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Essays on Human Nature

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Nature vs. Nurture

In this piece of work I will describe what nature and nurture are and I will discuss the nature vs. nurture debate in relation to the individual development. What is nature vs. nurture? There are plenty of factors that motivate our growth and development throughout our life such as: Nature is the theory that our personality, intelligence and our sexual adjustment is inherited by our families DNA. Nature is the environment around us that is argued to change the way…...

Fides et Ratio

When looking at the context of the Fides et Ratio, John Paul II expresses on “crisis of meaning” in contemporary society. Throughout this section John Paul II offers examples on how the crisis of meaning has emerged. John Paul II touches on “scientism” and “pragmatism” and how these have affected modern society and are believed to be steering individuals in the wrong direction. John Paul II also includes other non-religious or philosophical based attitudes toward the contemporary society. John Paul…...

Obsession of Perfection

The relentless pursuit of human perfection has always been an intrinsic trait of human nature and science has been a mean to achieve it. This statement brings us to the main idea of Hawthorne's short story "The Birth-mark." It shows the story of a scientist who is obsessed with the removal of his wife's birthmark, considering it a symbol of her human imperfection. "The Birth-mark" is possibly influenced by Hawthorne's times where science began to gain knowledge about our world…...

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Duality in Hitchcock's Movie Psycho

Psycho is a 1960 scary movie directed by Alfred Hitchcock starring Anthony Perkins, Janet Leigh, Vera Miles and John Gavin. The film is based upon the 1959 novel of the same name by Robert Bloch. The primary style that Hitchcock tries to express to the audience is double or split personalities. Everybody has a subconscious fight with good and wicked; he shows this in various ways utilizing lighting, various video camera methods, mise-en-scene and silence. Also he utilized a string…...

John Hospers' Tough Determinism

John Hospers utilizes the rule of typical use, and Freud's Psychoanalytic theory of human habits, to argue guy is incapable of being free. As a tough determinist, Hospers thinks a really free act can't be caused, and man's actions are all predetermined, due to the fact that they're triggered by an external element. He begins by utilizing the guideline of common use to reveal that flexibility can't be defined through its characteristics, as trying to encourage us to use the…...

Summary of Short Story Dhumketu

Dhumketu by Gaurishankar Govardhanram Joshi Dhumaketu can be glorified as a prolific writer who has given a very vivid and wonderful description of the village and its people, along with the nature and loneliness of human beings. The story talks about coachman Ali who could not bear the pain of separation when his daughter left after her marriage. His loneliness gained momentum with passage of time in which he desperately waited for a letter from his daughter Miriam. The story…...

Are we humans the product of nature or nurture?

Nature is how much of your personality is genetic, what you were born with. Nurture is how much of your personality was caused because of your environment, how you were raised. So does nature or nurture contribute more to someone's personality and behaviour? Or do they both play a role in shaping our lives? I hope to come to a conclusion with this debate in the end of my thesis. With nurturing, people tend to observe others actions and behaviour,…...

Philosophical Concept of the Moon in Taketori Monogatari

The moon can be found in many literary works, and it is an element full of literary and narrative quality. The moon in the Taketori Monogatari, which is considered the ancestor of Japanese Narratives by the Japanese renowned writer Murasaki Shikibu, is without exception an indispensable part. According to NI, Jin-Dan, in literature, the concept of foreign land, which is a relative space to the world of human beings, has always been emphasized. Through this foreign land, we can penetrate…...

Critical Analysis of Twelve Angry Men Movie

Introduction The play and subsequent movie “Twelve Angry Men” is an examination of the dynamics at play in a jury room in the 50’s in The United States. The action revolves around the opinions, perceptions, reason and logic of twelve diverse characters that are tasked with pronouncing the guilt or innocence of a young man accused of patricide. The extraordinary element is that their finding will determine his life or death. This play was made into a movie in 1957,…...

Summer Of The Seventeenth Doll

Accepting change in order to grow can change who you are as a person or what you see with the rest of your life. Personality, appearance, opinions, religions and backgrounds of people all relate to who you are a person and what you believe in. Accepting change into your life could go either allow you to lose something good or gain something even better. Your personality could change either making you a better person or disadvantaging you as a person…...

Nature Vs. Nurture Debate

The nature versus nurture debate concentrates on the argument whether a person is born the method we are i.e. being born wicked or the way we are brought up by parents/guardian and our surroundings and whether they make us the way we are i.e. if a child is aggressive, is it due to the fact that they are raised in an aggressive environment. Determinism is the belief that your future is fixed or figured out by what you have genetically…...

Analysis of Grendel’s Character in Beowulf

When Beowulf is retold from Grendel’s point of view many different assumptions can be made when evaluating and comparing Grendel to Beowulf. The sympathy, which Grendel withholds, represents his innocence and how he isn’t just a “monster.” Due to this reason, readers feel very sympathetic towards Grendel compared to Beowulf due to the fact that he is incoherent to the many actions humans perform. Readers who have read Beowulf notice the different in Grendel’s character from Beowulf to Grendel due…...

Human nature as reflected in Macbeth

Human nature has sparked much debate throughout history. Some people think that human nature at birth is absolutely good and that all evil comes from postnatal education or the negative effects of parental or guardian interaction. This idea is evident in a Chinese saying which translates as "Men at their birth are naturally good." Conversely some people argue that human nature is initially evil, and provide an example by citing the observation that when a person is very young, he…...

Behavioral patterns in primates and humans

Primates are some of the most interesting animals to watch and learn about whether it be in person at a zoo or seeing a film or documentary on wild ones in a natural environment. Part of this reason is due to the incredible amount of similarities found in between primates and humans. After observing two different primate species at a local zoo, I found out that by observing their behavior, we gain a small insight into human behaviors and their…...

Freedom Of Life in Living Like Weasels

In “Living Like Weasels,” author Annie Dillard’s idea is that humans can benefit from living wild as a weasel. I strongly agree because to live wild like a weasel is to live mindless, free and focused. With these living abilities we as humans will be able get closer to our aspirations in life and do whatever means necessary to get there. Achieving our goals would be easiest if we were to live mindlessly. Living without a mind one wouldn’t have…...

Were Barbaric Laws Barbarian Really

The books have claimed the Mongols to be barbaric, but how barbaric were they? The barbarians have earned the title barbaric. The barbarians were people who didn’t belong to a certain culture or group of people, and pretty much did what they pleased. The Mongols were barbaric with their laws, punishments, and the amount of battles and deaths caused in their presence. The barbarians were barbaric in many different ways. The Mongol Empire was bigger than the continental U.S., being…...

Nature and Nurture Influences on Child Development

When it comes to child development there are two major influences. These influences are nature which are traits we inherit and nurture which are the traits we learn. Nature and nurture are different in several ways but they both play an important role in child development. Although they both influence development the topic of which has the greatest influence in frequently debated. This paper will describe the relationship between nature and nurture, explain the biological, environmental, societal, and cultural influences…...

Nature Vs Nurture and Socialisation

Socialisation is the process where a person learns attitudes, actions and values appropriate to the person as part of their culture from the time of birth to the time of death. There are two types of socialisation; primary socialisation and secondary socialisation. Primary socialisation occurs in early childhood, infancy even, and helps the child become socialised through the family support. The role of the family is extremely important to make the child known to the different cultural and social elements.…...

Louis Pojman

Louis Pojman argues for objectivism rather of relativism in morality although we are drawn in to the idea of relativism. Ethical relativism is comprised of a variety thesis and a dependence thesis. The diversity thesis is also understood as cultural relativism and essentially states that morality is various between different societies. The reliance thesis is similar to the diversity thesis, but mentions that morality depends on the context of the society. There are 2 views on the dependency thesis. In…...

Allowing Evil to Triumph

'The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing.' (Edmund Burke). In order to stop evil and malicious acts from occurring, the people whose responsibility it is to enforce the laws must step up and stop these terrible acts. By ignoring the evil and not attempting to stop the evil, the good can harm themselves or other innocent people. If there is no resistance to evil, it is just like a football team…...

Marx and Freud: Comparing Their Views Of Human Nature

In The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx and Frederick Engels present their view of human nature and the effect that the economic system and economic factors have on it. Marx and Engels discuss human nature in the context of the economic factors which they see as driving history. Freud, in Civilization and Its Discontents, explores human nature through his psychological view of the human mind. Marx states that history '...is the history of class struggles' (9). Marx views history as being…...

Comparison of Machiavelli's and Castiglione's Books

When you read The Prince and The Book of the Courtier, you notice they are both how-to guides for Princes, royalty in general, and nobility. However, there are some very distinct differences in the philosophy of Niccolo Machiavelli and Baldassare Castiglione. Castiglione advices his readers to practice all things with nonchalance, and things will fall in their place. He also put high importance on knowledge, gracefulness, and appearance. Machiavelli agrees with Castiglione on some issues, but on others, they strongly…...

Nature in King Lear

The Tragedy of King Lear by William Shakespeare is founded on the theme of Nature portrayed throughout the play from Lear’s kingship to personal human relations, from representations of the physical world to notions of the gods, from the portrayal of human nature to the use of animal imagery. Nature is the core of the play King Lear. Shakespeare’s take on nature is ambiguous thus he portrays the two extremes of human condition: good and evil. Through his characters, he…...

George Orwell's 1984 Human Nature Essay

George Orwell's 1984 is a novel which describes utter and total hate- hate of those who are different, hate of evil and hate of all other humans. It is where love is described as absurd, and totally unnecessary. People are bred to hate, and hate is the primary emotion that people feel. The lack of love and kindness is what brings the society to such a complete totalitarian state. Human beings instinctively crave love and care to thrive and without…...

The Nature vs. Nurture Debate

The nature versus nurture debate is of constant discussion amongst psychologists today. In the 17th century the French philosopher Rene Descartes set out views which held that people possess certain inborn ideas that enduringly underpin people's approach to the world (Bee, p.3). On the other hand, the British philosopher John Locke took a more empirical approach emphasizing the role of experience as fully contributing to behavioral development (Bee, p.3). Since the days of Descartes and Locke, the empirical "nurture" approach…...

Philosophy of Human Nature

Evil can be used in two ways- when someone has done evil and when someone has suffered evil. Since God is good, God does no moral evil; however, because God is just, God punishes the wicked and thus causes the evil of punishment. People are the cause of their own evildoing. Furthermore, because learning is good a thing, we do not learn evil. It is people’s inordinate desires that drive their evildoings. There are two laws- eternal law and temporal…...

Social contract theorists: Hobbes vs. Rousseau

Thomas Hobbes believes that all people are naturally evil, hostile, and self-seeking whereas Jean Jacques Rousseau claims that all people are naturally good people and generally happy. I plan to prove that Rousseau has the stronger position of the two contract theorists. Thomas Hobbes claims all people are hostile and naturally self-seeking. Hobbes's claims when two people have a desire for the same resource the natural result is war. The state of nature, as deemed by Hobbes, is the "natural…...

The Duality of Human Nature in the Film "Psycho"

Alfred Hitchcock uses many ways to explore the duality of human nature in his films, especially in the 1960 horror thriller Psycho. The duality of human nature represents our inner self, aspects that are mainly opposites, the light showing good, the dark showing evil, the natural and the unnatural, are just some examples of human nature. Hitchcock explored the duality of human nature using ways such as lighting, dialogue, camera angles, music, comparing and contrasting what different characters would do…...

Lord of the Flies: The Evil of Human Nature

"However Simon thought of the beast, there rose before his inward sight the picture of a human at once heroic and sick(Golding 128). This quote from William Goldings novel, Lord of the Flies, effectively suggests that human beings are evil; which is also the main theme of the novel. In the novel, the major characters at the ending reinforce Goldings negative view of human nature. Golding provides his view of human nature very early in the novel. The island on…...

Man Is His Own Worst Enemy

Right from the beginning, Man rules supreme over all other life forms. He establishes himself at the top of the food chain, he goes through painstaking experiments to lit up the darkness that comes at night and through decades of scientific progression he is able to pit himself against the unpredictable weather changes. Thus he is able to place himself parallel to cosmic significance. He then proceeds to defeat the onslaught of diseases and the invisible enemies known to us…...

"The Organic Machine" by Richard White

In a close examination of the history and development of the Columbia River, The Organic Machine: The Remaking of the Columbia River connects the elements of natural and artificial energy in order to reveal both the beauty and the danger of the Columbia today. In his book, Richard White does a brilliant job of uniting humans and human ingenuity with the growth of the Columbia River and its region. His argument that human history cannot be known without natural history…...

'The Eolian Harp' by Samuel Taylor Coleridge

The Eolian Harp by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, can be described as the musings of a man thinking about his love for his wife Sara, the beauty of nature and about the wonder of God in providing him with both nature and Sara. The voice of the poem is Coleridge himself as it refers to Sara, his wife at the time of writing. It is a Romantic poem as it deals with a mixture of traditional Romantic themes: those of strong…...

Analysis of Human Behavior in Survival of the Prettiest

Nancy Etcoff, the author of the “Survival of the Prettiest: The Science of Beauty,” sought to acknowledge how aesthetics influence human behavior. As a psychologist, engaging in continuing education in the field, particularly in areas concerning beauty and aesthetics and its relations to the workings of the mind, and in the application of psychology through teaching in Harvard (“Nancy Etcoff,” N. D. & “Nancy Etcoff,” 2009), Etcoff has gained a wide perspective on how beauty compels and guides human behavior.…...

Evil in Jekyll and Hyde Novel

In the novel Robert L. Stevenson defined the nature of evil through the person of Mr. Hyde. He used his character to symbolize evil at its purest and truest form (“…Edward Hyde, alone, in the ranks of mankind, was pure evil” chap 10 p 2; “…one was wholly evil…” chap 10 p 3). In the first chapter (Story of the Door), Stevenson started to objectify the idea of evil as one characterized with intentions and acts that are always meant…...

Human nature

Arthur Miller’s The Crucible is a classic work that weaves intolerance, religion, hysteria and vested interests to paint one of the serious human pitfalls in history. At the heart of the Crucible is conflict fueled by personal interests – meaning, evil is more difficult to handle if it manifest itself in groups of people, but that these groups are formed because of a few people’s vested interests. The Crucible shows this clearly, which makes it a relevant work of literature…...

Horace Miner’s Book Body Ritual Among the Nacirema

Abstract Horace Miner’s point throughout the entire article of “Body Ritual Among the Nacirema” was to prove to us, Americans, that we are not superior to anyone else or any other culture, society, or religion. We are all the same, and we just to need to keep in the back of our minds that everyone does everything differently. Whether it is a dramatic difference, or barely noticeable, each person does everything different from the next person. Throughout this essay willbe…...

A Long Way Gone by Ishmael Beah

Society can be represented by an onion. There are many layers to both. In society, the center is an individual. It then moves on to family, community, nation, and finally, humankind. Each layer cannot exist without the layers underneath it, just like how an onion cannot be an onion without its many supporting layers. A Long Way Gone by Ishmael Beah shows the layers of society through memories. Beah has experienced these layers through war, and explains each one in…...

Stereotyping in Short Story Love is a Fallacy

People are naturally judgemental. On a daily basis, human nature allows people to pass judgements to other people ranging to the mundane opinions such as ugly hair and lousy clothes to the more serious issues of cultural differences and racism. This situation of judging other people hastily and putting them into certain categorizations is not new. After all, even the issue of racism itself which has been a worldwide issue has started since ancient civilization (Frederickson, 2002). However, trivial judgements…...

The Advantage and Disadvantage of Stereotype

In recent days, the definition of “green tea bitch” has been widely spread all over the Internet. That article listed dozens of characteristics of the so-called “green tea bitch” such as always feigning innocence and speaking quietly. Then there follow various similar definitions like “black tea bitch” that insult people because of those poor stereotypes. When it comes to stereotype, most of us will conjure up numerous images in our minds: an elegant lady named Georgiana, a nerd with the…...

Psychology Resilience Paper

"Our history does not determine our destiny," stated Boris Cyrulnik, author of Resilience: How Your Self-confidence Can Set You Devoid Of the Past. Strength can come from lots of places in a person, however when taking a look at the nature versus support perspective, it is nature that many strongly identifies how resistant an individual will be, and not based rather as much upon how they were nurtured. As Cyrulnik stated, it is not our history, simply put, not how…...

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