Race, class and ethnicity are social factors that shape the way people live, socialize, interact or do as they live in a given area (Kleinman, & Benson, 2010). Our knowledge of race, ethnicity and class are subconsciously connected to our lives on a daily basis as we constantly interact socially.
A Study of the Impact of American Tradition on Black People
“Racism has been for everyone like a horrible, tragic car crash, and we've all been heavily sedated from it. If we don't come into consciousness of this tragedy, there's going to be a violent awakening we don't want. The question is, can we wake up?'- Anna Deavere Smith ( "Racism Quotes." BrainyQuote. Xplore. Web. 12 Apr. 2017). Everyone, regardless of their background has experience racism in someway, shape or form. For centuries the hardest position to be in was that…...
Race And Identity
An Analysis of the Book, Race Rules: Navigating the Color Line by Michael Eric Dyson
Michael Eric Dyson's book Race Rules: Navigating the Color Line is based on the examination of race and race relations in America. The title has a double entendre; Dyson does not only argue that race defines and rules our private and social lives, but he also makes an attempt to let the reader know that there are strategies and rules for dealing with the black community (especially the black man's role in society). Dyson explores the issues of power, justice,…...
Colonial Politic of Great Britain
Architectural developments of Madras under the British dominance brought out great political change and power dominance. It totally took over the origins of Indian Architecture and introduced the British architectural way of thinking. The reason for this change primarily started in the sector of religious and political observations and constructions, when the construction of magnificent churches was starting to take place. My neighborhood is situated in the place where it all took place; my ancestors had a hand in developing…...
British Empire: Divide and Conquer
Throughout our lives, we all will be faced with a multitude of tough decisions to make, which will have a significant impact on our own lifestyles as well as the lives of our descendants. This is especially true for my family, as I would not be where I am today if it were not for the important decisions that were made by my grandparents and my parents. Both sides of my family come from India, and they are all Hindus.…...
British Empire and Somalia
Examining Britain as more than just a place of exile by my parents. The difficulties surrounding seeing this country not as a plague of bitterness but a place for betterment, and accepting that this is home. To do this, I must understand my origin and how the two nations that form my identity came to know each other. For around 80 years until 1960, parts of Somalia was under rule by the British Empire, known as British Somaliland. By the…...
The Effects of British Influences on Eastern Civilization
History is glued together by the impacts developed countries have on weaker regions around the world. The powerful force of mankind and a stable government penetrates these weaker regions and transforms them into rich hotspots for economic advancements through trade and industrial expansion. Throughout its history, the Malay Peninsula has been known for its precious exports and accessible trading routes which led to its lands becoming filtered with European trading interests in the early sixteenth century. With the influence of…...
Cultures in the Native American Creation and Coyote Trickster Stories, and A Model of Christian Charity
During the discovery and exploration of the New World, colonists came to claim the land that Native Americans lived on. This immediately caused conflict between the two extremely different people. Between the Native American creation stories, the Coyote trickster stories and John Winthrop's "A Model of Christian Charity", there have been a lot of similarities between these cultures and it is the differences between them that cause a misunderstanding that could have led to prejudice. “A Model of Christianity” was…...
The Controversial Social Issue of Race in the American Society
Race in the American society has been one of the most controversial social issues that conceptually denote the primary classification of human beings, and it is the ideology upon which white superiority justified natives colonization in their land and the enslavement of Indian and African American. The context of race as used today in the American society emerged in a racist social construct of 'race' influenced by pseudo-science in the 18th and 19th centuries by scientific racists that defined race…...
The Premise of Racial Differences in Modern Society
In this essay I will be discussing the term 'race' and how it can be considered to have a history. I will be considering certain themes such as Enlightenment, I will discuss how race was viewed in the 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th century. Firstly I will put forward the various theoretical definitions of race, Secondly I will discuss my main theme which is the enlightenment and how race was viewed during that time, I will then move on to…...
The Two Sides of the Debate on the Concept of Race Between Scientists, Historians, and Anthropologists
The debate surrounding the concept of race has been on going for years between scientists, historians and anthropologists. One side of the debate, historically taken up by scientists and biologists, argues that race is biological and has developed as a result of evolution. The other side of the debate, usually supported by historians, social scientists and anthropologists, argues that race is not genetic but is a social and cultural construct. This historiography willdiscuss the way in which arguments and the…...
Health Care in Greek Culture
It is important for health care providers to consider cultural beliefs, values, and behaviors while interacting with patients so that relationships can be built upon trust and respect. Understanding and respecting culturally diverse beliefs will help to provide competent care for clients and practitioners of all cultures and in all settings. The Greek culture is very unique and is well known for its naturalistic approach to health care. Hippocrates, also known as the “Father of Medicine”, based his philosophy on…...
Manifest Destiny as Justice for Native Americans
The 4th of July in the year 1786 remains a special day in the history of the USA, being the day when the nations making up the USA come together into a confederation of states. This came as a result of the Declaration of Independence by the thirteen British colonies within that period, that joined up into the confederation. After granting them independence, the Great Britain facilitated the formation of the confederation of states as documented in the Treaty of…...
HistoryManifest DestinyNative Americans
Westward Expansion 1860-1890
1860-1870 After the Civil War, Americans moved west of the Mississippi River, assuming control the area for farms, homesteads, and mines, and driving out the first clients, the Local Americans. American pioneers and European migrants overpowered the adversities of life on western homesteads planning to bring together new lives. An important part of the area in the West asserted by pilgrims was the country of Native American meetings that had utilized it for quite a long time. The westbound expansion…...
Native AmericansWestward Expansion
The Historical Exile of Native Americans
In order to understand the root cause of current day oppressions and injustices faced by specific minority racial groups, it is impossible to do so without fully examining and studying the history of racism, political struggle, violence, and oppression. Furthermore, when one is trying to comprehend the perpetuation of racial inequalities, it is a requirement to understand that racism is not just individual prejudices, but a collective social acceptance of racism that is weaved into institutional structures, making it difficult…...
Native American Culture
Throughout my career, I have met multiple people from different cultural backgrounds. I currently have a colleague that has taught me much of her culture and has ever since gained my attention. The Native American culture is a culture that I find truly intriguing. This is not the first time I hear about this culture. I have attended a few of their Powwows. A Powwow is how Native Americans reunite in intent to dance, sing, visit, renewing old friendships, and…...
How Manifest Destiny Affected Native American Culture?
What is no one spoke English anymore? What if it was illegal to celebrate Christmas? What if a new race of people decided to invade America and force Americans out of their homes? This was what happened to Native Americans during America’s Westward Expansion. Native American culture disappeared because America’s westward expansion forced them out of their homeland, disease and violence killed millions of them, and new laws gave them no rights. Life in the Western Hemisphere was much different…...
CultureManifest DestinyNative Americans
Impact of Colonization of America on Native Americans
The colonization of America has usually been depicted as something positive, whether it be the relationship between John Smith and Pocahontas, or the first Thanksgiving meal shared between the pilgrims and the Wampanoag. The interactions that the Natives and the colonist had may have started off as cordial and good-natured when the Virginia Company sailed into the Chesapeake in 1607. But as the years passed on, their relationship became unstable, and ultimately resulted in King Philip’s war, which ended the…...
Subjectivities in the Science of Race
The scientific perception of race is an ever-evolving field of study that has changed drastically since prominent studies published in the 19th century. Tethered to the political, religious, and cultural beliefs of the time, the science of race has been a malleable concept, influenced by subjectivities and the dominant paradigms of each respective era. Due to the environment one is immersed in, people’s mindsets and beliefs are heavily influenced by their surroundings, which ultimately mold one’s perception of the world.…...
Does Racial Profiling Work?
Racial profiling is the use of race or ethnicity as ways for people to suspect that someone has committed an offense. It is illegal , yet , it continues to occur especially now in the United States with all the immigration situations happening. In addition to that , it has become a major problem in society. It occurs every day, in cities and towns across the country, when law enforcement and private security target people of color for humiliating and…...
Race And IdentityRacial ProfilingRacism
The Impact of Society on Racial Identity
Introduction The race is defined as a “socially created concept that identifies a group as “different,” usually on the basis of ancestry or certain physical characteristics” (Ballantine, Roberts, Korgen 2018). Although we do not want to believe that there are problems relating to race in our world, we should face it rather than completely ignore it. The problem would most likely be fixed once people start learning more about other races. Everyone is so quick to judge others and they…...
Multi Racial SocietyRace and EthnicityRace And Identity
The Idea of a Post Racial Society
While the idea of a post-racial society is resplendent, the harsh reality is that the state of this country is nothing but. We are living in a time where racially motivated acts are disguised in laws and practices that many are not aware of. These actions are not obvious in their intentions, making it hard to acknowledge them as oppressive acts. Unless a person looks deep into the hidden meanings and effects of these racially biased practices, they will not…...
Multi Racial SocietyRaceRace And Identity
Romanticism and Modernism in Short Stories
In the texts “ Araby” and “We Are Seven” the differences and similarities, Romantics and Modernists point of views on childhood. William Wordsworth's 'We Are Seven' has all the features of a lyrical ballad. The story is revealed to the reader through the skillful choice of phrases. In my perception “We are Seven” - is a justified attempt of the writer to connect both past and present. The perceptions of the little girl are connected with her surrounding. The work…...
Common in Sweat and Araby
The theme of cause and effect are present throughout the literary works of Sweat, by Zora Neale Hurston, as well as Araby, by James Joyce. In the latter case with a boy putting all his eggs in one basket in the pursuit of a hollow ideal which he attached to the figure of Mangan’s sister; a fantasy holding no ground in reality. This theme works in a different way for Delia, the heroine of Sweat. For her it is the…...
Comparison of Gallants and Araby
Gallants and Araby are two stories from Dubliners written by James Joyce that depict the ideas of epiphanies, which are also known as “ah-ha moments.” While both stories are very different, the epiphanies can be compared as the realization of a life’s disappointments. In the short story Two Gallents, Corley is going on a date with a housekeeper. Corley had gone on a date with the woman where at the end of the date she gives Corey a gold coin…...
Adolescents in James Joyce ‘Araby’
James Joyce 'Araby' happens in Dublin, Ireland. It looks towards the problems that Irish people were facing around 1905. Joyce gives a vivid illustration of the narrator’s house, the market area, the nearby road, the Arabys’ and the Magnan sister’s home. Araby serves as a bazaar which assists the narrator to see the reality in him: “A beast steered moreover mocked by self-admiration.” This particular tale starts as the writer recounting North Richmond Street. “North Richmond Street, being sightless, was…...
Cruelty of Reality in “Araby”
Authors highlight the dangers of idealization to accentuate the ironic mode in heroes’ realistic journeys. In a story “A Devoted Son,” Rakesh’s father Varma think Also, in “Araby”, the narrator is As well as “The Rocking-Horse Winner,” the main character of this story, Paul. He is a young boy who is lack of mother’s love. Paul wish his mother would love him, so he tell his mother that he is a lucky guy, “ “Well, anyhow,” he said stoutly, “I’m…...
Symbolism in “Araby” by James Joyce
Araby by James Joyce is a wonderfully executed short story of an Irish boy that becomes infatuated with his neighbors sister and seeks to impress her with a gift. Joyce utilizes many elements that allow it to go smoothly and despite the dreary atmosphere that’s been expressed through the writing, it’s a piece that leaves a lingering effect on the reader. While the plot is small and quite anticlimactic at face value, leaving the main theme a puzzle, the style…...
Adolescent infatuation and disappointment in James Joyce “Araby”
This story was written by James Joyce in a series of Dubliners in 1914, he is a young boy living with his aunt and uncle in Dublin in a small house that use to belong to a priest now deceased. Although the story is a friction, James Joyce presented it in quite so real manner which was why I took an interest in the story. His style of Writing removes this story from ordinary fiction to literature, so much so…...
Lesson from short story “Araby”
Two stories from the prose fiction unit included young men facing a similar journey and choice in life. In “A&P” by John Updike and “Araby” by James Joyce, Sammy and the protagonist both have romantic views of girls that they are infatuated with based upon appearances and material items. “A&P” is a static narration so that the reader can interpret the character’s experience of love, whereas “Araby” utilizes sombre vocabulary throughout the story to depict the outcome and reality of…...
Importance of Feeling in Story of Araby
The story of Araby is unique in every way possible. The story consists of a considerable amount of romance, resentment, reminiscences, and concentration. What makes Araby even more interesting is that the narrator is deemed unknown with no name. Although, throughout the story, it is known that the narrator is a boy who has strong feelings for his friend Mangan’s sister. Every moment is savored whenever the narrator is around her. The narrator also has strong but odd relations with…...
Uniqueness of the story “Araby”
The story, “Araby,” is a story of the loss of innocence a young boy experiences at the end of the story. The nameless boy lives in a fantasy world he has built in his mind. In this world, that seems to be an escape from the oppressive reality. He has a drunk uncle. The uncle came home late and it suggest that he is, at least, not behaving as one would normally, “…talking to himself and heard the hallstand rocking…...
The Genocide of Native Americans During the Period of Gold Rush in California
At the time of Spanish colonization in the late 1700s, California was home to more than 300,000 Native Americans. There were more than 200 tribes. But, after the Mexican-American war in 1848, the state of California became a property of the US, gold was discovered near Sutter’s Mill in 1848 and created a new era for California. The era of a wild race for riches. A man named Sam Brannan, who was an American oligarch and a founder of California…...
California gold rushNative Americans
Analysis of “The Adventures in the Unknown Interior of America” by Cabeza de Vaca
In the book The Adventures in the Unknown Interior of America Written by Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, Adventures in the Unknown Interior of America nitty-gritty the events of Cabeza de Vaca’s eight-year skip from Spain to the New World. De Vaca accepted that it was Zemourri who became the requisite one: ‘It was,’ wrote de Vaca, the Native Americans, and it was Zemourri’s affability with born languages that kept the man existent and even, after a tempo, assign them…...
The Journey of Alvar Nunez Cabeza De Vaca
Since the beginning of time the need for human civilization to explore the unknown has and will always be second nature to us. We go above and beyond to learn of new worlds so that we ourselves can expand the knowledge we’ve learned in our own land. We take our knowledge, power, rules and way of life and share it and transfer it, sometimes not in the best ways, to other cultures and other worlds so that we ourselves leave…...
Is Chronicle really about Cabeza de Vaca’s Journey
Chronicle is a well-known account of the Spanish journey to the Americas. The story is about a group of men traveling to a new land to bring Christianity to the savages of the Americas. Cabeza de Vaca’s account has been widely debated as being exaggerated and pins him as an unreliable narrator. His embellishments in his story seem as a distraction from him not having much to report back to the king of Spain. The broad generalizations he makes, and…...
Analysis of “The Narrative of Cabeza de Vaca”
In “The Narrative of Cabeza de Vaca,” Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca’s recounts a dramatic story of the 1527 expedition to North America, where voyagers had to survive against the many odds while being deprived of the basic necessities in life. His experience brought an insight into the history of America, as well as Spain, as it revealed a certain equilibrium between the “mighty” and “superior” Spaniard and the Indian. Throughout the narrative the idea of bareness conveys the trials…...
The Ever Changing Identity of Cabeza de Vaca
Ten years is no short span of time. Entire World Wars have been fought in that stretch of time, incredible structures have been created in that period, and amazing discoveries have been procured in that such an interval. With all those great feats happening within ten years, it wouldn’t be unprecedented to see a person’s identity change in that time period. Cabeza de Vaca can be considered one of those people whose identities doesn’t just change, but changes vastly in…...
Life of Cabeza de Vaca
Cabeza de Vaca became the first Spanish Europena to explore North America in the sixteenth century. The following eights years of living with native Indians in North America, he would become enslaved, used for as a trade labor, a healer, but also be considered a spiritual leader by thousands of natives. Immediately after escaping Galveston Island in the coming Spring of 1530, Cabeza de Vaca began his journey from Native villages while also managing to set himself up as a…...
Native Americans in “The Pearl” by John Steinbeck
Steinbeck's The Pearl is one of his most intriguing pieces. Steinbeck manages to fit many different ideas into a short novella that is under a hundred pages. However, what makes The Pearl truly a great book is his critique of colonial society, and the interaction of Native Americans and colonists. Steinbeck emphasizes the differences between the colonists and the native Indians by using such symbols as the relationship between town and village, education, and instinct. Steinbeck also shows that he…...
John SteinbeckNative AmericansThe Pearl
How did Westward Expansion of the United States Effect Chickasaw Culture?
A proud group of people forced to move out of their home land and forced into a new life style. Changes that shift everything about who they are and the life style they once held so dear to them. The group at mention is the Chickasaw tribe of North America. This group of Native Americans inhabited the southeast regions of Kentucky, Mississippi, Tennessee, and Alabama. During the 1830’s this tribe along with many other Indian tribes were relocated forcefully to…...
Native AmericansWestward Expansion
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Race, Class and Ethnicity Concepts
Although race, class and ethnicity concepts have a social construct, they become real based on the consequences they have on our lives. Their social world affects are evident from my personal experiences obtained from peer groups, religious and educational institutions, media representations and I have been able to perceive of my sense of identity. I am a 30 year-old female black student from Nigeria and am undertaking my second in the USA. I moved into the US some nine years ago when I was almost completing high school. I took my final year in the US and then moved to college thereafter.
Throughout my life, I have come to understand much about class, race and ethnicity as far as human interaction is concerned. I have interacted with people of different races, ethnicities and classes, and this fact has given me enough experience on how to interact with people from different backgrounds based on these three social concepts (Alexander, 2012). Coming from an African country where live is characterized by culture, class, ethnic groups and different beliefs, I was able to learn much about my identity. Our country has people who are predominantly black but the different tribes shape different ethnic backgrounds based on culture and class (Lichtenstein, 2015). This fact and the fact that different languages exist allowed me as a young growing person to be constantly aware of the fact that I am different. Through my daily interactions with peers from the elementary level of school to the college level where I am now, I have found myself struggling to fit in the bigger groups. Back in my country the problem is not only based on the aspect of ethnicity but is based on class.
Class determines the social status one’s family is whether middle, lower of high. I come from the lower class social status. As I schooled with peers of different classes and tribes I have come to realize that there are groups that are considered minority than others especially in a case where your tribe is not popular among the social elites. I found it hard to interact with peers of middle and upper class or those who felt that their tribes are bigger than others. However, I was very comfortable when amongst the peers I considered them to be in the same class and tribe as I was. We have to know that we are different from the way one group of peers will treat us when we try to socialize (Resnick, & Wolff, 2013). Those who feel themselves higher than others will try to show you that you do not fit in their group through various ways of discriminations. They normally avoided me, hurled harsh words or talked negatively about my tribe and class.
Experience of Racial and Class Discrimination
When I came to the US, the situation was worse as I tried to adapt to a completely different environment with people of different skin color. Though as a young Nigerian, I had learnt about the whites, I had never got the chance to interact with them as closely as in a classroom. I also came to realize that I was not the only different but the country had different people coming from different areas of the world. I began to understand the issue of race as I interacted with these people. Learning in a predominantly white environment also makes one see the differences among people, especially based on race (Wolff, & Resnick, 2012). I have so far noticed that blacks have a completely different hair from that of the whites. I have in many occasions tried to fit myself in the groups of people with light skin which are normally considered greater in the country. I have tried to put hair extensions which have earned me such as comments as ‘give the hair back to the horse’. To avoid such embarrassing moments I learnt to attach myself to the other minority groups as I find them to be part of my clique. Being ethnic minorities in the country, makes us feel that we belong to this clique especially when the whites excluded us for being black.
Ethnic symbols through the media also shape this aspect that we are different. Reggae and hip hop music are used to set people of different race and class apart. They shape the aspect that in the social world there are people who are quite different based on class, ethnicity and race (Alexander, 2011). These concepts define who we are in the society and one has to identify him or herself with the group where he or she fits (Kleinman, & Benson, 2006). In such groups, one will feel welcomed, accepted and develop the feeling that something common unites them. While in the classroom, an aspect or alienation is normally felt (Lorde, 2013). As I grew up, I never had the feeling that I would be able to speak up among people especially in a case where these social concepts defined what we are in the society. There has always the fear of exposing my outgoing persona for people are bound to make fun of me. I found myself different and feared doing anything that makes people focus their attention on this difference.
During group projects in the class, I normally took the roles that would make me speak out the least to avoid that much attention. This has been the case especially when I know that I am among the majority groups who considered themselves superior. So far regardless of the challenges of trying to fit in groups that are different in terms of race, ethnicity and class, I have come to find out that people were created different and that we need to accept who we are since we cannot change our identifies. The failure to accept hurts more than the aspect of being treated as minority. Accepting one’s own identity makes them develop confidence and face the others and challenge them (Bolin, & Kurtz, 2018). I came to realize that even when we are defined as being less superior, I have the same talents, abilities, strengths and weaknesses as my fellow light-skinned peers. Based on this aspect I have changed my original perceptions, stereotypes and beliefs that I belong to a minority group or not. As I do my second degree in a college from the US, I am more confident and determined than I was when I was young. I have developed the knowledge that I can comfortably live even among people of different classes, ethnicities and races as much as I respect my own and other people’s identity that defines who they are in the society. I am able to work in almost all backgrounds without the feeling that I am weak in any way.
However, sometimes there are situations when people get discriminated based on race, class and ethnic concepts even in my own country as different people find it hard to drop the traditional beliefs that they are superior to others (Gordon, 2013). In this case, I can join the world to fight against these percepts that tend to divide people and affect their social nature. I as I strive to finish my second degree, I wish to work for an international group that lobbies for unity, togetherness and oneness regardless of skin color, race, class, or ethnicity. Though this aspect may be hard to achieve, I have the feeling that trying is better than never doing anything.
- Alexander, M. (2011). The new jim crow. Ohio St. J. Crim. L., 9, 7.
- Alexander, M. (2012). The new Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness. The New Press.
- Bolin, B., & Kurtz, L. C. (2018). Race, class, ethnicity, and disaster vulnerability. In Handbook of disaster research (pp. 181-203).
- Springer, Cham. Gordon, C. (2013). Growing apart: A political history of American inequality. Accessed December, 19.
- Kleinman, A., & Benson, P. (2006). Anthropology in the clinic: the problem of cultural competency and how to fix it. PLoS medicine, 3(10), e294.
- Kleinman, A., & Benson, P. (2010). Anthropology in the clinic: the problem of cultural competency and how to fix it. Understanding and applying medical anthropology, 290-5.
- Lichtenstein, N. (2015). Growing Apart: A Political History of American Inequality.
- Lorde, A. (2013). There is no hierarchy of oppressions. Bulletin: Homophobia and education, 14(3/4), 9. http://www.pages.drexel.edu/~jc3962/COR/Hierarchy.pdf
- Resnick, S. A., & Wolff, R. D. (2013). Class theory and history: Capitalism and communism in the USSR. Routledge.
- Wolff, R. D., & Resnick, S. A. (2012). Contending economic theories: neoclassical, Keynesian, and Marxian. MIT Press.