Essays on Hamlet

Original title Hamlet
Author William Shakespeare
Genre Shakespearean Tragedy
Language Early Modern English
Characters Hamlet, Claudius, Gertrude, Polonius
Published 1603
ISBN 978-0-7434-7713-0
Book Summary
Essay Examples

Table of Contents

About Hamlet Book

Hamlet is a tragic long play; written by William Shakespeare between 1599 and 1601. It is one of his longest plays, consisting of 29,551 words, and was published in 1603. The First Folio edition was based on Shakespeare’s documents. At the same time, it also contained a few comments from the bookkeeper. The second quarto of the book was published later on in 1604.

Shakespeare took help from different books to write this play. The writer has tried his best to show the narrative of Prince. It is all about the revenge of Prince Hamlet.

Book Summary

Hamlet, the Prince of Denmark, is now studying in Germany. As if by magic, he’s summoned to Denmark to attend his father’s funeral. His mother Gertrude and uncle Claudius had already proclaimed Claudius king when he returned home, shocking him.

Prince is the rightful heir, and Claudius ignores him. The more Prince sees, the more he begins to question his uncle. His father’s ghost appears to Prince one night, telling him that his uncle Claudius killed his father while he was sleeping.

He further claims that poison was put into his ears while sleeping. The spirit entrusts Hamlet with the task of revenge against his’ murderer and leave Gertrude in Heaven’s hands.

Prince chooses to wear a fake madness mask at the castle to watch things. His philosophical temperament makes him doubt the ghost’s existence and its claims. Confusion makes him moody.

When the ghost tells him about the murder scene, he begins to see performing a play based on the events revealed by the spirit. His drama, The Murder of Gonzago, has the scene of the murder, referred to as The Mousetrap, in the middle.

He assumed that if the ghost were accurate, it would operate on the king, and he would act oddly. The king can’t breathe and craves the light, so he departs. Now Hamlet is certain he killed his father. He promises to murder him, but he is too aware and thinks too much. His ideas paralyze him.

His passive and unwilling act of revenge kills six innocents. Polonius spies on Hamlet and the queen in their bedroom. When the prince finds out, he stabs him. Hamlet is taken to England for murdering Polonius. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, his school pals, spy on him. When he finds out, he arranges for their execution instead.

When Ophelia learns that Hamlet has murdered her father Polonius, she goes insane and dies sad, singing melodies. Laertes, her French brother, sees his father and sister die, becomes furious with Hamlet, and they fight.

Laertes slashes Hamlet with a poisoned sword, and Hamlet kills Laertes with the same poisoned blade. Meanwhile, the prince learns that his mother died while eating bread from Claudius’ poisoned dish. Before Laertes dies, he informs Claudius that he killed Queen Gertrude because he kept the poison in the cup.

After stabbing the poisoned sword into his chest, Hamlet swigs down the poisoned cup. The poisoned sword ends Hamlet’s life. Before he dies, he orders that the Norwegian Prince Fortinbras be given the country’s throne. The new king of Denmark organizes a grand burial for the killed Prince Hamlet at the conclusion of the play.

Hamlet Quotes

Like he does in many of his plays, William Shakespeare embodies Hamlet’s characters with life with memorable conversation and great quotations. We’ve studied the play to find these iconic Hamlet lines.

  •   Hamlet: “Why, then, ’tis none to you, for there is nothing either good or bad, but thinking makes it so. To me, it is a prison.”
  •     Marcellus: ‘Something Is Rotten in the State Of Denmark’
  •   Claudius: “My words fly up, my thoughts remain below; Words without thoughts never to heaven go.”
  •     Polonius: “Brevity is the soul of wit. “
  •     Gertrude: “The lady doth protest too much, methinks. “

Essay Structure On Hamlet

In order to produce an excellent hamlet character analysis essay and the book as a whole, the writer should keep the following structure in mind:


A hamlet essay introduction paragraph can only be written if you have a clear idea of where your argument is headed. Overwhelmingly, students start writing their essay’s opening before considering what they want to convey.

Your essay’s introduction should be focused on the first paragraph of your essay. Suppose, for example, that you’ve been invited to debate whether or not Hamlet is mad. To get started, you may quote a few words from Polonius on the subject:

‘To define true madness, What is’t but to be nothing else but mad?’

After that, you may say something about the relevance of Hamlet’s thoughts and how far he can be held totally accountable for his own acts if he is mad.


In the main part, it is recommended to give a system of arguments based on a thorough examination of the play. New and varied concepts should be presented one after the other to help the reader understand where you are going.

The major text is organized into paragraphs or sections with independent subheadings for ease of presentation and clarity of reasoning for each argument, evidence, and fact.


As soon as the essential points and arguments have been covered in the next six paragraphs, you need to summarize what you’ve learned. Hamlet’s madness is a good Hamlet essay examples. If you’re going to make a case for Hamlet’s sanity, you may as well acknowledge that Shakespeare, like so many other issues in the play, leaves this up for dispute and opinion.

Tips To Consider While Writing An Essay About Hamlet

Putting together an essay takes more time and effort than you think. Before you begin writing your own hamlet essay, you must go at hamlet essay questions of previous students’ work. Listed below are a few sample ideas to get started:

Read The Book Thoroughly

You’ll be better prepared to write your paper if you’ve done some serious reading. Increasing your reading speed is easy if you know how to do it. Make use of a few highlighters to highlight items that could be relevant to a variety of subjects.

While reading the story, take notes and jot down your thoughts. This method will assist you in avoiding having to re-read the same material. Remember to identify which section of the essay your notes apply to, though. After reading a book, you should annotate the margins to verify that you comprehend what’s going on.

Take note of the author’s most important points, as well as your own ideas and feelings. In order to summarize, highlight, and prepare for Hamlet essay prompts that your teacher may provide you, annotating is a great way.

Find A Compelling Topic

Among the many Hamlet essay themes, it’s best to focus on the ones you’re most interested in and knowledgeable about. If you are still looking for Hamlet essay topics, here are a few additional possibilities.

Note that you must choose a subject according to your academic level. For example: Writing about disease and death in your Hamlet essay may not be appropriate for a high school student.

Create The Outline

After marking everything that matters, you need to find out your main points for your Hamlet essay and arrange the material in an outline. Writing will be much simpler if your strategy is well-defined. Include as much information as feasible in your outline to improve the flow of your essay.

Write The Thesis Statement

The most significant line in your essay is your thesis statement. Pretending that the stakes are higher than they really are will force you to concentrate on crafting a thesis statement that is easy to understand and remember.

An effective thesis statement informs readers what they may expect from your hamlet analysis essay in a few words. As a teaser, it gives the reader an idea of what they expect, and it’s a good way to get them excited.

Include A Lesson Or Moral

The essay should have a lesson or moral. Let’s look at two lessons to be learned from Hamlet. Anger and retaliation may lead to harm if individuals allow emotions to rule their lives. The second is that you can get away with things for a while in life, but not forever. Through the deeds of various characters, we are taught these valuable lessons.

Conclusion: Proofread Your Work

Finally, add your own thoughts and edit the essay for any stylistic or grammatical issues before handing it in. Correcting generic discourse flaws or writing errors, as well as checking for residual inaccuracies, is the primary goal of proofreading.

Having a well-defined goal is essential if you want your message to be heard. If you want a writer, you may also contact us. Because we always give a professional essay writer who develops a unique piece of work depending on your specifications,


      i.        Who Is Gertrude In Hamlet?

Hamlet’s mother, Queen Gertrude of Denmark, is also Hamlet’s guardian. She was formerly married to King Hamlet, who was assassinated by the ghost in the play, and is now engaged to Claudius, her husband’s brother. Her close connections to the male characters make her a crucial character in the story.

    ii.        How Does Hamlet Die?

Laertes, Ophelia’s brother, has assumed his father’s position at the court, and Hamlet confronts him about it. As a result, a duel is set up between Prince and Laertes. The two scheme to murder Prince throughout the play. They have Prince’s death in mind on a poisoned rapier or with poisoned wine.

   iii.        Where Does Hamlet Take Place?

Located between Denmark and Sweden, Elsinore is a real site, and the whole play takes place in the castle. Elsinore Castle is the name given to it in the play; however, the only castle in the town was known as Kronborg Castle, and it is still standing today.

   iv.        Who Is Claudius In Hamlet?

He is the king of Denmark and the play’s villain. As a morally deficient villain, Claudius prioritizes power and monetary gain above the well-being of others. Cunning, morally ambiguous, and manipulative, he stands out from the rest of the male characters in the play.

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FAQ about Hamlet

Why Hamlet Delays His Revenge?
...In today’s society, it would be considered most rational to act under the law to seek revenge upon the murderer of a family member. But how can one say that they would be willing not to take out personal revenge and trust the system if they were no...
What Hamlet Teaches Us About Revenge?
...Hamlet kills someone else in the crossfire though, he kills Polonius. The right hand of Claudius is murdered and Claudius knowing that Hamlet knows about his sin is quick to take action. Claudius explains his plan to Laertes to kill Hamlet and with L...
How does Shakespeare present Hamlet’s madness throughout the play?
...The powerful language he uses really creates the image of corruption and sin, the words he uses are all imagery of disease and filth, the word 'rank' gives an image of a really disgusting smell revolving around sin. 'Stewed in corruption',' honeying'...
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