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This biography will include the following events of Fatima Jinnah’s life: Early Life. Career & Work. Political Life. Death.Early Life:Fatima Jinnah was born on July, 30 1893 at Newnham Road in Karachi, British India. She was the youngest among her seven siblings. Her father named Jinnah Poonja was a merchant of Karachi. Among her siblings, she resembled with her brother Muhammad Ali Jinnah who became her guardian after the death of her father in 1901. After informal schooling at home for four years, in 1902 at the age of 9, she went to Bandra Convent in Bombay to get her initial education while remain lived in hostel.
Again in 1906, she was admitted to St.Petrik High School khandala, Bombay. She passed her matriculation in 1910 from Bombay University. In 1913, she passed Senior Cambridge Examination as a private candidate. In 1919 at Calcutta, she enrolled in Dr Ahmed’s Dental College, University of Calcutta and was completed her graduation as a dentist in 1923.Career & work:After her graduation, she opened her own dental clinic at Abdur Rahman Street, Bombay in 1923 by the support of her beloved brother.
Besides, she also worked at Municipal Clinic where she provide free treatment to poor patients. But in 1929 she closed her clinic and decided to took care of her brother because her sister-in-law ,Rattie Jinnah was died that year. In 1930, she went to London and there she attended Round Table Conferences along with her brother and lived there for four years and made her English language perfect to spoke. From 15 to 18 October 1937, she attended the sessions of All India Muslim League (AIML) at Lucknow with her brother Jinnah.
Again in December,26-29 1938, she attended the AIML sessions at Patna and she was appointed as convener of AIML Women’s Wing by Quaid-e-Azam.in 1939, she had addressed her first meeting of the Muslim women arranged at Qaisar Bagh Bombay under the Bombay Muslim League Women Sub Committee auspices. In March, 21-26 1940, she attended the Lahore session along with Quaid-e-Azam. After attending the Lahore session of the Muslim league, she was convinced to organize a federation and as a result the All India Muslim Women Federation came into being on February 1941 at Delhi. In the same year in April she attended the AIML session at Madras and in the month of August, she visited Baluchistan and there she addressed the meeting of Muslim women at Quetta. In April 1943, she had Attended the Delhi session of AIML and also addressed the Muslim Women Students Federation. In July of the same year, Miss Fatima Jinnah again visited Baluchistan and the Government Intermediate College , Quetta along with Quaid and Qazi Isa and in December, she attended the AIML session at Karachi. In April 1944, she had inaugurated Meena Bazar at Lahore under the Punjab Muslim Women Sub-Committee’s auspices and in August she arrived at Bhopal with Quaid-e-Azam. In December 1945, she addressed the Muslim Women Sub-Committee meeting at New Delhi. In December 1946, at Kemari in Karachi she addressed the meeting of Muslim League. In January,12 1947, she laid the foundation of Sindh Madrassah Girls High School, Karachi. In April, 6 1947, she accompanied Jinnah to the Dinner that was hosted by Lord and Lady Mountbatten at Viceregal House, New Delhi. In the July of the same year, she addressed the public meeting of the Muslim Women at Delhi and on 7 August, she had left Delhi for Karachi along with the Quaid. On 9 August, she attended the dinner hosted by Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah (Governor of Sindh at that time) in the honor of Quaid at Karachi Club. That was the place where the Quaid admitted that Miss Fatima Jinnah is a constant source of help and encouragement to me, he also said, In the days when I was expecting to be taken as a prisoner by the British Government, it was my sister who encouraged me and said helpful things when revolution was staring me in the face. Her constant care is about my health. On 11 August, 1947, as a visitor she had attended the first session of the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan at Sindh Assembly where the Quaid was elected as a president and also gave her presidential address. On 13 of August 1947, she acted as co-host in the honor of Lord and Lady Mountbatten hosted by Quaid-e-Azam at the Banquet at the Governor General House, Karachi. On 14 August, she attended the transfer of power ceremonies and played role as a host to Lady Mountbatten during the ceremony and took her back to the Governor General House. And on 15 August, she attended the flag hosting ceremony. On 25 November 1947, she had recorded her first ever speech that was relayed from radio Pakistan, Lahore. After the independence, in February, 14 1948, she visited Sibi Darbar with Quaid and address the leaders of Shahi Jirga and Sardars of Baluchistan. In March, she attended the meeting of Pakistan Red Cross which was address by Quaid at Karachi. On March 23, she addressed the meeting of Dhaka District Zenana Muslim League and on 26 March, addressed a meeting of women at Chittagong. On March 28, she addressed to the East Pakistan Women from Radio Pakistan, Dhakka. And in April, she brought her tour of NWFP with Quaid for two weeks where she attended various functions in which Quaid addressed. The places where she visited include Islamia College, Peshawar, Royal Pakistan, Air Force Station, Risalpur, Pakistan Armoured Corps. Centre. On 16 April, 1948, she had met different tribal leaders in the company of Quaid-e-Azam at Dera Ismail Khan. On 18 April, at Muhammad Ali Park, Peshawar, she addressed Zanana Muslim League, NWFP and on 19 April, she inspected the Convent School and College, Peshawar and also addressed its students and teachers. On April 21,1948, she addressed in the function at Pakistan Women Volunteers Service Peshawar. On April 22,1948, she accompanied Quaid to the opening ceremony of Pakistan Olympic Games at Polo Ground, Karachi. In the month of May, she had issued the press release in connection the United Nation Welfare Fund which had raised the donation of funds and for that purpose a Pakistan National Committee was established on June,5 1948 and that day was declared as fund raising day. From July 12 to 29,1948, she attended the functions organized by different organization in Baluchistan along with Quaid-e-Azam. In the month of July, she attended the opening ceremony of State Bank of Pakistan, also went to ziarat with Quaid to a health resort in Baluchistan. On 18 November, she had addressed the Muslim Youth Convention Karachi. In the first month of the year of 1949, she commenced a college for women named Madrassah Banat-Ul-Islam in the city of Karachi and also delegate a speech to its teachers and students. In the next month she again commenced a session named Motamar Alam-e-Islami in Karachi. On February 24, a public meeting was addressed by her regarding the Palestine Day. Shama Ladies Industrial Home in Karachi was also inaugurated by her in March 1949 under Young Muslim Association auspices. Fatima Jinnah had also written a biography of her brother Muhammad Ali Jinnah which was named as My Brother. She had member of flood relief committee, East Pakistan Dacca.Political Life:Fatima Ali Jinnah accompanied her brother to every public appearance. She formed Women’s Relief Committee which later became All Pakistan women’s Association(APWA). She played a significant role for the settlement of Muhajirs in the state of Pakistan. In 1960’s, she ran for the presidency as a candidate and elected as a member of parliament and held there for seven years. Her opponent was general Ayyub khan and she called him as a dictator in her rallies. The crowd in her rallies hailed her as Madr-e-Millat (Mother of Nation). In the election of 1965, Fatima Jinnah had aloof herself from the politics and the affairs of state as she could not won the elections. Death of Fatima Jinnah:on July, 11 1967, Fatima Jinnah had died due to heart failure.
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