENCE MBINGU SEMBUASTUDENT NUMBER: 657092COURSE: FIN4120 " PENSIONS AND INSURANCEINSTRUCTOR: JOHN KURIASEMESTER: SUMMER 2019TASK: INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC SECTOR ACCOUNTING STANDARDS (IPSAS)DUE DATE: 18/07/2019CONTENTS1.0 INTRODUCTION 3OVERVIEW OF IPSAS 3ENTITIES THAT APPLY IPSAS 10CHALLENGES FACED IN IMPLEMENTATION OF IPSAS IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR 11EXAMPLE OF A STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL PERFOMANCE 12STATEMENT OF RECEIPTS AND PAYMENTS 12REFERENCES....................................................................................................15 INTRODUCTIONInternational Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS) are issued by the International Public Sector Accounting Standards Board (IPSASB) which is supported by the International Federation of Accountants…...
Adoption of New Innovations
Consumers go through five stages in the process of adopting a new product: 1. Awareness: The consumer becomes aware of the new product, but lacks information about it. 2. Interest: The consumer seeks information about the new product. 3. Evaluation: The consumer considers whether trying the new product makes sense. 4. Trial: The consumer tries the new product on a small scale to improve his or her estimate its value. 5. Adoption: The consumer decides to make full and regular…...
Questions arise as to why ABC implementation is successful in certain companies and fails in others. Based on the contingency theory, researchers have argued that the reasons for different degrees of ABC success could be due to the different contextual factors faced by each firm. These have led researchers to recognize assessing factors that influence ABC success implementation as an important research area. The following are among the research that have been carried out to examine factors that influence ABC…...
AccountingAdoptionCase StudyEconomicsManufacturingOrganizational Structure
Transracial adoption also known as TRA, is defined as the adoption of children of a different race or culture from their adoptive parents, has been a controversial issue in the United States. Social workers are usually the one that match the child with the “parents” when it comes to adoption. The number of adoptive parents does not relate with the number of adoptive minority children. Therefore, more parents of a different race are able to adopt them. Many social workers…...
Adoption of HRM
The Strategic Choice model created by Kochan, Katz and Mckersie originated from economics and organisational behaviour is closely associated with human resource management, while the Labour Process approach evolved from Marx's theoretical works has traits that is closely associated with personnel / industrial relations. From two diverse perspectives, the two models both have indications that they support an adoption for human resource management, provided that personnel / industrial relations is seen as apart of and giving rise to human resource…...
AdoptionHuman Resource Management
The overview of the innovation and a list of innovation adoption theories
To be more specific about corporate blog per se, the author looks into the factors of technology adoption that what the main characters make corporate blog as a new successful innovation. The author looks into the theories that can be used in stressing the points to be made in further analyzing the research questions. Innovation has been defined in different ways. From the research, Freeman defined “innovation as a process comprising technical design, manufacturing, management, and commercial activities of new…...
Family Composition Steven currently lives with foster parents. There is another teen age male in the home. According Steven’s file prior to this placement he lived with his biological father, and prior to residing with his biological father Steven was placed in group homes and foster placements, having been previously been removed by CPS from his parent’s care due to substance abuse issues. Steven receives a weekly a weekly 2-hour visit with his biological mother that is supervised by an…...
AdoptionFamilyFoster CareParentSocial Work
Benefits and Effectiveness of Accounting
The research was based on two variables these are computerized accounting systems which comprise of definitions, components of computerized accounting software and benefits and limitation of computerized system and financial reporting which also comprises of definitions of financial reports, benefits and effectiveness of accounting system used at National Water and Sewerage Corporation. The study will enable management to understand the significance of preparing quality and reliable financial reports. The study will point out weakness in the accounting system which management…...
Role of Government in Social Welfare
A Government consists of group of people who govern a state. The proper governing of state plays a very important role in the development of a country. The government should take all necessary steps for the betterment of the country and its people. A democratic country is for the people, by the people and to the people. Therefore government of any country should act wisely for the development of the community. Social welfare is a policy in which the well being of a society at large is the main target. It includes every class/group of people in the society i. e. children, women, the disabled, old etc and…...
Life of Orphanage
A lot happens within our environment. It may be hard to believe but yet true that the life orphan children live is of big challenge. I fail to know why it happens in such a way that after the parent(s) pass away, their children start testing the wrath of their death, as these people who remain to take care of the children, they again make them pass through regrettable experiences. These children suffer a lot, to the extent of missing…...
Play Review: “Annie”
The play "ANNIE" was all about an orphan who is waiting her parents to get her in the orphanage because when she was an infant her parents guaranteed her in a letter that they will get her back when the time comes. And they have a proof that they were Annie's moms and dads because of her pendant she was wearing when she's an infant and when they left her in the orphanage. But 11 years have passed and her…...
Essay on Language Diversity
Language diversity is an important topic for all South Africans to consider since we have 11 official languages. This means that we are challenged when it comes to being able to communicate with one another. This challenge presents itself in various forms, from the workplace to people’s daily lives and personal outlooks surrounding different cultures. Language diversity also influences important issues such as education, Government and adoption. Adoption in South African families is a good example of the language challenges…...
If I Have One Million Dollars
If I have one million dollars, I will immediate quit my job and find a scenic countryside place to take a vacation in order to release my mental and physical stresses. If I have one million dollars, I will buy a seaside house living with my husband, children, and parents together. If I have one million dollars, I will buy a fancy car then take a national wide selfdriving trip to experience different regional culture and visit famous landscapes in…...
DreamDreams And AspirationsOrphanage
Rohiston Mistry – “Squatter”
Imagine leaving your homeland and traveling somewhere far and foreign where you are forced to adopt a new culture, traditions, and live up to the diverse social expectations. You would feel lost, isolated and alone. In the short story "Squatter", Rohiston Mistry presents details on a character's struggle to find his identity in a westernized Canada, while explaining the dilemmas he encountered during the time of integration and adoption. Mistry also portrays the influences of Westernization, mainly on the narrator,…...
AdoptionCultureGlobalizationShort StorySocial scienceSociety
“300” Compare/Contrast Essay
In this essay, I am going to compare and contrast three significant events in the film of 300. First, I will discuss the events leading up to the historical battle at Thermopylae. Then, I will compare the movie version battles at Thermopylae with historical accounts. Finally, I will contrast events after Thermopylae between the movie and actual history. As I recall, when I saw the movie several months ago (it's not available for reviewing again from Blockbuster until July 31,…...
Literary GenreLiteratureOrphanageShort StorySparta
“The Adoption Papers” by Jackie Kay
The story of Jackie Kay's life is as fascinating and complex as her literary works. The comparison is significant because several of Kay's pieces spring from her biography and they are all concerned with the intricate nature of identity. Kay's father was a black Nigerian visiting Edinburgh when he met Kay's white Scottish mother. After he returned to Nigeria, the mother discovered she was pregnant and decided to give up the child. Kay was then adopted by a white Glaswegian…...
The Article “Empty Promises, Empty Cradles”
The article I chose is called “Empty Promises, Empty Cradles”. This case involves fake adoptions. A family is promised a child, and when the time comes, there is no child given to the family. Shockingly enough, there were no children to begin with. The women who promised their unborn children to the people, who were interested in adopting, were not even pregnant. At least six couples in the Midwest were victimized by this adoption fraud scheme. For example, in a…...
Adoption Of ICT In The Tourism And Hospitality Industry
Abstract Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) have revolutionised the travel industry in the last decade. eTourism reflects the digitalisation of all processes and value chains in the tourism, travel, hospitality and catering industries. It emerges as a term describing the entire range of applications of ICTs on tourism and the implications for the tourism value chain. Major opportunities and challenges have emerged and need to be addressed by all industry players. However, the level of eTourism developments varies between regions, countries…...
We've found 50 essay examples
Types of Adoptions
The level of openness that a family wishes to have with the birth parents is a large factor when deciding to go domestic or international. There are a variety of types, to include stepparent, independent, agency, foster care, intercountry, open and closed (O’Donnell, pg. 49). There are three main levels of openness, with some grey in-between. There are confidential, semi-open, and open adoptions. Confidential is where there is no contact with the birth parents and no identifying information shared. Most international adoption leads to a closed, confidential transaction. However, adoption should not be a onetime transaction, as it is a forever journey for the family. Then there is the semi-open adoption where there is indirect contact and non-identifying information such as medical history shared. Lastly there is open adoptions which involve direct communication and exchanging identifying information. The level of information that is known and shared, can be harder to come by in international adoptions.
Medical information can be important and helpful to know your new family member is growing up. When coming from an international adoption the adoption agency may not know who the mother and father are, or maybe only little information is know, this can make things difficult if medical problems do occur. Since genetics makes up much of our medical and health outcomes, knowing that information can lead to a healthier life. However, this can also happen in a domestic adoption, it is more likely that a domestic adoption will be an open or semi-open adoption. Even if a domestic adoption is a closed adoption it may be easier to access the prior medical records through the states.
Medical History and Fostering Process
The medical history is important to know when considering the cost. Adopting a child that has a known medical condition could require medical expenses on top of the adoption cost. The average cost of raising a child to age 17 is 233,610 dollars according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (Kess, pg. 69). Addition to the cost of raising a child the average cost of a domestic adoption can range from 20,000-35,000 dollars while international adoption can range from 25,000 to 55,000 dollars. This price range is large due to so many different avenues that can be taken for adoption. There are private adoptions between the adopting parents, the child’s birth family and lawyer. There are also adoptions through an agency, which can be both open or closed options. For domestic adoption, there is also the option of fostering a child in hopes of adoption.
Fostering a child is a great avenue to go for perspective parents who may not have that kind of money to adopt internationally. This is where you foster a child, for weeks up to years, until the parental rights have been terminated and the adoption process can be finalized. “Since 1980, U.S. states have begun to offer adoption subsidies to offset some of these expenses, significantly lowering the cost of adopting a child who is in the foster care system” (Argys, pg. 947). However, the downside of fostering is that the parental rights may not be terminated, and the child has the potential to be taken back by the parents or given to a next of kin or other family member. This can be extremely hard on a family who is fostering in hopes of adopting. This can also take a longer period of time as fostering can lead up to years.
From the time you decide that adoption is right for you, it can take years to physically be able to bring your new family member home. In international adoptions time can include the process of the child being deemed eligible for adoption by the birth country, court visits in the child’s birth country, as well as trips to the country to meet the parents if it is an open adoption. When thinking domestic adoption time can include the length of fostering a child, the rest of the duration of the mother’s pregnancy, and or the time it takes to go through the complex process.
In domestic adoption, there is the option of adopting a newborn, while that option is highly limited in international adoption. Domestically there is the pathway of finding a woman who is currently carrying a child and wanting to put it up for adoption right from birth. This is the best option if wanting a newborn is a top priority. When adopting internationally you are more likely to be able to adopt a young toddler to a child or even teen. This is due to the birth country needing to clear the child for adoption which can take up to months. The process of clearing the child for adoption includes trying to find an adoptive parent or next of kin in the child’s birth country.
US Laws and The Hague Convention
The age of the parent or parents also matters when adopting. The general age range of adopting parents in the United States is between 25-52 (Leinaweaver, pg. 509). Many countries prefer to keep the age range between the adoptee and the parents below 40, though that does not mean if the age gap is more than 40 you cannot adopt internationally. The Hague Convention states that any person under the age of 18 cannot adopt a child, even if they have independent and or emancipated. Not only does the age matter but the marital status also matters. A single parent would most likely not be able to adopt internationally, as most countries require that there are two parents who have been together and show stability in their relationship. Domestically there is a greater chance of being able to adopt as a single parent, however you still have to show financial stability.
The Hague Convention is a multi-country agreement that covers the legal bases of adoptions. The process of adoption domestically or internationally is complex with a lot of laws and paper work along the way. The Hague Conventions goal is to prevent the abduction, sale of, or trafficking in children. It also works to ensure that intercountry adoptions are in the best interests for the children (Stark, Pg. 20). The Convention is there as a resource to ensure transparency in the process of adoption as well as added protection for the adopting parents and the child.
In recent years, more and more children from other countries are adopted by people in the US; more than 8,000 such children enter the country each year from Asia, Central and South America, the Caribbean, and Eastern Europe (Hostetter, pg. 481). When considering adoption think about the level of openness you would prefer, the cost, time, age, and laws. These are all of importance to contemplate when adding a new member to your family.
- Argys, Laura, and Brian Duncan. “Economic Incentives and Foster Child Adoption.” Demography, vol. 50, no. 3, June 2013, pp. 933–954. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s13524- 012-0166-0.
- Hollinger, Joan Heifetz, and Naomi Cahn. ‘Forming families by law: adoption in America today.’ Human Rights, Summer 2009, p. 16+. Expanded Academic ASAP, http://link.galegroup.com.sptproxy.mnpals.net/apps/doc/A212034961/EAIM?u=mnapault c&sid=EAIM&xid=bb68052c.
- Hostetter, Margaret K., et al. ‘Medical evaluation of internationally adopted children.’ The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 325, no. 7, 1991, p. 479+. Expanded Academic ASAP, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A11230440/EAIM?u=mnapaultc&sid=EAIM&xid=9 4511e4a.
- Kess, Sidney, et al. ‘Planning for a New Child in the Family.’ The CPA Journal, Mar. 2018, p. 69+. Expanded Academic ASAP, http://link.galegroup.com.sptproxy.mnpals.net/apps/doc/A533094750/EAIM?u=mnapa ultc&sid=EAIM&xid=e5fc15a0.
- Leinaweaver, Jessaca. “Geographies of Generation: Age Restrictions in International Adoption.” Social & Cultural Geography, vol. 16, no. 5, Aug. 2015, pp. 508–521. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/14649365.2014.994669.
- O’Donnell, Laura A. ‘The client’s chosen child: adoption laws, regulations, and processes for the legal assistance attorney.’ Army Lawyer, May 2015, p. 48+. Expanded Academic ASAP, http://link.galegroup.com.sptproxy.mnpals.net/apps/doc/A423499164/EAIM?u=mnapault c&sid=EAIM&xid=e47e1095.
- Stark, Barbara. ‘When Genealogy Matters: Intercountry Adoption, International Human Rights, and Global Neoliberalism.’ Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, Jan. 2018, p. 159+. Expanded Academic ASAP, http://link.galegroup.com.sptproxy.mnpals.net/apps/doc/A531721372/EAIM?u=mnapa ultc&sid=EAIM&xid=ade52e86.