Essays on Operant Conditioning

Organisational Behaviour Modification
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Pages • 5
This essay begins with the definition of Organisational Behaviour Modification including details on the technique theories. These ideas, the four ways, are then taken further and applied for dealing with students behavioural problems in the school. Definitions Organisational Behaviour Modification (OB Mod) is "making specific behaviour occur more or less often by managing its cues and consequences", as Kreitner & Kinicki (1995) noted. It indicates that when apply OB Mod into practice, one should decrease or increase the behaviour he…...
BehaviorOperant ConditioningOrganizational BehaviorPsychology
Humanism, Cognitivism and Behaviourism
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In this assignment I shall be exploring three theories of teaching and learning. They are Humanism, Cognitivism and Behaviourism. I shall be explaining the main factors of the three theories and then explaining how they can support effective teaching and learning in general and for myself personally in my teaching role. The first theory I shall explore is Humanism. ‘Humanism stresses [a learner’s] interests, individuality and creativity – in short the [learner’s] freedom to develop naturally and from teacher domination’…...
BehaviourismClassical ConditioningHumanismLearningMotivationOperant Conditioning
Evaluate Theories of the Formation of Romantic Relationships
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Paper Type:Evaluation essays
Formation of romantic relationships can be explained in two theories. The theories include the reward, satisfaction theory which focusses on classical and operant conditioning. And another explanation is shown through the filter model which argues that relationships develop through three different filters. The filter model was devised Kerchoff and Davis and suggests relationships from in three different filters. The first filter involves social, demographic variables. This filters out all the people that are from different backgrounds and people who live…...
LoveMusicOperant ConditioningPsychologyRelationshipTheories
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Is Corporal Punishment a Strategy for Behavioral Change
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A stitch in time saves nine. This is a famous proverb which means to deal with problems now than to act later. Similarly managing behavior and emotional disorders should start in childhood rather than waiting for them to escalate out of proportion later on in adolescence or adulthood. The question is what is the best way of managing bad behavior? In most societies corporal punishment has been one of the interventions used to address behavioral disorders and emotional behaviors. What…...
BehaviorChangeCorporal PunishmentHuman NatureOperant ConditioningPsychology
Learning Through Classical and Operant Conditioning
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A discussion of the psychological theories of learning through classical and operant conditioning There are two main explanations of how organisms learn. The first explanation is known as classical conditioning. The second explanation is known as operant conditioning. These two types of learning are exhibited in our everyday lives through our home, school, and school. Classical conditioning was discovered by Iran Petrovich Pavlov. He was originally a physiologist whose main focus was the digestive system (Gazzaniga 230). His discovery was…...
ChangeClassical ConditioningLearningOperant ConditioningPsychology
Aurora Products
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Pages • 6
Introduction As part of my bachelor's degree studies in Psychology and per the requirement of Concordia University, St. Paul, I completed a 14-week internship beginning the 21st of January through the 22nd of April, 2019. My internship was completed at Aurora Products and Services, a Day Training and Habilitation (DT&H) day program for adults with developmental disabilities. Aurora provides home and community-based services and operates under 245D-HCBS Program License Number 1070559. Aurora is located at 4225 White Bear Pkwy #100, Vadnais…...
HealthMental HealthOperant ConditioningPsychology
023 Understand Child and Young Person development
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Age range Explain the sequence and rate of development 0-3 months When born, babies show innate reflexes, such as swallowing and sucking, rooting reflex, grasp reflex, startle reflex, walking and standing reflex; in the first month babies become less curled up and the startle reflex is starting to fade; toward the end of the third month babies start lifting and turning their heads. 3-6 months When lying on front babies can lift their arms and legs balancing on their tummies;…...
Child developmentClassical ConditioningCognitive DevelopmentLearningOperant ConditioningReinforcement
Behaviorism and tantrums
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Pages • 2
Behaviorism and tantrums Jess’s story is an example of operant conditioning, because most of his behaviors are voluntary. Jess had already learned how to get candies and other sweets from his dad at the grocery. This is also an example of positive reinforcement, because Jess is getting something he loves when he misbehaves and throws tantrums, which eventually increases Jess's negative behavior in the future. Bill's behavior can be defined as negative reinforcement, since he is giving donuts to Jess…...
BehaviorOperant ConditioningReinforcement
Behavior Problem
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The management of disruptive behavior problems is a familiar concern for many schools. Student’s behavior problems are challenging at all levels in school in recent years, behavior difficulties in school have increased, teachers seem to be unprepared to deal with these problem. According to C. E. C. P (1998) “Difficult student misbehaviors, reported by teacher include violation of classroom rules, being truant from school, blaming others for problems, irresponsible behavior, and destruction of property. p. 21) Given the seriousness of…...
BehaviorOperant ConditioningPsychologyReinforcement
Distinguish between operant conditioning
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Pages • 2
Distinguish between operant conditioning, observational learning, and social learning. How are these different kinds of learning utilized in the work place? Give specific examples for each one. Operant conditioning is a theory that is useful when applied to the workplace in several ways. It addresses how employees interact with one another and with clients to how financially successful a company is annually. Operant learning is positive reinforcement. Another example of operant conditioning would be if your boss gives you raise…...
LearningObservational LearningOperant Conditioning
The Application of Operant Conditioning Techniques in a Secondary Classroom
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The Application Of Operant Conditioning Techniques In A Secondary Classroom Background A plethora of Studies have reported the effectiveness of operant conditioning techniques in altering the behavior of children in a number of different situations. There has been many studies in which teacher-supplied consequences have had effects on preschool and elementary school children in a regular classroom, but almost none in the secondary schooling classrooms. The results of these studies were that in smaller classrooms, students’ behavior improved with consequences…...
ClassroomOperant ConditioningTeacherTime
Use operant conditioning principles to reduce disruptive behaviors
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According to the Operant Conditioning theory proposed by Skinner, the individual learns a particular behavior through interaction with the environment. When the individual interacts with his or her environment, the events or stimuli that occur in the environment would result in the individual changing his or her behavior. For example, if the individual performs a particular action, if he gets a positive reinforcement from the environment (such as a price or an incentive), there are chances that there would be…...
BehaviorOperant ConditioningReinforcement
Differences of Radical Behaviorism, Experimental Analysis of Behavior and Applied Behavior Analysis
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The phrase "extreme behaviorism" can either be used to an approach which was produced by B. F. Skinner and can likewise be utilized to refer to a particular school which became understood during the time when behaviorism was in power. It thinks about habits as a life sciences and that the habits of animals can be understood and studied beneficially, similar to the behavior of people (Chiesa, 1994). On the other hand, "experimental analysis of behavior" can also refer to…...
BehaviorExperimentOperant ConditioningReinforcement
Skinner and his Contributions to Psychology
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Burrhus Fredric Skinner is an American psychologist and behaviorist. He has made many contributions to psychology and most are still used today. They are used to treat some phobias and addictive behaviors in humans. He also thought of radical behaviorism which is his own philosophy of science. Skinner believes that the best way to understand behavior is to look at the causes of an action and its consequences. He believes that behaviors are depending on what happens after the response…...
Operant ConditioningPsychologyReinforcement
Reinforcement Model
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Motivation is derived from the Latin word movere, which means “to move”. According to dictionary of management, it can be defined as the forces acting on or within a person that cause the arousal, direction, and persistence of goal-directed, voluntary effort. Motivation is one of the most important areas of study in the field of organizational behaviour. Motivation is done to inspire and encourage people to fulfil their needs. In motivation people tend to do something because they want to…...
BehaviorMotivationMotivation In LifeOperant ConditioningReinforcement
Language Acquisition
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Refer the theories of language acquisition (Behaviorist theories, nativist theories and interactionist theories) and write an evaluation of them.Consider the stages of language acquisition in the evaluation of these theories. Human language development is a huge debate between Nature Vs Nurture within theorists of various fields in psychology.There are three major schools of thought that will be mainly focused on; behaviourist, nativist (rationalist) and interactionist(cognitive and social). The cognitive approach and social context of language development is known as interactionist…...
LanguageLanguage AcquisitionLinguisticsMetaphysicsOperant Conditioning
Positive Behavior
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Reinforcement is a consequence following a behavior that could increase the probability of the behavior (Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 2007). Reinforcement helps the behavior to be strong enough that it can occur naturally within its one’s environment or can be a part of an intervention plan that teaches new behaviors (Sulzer-Azaroff & Mayor, 1991). Reinforcement is an important concept in operant conditioning and an important part of learning process. B. F. Skinner accepted this technique to modify reinforcement and punishment…...
BehaviorOperant ConditioningReinforcementTeacher
A Clockwork Orange: A Psychological Movie Analysis
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The major theme of the movie can be interpreted as a major revulsion of psychological behaviorism as developed by B. F. Skinner and John Watson. Behaviorism states that behavior is a continuous learning process reinforced by reward systems. It also states that personality is nothing but a reflection of behavior, since the latter defines the former. In the movie, there were several attempts to reject the idea of behaviorism. Here are as follows: At some point in the movie, Alex…...
A Clockwork OrangeMovieOperant ConditioningReinforcement
Operant Conditioning as a Result of Students’ Behavior
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Operant conditioning is used by the society to influence the behavior of various members of the society. According to Dragoi and Staddon (2000), it was developed by B. F. Skinner and involves using consequences to influence the occurrence of behavior. When using operant behavior, the desirable behavior is encouraged through rewards, while undesirable behavior is discouraged through punishments. The responses that are delivered following an action or behavior are used to influence the frequency of this behavior. This is done…...
BehaviorLearningMotivationOperant ConditioningReinforcement
Conditioning Procedures in Shaping Children’s Behaviour
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A child is repeatedly exhibiting inappropriate and unwanted behaviour (e.g. hitting sibling), which conditioning procedures could be used to most effectively stop this? Behaviours that produce favourable consequences are repeated and become habits, but those that produce unfavourable consequences tend not to recur (Ouellette and Wood, 1998 as cited in Martin, 2006). Experience changes the probability of repeating certain behaviours indicating that learning involves adaptation. As time goes on, old behaviours are eliminated and new behaviours are learned. Pavlov…...
ChildrenClassical ConditioningOperant ConditioningReinforcement
Learning theories
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Primary research consists of the collection of original primary data. It is often undertaken after the researcher has gained some insight into the issue by reviewing secondary research or by analyzing previously collected primary data. It can be accomplished through various methods, including questionnaires and telephone interviews in market research, or experiments and direct observations in the physical sciences, amongst others. Secondary Research: Secondary research (also known as desk research) involves the summary, collation and/or synthesis of existing research rather…...
Classical ConditioningLearningOperant ConditioningReinforcementResearchTheories
Comparing Classical and Operant Conditioning
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I will be comparing classical and operant conditioning by explaining fear of heights. Fear of heights is known as Acrophobia. The phobia part does not occur until a person is in an environment that most people would be relatively fine in, such as attending a theme park or being in a building such as a sky scraper for example. Most of the time when treating someone with acrophobia therapists will use graded exposure therapy. Any fear starts by learning, so…...
Operant ConditioningPsychology
Operant Conditioning
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The term operant conditioning is heard all over the psychology world. It is one of the first theories that one is introduced to during their psychology learning years. So, what exactly is this theory? While learning about operant conditioning we must pay attention to two necessities, positive and negative reinforcements. These two play a key role in operant conditioning and behaviors. But which reinforcement method works better? Positive or negative? There are a few aspects to look into when determining…...
Operant ConditioningPhilosophyReinforcementSocial Psychology
Compare and Constrast Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods
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Based on Freud’s theory (psychoanalytic) human functioning 1. The structure of the mind and the distinct functions of Personality The Freud's structural theory (Freud, 1923, 1926) dispenses with the concepts of a fixed id, ego and superego, and point out unconscious and conscious conflict among wishes:dependent, Controlling, Sexual, Aggressive, guilt, shame, emotions (especially anxiety and depressive affect), And defensive operations that shut off from consciousness some aspect of the others. Id, ego, and super-ego are the three parts of the…...
Operant ConditioningPersepolisPsychoanalysisQualitiesReinforcementResearch
My utopian society
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The paper describes a utopian society that is created using Skinner’s principles of operant conditioning. The basic principles and norms of family and community relationships are discussed. The paper evaluates the basics of the community’s economic and criminal justice system. My Personal Utopian Society B. F. Skinner is fairly regarded as one of the most prominent figures in behavioral psychology. His experiments and theoretical elaborations resulted in the development of a new theory of operant conditioning – the turning point…...
BehaviorOperant ConditioningPsychologyReinforcementSocietyUtopia
Compare and contrast two approaches
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Psychology is a huge science area with many variations on approach. Over many years Psychologists such as Freud, Skinner, Rogers and Watson, just to name a few, have contributed, providing us with invaluable tools to evaluate and treat mental illness, understand and treat phobias and indeed provide us with a window into the unconscious mind. In particular, two areas of study have intrigued me, so I believe it would be useful to compare and contrast these two very different approaches.…...
BehaviourismCompare And ContrastMental HealthOperant ConditioningPsychoanalysisPsychology
Theory Essay (B.F.Skinner And Jerome Bruner)
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Wednesday, October 10, 2001 This essay is based on the two theories by Jerome Bruner and B.F. Skinner. In this essay B.F.Skinners' theory on Operant Conditioning is compared to that of Jerome Bruners' theory on cognitive learning. This states the ideas and opinion's of the two persons' and their theories on learning. Jerome Bruner had a great effect on cognitive learning. Bruners' theory states, " to perceive is to categorize, to conceptualize is to categorize, to learn is to form…...
Human NatureLearningOperant ConditioningPsychologyTheory
History of Behavior Modification
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Behavior Modification is defined as the use of rewards or punishments to reduce or eliminate problematic behavior, or to teach an individual new responses to environmental stimuli. The goal of a behavior modification program is to change and adjust behavior that is inappropriate or undesirable. Two main tools used in behavior modification are positive and negative reinforcement. Behavior modification can be traced to lab research as far back as the 1800's and 1900's. Most of this research was done through…...
BehaviorHistoryJuvenile DelinquencyLearningOperant ConditioningReinforcement
Skinner’s Behavioral Theory of Reward
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When you think of punishment and reward you think of a reaction; but man has come up with theories of why we do the things that we can do. Conditioning and learning is defined as change in behavior, which is resulted by different types of practices and experiences. In this report the main topics will be classical conditioning, operant conditioning, cognitive-social learning, and neuroscience and evolution. Every time we do something good or bad the outcome determines our reactions in…...
BehaviorBehavioral TheoryClassical ConditioningLearningOperant ConditioningReinforcement
Analysis of Sniffy The Virtual Rat Experiment
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The purpose of this experiment was to test whether training a simulated rat under a Partial Reinforcement Schedule took longer to extinguish than being trained in a Continuous Reinforcement Schedule. The subject involved was a computer based rat. The rat was trained in a Skinner box to bar press under each a continuous reinforcement schedule and a partial reinforcement schedule. Extinction of both schedules was done and times were reported. The hypothesis was that a rat under a partial reinforcement…...
ExperimentExtinctionOperant ConditioningReinforcement
Shaping, Chaining, and Reinforcement Schedules in Prison
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Shaping, Chaining, and Reinforcement Schedules in Prison: A Review Shaping, chaining and reinforcement schedules are learning theories utilized in operant conditioning to change individual behaviors. Shaping involves teaching new behaviors in steps. An individual shapes their behaviors when they are rewarded for closely or perfectly mastering a step in the behaviors modification. Chaining is the links that are made from one step to another in the behavior modification. Reinforcement schedules are the rewards and punishments given when an individual masters…...
AngerAnger managementOperant ConditioningPrisonReinforcement
The Theory of Operant Conditioning
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Introduction The study of human behavior by psychologists such as B.F. Skinner, Edward Thorndike, Ivan Pavlov, and Watson is fascinating. These five psychologists each have different theories on human behavior. There are similarities and differences in each of the theories. Ivan Pavlov’s classical conditioning theory, studied animals and formed the basis for behavioral psychology (Cherry, 2013). Edward Thorndike’s theory of connectionism consisted of studying the learning process of behavior in animals. His studies also included problem solving, administering and evaluating…...
Classical ConditioningOperant ConditioningReinforcementTheory
Addictions and Phobias Through Classical and Opperant Conditioning
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Phobias and Addictions through Classical and Operant Conditioning This paper will explore how phobias and addictions are formed through both classical and operant conditioning and show just as addictions and phobias can be formed, they can also become extinct. Classical conditioning is the use of a conditional stimulus such as a person, place or object that forms an unconditional response. An unconditional response is one that does not require thought, but instead, is a natural reaction of the body (Kowalski…...
AddictionClassical ConditioningOperant ConditioningPhobiasReinforcement
Human Behavior in Organization
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The Traditional Method-- it is presumed that staff members are economically motivated and work to earn as much money as they can. * Frederick Taylor established an approach of structuring jobs that he called clinical management. The Human Relations Technique-- This technique assumes that workers wish to feel helpful and crucial, that staff members have strong social needs, and that these requirements are more crucial than money in encouraging staff members. The Human Resource Technique-- the human relationists thought that…...
CommunicationHumanMotivationOperant ConditioningOrganizational BehaviorReinforcement
Changing Behavior Case Study Analysis
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A client approached me because he has a serious problem with procrastination. My client has procrastinated most activities that were not comfortable or enjoyable for as far back as he can remember. Procrastinated activities include but are not limited to paying bills, doing homework assignments, making progress on assigned projects in the office, buying presents for birthdays or holidays and scheduling just about anything. Due to this undesirable behavior my client has lost a few jobs, failed out of school…...
BehaviorCase StudyClassical ConditioningOperant ConditioningProcrastinationReinforcement
Theories Help Explain Drunk Driving
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Driving while intoxicated persists to be a major problem amongst teenage drivers. Although there are many precautions taken in order to prevent this type of activity, whether by the school, media or parents’, teens proceed to place themselves into these very high risk situations. These persistent behaviors drive us to look further into why teens partake in this type of activity or better yet what and who is influencing this age group. As asked by the principal I will attempt…...
AdolescenceHelpOperant ConditioningReinforcementSocial Learning TheoryTheories
Compare and contrast the main principles in psychoanalysis therapy and behavior therapy
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In normally, most of individuals are experienced in any condition of stress and anxiety and anxiety as part of their life. Good mental health is defined as an individual whose capability to please in any condition as well as sustain his/her brain's health in great relationships to others. (Grohol, 2008) However, Kendra Cherry (2010) educator also suggested that social contact needs to be needed in order to keep their life balance.( p5-8) Undoubtedly, a lot of feelings have actually been…...
BehaviorHealthOperant ConditioningPsychoanalysisPsychologyTherapy
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