Essays on Investment

Switching Investment Funds Decisions Among Members and Its Outcomes
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Most of the available empirical research supports the dynamic asset allocation strategy in comparison to other traditional asset allocation strategies where retirement benefit schemes involving members switching of assets is concerned. A member is faced with two decisions of either persevering to the end in an investment fund despite its performance or switching their investment between different succeeding funds with the aim of maximizing returns on their investment. According to Delpachitra Sarath et al 2014, the Rational and Informed Investors…...
Efficient Markets Hypothesis – Understanding
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Introduction Efficient market hypothesis also known as “Random walk theory” (Kendall 1953). Efficient market hypothesis is thought of “random walk” which used in finance to demonstrate the price chain where all the ensuing prices changed randomly from earlier prices. The random walk idea is the flow of unrestricted information that reflected in stock prices. So, tomorrow’s prices change will effect only on tomorrow news and the independent price changes today. Thus efficient market hypothesis define as Security prices respond to…...
EconomicsFinanceFinancial MarketsHypothesisInvestmentTesting
The Extraordinary History of Nike
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I’ve always wanted to own my own business since I was a kid, but never knew how I could make that a reality. I researched and researched constantly for advice and tips on where to start and how to get started. One day, I stumbled upon an article that talked about how Philip Knight, founder of Nike but was originally called Blue Ribbon Sports, teamed up with his college track coach, Bill Bowerman, and they each put in $500 to…...
BusinessFinanceFinancial MarketsHistoryInvestmentNike
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Singapore Investments in Medical and Health Research
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Introduction Investing in research and development of the healthcare system is vital for Singapore’s future because “by 2030, the number of Singaporeans aged 65 and above is projected to double to 900,000” (Population Sg, 2016) As the immune system of these elderlies are worsening, they would be prone to more illnesses and diseases. To prevent Singapore’s future to consist mostly of sickly elderly, the investment in research and development in Singapore’s healthcare can help to counter the rising issues of…...
Is Real Estate Investing A Good Investment?
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In the world, there are many commodities that people can invest in. One of the best ways to achieve financial freedom, self-success, and education in life after college or high-school, is investing into real estate. Investments are great assets to have no matter the gender, age, or social class. Real Estate investing can be a very who finally wants to commit, as it takes discipline and maximizing your efforts to become successful in real estate investing. Real Estate Investing, a…...
FinanceInvestmentMoneyReal Estate
International Monetary And Financial System
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What is international finance International Finance could be a critical issue of international economics. It is primarily associated with issues raised from the financial interactions of a minimum of two nations. Foreign exchange of currencies, the world financial system, direct investment abroad, and other important topics related to international monetary management are examples of international finance issues. The importance of international finance stems from the fact that commercial activities of firms, governments, and organizations get suffering from the existence of…...
BusinessFinanceInvestmentMonetary SystemMoney
The Sources of Finance Available to a Business
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Describe the main sources of finance available to companies. Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of raising finance via equity or via debt. The main sources of finance available to companies are as follows: Equity Capital – Equity Capital means that the part of the organizations capital, which is raised n exchange for the share of ownership n the company. These shares are called equity shares. Equity shareholders are the risk bearers of the company due to their fluctuating earnings. They…...
Socially Responsible Finance and Investing
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Definition Socially Responsible Investment (SRI) is an investment strategy that brings out a positive change by considering both financial return and social or environmental good. Socially Responsible Investment (SRI) also known as sustainable investing and responsible investing and impact investing which creates a huge impact in society through investment. One of the common reasons for socially responsible investment is to ignore investment in businesses that involved in alcohol, gambling, tobacco, fast food, pornography, weapons and etc. and finding out companies…...
SWFs invest in emerging markets
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Emerging markets With their strong growth as mentioned earlier, emerging markets are now very attractive as a place for investment. Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (Adia), a strong believer in the growth of such markets, is making significant investment, especially in Asia. The amount is known to be far greater than the amount of US biggest pension fund, as stated by Jean-Paul, head of Adia's investment strategy. Qatar Investment Authority 's (QIA) intention to expand its investment in Asia is another…...
Swaps Trading
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A financial reform bill is produced in Washington with speculation whether the new law would alter swaps trading once it is formally passed. This law seems to come as a relief to the banks which have had dominance on over-the-counter derivatives. This is so because, according to the new legislation, banks will no-longer use separate entities in revolving off derivatives such as interest rate (Mackenzie, 2010). Despite the fact that some commodities such agriculture, energy can be cleared, their derivatives…...
BusinessE CommerceEconomicsFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestment
Solvency & company
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Solvency refers to the company’s long-term capacity to keep up it stability over the long term (Brigham and Houston, 2002). Normally measured by the debt to equity ratio, with the formula of having the total debt of the company divided by its total equity; solvency assures investors that the company is not to just to exist in the short term but it must also have a long life to recover long term investments which takes years to produce the needed…...
Risk assessments
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Risk assessments, foreign direct investment, and Economic development have well established relationships that have governed them over a period. However, before we discuss the relationships that exist among these factors, it is important that we define these factors so that the reader may have a shred meaning with us in regards to the same. Risk assessments can be defined, as the name suggests, the probability that an economy’s business returns will be less than the expected return. For an economy,…...
ChinaEconomicsFinanceInvestmentRisk Assessment
What Was Early Life Like In North America Essay?
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WACC proves that if Diageo were to take on more debt, they will still be solvent. As we can't quantify distress cost, we are not able to find the optimal D/E ratio for Diageo through our model. However, our recommendation for Diageo's interest coverage maintenance would be between 3. 5 to 4. 5. If we take on too much debt, our equity value will shrink at a much faster rate. If we reach over 4. 5, our equity value is…...
Market ratios
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The company’s long-term capacity Solvency refers to the company’s long-term capacity to keep up it stability over the long term. Normally measured by the debt to equity ratio, with the formula of having the total debt of the company divided by its total equity, solvency should assure investors that the company will not just survive the short term but it must also have a long life to recover long term investments which takes years to produce the needed returns. The…...
Management efficiency
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Analyses of Coca-cola’s fundamentals reveal that the company has sound financial base, well capitalized, and efficiently run. As of December 2007, its Capital was US $103. 463 B, Total assets were US $ 45. 258 B, Equity was US $ 21. 744 B, Total liabilities US $ 21. 525 B, Revenue was US $ 28. 857 B and Net income US $ 5. 981 Billion (www. thecoca-colacompany. com/investors/financial_statements. html ). The financial ratios for financial period ending 31 Dec 2007…...
Is Foreign Direct Investment Necessary for Economic Development
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The economic development is a classic word that we always hear anywhere because of highly demand of human being. This is primary that economic development could make any country the overwhelming power against poverty. On the other hand, the objective of the economic development is to raise the life-standard of ordinary people. Economic development in other aspects is the prosperity of the country as a result of the expansion of investment. Definition of economic development Economic development, according to Harvard…...
Third Avenue Management
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Kmart Corporation's reorganization plan In February 2003, Kmart Corporation filed its amended reorganization plan with the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Northern District of Illinois. The corporation planned to exit from bankruptcy. For almost a year since filing bankruptcy, the corporation restructured its operations, closed many of its unprofitable stores, and revised its balance sheet. A year before, the corporation had weak average sales and negative cash flows. Most of its suppliers were unwilling to provide essential stock of…...
Foreign Direct Investment in China
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Prospect for China’s Future FDI Inflow Trends The different countries in the world have their own state of economy at any given time. This is the reason for the classification that a country has a developed economy while others are classified as developing and still a few belongs to underdeveloped category. It is a known fact that the development of economy of a certain country depend on the policies being implemented by the its government. A number of developed countries…...
Financing problems
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This report outlines Friendly Cards, Inc’s current financial problems and recommends ways in which they can be alleviated. Friendly Cards is unable to sustain its high debt levels due to loan covenants being imposed by its banks. Therefore equity capital needs to be raised to meet projected growth. She is considering three possible solutions; Acquiring Creative Designs (CD) Issuing 200,000 new shares at a price of $8 to an investor consortium Going public with a stock offering. Creative Designs is…...
Financial synergies
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Ms Beaumont was particularly interested in CD because acquiring it will provide both operating and financial synergies. The operating synergies include economies of scale, and the continuation of their high growth in sales due to the additional equity gained. Economies of scale will be realised through a 5% reduction in cost of goods sold (COGS) and a 10% decrease in other expenses, through elimination of duplications. The firm’s sales will remain steady during the year of ownership change but will…...
Exxon Mobile
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Introduction Exxon Mobil is a major player of the Integrated Oil and Gas Industry. It were incorporated in 1882 and is engaged in exploration for and production of crude oil and natural gas, manufacture of petroleum products as well as transportation and sale of crude oil, natural gas and petroleum products. The company is also manufacturers and marketer of various petrochemical and it has interests in electric power and generation facilities. Among its famous divisions and affiliates are named Exxon…...
BusinessExxon MobileFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestment
Enterprise Finance
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Most businesses are currently faced with challenges when it comes to financing their operations. There are diverse options to choose from, and each has its own advantages and disadvantages. Companies that do not have access to advice from professionals sometimes find themselves making the wrong decisions when choosing the means of finance. Such decisions are sometimes very costly and have been known to lead to bankruptcy in some companies. There are two major financing options; debt finance and equity finance.…...
BusinessFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestment
Current Share Price
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The current share price for Next Plc at close of business on 8th November is  27. 46 (Shareprices. com, 2011). The share price for any share in any company fluctuates on a daily, even hourly, basis due to supply and demand. The share price is for one share in Next Plc. This is what an investor would pay for per share if he/she were to purchase shares at the point the information was downloaded together with broker fees. Share price…...
BusinessFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestmentPrice
Importance of Capital Budgeting
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Currently Teletech applies their corporate hurdle rate of 10. 41% to all capital projects. The first objective of this case was to determine whether this corporate hurdle rate was appropriate for capital budgeting decisions within its two segments, Telecommunications Services and Products and Systems. In order to make this determination, the Weighted Average Cost of Capital (WACC) will be calculated for each segment of the company. WACCTeletech = (Wdebt Teletech K debt) + (Wequity Teletech K equity) The WACC reflects…...
Why are accurate financial statements important for outside business interests?
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The business' obligation to maintain accurate financial statements is inevitable not only for efficient management but also for the maintenance of a good corporate image essential for outside business interests. Financial statements represent the business' position; information that is vital to all users of financial statements and other stakeholders. Any business is bound to have interests outside the business since it needs external support in order to thrive. Again, maintaining a proper image on the external environment helps the business…...
Wealth creation through Nifty Bees
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Introduction The purpose of the survey is to happen out usage of simple traveling mean as a tool for wealth creative activity through Nifty BeES. Technical charts i.e. graphs are being used to understand the monetary value form of Nifty BeES and place the right monetary value degree for purchasing and selling. It is found that simple moving norm is an effectual tool to happen the appropriate degrees of purchasing and merchandising Nifty BeES and make wealth from it. An…...
FinanceFinancial MarketsInvestmentWealth
Ways to Achieve Financial Freedom by Attracting Money
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In the present financial fiasco where almost every developed nation is becoming a prey to the ever increasing hunger of debts and deficiencies, we all have some right to engage our knowledge and wisdom to gather money through our financial intelligence. The words like , debt consolidation and credit card counseling, are nevertheless trying to cure us from our debts and its injuries, but what about completely escaping its blows with the help of some diplomatic and calculated money-making decisions!…...
Credit CardFinanceFreedomInvestmentMoney
Unethical financial advice
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Another unethical financial advice that can be given by financial advisors to their clients is to encourage them to sell their funds such as unit trusts so as to get extra commission. Through this, the clients are convinced that it is a quick way of earning commission from their investments but in ends up with such detrimental effects on the client’s side that they may end up loosing their savings and other assets. On the other hand, the unethical financial…...
The UBS Australian Bond Fund
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The minimum amount that needs to invest in the UBS Australian Bond Fund will be $20,000. On the other hand, the minimum initial investment in the Russell Private Investment Series is $50,000. (Please read the conditions and information for both funds in the following web site, <www. ubs. com/australia> and <www. russell. com. au>) Source from Russell Investment Management Ltd 2007 This graph above is for you to understand more about the funds that you are going to invest in,…...
Trade deficit
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Britain is experiencing the worst trade deficits in centuries; according to Padgham (2007), the figures released in December 2006 represented the biggest trade deficit the country has witnessed in over three hundred years. As a proportion of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the present trade deficit is estimated at 4.3 percent, almost at par with the 1970s peak of 4.9 percent. However, unlike the mid 1970s when the trade deficit caused a Sterling crisis in the foreign exchange market, the present…...
“Tourism brings enormous benefits to less economically developed countries and very few problems”
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A tourist is a person who stays for more than one night in a place that is not their usual environment. Tourism is everything to do with tourists, including the activities they take part in and the services that support them. A LEDC is a 'less economically developed country'; this can be measured by income (per capita), GDP (gross domestic product), life expectancy and literacy rates. Tourism has grown for a variety of reasons, the main reason being greater affluence,…...
Craft brewing company “961 Beer”
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961 Beer, the first craft brewing company has been the epitome for start-ups on how to enter the then-monopolized market under the most adverse conditions. While in UAE, as the CEO of RAK, Mazen Hajjar met Henrik and explored the possibilities of this Lebanese beer. In early 2006, Hajjar called the quit and returned to Beirut for the entrepreneurial venture. From overcoming the political instability to be up against Almara, the Lebanese market dominator, 961 created its Point of Difference…...
The Wendt Corporation
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Chapter 2 problem 2-8, p. 79 The Wendt Corporation had $10. 5 million of taxable income. a. What is the company’s federal income tax bill for the year? Answer: $10. 5 x 0. 35 = $525, 000. 00 b. Assume the firm receives an additional $1 million of interest from some bonds it owns. What is the tax on this interest income? Answer: $1,000,000. 00 x 0. 35 = $350,000. 00 c. Now assume that Wendt does not receive the…...
The problems to estimate the cost of capital
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Before starting to describe the problems associated to the estimation of the cost of capital, it is extremely relevant to describe its meaning: according to Investopedia, it is “the cost of funds used for financing a business”. In order to carry out this process, the companies can only be financed through equity; only through debt; or using a “combination of debt and equity” - in this particular case it is a “overall cost of capital derived from a weighted average…...
The participants in the UK financial system
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Introduction The financial system is the main factor of the economy of a country. It is responsible for the day-to-day transactions like wages, paying bills, shopping. They are aided by financial institutions responsible for the monetary transactions and the financial markets which facilitate trade in cash and cash equivalents. Large Information technology (IT) systems facilitate communications and transactions among the individuals, organizations and the financial situations. The fundamental purposes of the system are to maintain financial stability and therefore a…...
BankEconomicsFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestmentLoan
The Impact Of Capital Market Economics Essay
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Al-faki ( 2006 ) , states that capital market is a web of specialise fiscal establishments, series of mechanism, procedures and substructure that in assorted ways facilitate the conveying together of providers and users of medium to long term capital for investing in economic development undertaking.Pedro and Erwan ( 2004 ) assert that fiscal market development raises end product by increasing the capital used in production and by guaranting the capital is put into best utilizations. Abdullahi ( 2005 )…...
EconomicsFinanceInvestmentStock Market
The Dedicated Broker: The Best Discount Brokers In America
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The Dedicated Broker is a part of Kensington Capital Corp. the one and only Kensington Capital Corporation has been providing the people with knowledgeable and personalized brokerage services to every one. Starting from corporate, institutional and individual investors, they have been giving valuable advice to them since the beginning of their institution in 1982. In our industry, the financial industry and stock market trading we have seen a surge of different trading platforms geared to a vast array of investors.…...
AmericaBusinessFinanceInvestmentStock Market
The Capital Asset Pricing Model
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Introduction When making investment decisions, every investor has to account for the total risk to the investment. The total risk is an aggregate of both the systematic and unsystematic risks associated within an investment (asset portfolio). The systematic risks also called the non diversifiable risks or market risks are risks caused by factors that affect the price of virtually all securities. They are the risk inherent in the entire market and include; interest rates, recessions and wars that affect the…...
Business ManagementBusiness SuccessEconomicsFinanceFinancial MarketsInvestment
Taxes and Depreciation – Assignment
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In this problem we have calculated the after tax IRR of drilling equipment owned by Shellout Co. using Excel. The investment of $100,000 has been depreciated using MACRS and the Pre-Tax Income amount is achieved by deducting the amount of depreciation from the lease payments. Tax rate of 34 percent is applied to the pretax income to arrive at the after tax income and the amount of depreciation is added back to this amount to arrive at the amount of…...
Structure and Activities of Australia’s Financial Institutions
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Executive Summary The banking and financial markets in Australia have gone through a major transformation in the last two decades. The number of bank branches has increased considerably. Banking services now can be easily accessed online. Today more than 90% of transactions are conducted electronically. In 1980s large-scale deregulation of the financial markets was initiated due to which by 2001 there were no government owned banks in Australia. Since then the banking services are made more accessible and easier. Nowadays…...
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FAQ about Investment

What Was Early Life Like In North America Essay?
...It is fairly difficult to set a target debt to equity ratio to Diageo since we use market value of debt and equity to calculate the leverage ratio. The market value of debt and equity fluctuate daily, a strict target will require frequent rebalancing...
Why are accurate financial statements important for outside business interests?
...Financial statement analysis: a practitioner's guide. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 2002 Kaufman, K. (2009). Your Month is Not Over Until You Have Accurate Financial Statements. Retrieved on July 6, 2009 from http://ezinearticles. com/? Your-Month-i...

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