In this investigation I will be investigating 5 wards, which have been carefully chosen to go from the south to the north of the borough Brent. I will be investigating these wards to see whether or not Brent fits the Burgess mode therefore to do this I will travel through these 5 wards collecting various types of data.
Patterns of land use in cities have often been demonstrated by urban models (theoretical framework). There are three popular types of the urban model. There are the: Hoyt’s sector model, the multiple nuclei model and most well known; the Burgess model.
Burgess model, developed by E.W. Burgess, identified social-ecological zones radiating out from the Central Business District. Ethnic communities, factories, and slums, known as the transition zone, surround the CBD. Outside the transition zone lays a zone of working class housing with higher income residents living in the outer commuter ring.
The Hoyt Sector Model, developed by Homer Hoyt, emerged in 1939 to explain urban growth and expansion and the location of urban land uses.
Hoyt recognized that over time a city expanded from the Central Business District along the major transportation lines, such as highways and railroads. This process creates distinctive economic sectors within the city, influenced and contained by the major highways, railroads, and waterways.
The multiple nuclei model, Geographers C.D. Harris and E. L. Ullman developed the multiple nuclei model in 1945. According to this model, a city contains more than one CBD. Some activities are attracted to particular area while others try to avoid them.
For example, a university may attract well-educated residents, pizzerias, and bookstores, whereas an airport may attract hotels and warehouses. Incompatible land use activities will avoid clustering in the same area, explaining why heavy industry and high-income housing rarely exist in the same neighbourhood.
These models have certain similarities they consist of:
The Burgess model was founded during the 1940’s in Chicago there does not take into account of the redevelopment of areas which have occurred recently. Therefore, this model is does not tell the complete truth about different areas in London.
From this rough image of the Burgess model and the map of boroughs in London; you can see that Brent comes into the category of the low and medium class residential. Also we see the North and West of Brent are based in the interwar period whereas, the South and East of Brent live in the inner city area.
As I am doing this investigation I find it appropriate to find a brief history on the borough Brent
Brent was formed in 1965 from the area of the former Municipal Borough of Wembley and Municipal Borough of Willesden of Middlesex. Its name derives from the River Brent which runs through the Borough.
According to the 2001 census, the Borough of Brent has the country’s highest percentage of people born outside of the UK (46.53%). This would be no surprise to anyone who knows the area because brent is a well known multi-cultural society.
Motto; interestingly enough brent has its own motto: “forward together”
I choose to investigate 5 different site of Brent which have been chosen to give wide and average results for Brent as a whole.
Going from the south to north:
Also to back up my results I also used secondary data from the census results of 2001 in Brent, this is because the data is released every 10 years therefore I had to use it because the next census will be available in 2011 which is 4 years from now. I am to use the results to see which type of housing is more popular in Brent so we can compare and hopefully back up my results with the census results.
This method was a simple and efficient way to justify my hypothesis of; as you move further North of Brent, there will be more Semi detached and detached houses.
Many roads were long and different amounts of houses on each road. So I stopped the tally after roughly 60 houses on each street
A camera was used to take a picture of the different houses on each street. This was to compare to the different types of feature of houses in different wards to justify my hypothesis of as you move further North, there will be more interwar style houses. Many houses were different from each other in one street so we took more pictures of different houses on one street to compare which houses matched the pattern.
Used Census results from 2001
This is to show that the street I investigated was not an exception.
Very difficult to find a set of results which are important for this investigation.
Results; from south to north:
I have carried out environmental surveys which are labeled -2 to 2. -2 being poor and 2 being excellent.
I have also looked at over head shots and street maps to look at the range of idea in the areas I’ve chosen.
Kilburn; Exeter Road had large houses. There were many more terraced houses than semi detached in this road as shown in the table below.
This supports my hypotheses that there will be more semi detached and detached housing in the North of Brent rather than the southern part.