Vladimir Putin was born on October 7, 1952 in Leningrad, former Soviet Union. He is the president of Russian Federation. In 1975, Putin attended Leningrad State University and obtained the degree in International Law. He was the member of Communist Part of Soviet Union in his university. He continued to be an active member till the party was disbanded in December 1991. His career as a President started in December 31, 1999 when he became acting President, coming after Boris Yeltsin.
He won the 2000 presidential elections and was appointed for a second term which will end on May 7, 2008.
Previously, he was a KGB agent in East Germany. In 1990s, he acted as the vice mayor of St. Petersburg (Fitzpatrick, 2005). Ensuing the accomplishment and achievement in deflection of invasion of Dagestan in Second Chechen war, Putin’s reputation and status in Russia escalated, allowing him to win the presidential elections of 2000, with 52% of support.
It should be noted first that Putin’s leadership potential instigated in his childhood.
Vladimir Putin revealed that he was beaten by physically powerful children in his violent and rough locality in Leningrad. He further mentioned that he was able to react without delay to any assault. He mastered the art of sambo which is the Russian form of judo and wrestling. His next pursuit was to master judo and eventually he became a black belt and city wide champion. Putin’s training in judo educated and trained him to control his sentiments and feelings. The skillfulness and ability he showed in his younger years helped in his adulthood to be more structured and strategic (Fitzpatrick 2005).
The ability of using planned approach aided with problem resolving demonstrated that he was destined to become most powerful person in the country. Vladimir Putin made his voters remember why they are fond of him so much by paying a surprise to the troops combating the combat in Chechnya. The war of Chechnya is the key factor that boosted his reputation and status and also the victory in support of governmental parties in recent parliamentary elections. Mr. Putin’s incantation of patriotism at present fits the image of a leader who has been presented by pro-Kremlin media as a tough protector and champion of countrywide welfare (Fitzpatrick, 2005).
As President of Russia, he once stated that one has to be hard and constant in their proceedings. Without these, a leader will fail as the head of state. Putin affirms that it is essential to be responsible. There is no need to hide behind the government, the rules and regulations or the military. He confidently asserts that losing temper is completely intolerable and it is vital to appoint appropriate people for the job. He then states that being patient and forgiving is the most difficult thing but a leader is a leader who has these capabilities who can distinguish between candidates for the errands and responsibilities in hand.
Being the head of the state, he is the person who has to acknowledge and understand the greatest responsibility and take the toughest decisions. His fame and recognition among the people of Russia shows his integrity according to a Pew Global Attitudes Survey conducted in April of 2004 which showed that three out of four Russians expressed assurance and reliance in Putin to do the right thing in world affairs (Sakwa, 2004)
He has the ability to deal with facts. For example, there is constant instability in Chechnya which proves he know how to deal with unstable conditions and how to find a solution for it. Putin is very influential on the people in his team. His team members show their loyalty and confidence in him because he is a powerful leader. The positional manner depicts his uniqueness and distinctiveness as extremely organization minded and strong work ethic. Putin’s government is a characteristic case where particularized leadership can mold its predilection on a period. Putin’s charisma is distinguishing but clearly of mass type.
He is a powerful leader who has a vision for his country. Brilliant case that depicted President Putin as a magnetic and compelling head of the state had taken place in Guatemala City when one member of International Olympic Committee Jean-Claude Killy remarks the actuality Sochi selection as a city for Olympic Winter Games in 2014. Putin’s personal charismatic personality glittered when he heard Killy tell the story, which made a difference. Putin spoke in English and French which he never did publicly. Putin is also recognized as he brought stability in Russia’s industrial sector.
He struggles to organize, direct and manage his work with the work of the group he heads, to establish responsibilities, to place promotion and support of proposals and activities, to bring affairs and issues to a conclusion in spite of the complicatedness and problems. He is oriented at joint hard work. He seeks to comprehend an individual not because of his idiosyncratic characteristics, but in full with no separation between business and non-business traits.
The political attitude of Putin’s government is mostly portrayed as sovereign, independent democratic system; the expression used both positively as well as negatively. Russia has had its bumps on the way to democracy but now it seems it is under the power of Putin’s management and ruling alone. President Vladimir Putin has destabilized limitations and equilibrium within the state, weakened political and legal clearness, and made it impossible for media, political parties, etc to practice free speech.
Most of the people think that Putin has the power of state in hand and has converted into a controlling undemocratic form. If the statement is held true, it commenced before the year 2008. In, 2000 Putin had introduced authoritarian policies and sets of rules to consolidate the government’s power (Colton, 2003). The authority moved from the local governors, groups, and committee to the hands of Putin’s management. Putin’s management reestablished the governments’ power and hold strong and also had the ambition to eliminate anything and anyone who will try to talk against it.
Under Putin’s management, Russia’s economy saw improvement in GDP. From 2000, the GDP was 10%. In 2001, it was 5.7%. In 2003, the GDP was 7.3%. In 2007, the GDP was found out to be 8.1%. The industrialized and agricultural production rates, construction industry, genuine incomes, the amount of user credit increased forty five times. The amount of people living in abject poverty decreased from a figure of 29% to 15.8% in 2007(Aslund, 2007). Russia’s financial system continued to expand, improving after suffering economic catastrophe in 1998. A number of significant modifications in retirement, in the field of banking, income tax, the legalizing tender’s benefits and others have taken place.
Vladimir Putin has tracked a planned pattern that exhibits fundamental element of conviction in the foreign policy of Russia, regardless of the significant and often agonizing changes since the failure of Communism; Russia preserves the capability to act as a superpower. Instead of establishing their country’s security on the implementation of polygonal standards and institutions, the creators of Russian foreign guidelines have preserved a customary conception of security as a purpose of power and sovereignty.
Russia’s foreign policy under Putin has accentuated strategic planned litheness and prudence as it searches for an inhalation room to recover the country’s power. If Putin is successful in this strategy, Russia will be influential. Although, the success or failure of Putin’s aspiration of Russian foreign policy will not be identified for certain period of time, it symbolizes a determined and rational aspiration that Western leaders would also want to achieve (Petro 2004).
The ascension of Vladimir Putin to the presidency in January 2000 assisted to strengthen Russia’s foreign policy. Putin has implemented a secure controlling effect on foreign policy pronouncement, reducing the Foreign Ministry to fundamentally a perpetrator, instead of initiating the policy. As a result, Russia’s attitude towards the foreign policy has shown great consistency in the last few years. By consolidating foreign policy, decision making is the basic constituent of what Putin’s stipulates as the increase of power. Putin has successfully removed the thoughts about the values supporting foreign policy from the forces of partisan politics (Petro, 2004).
Putin’s aspiration to make Russia the independent player in global affairs by strengthening the state and continuing a amiable world order has the seal of true majestic strategic aspiration. Despite his capacity to control the political and bureaucratic background, Putin’s capacity to carry on unhindered in the field of foreign policy is to a great amount dependent on his devotion to the universal tactical agreement that has existed in Russia since late 1990s.
Putin has been cautious to conserve Russia’s liberty of maneuver, never identifying entirely with either Westernization or Eurasianist inclination in Russian political thinking, but balancing between the two. Despite his wish for cordial relations with Russia’s neighbors, Putin is open about his goal to fortify Russia as a perquisite to play positive role globally (Petro, 2004).
Putin was widely criticized in the West because of his wide scale attack on media freedom in Russia. In 2005, the share of Russians supporting restriction on TV grew from 63% to 82%. In an interview conducted in 2007 by newspaper journalists, Putin supported that the period of president in Russia should be more than four years. The president is elected for a period of four years in accordance to the constitution of Russia. On September 12, 2007, Russian news agencies testified that Putin suspended the government on the request of Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov. The Russian government has cracked down hard on independent media. Censorship has been introduced to any news channel or newspaper which has criticized any government policy.
Putin suggested to create Public Chamber of Russia in September, 2004 and introduced an initiative to substitute straightforward election of governors and presidents of Federal subjects of Russia with a system that they will be planned and put forward by President and approved or rejected by the local legislatures. He also commenced the amalgamation of number of federal subjects of Russia into superior bodies. According to various reports, one of the major internal issue concerns for President Putin were the troubles taking place from the continuing demographic and social trends in Russia, such as the death rate is higher than birth rate, extreme poverty conditions and housing concerns within Russia.
Four national projects were introduced in 2005 in the areas of education, housing, healthcare and agriculture. Putin in his annual speech gave the proposal of escalating maternity benefits and prenatal care for women. Putin introduced reforms in judiciary and initiated “Sovietesque”, in which several judges pass the same judgments as they would under the former Soviet judiciary structure, and favoring a judiciary that understood and put into practice the code to the present situation. The duties for centralized prisons were reassigned from the Interior Ministry to Ministry of Justice in the year 2005. In 2005; responsibility for federal prisons was transferred from the Interior Ministry to the Ministry of Justice (Fitzpatrick, 2005).
The man Vladimir Putin is an effective leader and head of state who is trying his best to bring Russia into the world of economics instead of competing in the stable race of weapons of mass destruction. He is a wise and valuable leader in his country by trying his level best to fortify Russia. In his reign, the financial crisis of 1998 when Russia was on the verge of economic breakdown was reversed with strong economic growth recorded in many years. President Putin has turned out to be a real strong leader for his people. Russia has become more open and cost-effective country. Russia has become liberal by allowing the Russians flourish as operational based economy making own money.
Vladimir Putin is a visionary leader of Russia. Putin has become the actual power and strength for modifying and working in and through the United Nations where he’s has obtained the status of a respected and influential leader many countries. President Putin’s popularity cannot be questioned. He’s has the ability of a good speaker. Vladimir Putin has earned the respect of many countries as he speaks against the continuous arms build up by any super power.
However, the Russians support Putin’s attentiveness of political influence and control and strongly support him. However in his reign, media censorship was present. In spite of Putin’s popularity in Russia as well as public support, Putin has also been the victim of criticism. Wide variety of restructuring and modifications were completed under Putin’s term as a President have been disapproved by some confidentially owned Russian media and numerous Western critics as against democracy.The issues of citizen rights is highly debatable topic, when someone thinks on the issue of democracy. Indeed the rights of citizen are essential. However the constancy and sanctuary are of significant importance for the public. Although, Putin has some negative traits but they can be ignored because as a leader he has played a positive role in changing Russia.